您现在访问的是微软AZURE全球版技术文档网站,若需要访问由世纪互联运营的MICROSOFT AZURE中国区技术文档网站,请访问 https://docs.azure.cn.

了解 Microsoft Azure 帐单Understand your bill for Microsoft Azure

要了解 Azure 帐单,请在 Azure 门户中将发票与每日使用情况明细文件和成本管理报表进行比较。To understand your Azure bill, compare your invoice with the detailed daily usage file and the cost management reports in the Azure portal.

备注

本文不适用于企业协议 (EA) 客户。This article does not apply to Enterprise Agreement (EA) customers. 对于 EA 客户,可在企业门户找到发票文档。If you’re an EA customer, you can find invoice documentation on the Enterprise Portal.

若要获取发票 PDF 并下载每日使用情况明细文件 CSV 副本,请参阅获取 Azure 帐单和每日使用情况数据To obtain a PDF of your invoice and a copy of your detailed daily usage file CSV download, see Get your Azure billing invoice and daily usage data.

有关发票和每日使用情况明细文件的详细条款和说明,请参阅了解 Microsoft Azure 发票的相关条款了解 Microsoft Azure 使用情况明细的相关条款For detailed terms and descriptions of your invoice and detailed daily usage file, see Understand terms on your Microsoft Azure invoice and Understand terms on your Microsoft Azure detailed usage.

有关成本管理报表的详细信息,请参阅 Azure 门户成本管理For details on the cost management reports, see Azure portal cost management.

如何确定发票中的费用是正确的?How do I make sure that the charges in my invoice are correct?

如果想要更详细地了解发票上的费用,可以选择以下几种方式。If there is a charge on your invoice that you want more details on, there are a couple of options.

选项 1:查看发票,并将使用情况和成本与使用情况明细 CSV 文件相比较Option 1: Review your invoice and compare the usage and costs with the detailed usage CSV file

使用情况明细 CSV 文件按计费周期和每日使用情况显示费用信息。The detailed usage CSV file shows your charges by billing period and daily usage. 若要获取使用情况明细 CSV 文件,请参阅获取 Azure 帐单发票和每日使用情况数据To get your detailed usage CSV file, see Get your Azure billing invoice and daily usage data.

在计量级别显示使用费。Your usage charges are displayed at the meter level. 下方的术语在发票和使用情况明细文件中表示同一事物。The following terms mean the same thing in both the invoice and the detailed usage file. 例如,发票中的计费周期等同于使用情况明细文件中的计费周期。For example, the billing cycle on the invoice is equivalent to the billing period shown in the detailed usage file.

发票(PDF)Invoice (PDF) 使用情况明细 (CSV)Detailed usage (CSV)
计费周期Billing cycle 计费周期Billing Period
名称Name 测定仪类别Meter Category
TypeType 测定仪子类别Meter Subcategory
资源Resource 测定仪名称Meter Name
区域Region 测定仪区域Meter Region
已耗用Consumed 已耗用数量Consumed Quantity
附送Included 附送数量Included Quantity
可计费Billable 超额数量Overage Quantity

发票的“使用费”部分包含计费周期内已使用的每种计量的总额。The Usage Charges section of your invoice has the total value for each meter that was consumed during your billing period. 例如,以下屏幕截图显示的是 Azure 计划程序服务的使用费。For example, the following screenshot shows a usage charge for the Azure Scheduler service.

发票使用费

在使用情况明细 CSV 的“帐目报告”部分也显示了同样的费用。The Statement section of your detailed usage CSV shows the same charge. “已使用”量和“值”都与发票上的数据匹配。Both the Consumed amount and Value match the invoice.

CSV 使用费

若要每日查看此费用明细,请转到 CSV 的“每日使用情况”部分。To see a breakdown of this charge on a daily basis, go to the Daily Usage section of the CSV. 通过筛选“计量类别”下的“计划程序”查看计量的使用日期和使用量。Filter for "Scheduler" under Meter Category and you can see which days the meter was used and how much was consumed. 表中也列出“资源”和“资源组”信息,以供比较。The Resource and Resource group information is also listed for comparison. “已使用”值的总和应与该发票上显示的数据相同。The Consumed values should add up to what's shown on the invoice.

CSV 的“每日使用情况”部分

若要获取每日成本,请将“报表”部分中的“已使用”量与“费率”值相乘。To get the cost per day, multiply the Consumed amounts with the Rate value from the Statement section.

若要了解有关发票的详细信息,请参阅了解 Azure 发票To learn more about the invoice, see Understand your Azure invoice.

若要了解有关 CSV 中每一列的信息,请参阅了解 Azure 的使用情况明细To learn about each of the columns in the CSV, see Understand your Azure detailed usage.

选项 2:查看发票,在 Azure 门户中将其与使用情况和成本相比较Option 2: Review your invoice and compare with the usage and costs in the Azure portal

Azure 门户也可帮助核查费用。Azure 门户提供费用管理图表,可供快速了解发票上的使用情况和费用。The Azure portal can also help you verify your charges.The Azure portal provides cost management charts for a quick overview of your usage and the charges on your invoice.

若要继续查看上文中的示例,请访问订阅页,选择订阅,然后选择“成本分析”。To continue with the example from above, visit the Subscriptions page, select your subscription, and then choose Cost analysis. 在该处,可以指定时间范围并查看 Azure 计划程序服务的使用费。From there, you can specify the time-span and see usage charge for the Azure Scheduler service.

Azure 门户中成本分析视图

若要查看“成本历史记录”中的每日成本明细,请单击该行。To see the daily cost breakdown in Cost history, click the row.

Azure 门户中的成本历史记录视图

有关详细信息,请参阅通过 Azure 计费和成本管理防止意外成本To learn more, see Prevent unexpected costs with Azure billing and cost management.

