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形成混合云一致性Create hybrid cloud consistency

本文将指导你完成创建混合云一致性的高级方法。This article guides you through the high-level approaches for creating hybrid cloud consistency.

在迁移期间使用混合部署模型可降低风险,并且有助于实现平滑的基础结构转换。Hybrid deployment models during migration can reduce risk and contribute to a smooth infrastructure transition. 云平台在业务流程方面提供最大程度的灵活性。Cloud platforms offer the greatest level of flexibility when it comes to business processes. 很多组织都不愿意迁移到云。Many organizations are hesitant to make the move to the cloud. 相反,他们倾向于保持对其最敏感数据的完全控制。Instead, they prefer to keep full control over their most sensitive data. 遗憾的是,本地服务器不允许与云相同的创新速度。Unfortunately, on-premises servers don't allow for the same rate of innovation as the cloud. 混合云解决方案提供云创新的速度,并提供对本地管理的控制。A hybrid cloud solution offers the speed of cloud innovation and the control of on-premises management.

集成混合云一致性Integrate hybrid cloud consistency

使用混合云解决方案让组织得以缩放计算资源。Using a hybrid cloud solution allows organizations to scale computing resources. 它还消除了进行大量资本支出来应对短期需求高峰的需要。It also eliminates the need to make massive capital expenditures to handle short-term spikes in demand. 对你的业务的更改可促进为更敏感的数据或应用程序释放本地资源的需要。Changes to your business can drive the need to free up local resources for more sensitive data or applications. 取消设置云资源更简单、更快、成本更低。It's easier, faster, and less expensive to deprovision cloud resources. 只需为组织临时使用的资源付费,而无需购买和维护其他资源。You pay only for those resources your organization temporarily uses, instead of having to purchase and maintain additional resources. 此方法减少了长时间内可能仍处于空闲状态的设备量。This approach reduces the amount of equipment that might remain idle over long periods of time. 混合云计算提供了云计算灵活性、可伸缩性和成本效益的所有好处,并可能会导致数据泄露的可能性最低。Hybrid cloud computing delivers all the benefits of cloud computing flexibility, scalability, and cost efficiencies with the lowest possible risk of data exposure.

跨标识、管理、安全性、数据、开发和 DevOps 形成混合云一致性

图1:在标识、管理、安全性、数据、开发和 DevOps 之间创建混合云一致性。Figure 1: Creating hybrid cloud consistency across identity, management, security, data, development, and DevOps.

真正的混合云解决方案必须提供四个组件,每个组件都有明显的优点:A true hybrid cloud solution must provide four components, each of which brings significant benefits:

  • 本地和云应用程序的通用标识: 此组件通过向用户提供对其所有应用程序 (SSO) 的单一登录,提高用户工作效率。Common identity for on-premises and cloud applications: This component improves user productivity by giving users single sign-on (SSO) to all their applications. 它还可确保应用程序和用户跨网络或云边界的一致性。It also ensures consistency as applications and users cross network or cloud boundaries.
  • 跨混合云的集成管理和安全性: 此组件为你提供了一种统一的方式来监视、管理和保护环境,从而实现更好的可见性和控制。Integrated management and security across your hybrid cloud: This component provides you with a cohesive way to monitor, manage, and secure the environment, which enables increased visibility and control.
  • 数据中心和云的一致数据平台: 此组件创建数据可移植性,并将其与本地和云数据服务的无缝访问结合起来,以便深入了解所有数据源。A consistent data platform for the datacenter and the cloud: This component creates data portability, combined with seamless access to on-premises and cloud data services for deep insight into all data sources.
  • 跨云和本地数据中心的统一开发和 DevOps: 此组件允许你根据需要在两个环境之间移动应用程序。Unified development and DevOps across the cloud and on-premises datacenters: This component allows you to move applications between the two environments as needed. 提高了开发人员的工作效率,因为这两个位置现在具有相同的开发环境。Developer productivity improves because both locations now have the same development environment.

下面是从 Azure 角度来看,这些组件的一些示例:Here are some examples of these components from an Azure perspective:

  • Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 与本地 Active Directory 一起使用,为所有用户提供通用标识。Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) works with on-premises Active Directory to provide common identity for all users. 跨本地部署及通过云实现的 SSO,使用户可以轻松安全地访问所需的应用程序和资产。SSO across on-premises and via the cloud makes it simple for users to safely access the applications and assets they need. 管理员可以管理安全性和调控控制,还可以灵活地调整权限,而不会影响用户体验。Admins can manage security and governance controls and also have the flexibility to adjust permissions without affecting the user experience.
  • Azure 为云和本地基础结构提供集成的管理和安全服务。Azure provides integrated management and security services for both cloud and on-premises infrastructure. 这些服务包括一组集成的工具,用于监视、配置和保护混合云。These services include an integrated set of tools that are used to monitor, configure, and protect hybrid clouds. 这种端到端的管理方法专门解决了企业考虑混合云解决方案的实际挑战。This end-to-end approach to management specifically addresses real-world challenges that face organizations considering a hybrid cloud solution.
  • Azure 混合云提供可确保无缝、高效且安全地访问所有数据的常用工具。Azure hybrid cloud provides common tools that ensure secure access to all data, seamlessly and efficiently. Azure 数据服务与 Microsoft SQL Server 相结合,可创建一致的数据平台。Azure data services combine with Microsoft SQL Server to create a consistent data platform. 一致的混合云模型允许用户处理操作数据和分析数据。A consistent hybrid cloud model allows users to work with both operational and analytical data. 在本地和云中提供了相同的服务,以便进行数据仓库、数据分析和数据可视化。The same services are provided on-premises and in the cloud for data warehousing, data analysis, and data visualization.
  • Azure 云服务与本地 Azure Stack 结合在一起,提供了统一的开发和 DevOps。Azure Cloud Services, combined with Azure Stack on-premises, provide unified development and DevOps. 跨云和本地的一致性意味着你的 DevOps 团队可以构建在任何环境中运行的应用程序,并且可以轻松地将其部署到正确的位置。Consistency across the cloud and on-premises means that your DevOps team can build applications that run in either environment and can easily deploy to the right location. 你还可以在混合解决方案中重用模板,从而进一步简化 DevOps 过程。You also can reuse templates across the hybrid solution, which can further simplify DevOps processes.

混合云环境中的 Azure StackAzure Stack in a hybrid cloud environment

Azure Stack 是一种混合云解决方案,使组织能够在他们的数据中心运行与 Azure 一致的服务。Azure Stack is a hybrid cloud solution that allows organizations to run Azure-consistent services in their datacenter. 它提供与 Azure 公有云服务一致的简化的开发、管理和安全体验。It provides a simplified development, management, and security experience that's consistent with Azure public cloud services. Azure Stack 是 Azure 的扩展。Azure Stack is an extension of Azure. 可以使用它在本地环境中运行 Azure 服务,并在需要时迁移到 Azure 云。You can use it to run Azure services from your on-premises environments and then move to the Azure cloud if and when required.

使用 Azure Stack,可以使用相同的工具部署和操作 IaaS 和 PaaS,并提供与 Azure 公有云相同的体验。With Azure Stack, you can deploy and operate both IaaS and PaaS by using the same tools and offering the same experience as the Azure public cloud. 无论是通过 Web UI 门户还是通过 PowerShell 管理 Azure Stack,IT 管理员和 Azure 最终用户都会拥有一致的观感。Management of Azure Stack, whether through the web UI portal or through PowerShell, has a consistent look and feel for IT administrators and end users with Azure.

Azure 和 Azure Stack 为面向客户的和内部业务线应用程序打开新的混合用例:Azure and Azure Stack open up new hybrid use cases for both customer-facing and internal line-of-business applications:

  • 边缘和断开连接的解决方案。Edge and disconnected solutions. 为了满足延迟和连接要求,客户可以在 Azure Stack 中本地处理数据,然后将数据聚合在 Azure 中以供进一步分析。To address latency and connectivity requirements, customers can process data locally in Azure Stack and then aggregate it in Azure for further analytics. 它们可在两者之间使用常见的应用程序逻辑。They can use common application logic across both. 许多客户对跨不同上下文(例如工厂地面、巡航交付和地雷轴)的这一种边缘方案感兴趣。Many customers are interested in this edge scenario across different contexts, like factory floors, cruise ships, and mine shafts.
  • 满足各种法规要求的云应用程序。Cloud applications that meet various regulations. 客户可以在 Azure 中开发和部署应用程序,并且可以完全灵活地在 Azure Stack 上部署,以满足法规或策略要求。Customers can develop and deploy applications in Azure, with full flexibility to deploy on-premises on Azure Stack to meet regulatory or policy requirements. 无需更改任何代码。No code changes are needed. 应用示例包括全球审计、财务报告、外汇交易、在线游戏和费用报告。Application examples include global audit, financial reporting, foreign exchange trading, online gaming, and expense reporting. 客户有时会根据业务和技术要求,将同一应用程序的不同实例部署到 Azure 或 Azure Stack。Customers sometimes look to deploy different instances of the same application to Azure or Azure Stack, based on business and technical requirements. 虽然 Azure 能够满足大多数要求,但 Azure Stack 会在需要时对部署方法提供补充。While Azure meets most requirements, Azure Stack complements the deployment approach where needed.
  • 本地云应用程序模型。Cloud application model on-premises. 客户可以使用 Azure web 服务、容器、微服务和无服务器体系结构来更新和扩展现有应用程序,或构建新的应用程序。Customers can use Azure web services, containers, microservices, and serverless architectures to update and extend existing applications or build new ones. 可以在云中的 Azure 与本地 Azure Stack 之间使用一致的 DevOps 流程。You can use consistent DevOps processes across Azure in the cloud and Azure Stack on-premises. 即使对于核心任务关键型应用程序,应用程序的现代化也越来越重要。There's a growing interest in application modernization, even for core mission-critical applications.

