Exchange Server 系统要求Exchange Server system requirements

安装 Exchange 2019 之前,建议查看本主题中的内容,确保你的网络、硬件、软件、客户端和其他元素满足 Exchange 2019 的要求。此外,请务必了解支持用于 Exchange 2019 和较早版本的 Exchange 的共存方案。Before you install Exchange Server 2019, we recommend that you review this topic to ensure your network, hardware, software, clients, and other elements meet the requirements for Exchange 2019. Also, make sure you understand the coexistence scenarios that are supported for Exchange 2019 and earlier versions of Exchange.

若要实际安装 Exchange 2019,请参阅部署 Exchange 的新安装To actually install Exchange 2019, see Deploy new installations of Exchange.

Exchange 2019 支持的共存方案Supported coexistence scenarios for Exchange 2019

下表介绍了 Exchange 2019 与 Exchange 早期版本之间受支持的共存方案:The supported coexistence scenarios between Exchange 2019 and earlier versions of Exchange are described in the following table:

Exchange 版本Exchange version Exchange 2019 组织共存Exchange 2019 organization coexistence
Exchange 2010 和早期版本Exchange 2010 and earlier versions 不支持Not supported
Exchange 2013Exchange 2013 与组织中所有 Exchange 2013 服务器(包括边缘传输服务器)上的 Exchange 2013 累积更新 21 (CU21) 或更高版本一起受到支持。Supported with Exchange 2013 Cumulative Update 21 (CU21) or later on all Exchange 2013 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
Exchange 2016Exchange 2016 与组织中所有 Exchange 2016 服务器(包括边缘传输服务器)上的 Exchange 2016 CU11 或更高版本一起受到支持。Supported with Exchange 2016 CU11 or later on all Exchange 2016 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
Exchange 2013 和 Exchange 2016 的混合组织Mixed Exchange 2013 and Exchange 2016 organization 如果组织中的所有 Exchange 2013 和 Exchange 2016 服务器都满足此表中之前所述的要求,则受到支持。Supported if all Exchange 2013 and Exchange 2016 servers in the organization meet the requirements as previously described in this table.

Exchange 2019 支持的混合部署方案Supported hybrid deployment scenarios for Exchange 2019

Exchange 2019 支持已升级到最新版 Office 365 的Office 365 租户的混合部署。有关特定混合部署的详细信息,请参阅混合部署先决条件Exchange 2019 supports hybrid deployments with Office 365 tenants that have been upgraded to the latest version of Office 365. For more information about specific hybrid deployments, see Hybrid deployment prerequisites.

Exchange 2019 的网络和目录服务器要求Network and directory server requirements for Exchange 2019

下表介绍了对 Exchange 2019 组织中网络和目录服务器的要求:The requirements for the network and the directory servers in your Exchange 2019 organization are described in the following table:

组件Component 要求Requirement
域控制器Domain controllers 林中的所有域控制器都需要运行 Windows Server 的以下版本之一:All domain controllers in the forest need to be running one of the following versions of Windows Server:
• Windows Server 2019 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2019 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
Active Directory 林Active Directory forest Active Directory 林的功能级别为 Windows Server 2012 R2 或更高版本。The Active Directory forest functional level is Windows Server 2012 R2 or higher.
Active Directory 站点Active Directory site Active Directory 站点(即安装 Exchange Server 的地方)至少必须包含一个也是全局编录服务器的可写域控制器,否则安装将会失败。此外,不得先安装 Exchange 服务器,再从 Active Directory 站点中删除域控制器。The Active Directory site where you install the Exchange Server must contain at least one writeable domain controller that's also a global catalog server, or the installation will fail. Furthermore, you can't install the Exchange server and then remove the domain controller from the Active Directory site.
DNS 命名空间DNS namespace Exchange 2019 支持以下 DNS 命名空间:Exchange 2019 supports the following DNS namespaces:
• 连续命名空间• Contiguous
• 分离命名空间• Noncontiguous
• 单标签域• Single label domains
• 不连续命名空间• Disjoint
有关 Exchange 支持的 DNS 命名空间的详细信息,请参阅 KB2269838For more information about DNS namespaces that are supported by Exchange, see KB2269838.
IPv6IPv6 仅当 Exchange 服务器上还安装并启用了 IPv4 时,Exchange 2013 及更高版本才支持 IPv6。Exchange 2013 and later support IPv6 only when IPv4 is also installed and enabled on the Exchange server.
如果在此配置中已部署 Exchange,并且网络支持 IPv4 和 IPv6,则所有 Exchange 服务器均可在使用 IPv6 地址的设备、服务器和客户端中发送和接收数据。有关更多信息,请参阅 Exchange 2013 中的 IPv6 支持If you deploy Exchange in this configuration, and your network supports IPv4 and IPv6, all Exchange servers can send data to and receive data from devices, servers, and clients that use IPv6 addresses. For more information, see IPv6 Support in Exchange 2013.

