WHERE-satsen

Begränsar resultatet av- FROM satsen i en fråga eller en under fråga baserat på det angivna villkoret.

Syntax

WHERE boolean_expression

Parametrar

  • boolean_expression

    Ett uttryck som utvärderas till en resultat typ Boolean . Du kan kombinera två eller fler uttryck med hjälp av logiska operatorer ( AND , OR ).

Exempel

CREATE TABLE person (id INT, name STRING, age INT);
INSERT INTO person VALUES
    (100, 'John', 30),
    (200, 'Mary', NULL),
    (300, 'Mike', 80),
    (400, 'Dan',  50);

-- Comparison operator in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE id > 200 ORDER BY id;
+---+----+---+
| id|name|age|
+---+----+---+
|300|Mike| 80|
|400| Dan| 50|
+---+----+---+

-- Comparison and logical operators in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE id = 200 OR id = 300 ORDER BY id;
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|200|Mary|null|
|300|Mike|  80|
+---+----+----+

-- IS NULL expression in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE id > 300 OR age IS NULL ORDER BY id;
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|200|Mary|null|
|400| Dan|  50|
+---+----+----+

-- Function expression in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE length(name) > 3 ORDER BY id;
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|100|John|  30|
|200|Mary|null|
|300|Mike|  80|
+---+----+----+

-- `BETWEEN` expression in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE id BETWEEN 200 AND 300 ORDER BY id;
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|200|Mary|null|
|300|Mike|  80|
+---+----+----+

-- Scalar Subquery in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person WHERE age > (SELECT avg(age) FROM person);
+---+----+---+
| id|name|age|
+---+----+---+
|300|Mike| 80|
+---+----+---+

-- Correlated Subquery in `WHERE` clause.
SELECT * FROM person AS parent
    WHERE EXISTS (
        SELECT 1 FROM person AS child
        WHERE parent.id = child.id AND child.age IS NULL
    );
+---+----+----+
|id |name|age |
+---+----+----+
|200|Mary|null|
+---+----+----+