您现在访问的是微软AZURE全球版技术文档网站,若需要访问由世纪互联运营的MICROSOFT AZURE中国区技术文档网站,请访问 https://docs.azure.cn.

成本管理规则改进Cost Management discipline improvement

成本管理规则尝试解决与托管基于云的工作负荷时所产生的费用相关的核心业务风险。The Cost Management discipline attempts to address core business risks related to expenses incurred when hosting cloud-based workloads. 在云监管的五个层面中,成本管理学科涉及到控制云资源的成本和使用,目的是创建和维护计划的成本周期。Within the Five Disciplines of Cloud Governance, the Cost Management discipline is involved in controlling cost and usage of cloud resources with the goal of creating and maintaining a planned cost cycle.

本文概述了贵公司为制定成本管理规则并使其成熟而执行的潜在任务。This article outlines potential tasks your company perform to develop and mature your Cost Management discipline. 这些任务可分解为实现云解决方案的规划、构建、采用和操作阶段。These tasks can be broken down into planning, building, adopting, and operating phases of implementing a cloud solution. 然后循环访问这些任务,以允许将 增量方法开发到云监管The tasks are then iterated on to allow the development of an incremental approach to cloud governance.

向云管理增加方法的阶段。 图1:增量方法到云管理的阶段。Phases of an incremental approach to cloud governance. Figure 1: Phases of an incremental approach to cloud governance.

没有单个文档可以说明所有业务的要求。No single document can account for the requirements of all businesses. 因此,本文针对治理成熟过程的每个阶段只概述了建议的最小和可能的示例活动。As such, this article outlines suggested minimum and potential example activities for each phase of the governance maturation process. 这些活动的初始目标是帮助你构建 策略 MVP ,并为增量策略改进建立框架。The initial objective of these activities is to help you build a policy MVP and establish a framework for incremental policy improvement. 你的云监管团队需要决定在这些活动中投入多少来改善你的成本管理学科功能。Your cloud governance team will need to decide how much to invest in these activities to improve your Cost Management discipline capabilities.


本文中所述的最小或潜在活动都不符合特定企业政策或第三方符合性要求。Neither the minimum or potential activities outlined in this article are aligned to specific corporate policies or third-party compliance requirements. 本指南旨在帮助促进对话,使两个需求与云治理模型保持一致。This guidance is designed to help facilitate the conversations that will lead to alignment of both requirements with a cloud governance model.

规划和准备情况Planning and readiness

这个治理成熟阶段弥合了业务结果与可操作策略之间的分歧。This phase of governance maturity bridges the divide between business outcomes and actionable strategies. 在此过程中,领导团队定义具体指标,将这些指标对应到数字资产,并开始规划整个迁移工作。During this process, the leadership team defines specific metrics, maps those metrics to the digital estate, and begins planning the overall migration effort.

最小建议的活动:Minimum suggested activities:

  • 请评估你的成本管理工具链选项。Evaluate your Cost Management toolchain options.
  • 为体系结构准则开发一个草稿文档,并将其分发给关键利益干系人。Develop a draft document for architecture guidelines and distribute to key stakeholders.
  • 培训受“体系结构指南”制定影响的人员和团队,并使其参与进来。Educate and involve the people and teams affected by the development of architecture guidelines.

可能的活动:Potential activities:

  • 确保支持云策略业务理由的预算决策。Ensure budgetary decisions that support the business justification for your cloud strategy.
  • 验证用于报告资金成功分配情况的学习指标。Validate learning metrics that you use to report on the successful allocation of funding.
  • 了解影响云成本应如何计算的所需云计算模型。Understand the desired cloud accounting model that affects how cloud costs should be accounted for.
  • 熟悉数字资产计划并验证准确的成本预期。Become familiar with the digital estate plan and validate accurate costing expectations.
  • 评估购买选项,以确定它是否更适合 "即用即付",或通过购买企业协议来做出 precommitment。Evaluate buying options to determine whether it's better to "pay as you go" or to make a precommitment by purchasing an Enterprise Agreement.
  • 使业务目标与计划预算保持一致,并根据需要调整预算计划。Align business goals with planned budgets and adjust budgetary plans as necessary.
  • 制定目标和预算报告机制,以便在每个成本周期结束时通知技术和业务利益干系人。Develop a goals and budget reporting mechanism to notify technical and business stakeholders at the end of each cost cycle.

生成和部署Build and predeployment

成功迁移环境需要几个技术和非技术先决条件。Several technical and nontechnical prerequisites are required to successfully migrate an environment. 此过程侧重于推进迁移的决策、准备情况和核心基础结构。This process focuses on the decisions, readiness, and core infrastructure that proceeds a migration.