Exchange 2019 的目录服务器体系结构Directory server architecture for Exchange 2019

具有 64 位版本 Windows Server 的 64 位硬件上的 Active Directory 域控制器将提升 Exchange 2019的目录服务性能。Active Directory domain controllers on 64-bit hardware with a 64-bit version of Windows Server will increase directory service performance for Exchange 2019.

在目录服务器上安装 Exchange 2019Installing Exchange 2019 on directory servers

出于安全和性能的考虑,不建议在 Active Directory 目录服务器上安装 Exchange 2019。建议仅在成员服务器上安装 Exchange 2019。For security and performance reasons, we don't recommend installing Exchange 2019 on Active Directory directory servers. Only install Exchange 2019 on member servers.

若要了解在目录服务器上安装 Exchange 时要面对的问题,请参阅建议不要在域控制器上安装 Exchange [WarningInstallExchangeRolesOnDomainController]。安装 Exchange 后,不支持将服务器角色从成员服务器更改为目录服务器,反之亦然。To learn more about the issues that you'll encounter when you install Exchange on a directory server, see Installing Exchange on a domain controller is not recommended [WarningInstallExchangeRolesOnDomainController]. After Exchange is installed, changing the server role from a member server to a directory server or vice-versa isn't supported.

Exchange 2019 的硬件要求Hardware requirements for Exchange 2019

有关在虚拟化环境中部署 Exchange 的信息,请参阅 Exchange Server 虚拟化For information about deploying Exchange in a virtualized environment, see Exchange Server virtualization.

组件Component 要求Requirement 备注Notes
处理器Processor 以下类型的 64 位处理器中的任何一种:Either of the following types of 64-bit processors:
• 支持 Intel 64 位体系结构(以前称为 Intel EM64T)的 Intel 处理器。• Intel processor that supports Intel 64 architecture (formerly known as Intel EM64T).
• 支持 AMD64 平台的 AMD 处理器。• AMD processor that supports the AMD64 platform.

注意Notes:
• Intel Itanium IA64 处理器不受支持。 • Intel Itanium IA64 processors are not supported.
• 建议物理计算机最多支持 2 个处理器插槽。• Recommended supported processor sockets is up to 2 on physical machines.
有关支持的操作系统,请参阅本主题后面的 Exchange 2019 支持的操作系统一节。See the Supported operating systems for Exchange 2019 section later in this topic for supported operating systems.
内存Memory 因 Exchange 服务器角色而有所不同:Varies by Exchange server role:
邮箱:建议至少为 128 GBMailbox: 128 GB minimum recommended
边缘传输:建议至少为: 64 GB。Edge Transport: 64 GB minimum recommended.
Exchange 2019 支持大容量内存(最高 256GB)。Exchange 2019 has large memory support (up to 256 GB).
页面文件大小Paging file size 将页面文件的最小值和最大值设置为相同的大小:已安装内存的 25%。Set the paging file minimum and maximum value to the same size: 25% of installed memory. None
磁盘空间Disk space • 将要安装 Exchange 的驱动器上至少有 30 GB 的可用空间。• At least 30 GB of free space on the drive where you're installing Exchange.
• 系统驱动器上至少有 200 MB 的可用空间。• At least 200 MB of free space on the system drive.
•在包含消息队列数据库的驱动器上至少有 500 MB 的可用空间。• At least 500 MB of free space on the drive that contains the message queue database.
None
屏幕分辨率Screen resolution 1024 x 768 像素 (XGA) 或更高1024 x 768 pixels (XGA) or higher None
文件系统File system NTFS:包含以下类型文件的分区需要 NTFS:NTFS: Required on partitions that contain the following types of files:
• 系统分区。 • The System partition.
• Exchange 二进制文件。 • Exchange binaries.
• Exchange 诊断日志记录生成的文件。 • Files generated by Exchange diagnostic logging.
• 传输数据库文件(例如,邮件队列数据库)。 • Transport database files (for example, the mail queue database).

