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了解 Microsoft Azure 帐单Understand your bill for Microsoft Azure

要了解 Azure 帐单,请在 Azure 门户中将发票与每日使用情况明细文件和成本管理报表进行比较。To understand your Azure bill, compare your invoice with the detailed daily usage file and the cost management reports in the Azure portal.

本文不适用于签署企业协议的 Azure 客户(EA 客户)。This article doesn't apply to Azure customers with an Enterprise Agreement (EA customers). 如果你是 EA 客户,请参阅了解签署企业协议的 Azure 客户的账单If you’re an EA customer, see Understand your bill for Azure customers with an Enterprise Agreement.

查看费用Review your charges

如果发票上有需要详细了解的费用,可以通过使用情况文件或 Azure 门户来比较使用情况和成本。If there's a charge on your invoice that you want more information about, you can compare usage and costs with the usage file or with the Azure portal.

选项 1:通过使用情况文件比较使用情况和成本Option 1: Compare usage and costs with usage file

使用情况明细 CSV 文件按计费周期和每日使用情况显示费用信息。The detailed usage CSV file shows your charges by billing period and daily usage. 若要获取此文件,请参阅获取 Azure 计费发票和每日使用数据To get the file, see Get your Azure billing invoice and daily usage data.

在计量级别显示使用费。Your usage charges are displayed at the meter level. 下方的术语在发票和使用情况明细文件中表示同一事物。The following terms mean the same thing in both the invoice and the detailed usage file. 例如,发票中的计费周期等同于使用情况明细文件中的计费周期。For example, the billing cycle on the invoice is the same as the billing period shown in the detailed usage file.

发票(PDF)Invoice (PDF) 使用情况明细 (CSV)Detailed usage (CSV)
计费周期Billing cycle 计费周期Billing Period
名称Name 测定仪类别Meter Category
类型Type 测定仪子类别Meter Subcategory
资源Resource 测定仪名称Meter Name
区域Region 测定仪区域Meter Region
已耗用Consumed 已耗用数量Consumed Quantity
附送Included 附送数量Included Quantity
可计费Billable 超额数量Overage Quantity

发票的“使用费”部分包含计费周期内已使用的每种计量的总额。The Usage Charges section of your invoice has the total value for each meter that was consumed during your billing period. 例如,以下屏幕截图显示的是 Azure 计划程序服务的使用费。For example, the following screenshot shows a usage charge for the Azure Scheduler service.

发票使用费

在使用情况明细 CSV 的“帐目报告”部分也显示了同样的费用。The Statement section of your detailed usage CSV shows the same charge. “已使用”量和“值”都与发票上的数据匹配。Both the Consumed amount and Value match the invoice.

CSV 使用费

若要查看此费用的每日明细,请转到 CSV 的“每日使用情况”部分。To see a daily breakdown of this charge, go to the Daily Usage section of the CSV. 筛选“计量类别”下的“计划程序”。Filter for "Scheduler" under Meter Category. 可以查看计量的使用日期和使用量。You can see which days the meter was used and how much was consumed. 表中也列出“资源”和“资源组”信息,以供比较。The Resource and Resource group information is also listed for comparison. “已使用”值的总和应与该发票上显示的数据相同。The Consumed values should add up to what's shown on the invoice.

CSV 的“每日使用情况”部分

若要获取每日成本,请将“报表”部分中的“已使用”量与“费率”值相乘。To get the cost per day, multiply the Consumed amounts with the Rate value from the Statement section.

若要了解更多信息,请参阅以下文章:To learn more, see:

选项 2:通过 Azure 门户比较使用情况和成本Option 2: Compare the usage and costs with the Azure portal

还可以通过 Azure 门户验证费用。The Azure portal can also help you verify your charges. 若要快速了解发票上的使用情况和费用,请查看成本管理图表。To get a quick overview of your invoiced usage and charges, view the cost management charts.

  1. 在 Azure 门户中,转到 订阅In the Azure portal, go to Subscriptions.
  2. 选择你的订阅 >“成本分析”。Select your subscription > Cost analysis.
  3. 按“时间范围”筛选。Filter by Timespan.
  4. 若要继续以前的示例,请查看 Azure 计划程序服务的使用费。To continue the previous example, you see a usage charge for the Azure Scheduler service.

