Use the FTP Utility in a typical session
This article explains how to use the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) utility, which is included with Windows, in a typical FTP session.
Original product version: Windows
Original KB number: 240727
This article covers the following topics:
- Opening an FTP site
- Browsing the list of files and folders
- Changing folders
- Copying a file from the FTP site to your local computer
- Copying a file from your local computer to the FTP site
- Ending an FTP session
- The FTP utility is run from the command prompt.
- After each description of how to perform a step in the typical FTP session is sample screen output from that part of the session.
- All FTP commands are case sensitive.
Opening an FTP site
To open an FTP site, perform the following steps:
At the command prompt, type the following:
The prompt changes to ftp>.
Type anonymous when prompted for the user.
Type any password.
The anonymous user name is typically used to log on to FTP sites, particularly those that are not set up for users to copy files to. Usually, any text can be supplied for the password, including no text (just press the ENTER key when prompted for the password).
C:\>ftp <ServerName> Connected to <ServerName>. 220 <ServerName> Microsoft FTP Service (Version 4.0). User (<ServerName>:(none)): anonymous 331 Anonymous access allowed, send identity (e-mail name) as password. Password: 230 Anonymous user logged in. ftp>
Browsing the list of files and folders
To view the list of files and folders, type dir at the ftp prompt.
ftp> dir 200 PORT command successful. 150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for /bin/ls. 08-29-99 08:11PM 35 File1.txt 08-29-99 08:11PM <DIR> Folder1 226 Transfer complete. 98 bytes received in 0.00 seconds (98000.00 Kbytes/sec) ftp>
To change to a different folder (also known as the working directory), use the
To change to the root folder, type either
cd / or
cd \. To change to the parent folder, use two periods (
ftp> cd folder1 250 CWD command successful. ftp>
Copying a file from the FTP site to your local computer
To copy a file from the FTP site to your local computer, use the
ftp> get file1.txt 200 PORT command successful. 150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for file1.txt(35 bytes). 226 Transfer complete. 35 bytes received in 0.16 seconds (0.22 Kbytes/sec) ftp>
Copying a file from your local computer to the FTP site
To copy a file from your local computer to the FTP site, use the put command.
Most sites only allow users to do this if they have logged on using a specific, preassigned user name, not the anonymous user.
ftp> put myfile.txt 200 PORT command successful. 150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for MyFile.txt. 226 Transfer complete. 36 bytes sent in 0.00 seconds (36000.00 Kbytes/sec) ftp>
Ending an FTP session
To end the FTP session, use the
ftp> bye 221 C:\>
For a full list of the commands and parameters that can be used with the FTP utility, perform the following steps:
- From the Start menu, select Help.
- Select the Index tab, and then type ftp utility.
- In the list box, double-click the ftp utility entry.
- For a list of all FTP commands, double-click the (untitled #0) entry. For a list of parameters available when starting the ftp utility, double-click the (untitled #0) entry.