ReFS:在包含以下类型的 Exchange 文件的分区上受支持:ReFS: Supported on partitions that contain the following types of Exchange files:
• 邮箱数据库。 • Mailbox databases.
• 事务日志。• Transaction logs.
None

Exchange 2019 支持的操作系统Supported operating systems for Exchange 2019

Exchange 组件Exchange component 要求Requirement
邮箱和边缘传输服务器角色Mailbox and Edge Transport server roles Windows Server 2019 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2019 Standard or Datacenter
管理工具Management tools 以下 Windows 版本之一:One of the following versions of Windows:
• Windows Server 2019 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2019 Standard or Datacenter
• 64 位版本的 Windows 10• 64-bit edition of Windows 10

注意Notes:

  • 完全支持并建议在运行 Windows Server Core 的计算机上安装 Exchange 2019。不再需要桌面体验功能。Installing Exchange 2019 on a computer that's running Windows Server Core is fully supported and recommended. The Desktop Experience feature is no longer required.

  • 不支持在运行 Nano Server 的计算机上安装 Exchange 2019。Installing Exchange 2019 on a computer that's running Nano Server isn't supported.

Exchange 2019 服务器支持的 Powershell 版本Supported Powershell versions for Exchange 2019 servers

Exchange 2019 服务器支持安装 Exchange 的 Windows Server 发行版中包含的 PowerShell 版本。请不要在 Exchange 服务器上安装 WMF 或 PowerShell 的独立下载。Exchange 2019 servers support the version of PowerShell that's included in the release of Windows Server where Exchange is installed. Don't install stand-alone downloads of WMF or PowerShell on Exchange servers.

在 Exchange 2019 服务器上安装其他软件Installing other software on Exchange 2019 servers

我们不支持在 Exchange 服务器上安装 Office 客户端或 Office 服务器软件,例如 SharePoint Server、Skype for Business Server、Office Online Server 或 Project Server。We don't support installing Office client or Office server software on Exchange servers (for example, SharePoint Server, Skype for Business Server, Office Online Server, or Project Server). 要在 Exchange 2019 服务器上安装的其他软件需要设计为与 Exchange Server 运行在同一台计算机上。Other software that you want to install on an Exchange 2019 server needs to be designed to run on the same computer as Exchange Server.

Exchange 2019 支持的 .NET Framework 版本Supported .NET Framework versions for Exchange 2019

强烈建议使用你正在安装的 Exchange 版本所支持的 .NET Framework 的最新版本。We strongly recommend that you use the latest version of the .NET Framework that's supported by the release of Exchange you're installing.

重要

任何版本的 Exchange 2019 都不支持下表中未列出的 .NET Framework 版本Releases of .NET Framework that aren't listed in the table below aren't supported on any release of Exchange 2019. 其中包括 .NET Framework 的次要版本和修补级别的版本。This includes minor and patch-level releases of .NET Framework.

• 可在此处查看 Exchange 2019 的完整必备项列表。• The complete prerequisite list for Exchange 2019 is available here.

Exchange 2019 版本Exchange 2019 version .NET Framework 4.8.NET Framework 4.8 .NET Framework 4.7.2.NET Framework 4.7.2
CU4CU4 支持Supported
CU2、CU3CU2, CU3 支持Supported 支持Supported
RTM、CU1RTM, CU1 支持Supported

Exchange 2019 支持的客户端(提供最新更新)Supported clients (with latest updates) in Exchange 2019

  • Office 365 专业增强版Office 365 ProPlus

  • Outlook 2019Outlook 2019

  • Outlook 2016Outlook 2016

  • Outlook 2013Outlook 2013

  • 适用于 Office 365 的 Outlook for MacOutlook for Mac for Office 365

  • Outlook 2016 for MacOutlook 2016 for Mac

重要

你需要 KB3140245 来应用注册表项以启用 Windows 7 的 TLS 1.1 和 1.2 支持。You need KB3140245 to apply registry keys to enable TLS 1.1 & 1.2 support for Windows 7. 否则 Outlook 2013 和 2016 将无法在 Windows 7 上运行。Otherwise, Outlook 2013 and 2016 will not work on Windows 7.