    Azure 门户中成本分析视图

  5. 选择该行即可查看每日成本明细。Select that row to see the daily cost breakdown.

    Azure 门户中的成本历史记录视图

有关详细信息,请参阅通过 Azure 计费和成本管理防止意外成本To learn more, see Prevent unexpected costs with Azure billing and cost management.

外部服务单独计费External services billed separately

外部服务或市场费用针对的是由第三方软件供应商创建的资源。External services, or marketplace charges, are for resources that have been created by third-party software vendors. 这些资源可以通过 Azure 市场获取。Those resources are available for use from the Azure marketplace. 例如,Barracuda 防火墙是由第三方提供的 Azure 市场资源。For example, a Barracuda Firewall is an Azure marketplace resource offered by a third-party. 此防火墙的所有费用及其对应的计量指标都将显示为外部服务费用。All charges for the firewall and its corresponding meters appear as external service charges.

外部服务单独计费。External service charges are billed separately. Azure 发票上不会记录该费用。The charges don't show up on your Azure invoice. 若要了解详细信息,请参阅了解 Azure 外部服务收费To learn more, see Understand your Azure external service charges.

资源按使用计量计费Resources billed by usage meters

Azure 不直接根据资源成本计费。Azure doesn't directly bill based on the resource cost. 资源费用按一个或多个计量来计算。Charges for a resource are calculated by using one or more meters. 这些计量用于跟踪资源整个生存期的使用情况。These meters are used to track a resource’s usage throughout its lifetime. 随后会使用这些计量指标来计算费用。These meters are then used to calculate the bill.

例如,创建单个 Azure 资源(例如虚拟机)时,会创建一个或多个计量实例。For example, when you create a single Azure resource, like a virtual machine, it has one or more meter instances created. 这些计量指标可跟踪资源的使用情况。These meters are used to track the usage of the resource over time. 每个计量都会发送使用情况记录,这些记录由 Azure 用来计算账单费用。Each meter emits usage records that are used by Azure to calculate the bill.

例如,如果在 Azure 中创建了一个虚拟机 (VM),那么可能会创建以下计量指标来跟踪其使用情况:For example, a single virtual machine (VM) created in Azure may have the following meters created to track its usage:

  • 计算小时数Compute Hours
  • IP 地址小时数IP Address Hours
  • 入站数据传输Data Transfer In
  • 出站数据传输Data Transfer Out
  • 标准托管磁盘Standard Managed Disk
  • 标准托管磁盘操作数Standard Managed Disk Operations
  • 标准 IO 磁盘Standard IO-Disk
  • 标准 IO 块 Blob 读取Standard IO-Block Blob Read
  • 标准 IO 块 Blob 写入Standard IO-Block Blob Write
  • 标准 IO 块 Blob 删除Standard IO-Block Blob Delete

创建 VM 后,所有这些计量都会开始发送使用情况记录。When the VM is created, each one of those meters begins emitting usage records. 此使用情况和计量的价格在 Azure 计量系统中进行跟踪。This usage and the meter's price is tracked in the Azure metering system.

支付账单Pay your bill

如果已将信用卡或借记卡设置为付款方式,则会在计费周期结束后的 10 天内自动进行付款。If you set up a credit card or a debit card as your payment method, the payment is charged automatically within 10 days after the billing period ends. 在信用卡对帐单上,行项会显示 MSFT AzureOn your credit card statement, the line item would say MSFT Azure.

若要更改用于付款的信用卡或借记卡,请参阅添加、更新或删除用于 Azure 的信用卡或借记卡To change the credit or debit card that's charged, see Add, update, or remove a credit or debit card for Azure.

如果按发票付款,可将款项寄送到发票底部列出的地点。If you pay by invoice, send your payment to the location listed at the bottom of your invoice.

若要查看付款状态,请创建支持票证To check on the status of your payment, create a support ticket.

成本管理建议Tips for cost management

了解详细信息Learn more

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如果你有任何疑问或需要帮助,请创建支持请求If you have questions or need help, create a support request.