最小建议的活动:Minimum suggested activities:

  • 在部署阶段推出,实现 成本管理工具链Implement your Cost Management toolchain by rolling out in a predeployment phase.
  • 更新体系结构准则文档,并将其分发给关键利益干系人。Update the architecture guidelines document and distribute to key stakeholders.
  • 制定培训材料和文档、宣传、激励以及其他项目,帮助推动用户采用。Develop educational materials and documentation, awareness communications, incentives, and other programs to help drive user adoption.
  • 确定购买要求是否符合预算和目标。Determine whether your purchase requirements align with your budgets and goals.

可能的活动:Potential activities:

  • 将你的预算计划与定义你的核心所有权模型的 订阅策略 一致。Align your budgetary plans with the subscription strategy that defines your core ownership model.
  • 使用 资源一致性训练科目 在一段时间内强制实施体系结构和成本准则。Use the Resource Consistency discipline strategy to enforce architecture and cost guidelines over time.
  • 确定任何成本异常是否会影响您的采用和迁移计划。Determine whether any cost anomalies affect your adoption and migration plans.

采用和迁移Adopt and migrate

迁移是一个渐进过程,侧重于现有数字资产中应用程序或工作负载的移动、测试和采用。Migration is an incremental process that focuses on the movement, testing, and adoption of applications or workloads in an existing digital estate.

最小建议的活动:Minimum suggested activities:

  • 成本管理工具链 从部署迁移到生产。Migrate your Cost Management toolchain from predeployment to production.
  • 更新体系结构准则文档,并将其分发给关键利益干系人。Update the architecture guidelines document and distribute to key stakeholders.
  • 制定培训材料和文档、宣传、激励以及其他项目,帮助推动用户采用。Develop educational materials and documentation, awareness communications, incentives, and other programs to help drive user adoption.

可能的活动:Potential activities:

  • 实现云会计模型。Implement your cloud accounting model.
  • 确保预算反映每次发布期间的实际支出,并根据需要进行调整。Ensure that your budgets reflect your actual spending during each release and adjust as necessary.
  • 监视预算计划的变化,并在需要进行额外签核时与利益干系人进行验证。Monitor changes in budgetary plans and validate with stakeholders if additional sign-offs are needed.
  • 更新对体系结构准则文档所做的更改,以反映实际成本。Update changes to the architecture guidelines document to reflect actual costs.

运营和实施后Operate and post-implementation

转换完成后,必须为应用程序或工作负荷的自然生命周期启用调控和操作。After the transformation is complete, governance and operations must live on for the natural lifecycle of an application or workload. 治理成熟度这一阶段侧重于在实施解决方案并且转换周期开始稳定之后通常出现的活动。This phase of governance maturity focuses on the activities that commonly come after the solution is implemented and the transformation cycle begins to stabilize.

最小建议的活动:Minimum suggested activities:

  • 根据组织不断变化的需求自定义 成本管理工具链Customize your Cost Management toolchain based on your organization's changing needs.
  • 考虑自动化任何通知和报告以反映实际支出。Consider automating any notifications and reports to reflect actual spending.
  • 优化体系结构准则,以指导将来采用过程。Refine architecture guidelines to guide future adoption processes.
  • 定期通知受影响的团队,以确保持续遵从体系结构准则。Educate affected teams on a periodic basis to ensure ongoing adherence to the architecture guidelines.

可能的活动:Potential activities:

  • 执行季度云业务审核,以传达交付给业务的价值和相关成本。Execute a quarterly cloud business review to communicate value delivered to the business and associated costs.
  • 每季度调整计划以反映实际支出的变化。Adjust plans quarterly to reflect changes to actual spending.
  • 确定财务与业务单位订阅的损益表相一致。Determine financial alignment to P&Ls for business unit subscriptions.
  • 每月分析利益干系人价值和成本报告方法。Analyze stakeholder value and cost reporting methods on a monthly basis.
  • 修正未充分利用的资产,确定是否值得继续。Remediate underused assets and determine whether they're worth continuing.
  • 检测计划与实际支出之间的错位和异常。Detect misalignments and anomalies between the plan and actual spending.
  • 帮助云采纳团队和云策略团队了解和解决这些异常。Assist the cloud adoption teams and the cloud strategy team with understanding and resolving these anomalies.

后续步骤Next steps

了解云成本调控的概念后,请查看成本管理训练科目的最佳实践,以找出降低整个支出的方式。Now that you understand the concept of cloud cost governance, review the Cost Management discipline best practices to find ways to reduce your overall spend.