Lync/Skype For Business Server 与 Exchange 2019 的集成Lync/Skype For Business Server integration with Exchange 2019

如果要将 Lync 状态和即时消息与 Exchange Server 集成,需要 Lync Server 2013 累积更新 10 或更高版本。If you're integrating Lync presence and instant messaging with Exchange Server, Lync Server 2013 Cumulative Update 10 or later is required. 如果要将 Skype for Business 状态和即时消息与 Exchange Server 集成,需要 Skype for Business Server 累积更新 7 或更高版本。If you're integrating Skype for Business presence and instant messaging with Exchange Server, Skype for Business Server Cumulative Update 7 or later is required.

安装 Exchange 2016 之前,建议查看本主题中的内容,确保你的网络、硬件、软件、客户端和其他元素满足 Exchange 2016 的要求。此外,请务必了解支持用于 Exchange 2016 和较早版本的 Exchange 的共存方案。Before you install Exchange Server 2016, we recommend that you review this topic to ensure your network, hardware, software, clients, and other elements meet the requirements for Exchange 2016. Also, make sure you understand the coexistence scenarios that are supported for Exchange 2016 and earlier versions of Exchange.

若要实际安装 Exchange 2016,请参阅部署 Exchange 的新安装To actually install Exchange 2016, see Deploy new installations of Exchange.

Exchange 2016 支持的共存方案Supported coexistence scenarios for Exchange 2016

下表列出了一些支持 Exchange 2016 与 Exchange 早期版本共存的应用场景。The following table lists the scenarios in which coexistence between Exchange 2016 and earlier versions of Exchange is supported.

Exchange 版本Exchange version Exchange 组织共存Exchange organization coexistence
Exchange 2007 和早期版本Exchange 2007 and earlier versions 不支持Not supported
Exchange 2010Exchange 2010 与组织中所有 Exchange 2010 服务器(包括边缘传输服务器)上的 Exchange 2010 SP3 更新汇总 11 或更高版本一起受到支持。Supported with Update Rollup 11 for Exchange 2010 SP3 or later on all Exchange 2010 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
Exchange 2013Exchange 2013 与组织中所有 Exchange 2013 服务器(包括边缘传输服务器)上的 Exchange 2013 累积更新 10 或更高版本一起受到支持。Supported with Exchange 2013 Cumulative Update 10 or later on all Exchange 2013 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
Exchange 2010 和 Exchange 2013 的混合组织Mixed Exchange 2010 and Exchange 2013 organization 支持以下最低 Exchange 版本:Supported with the following minimum versions of Exchange:
• 组织中所有 Exchange 2010 服务器(包括边缘传输服务器)上的 Exchange 2010 SP3 更新汇总 11 或更高版本。• Update Rollup 11 Exchange 2010 SP3 or later on all Exchange 2010 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
• 组织中所有 Exchange 2013 服务器(包括边缘传输服务器)上的 Exchange 2013 累积更新 10 或更高版本。• Exchange 2013 Cumulative Update 10 or later on all Exchange 2013 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.

Exchange 2016 支持的混合部署方案Supported hybrid deployment scenarios for Exchange 2016

Exchange 2016 支持已升级到 Office 365 最新版本的 Office 365 租户进行混合部署。有关特定混合部署的详细信息,请参阅Hybrid Deployment PrerequisitesExchange 2016 supports hybrid deployments with Office 365 tenants that have been upgraded to the latest version of Office 365. For more information about specific hybrid deployments, see Hybrid Deployment Prerequisites.

Exchange 2016 的网络和目录服务器要求Network and directory server requirements for Exchange 2016

下表列出了对 Exchange 2016 组织中网络和目录服务器的要求。The following table lists the requirements for the network and the directory servers in your Exchange 2016 organization.

