适用于有效的云采用计划的先决条件Prerequisites for an effective cloud adoption plan
计划仅与放入它的数据一样有效。A plan is only as effective as the data that's put into it. 为了使云采用计划有效，有两种类别的输入： 战略 和 战术。For a cloud adoption plan to be effective, there are two categories of input: strategic and tactical. 以下部分概述了每种类别中所需的最小数据点。The following sections outline the minimum data points required in each category.
准确的战略输入确保所要做的工作有助于实现业务成果。Accurate strategic inputs ensure that the work being done contributes to achievement of business outcomes. 云采用框架的 "策略" 部分提供了一系列练习来制定清晰的战略。The strategy section of the Cloud Adoption Framework provides a series of exercises to develop a clear strategy. 这些练习的输出将源作为云采用计划。The outputs of those exercises feed the cloud adoption plan. 在开发计划之前，请确保已将以下各项正确地定义为这些练习的结果：Before developing the plan, ensure that the following items are well defined as a result of those exercises:
- 清除动机： 为什么要采用云？Clear motivations: Why are we adopting the cloud?
- 定义的业务成果： 从采用云开始，我们希望看到什么结果？Defined business outcomes: What results do we expect to see from adopting the cloud?
- 业务理由： 业务将如何衡量成功？Business justification: How will the business measure success?
实现云采用计划的团队的每个成员都应该能够回答这三个战略问题。Every member of the team that implements the cloud adoption plan should be able to answer these three strategic questions. 负责计划实施的经理和负责人应了解每个问题背后的指标以及任何实现这些指标的进度。Managers and leaders who are accountable for implementation of the plan should understand the metrics behind each question and any progress toward realizing those metrics.
准确的战术输入确保可以准确地计划和管理工作。Accurate tactical inputs ensure that the work can be planned accurately and managed effectively. 云采用框架的 "计划" 部分提供了一系列练习，用于在开发计划之前开发规划项目。The plan section of the Cloud Adoption Framework provides a series of exercises to develop planning artifacts before you develop your plan. 这些项目提供以下问题的答案：These artifacts provide answers to the following questions:
- 数字场地合理化： 采用计划中的前10个优先级工作负载是什么？Digital estate rationalization: What are the top 10 priority workloads in the adoption plan? 计划中有多少额外的工作负荷？How many additional workloads are likely to be in the plan? 将多少资产视为云采用的候选项？How many assets are being considered as candidates for cloud adoption? 最初的工作重点是否更侧重于迁移或创新活动？Are the initial efforts focused more on migration or innovation activities?
- 组织对齐方式： 谁将在采用计划中完成技术工作？Organization alignment: Who will do the technical work in the adoption plan? 谁负责遵从治理和合规性要求？Who is accountable for adherence to governance and compliance requirements?
- 技能准备： 分配给多少人来执行所需的任务？Skills readiness: How many people are allocated to perform the required tasks? 其技能与云采用情况的协调情况如何？How well are their skills aligned to cloud adoption efforts? 合作伙伴是否已对齐以支持技术实现？Are partners aligned to support the technical implementation?
这些问题对于云采用计划的准确性至关重要。These questions are essential to the accuracy of the cloud adoption plan. 至少必须回答有关数字场地合理化的问题才能创建计划。At a minimum, the questions about digital estate rationalization must be answered to create a plan. 为了提供准确的时间线，有关组织和技能的问题也很重要。To provide accurate timelines, the questions about organization and skills are also important.
通过将模板部署到 Azure DevOps Services 来定义云采用计划。Define your cloud adoption plan by deploying the template to Azure DevOps Services.