外部服务如何收费?What about external service charges?

外部服务(也称为 Azure 市场订单)由独立的服务供应商提供,需要单独计费。External services (also known as Azure Marketplace orders) are provided by independent service vendors and are billed separately. Azure 发票上不会记录该费用。The charges don't show up on your Azure invoice. 若要了解详细信息,请参阅了解 Azure 外部服务收费To learn more, see Understand your Azure external service charges.

如何付款?How do I make a payment?

如果已将信用卡或借记卡设置为付款方式,则会在计费周期结束后的 10 天内自动进行付款。If you set up a credit card or a debit card as your payment method, the payment is charged automatically within 10 days after the billing period ends. 在信用卡对帐单上,行项会显示 MSFT AzureOn your credit card statement, the line item would say MSFT Azure.

如果通过发票付款,可将付款寄送到发票底部列出的地点。If you pay by invoicing, send your payment to the location listed at the bottom of your invoice. 有关更多帮助,请联系支持人员For more help, contact support.

如何查看通过信用卡付款时的付款状态?How do I check the status of a payment made by credit card?

创建支持票证以询问付款状态。Create a support ticket to ask for the status of your payment.

是否存在不同的 Azure 客户类型?Are there different Azure customer types? 如何识别自己的客户类型?How do I know what customer-type I am?

存在不同的 Azure 客户类型。There are different types of Azure customers. 为了更好地理解自己的定价和计费情况,请查看以下客户类型描述。To better understand your pricing and bill, see the following customer-type descriptions.

  • 企业:企业客户与 Azure 签订了企业协议,以达成货币承诺并获取自定义 Azure 资源定价的权限。Enterprise: Enterprise customers have signed an Enterprise Agreement with Azure to make negotiated monetary commitments and gain access to custom pricing for Azure resources.
  • Web 直接:Web 直接客户没有与 Azure 签订任何自定义协议。Web Direct: Web Direct customers have not signed any custom agreement with Azure. 此类客户通过 azure.com 注册 Azure,并接受所有 Azure 资源对外公布的价格。These customers have signed up for Azure via azure.com and receive public facing prices for all Azure resources.
  • 云服务提供商:云服务提供商通常是最终客户雇用的公司,他们负责在 Azure 的基础上生成解决方案。Cloud Service Provider: Cloud Service Providers are typically companies that have been hired by an end-customer to build solutions on top of Azure.

我为什么没有在帐单中看到自己创建的资源的费用?Why don’t I see the cost the resource I have created in my bill?

Azure 不会直接基于资源费用进行计费。Azure does not bill directly based on resource cost. 计费工作基于一个或多个计量指标,这些指标用于跟踪资源整个生存期的使用情况。Billing is done based off one or more meters that are used to track a resource’s usage throughout its lifetime. 随后会使用这些计量指标来计算费用。These meters are then used to calculate the bill. 请参阅以下内容,了解更多关于 Azure 计量指标的信息。See more about Azure metering below.

Azure 计费计量指标如何工作?How does Azure charge metering work?

启用单个 Azure 资源(例如虚拟机)时,同时也会创建一个或多个计量指标实例。When you spin up a single Azure resource, such as a virtual machine, it will have one or multiple meter instances created as well. 这些计量指标可跟踪资源的使用情况。These meters are used to track the usage of the resource over time. 每个计量指标都会发送使用情况记录,Azure 随后会在费用计量系统中使用这些记录来计算费用。Each meter emits usage records which are then used by Azure in our cost metering system to calculate the bill.

例如,如果在 Azure 中创建了一个虚拟机,那么可能会创建以下计量指标来跟踪其使用情况:For example, a single virtual machine created in Azure may have the following meters created to track its usage:

  • 计算小时数Compute Hours
  • IP 地址小时数IP Address Hours
  • 入站数据传输Data Transfer In
  • 出站数据传输Data Transfer Out
  • 标准托管磁盘Standard Managed Disk
  • 标准托管磁盘操作数Standard Managed Disk Operations
  • 标准 IO 磁盘Standard IO-Disk
  • 标准 IO 块 Blob 读取Standard IO-Block Blob Read
  • 标准 IO 块 Blob 写入Standard IO-Block Blob Write
  • 标准 IO 块 Blob 删除Standard IO-Block Blob Delete

创建虚拟机后,以上所有计量指标都会开始发送使用情况记录。Once the VM is created, each one of the meters above will begin emitting usage records. Azure 计量系统随后会使用这些使用情况记录和计量指标的价格来确定向客户收取的费用。This usage will then be used in Azure’s metering system along with the meter’s price to determine how much a customer is charged.

备注

上面的计量指标示例可能仅仅是所创建的 VM 的计量指标的一个子集。The example meters above may only be a subset of the meters created a VM that is created.

Azure 第一方费用和 Azure 市场费用的区别是什么?What is the difference between Azure 1st party charges and Azure Marketplace charges?

Azure 第一方费用针对的是直接由 Azure 开发并提供的资源。Azure 1st party charges are for resources that are directly developed and offered by Azure. Azure 市场费用针对的是由第三方软件提供商创建的资源(这些资源可以通过 Azure 市场获取)。Azure Marketplace charges are for resources that have been created by third party software vendors that are available for use via the Azure marketplace. 例如,Barracuda 防火墙是由第三方提供的 Azure 市场资源。For example, a Barracuda Firewall is an Azure marketplace resource offered by a third party. 此防火墙的所有费用及其对应的计量指标都将显示为市场费用。All charges for the firewall and its corresponding meters will appear as marketplace charges.

成本管理建议Tips for cost management

需要帮助?Need help? 联系支持人员。Contact support.

如果仍需帮助,请联系支持人员以快速解决问题。If you still need help, contact support to get your issue resolved quickly.