组件Component 要求Requirement
域控制器Domain controllers 林中的所有域控制器都需要运行 Windows Server 的以下版本之一:All domain controllers in the forest need to be running one of the following versions of Windows Server:
• Windows Server 2019 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2019 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2012 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard 或 Enterprise• Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard or Enterprise
• Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter RTM 或更高版本• Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter RTM or later
Active Directory 林Active Directory forest Active Directory 林的功能级别为 Windows Server 2008 R2 或更高版本。The Active Directory forest functional level is Windows Server 2008 R2 or higher.
Active Directory 站点Active Directory site • Active Directory 站点(即安装 Exchange Server 的地方)至少必须包含一个也是全局编录服务器的可写域控制器,否则安装将会失败。• The Active Directory site where you install the Exchange Server must contain at least one writeable domain controller that's also a global catalog server, or the installation will fail.
• 不得先安装 Exchange 服务器,再从 Active Directory 站点中删除域控制器。• You can't install the Exchange server and then remove the domain controller from the Active Directory site.
DNS 命名空间支持DNS namespace support Exchange 2016 支持以下域名系统 (DNS) 命名空间:Exchange 2016 supports the following domain name system (DNS) namespaces:
• 连续命名空间• Contiguous
• 分离命名空间• Noncontiguous
• 单标签域• Single label domains
• 不连续命名空间• Disjoint
有关 Exchange 支持的 DNS 命名空间的详细信息,请参阅 Microsoft 知识库文章 2269838 Microsoft Exchange 与单标签域、不连续命名空间和分离命名空间的兼容性For more information about DNS namespaces supported by Exchange, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 2269838, Microsoft Exchange compatibility with Single Label Domains, Disjoined Namespaces, and Discontiguous Namespaces.
IPv6 支持IPv6 support 在 Exchange 2016 中,仅当 IPv4 也已安装并启用时,才支持 IPv6。如果此配置中已部署 Exchange 2016,并且网络支持 IPv4 和 IPv6,则所有 Exchange 服务器均可在使用 IPv6 地址的设备、服务器和客户端上发送和接收数据。有关详细信息,请参阅 IPv6 Support in Exchange 2013In Exchange 2016, IPv6 is supported only when IPv4 is also installed and enabled. If Exchange 2016 is deployed in this configuration, and the network supports IPv4 and IPv6, all Exchange servers can send data to and receive data from devices, servers, and clients that use IPv6 addresses. For more information, see IPv6 Support in Exchange 2013.

Exchange 2016 的目录服务器体系结构Directory server architecture for Exchange 2016

使用 64 位 Active Directory 域控制器可以提高 Exchange 2016 的目录服务性能。The use of 64-bit Active Directory domain controllers increases directory service performance for Exchange 2016.

备注

在多域环境的将 Active Directory 语言区域设置为日语 (ja-jp) 的 Windows Server 2008 域控制器上,服务器可能不接收在入站复制期间存储在对象上的某些属性。In multi-domain environments, on Windows Server 2008 domain controllers that have the Active Directory language locale set to Japanese (ja-jp), your servers may not receive some attributes that are stored on an object during inbound replication. 有关详细信息,请参阅 KB949189For more information, see KB949189.

在目录服务器上安装 Exchange 2016Installing Exchange 2016 on directory servers

出于安全和性能的考虑,建议仅在成员服务器上安装 Exchange 2016,而不要在 Active Directory 目录服务器上安装。要了解在目录服务器上安装 Exchange 2016 时要面对的问题,请参阅建议不要在域控制器上安装 Exchange [WarningInstallExchangeRolesOnDomainController]。安装 Exchange 2016 后,不支持将其角色从成员服务器更改为目录服务器,反之亦然。For security and performance reasons, we recommend that you install Exchange 2016 only on member servers and not on Active Directory directory servers. To learn about the issues you can face when installing Exchange 2016 on a directory server, see Installing Exchange on a domain controller is not recommended [WarningInstallExchangeRolesOnDomainController]. After Exchange 2016 is installed, changing its role from a member server to a directory server, or vice versa, isn't supported.

Exchange 2016 的硬件要求Hardware requirements for Exchange 2016

有关在虚拟化环境中部署 Exchange 的信息,请参阅 Exchange Server 虚拟化For information about deploying Exchange in a virtualized environment, see Exchange Server virtualization.

组件Component 要求Requirement 备注Notes
处理器Processor 以下类型的 64 位处理器中的任何一种:Either of the following types of 64-bit processors:
• 支持 Intel 64 位体系结构(以前称为 Intel EM64T)的 Intel 处理器。• Intel processor that supports Intel 64 architecture (formerly known as Intel EM64T).
• 支持 AMD64 平台的 AMD 处理器。• AMD processor that supports the AMD64 platform.

