Tutorial: Create and deploy serverless Azure Functions in Python with Visual Studio Code
In this article, you use Visual Studio Code and the Azure Functions extension to create a serverless HTTP endpoint with Python and to also add a connection (or "binding") to storage.
Azure Functions runs your code in a serverless environment without needing to provision a virtual machine or publish a web app. The Azure Functions extension for Visual Studio Code greatly simplifies the process of using Functions by automatically handling many configuration concerns.
If you encounter issues with any of the steps in this tutorial, we'd love to hear the details. Use the I ran into an issue button at the end of each article to submit feedback.
- An Azure subscription.
- Visual Studio Code with the Azure Functions extension.
- The Azure Functions Core Tools.
If you don't have an Azure subscription, sign up now for a free 30-day account with $200 in Azure credits to try out any combination of services.
Visual Studio Code, Python, and the Azure Functions extension
Install the following software:
- Python 3.7 or Python 3.6 as required by Azure Functions. Python 3.7.5 and Python 3.6.8 are the latest compatible versions.
- Visual Studio Code.
- The Python extension as described on Visual Studio Code Python Tutorial - Prerequisites.
- The Azure Functions extension. For general information, visit the vscode-azurefunctions GitHub repository.
The Azure Functions extension is included with the the Azure Tools extension pack.
Azure Functions Core Tools
Follow the instructions for your operating system on Work with Azure Functions Core Tools. The tools themselves are written in .NET Core, and the Core Tools package is best installed using the Node.js package manager, npm, which is why you need to install .NET Core and Node.js at present, even for Python code. You can, however bypass the .NET Core requirement using "extension bundles" as described in the aforementioned documentation. Whatever the case, you need install these components only once, after which Visual Studio Code automatically prompts you to install any updates.
Sign in to Azure
Once you've installed the Azure extension, sign into your Azure account by navigating to the Azure explorer, select Sign in to Azure, and follow the prompts. (If you have multiple Azure extensions installed, select the one for the area in which you're working, such as App Service, Functions, etc.)
After signing in, verify that the email address of your Azure account (or "Signed In") appears in the Status Bar and your subscription(s) appears in the Azure explorer:
If you see the error "Cannot find subscription with name [subscription ID]", this may be because you are behind a proxy and unable to reach the Azure API. Configure
HTTPS_PROXY environment variables with your proxy information in your terminal:
# macOS/Linux export HTTPS_PROXY=https://username:password@proxy:8080 export HTTP_PROXY=http://username:password@proxy:8080 # Windows set HTTPS_PROXY=https://username:password@proxy:8080 set HTTP_PROXY=http://username:password@proxy:8080
To verify that all the Azure Functions tools are installed, open the Visual Studio Code Command Palette (F1), select the Terminal: Create New Integrated Terminal command, and once the terminal opens, run the command
The output that starts with the Azure Functions logo (you need to scroll the output upwards) indicates that the Azure Functions Core Tools are present.
func command isn't recognized, then verify that the folder where you installed the Azure Functions Core Tools is included in your PATH environment variable.
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