通过两个部署选项提供 Azure Stack:Azure Stack is offered via two deployment options:

  • Azure Stack 集成系统: Azure Stack 集成系统是通过 Microsoft 和硬件合作伙伴提供的,创建一个解决方案,该解决方案通过简单管理实现了云进度的创新。Azure Stack integrated systems: Azure Stack integrated systems are offered through Microsoft and hardware partners to create a solution that provides cloud-paced innovation balanced with simple management. 由于 Azure Stack 是作为硬件和软件的集成系统提供的,因此你可以获得灵活性和控制,同时仍然采用云的创新。Because Azure Stack is offered as an integrated system of hardware and software, you get flexibility and control while still adopting innovation from the cloud. Azure Stack 集成系统范围为4到12个节点。Azure Stack integrated systems range in size from 4 to 12 nodes. 它们由硬件合作伙伴和 Microsoft 共同支持。They're jointly supported by the hardware partner and Microsoft. 使用 Azure Stack 集成系统可实现针对生产工作负荷的新方案。Use Azure Stack integrated systems to enable new scenarios for your production workloads.
  • Azure Stack 开发工具包: Microsoft Azure Stack 开发工具包是 Azure Stack 的单节点部署。Azure Stack Development Kit: The Microsoft Azure Stack Development Kit is a single-node deployment of Azure Stack. 您可以使用它来评估并了解 Azure Stack。You can use it to evaluate and learn about Azure Stack. 你还可以使用工具包作为开发人员环境,可在其中使用与 Azure 一致的 Api 和工具进行开发。You can also use the kit as a developer environment, where you can develop by using APIs and tooling that are consistent with Azure. Azure Stack 开发工具包不适用于生产环境。The Azure Stack Development Kit isn't intended for use as a production environment.

Azure Stack 一种云生态系统Azure Stack one-cloud ecosystem

可以使用完整的 Azure 生态系统加速 Azure Stack 计划:You can speed up Azure Stack initiatives by using the complete Azure ecosystem:

  • Azure 可确保大多数针对 Azure 认证的应用程序和服务都可以在 Azure Stack 上工作。Azure ensures that most applications and services that are certified for Azure will work on Azure Stack. 多个 Isv 正在将其解决方案扩展到 Azure Stack。Several ISVs are extending their solutions to Azure Stack. 这些 Isv 包括 Bitnami、Docker、Kemp 技术、Pivotal Cloud Foundry、Red Hat Enterprise Linux 和 SUSE Linux。These ISVs include Bitnami, Docker, Kemp Technologies, Pivotal Cloud Foundry, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and SUSE Linux.
  • 可以选择将 Azure Stack 作为完全的托管服务交付和运行。You can opt to have Azure Stack delivered and operated as a fully managed service. 多个合作伙伴将在 Azure 中提供托管服务产品,并 Azure Stack。Several partners will have managed service offerings across Azure and Azure Stack shortly. 这些合作伙伴包括 Tieto、Yourhosting、Revera、Pulsant 和 NTT。These partners include Tieto, Yourhosting, Revera, Pulsant, and NTT. 这些合作伙伴通过云解决方案提供商 (CSP) 计划为 Azure 提供托管服务。These partners deliver managed services for Azure via the Cloud Solution Provider (CSP) program. 他们正在扩展其产品,以包含混合解决方案。They're extending their offerings to include hybrid solutions.
  • 作为完整、完全托管的混合云解决方案的示例,Avanade 提供了一个全面的产品/服务。As an example of a complete, fully managed hybrid cloud solution, Avanade delivers an all-in-one offer. 它包括云转换服务、软件、基础结构、安装和配置以及正在进行的托管服务。It includes cloud transformation services, software, infrastructure, setup and configuration, and ongoing managed services. 这样,客户就可以像使用 Azure 一样使用 Azure Stack。This way customers can consume Azure Stack just as they do with Azure today.
  • 提供商可通过为客户构建端到端 Azure 解决方案来帮助加速 application 现代化计划。Providers can help accelerate application modernization initiatives by building end-to-end Azure solutions for customers. 每个提供商提供深层 Azure 技能集、域和行业知识以及 DevOps 等过程专业知识。Each provider brings a deep Azure skill set, domain and industry knowledge, and process expertise such as DevOps. 每个 Azure Stack 实现都是提供商设计解决方案以及潜在客户和影响系统部署的机会。Every Azure Stack implementation is an opportunity for a provider to design the solution and lead and influence system deployment. 他们还可以自定义包含的功能并提供操作活动。They can also customize the included capabilities and deliver operational activities. 提供商的示例包括 Avanade、DXC、Dell EMC 服务、Infront 咨询组、HPE Pointnext 和 PWC (以前的 PricewaterhouseCoopers) 。Examples of providers include Avanade, DXC, Dell EMC Services, Infront Consulting Group, HPE Pointnext, and PWC (formerly PricewaterhouseCoopers).