注意:Intel Itanium IA64 处理器不受支持。Note: Intel Itanium IA64 processors are not supported.
有关详细信息,请参阅调整 Exchange 2016 部署的大小For more information, see Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.
有关支持的操作系统,请参阅本主题后面的 Exchange 2016 支持的操作系统一节。See the Supported operating systems for Exchange 2016 section later in this topic for supported operating systems.
内存Memory 因 Exchange 服务器角色而有所不同:Varies by Exchange server role:
邮箱:至少 8 GB。 Mailbox: 8 GB minimum.
边缘传输:至少 4 GB。Edge Transport: 4 GB minimum.
有关详细信息,请参阅 Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments(调整 Exchange 2016 部署的大小)。For more information, see Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.
页面文件大小Paging file size 将页面文件的最小值和最大值设置为相同的大小:Set the paging file minimum and maximum value to the same size:
安装的 RAM 低于 32 GB:物理 RAM 加 10MB,最大值为 32 GB(32,778 MB)。 Less than 32 GB of RAM installed: Physical RAM plus 10MB, up to a maximum value of 32GB (32,778MB).
已安装 32 GB 或更多 RAM:32 GB32 GB of RAM or more installed: 32GB
None
磁盘空间Disk space • 将要安装 Exchange 的驱动器上至少有 30 GB 的可用空间,对于计划安装的每个统一消息 (UM) 语言包,需要另外 500 MB 的可用磁盘空间。• At least 30 GB of free space on the drive where you're installing Exchange, plus an additional 500 MB for each Unified Messaging (UM) language pack that you plan to install.
• 系统驱动器上至少有 200 MB 的可用空间。• At least 200 MB of free space on the System drive.
•在包含消息队列数据库的驱动器上至少有 500 MB 的可用空间。• At least 500 MB of free space on the drive that contains the message queue database.
有关详细信息,请参阅 Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments(调整 Exchange 2016 部署的大小)。For more information, see Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.
驱动器Drive 可访问的 DVD-ROM 驱动器、本地或网络。DVD-ROM drive, local or network accessible. None
屏幕分辨率Screen resolution 1024 x 768 像素 (XGA) 或更高1024 x 768 pixels (XGA) or higher None
文件格式File format NTFS:包含以下类型文件的分区需要 NTFS:NTFS: Required on partitions that contain the following types of files:
• 系统分区。 • The System partition.
• Exchange 二进制文件。 • Exchange binaries.
• Exchange 诊断日志记录生成的文件。 • Files generated by Exchange diagnostic logging.
• 传输数据库文件(例如,邮件队列数据库)。 • Transport database files (for example, the mail queue database).

ReFS:在包含以下类型的 Exchange 文件的分区上受支持:ReFS: Supported on partitions that contain the following types of Exchange files:
• 邮箱数据库。 • Mailbox databases.
• 事务日志。 • Transaction logs.
• 内容索引文件。• Content indexing files.
None

Exchange 2016 支持的操作系统Supported operating systems for Exchange 2016

重要提示:不支持在运行 Windows Server Core 或 Nano 服务器的计算机上安装 Exchange 2016。需安装 Windows Server 桌面体验功能。若要安装 Exchange 2016,需执行以下操作之一,以在启动 Exchange 2016 安装程序前在 Windows Server 上安装桌面体验:Important: We don't support the installation of Exchange 2016 on a computer that's running Windows Server Core or Nano Server. The Windows Server Desktop Experience feature needs to be installed. To install Exchange 2016, you need to do one of the following to install the Desktop Experience on Windows Server prior to starting Exchange 2016 Setup:

  • Windows Server 2012 和 Windows Server 2012 R2:在 Windows PowerShell 中运行以下命令Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2: Run the following command in Windows PowerShell

    Install-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra,Server-Gui-Shell -Restart
    
  • Windows Server 2016:安装 Windows Server 2016 并选择“桌面体验”**** 安装选项。如果计算机运行 Windows Server 2016 Core 模式,并且你想要在该计算机上安装 Exchange 2016,将需要重新安装操作系统并选择“桌面体验”**** 安装选项。Windows Server 2016: Install Windows Server 2016 and choose the Desktop Experience installation option. If a computer is running Windows Server 2016 Core mode and you want to install Exchange 2016 on it, you'll need to reinstall the operating system and choose the Desktop Experience installation option.

组件Component 要求Requirement
邮箱和边缘传输服务器角色Mailbox and Edge Transport server roles • Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 Datacenter*• Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter*
• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2012 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter
管理工具Management tools 以下 Windows 版本之一:One of the following versions of Windows:
• Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 Datacenter*• Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter*
• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2012 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter
• 64 位版本的 Windows 10• 64-bit edition of Windows 10
• 64 位版本的 Windows 8.1• 64-bit edition of Windows 8.1

*需要 Exchange Server 2016 累积更新 3 或更高版本。* Requires Exchange Server 2016 Cumulative Update 3 or later.

Exchange 2016 支持的 Windows Management Framework 版本Supported Windows Management Framework versions for Exchange 2016

Exchange 2016 仅支持内置于你在其上安装 Exchange 的 Windows 发布的 Windows Management Framework 版本。不要在运行 Exchange 的服务器上安装可供独立下载的 Windows Management Framework 版本。Exchange 2016 only supports the version of Windows Management Framework that's built in to the release of Windows that you're installing Exchange on. Don't install versions of Windows Management Framework that are made available as stand-alone downloads on servers running Exchange.

在 Exchange 2016 服务器上安装其他软件Installing other software on Exchange 2016 servers

我们不支持在 Exchange 2016 服务器上安装 Office 客户端或 Office 服务器产品,例如 SharePoint Server、Skype for Business Server、Office Online Server 或 Project Server。We don't support installing Office clients or other Office server products (for example, SharePoint Server, Skype for Business Server, Office Online Server, or Project Server) on Exchange 2016 servers. 要在 Exchange 2016 服务器上安装的软件需要设计为与 Exchange Server 运行在同一台计算机上。Software that you want to install on an Exchange 2016 server needs to be designed to run on the same computer as Exchange Server.

Exchange 2016 支持的 .NET Framework 版本Supported .NET Framework versions for Exchange 2016

强烈建议你使用受要安装的 Exchange 版本所支持的 .NET Framework 的最新版本。We strongly recommend that you use the latest version of .NET Framework that's supported by the release of Exchange you're installing.

重要

任何版本的 Exchange 2016 都不支持下表中未列出的 .NET Framework 版本Releases of .NET Framework that aren't listed in the table below are not supported on any release of Exchange 2016. 其中包括 .NET Framework 的次要版本和修补级别的版本。This includes minor and patch-level releases of .NET Framework.

• 可在此处查看 Exchange 2016 的完整必备项列表。• The complete prerequisite list for Exchange 2016 is available here.


Exchange 2016 版本Exchange 2016 version .NET Framework 4.8.NET Framework 4.8 .NET Framework 4.7.2.NET Framework 4.7.2 .NET Framework 4.7.1.NET Framework 4.7.1 .NET Framework 4.6.2.NET Framework 4.6.2
CU15CU15 支持Supported
CU13、CU14CU13, CU14 支持Supported 支持Supported
CU11、CU12CU11, CU12 支持Supported 支持Supported
CU10CU10 支持Supported
CU8、CU9CU8, CU9 支持Supported 支持Supported
CU5、CU6、CU7CU5, CU6, CU7 支持Supported

注意:有关较旧版本,请参阅 Exchange Server 可支持性矩阵Note: For older versions, see Exchange Server supportability matrix.

Exchange 2016 支持的客户端(提供最新更新)Supported clients (with latest updates) in Exchange 2016

  • Office 365 专业增强版Office 365 ProPlus

  • Outlook 2019Outlook 2019

  • Outlook 2016Outlook 2016

  • Outlook 2013Outlook 2013

  • Outlook 2010 SP2Outlook 2010 SP2

  • Outlook 2016 for MacOutlook 2016 for Mac

  • 适用于 Office 365 的 Outlook for MacOutlook for Mac for Office 365

Exchange 第三方客户端Exchange third-party clients

Exchange Server 提供了几种众所周知的协议,并发布了第三方供应商通常为其编写客户端的 API。Exchange Server offers several well-known protocols, and publishes APIs that third-party vendors often write clients for.

对于由第三方开发人员创建的客户端的整体适用性、匹配性、兼容性或安全性,Microsoft 不作任何明示或暗示的担保。Microsoft makes no warranties, expressed or implied, as to the overall suitability, fitness, compatibility, or security of clients that are created by third-party developers.

如果要使用利用我们的协议或 API 的第三方客户端,我们建议在企业工作区中部署客户端之前,彻底审查和测试所有注意事项(功能、安全性、维护、管理等)。我们还建议确保第三方供应商提供适当的企业支持协议 (ESA)。 If you want to use a third-party client that uses our protocols or APIs, we recommend that you thoroughly review and test all considerations (functionality, security, maintenance, management, and so on) before you deploy the client in the enterprise workspace. We also recommend that you make sure that the third-party vendor offers an appropriate Enterprise Support Agreement (ESA).