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教程:创建 Azure FXT Edge Filer 群集Tutorial: Create the Azure FXT Edge Filer cluster

为缓存安装并初始化 Azure FXT Edge Filer 硬件节点后,使用 FXT 群集软件创建缓存群集。After you install and initialize the Azure FXT Edge Filer hardware nodes for your cache, use the FXT cluster software to create the cache cluster.

本教程将指导你完成将硬件节点配置为群集的步骤。This tutorial walks you through the steps to configure your hardware nodes as a cluster.

本教程介绍:In this tutorial, you will learn:

  • 开始创建群集之前所需的信息What information is needed before starting to create the cluster
  • 群集的管理网络、群集网络和面向客户端的网络之间的区别The difference between the cluster's management network, the cluster network, and the client-facing network
  • 如何连接到群集节点How to connect to a cluster node
  • 如何使用一个 Azure FXT Edge Filer 节点创建初始群集How to create an initial cluster using one Azure FXT Edge Filer node
  • 如何登录群集控制面板以配置群集设置How to sign in to the cluster control panel to configure the cluster settings

此过程需要 15 到 45 分钟,具体取决于识别 IP 地址和网络资源所需要的工作量。This procedure takes between 15 and 45 minutes, depending on how much research you need to do to identify IP addresses and network resources.

先决条件Prerequisites

在开始本教程前,请完成以下先决条件:Complete these prerequisites before starting this tutorial:

  • 在数据中心内安装 Azure FXT Edge Filer 硬件系统Install your Azure FXT Edge Filer hardware systems in your data center

    只需一个节点即可创建群集,但需要添加至少两个节点才能配置群集并使其可供使用。You only need one node to create the cluster, but you need to add at least two more nodes before you can configure the cluster and get it ready to use.

  • 将相应的电源和网络电缆连接到系统Connect appropriate power and network cables to the system

  • 启动至少一个 Azure FXT Edge Filer 节点并设置其根密码Power on at least one Azure FXT Edge Filer node and set its root password

为群集收集信息Gather information for the cluster

需要以下信息才能创建 Azure FXT Edge Filer 群集:You need the following information to create the Azure FXT Edge Filer cluster:

  • 群集名称Cluster name

  • 要为群集设置的管理密码Administrative password to set for the cluster

  • IP 地址:IP addresses:

    • 用于群集管理的单个 IP 地址,以及用于管理网络的网络掩码和路由器A single IP address for cluster management, and the netmask and router to use for the management network
    • 用于群集(节点到节点)通信的连续 IP 地址范围中的第一个和最后一个 IP 地址。The first and last IP addresses in a contiguous range of IP addresses for cluster (node to node) communication. 有关详细信息,请参阅下面的 IP 地址分发See IP address distribution, below, for details.
    • (面向客户端的 IP 地址在创建群集后设置。)(Client-facing IP addresses are set after cluster creation.)
  • 网络基础结构信息:Network infrastructure information:

    • 群集的 DNS 服务器的 IP 地址The IP address of a DNS server for the cluster
    • 群集的 DNS 域的名称The name of the DNS domain for the cluster
    • 群集 NTP 服务器的名称或 IP 地址(一台服务器,或三台或更多服务器)The name or IP address for the cluster NTP servers (either one server or three or more)
    • 是否想要在群集接口上启用 IEEE 802.1AX-2008 链接聚合Whether you want to enable IEEE 802.1AX-2008 link aggregation on the cluster’s interfaces
    • 如果启用链接聚合,那么是否使用 IEEE 802.3ad (LACP) 动态聚合If you enable link aggregation, whether or not to use IEEE 802.3ad (LACP) dynamic aggregation

可以在创建群集后配置这些网络基础结构项目,但最好在创建时执行此操作。You can configure these network infrastructure items after you create the cluster, but it is better to do it at creation time.

IP 地址分发IP address distribution

Azure FXT Edge Filer 混合存储缓存群集使用三种 IP 地址:The Azure FXT Edge Filer hybrid storage cache cluster uses IP addresses in three categories:

  • 管理 IP:用于群集管理的单个 IP 地址Management IP: A single IP address for cluster management

    此地址充当访问群集配置实用程序(基于 Web 的控制面板或 XML-RPC API)的入口点。This address serves as the entry point to access the cluster configuration utilities (the web-based control panel or the XML-RPC API). 此地址自动分配给群集中的主节点,并在主节点更改时自动移动。This address is automatically assigned to the primary node in the cluster, and it moves automatically if the primary node changes.

    其他 IP 地址可用于访问控制面板,但管理 IP 地址在即使单个节点故障转移的情况下也可提供访问。Other IP addresses can be used to access the control panel, but the management IP address is designed to provide access even if individual nodes fail over.

  • 群集网络:用于群集通信的 IP 地址范围Cluster Network: A range of IP addresses for cluster communication

    群集网络用于群集节点之间的通信,以及从后端存储(核心文件管理器)检索文件。The cluster network is used for communication among cluster nodes and to retrieve files from the backend storage (core filers).

    最佳做法: 在每个 Azure FXT Edge Filer 节点上为每个用于群集通信的物理端口分配一个 IP 地址。Best practice: Allocate one IP address per physical port used for cluster communication on each Azure FXT Edge Filer node. 群集会自动将指定范围内的地址分配给各个节点。The cluster automatically assigns the addresses in the specified range to individual nodes.

  • 面向客户的网络:客户端用于请求和写入文件的 IP 地址范围Client-facing network: The range of IP addresses that clients use to request and write files

    客户端使用客户端网络地址来通过群集访问核心文件管理器数据。The client network addresses are used by clients to access the core filer data through the cluster. 例如,NFS 客户端可能会装载其中一个地址。For example, an NFS client might mount one of these addresses.

    最佳做法: 在每个 FXT 系列节点上为每个用于客户端通信的物理端口分配一个 IP 地址。Best practice: Allocate one IP address per physical port used for client communication on each FXT Series node.

    群集尽可能均匀地跨其组成节点分发面向客户端的 IP 地址。The cluster distributes client-facing IP addresses across its constituent nodes as evenly as possible.

    为简单起见,许多管理员使用轮询机制 DNS (RRDNS) 配置来配置单个 DNS 名称,以便更轻松地在地址范围内分发客户端请求。For simplicity, many administrators configure a single DNS name with round-robin DNS (RRDNS) configuration to make it easier to distribute client requests across the address range. 此设置还允许所有客户端使用同一装载命令来访问群集。This setup also enables all clients to use the same mount command to access the cluster. 有关详细信息,请阅读配置 DNSRead Configure DNS for more information.

必须指定管理 IP 地址和群集网络地址范围才能创建新的群集。The management IP address and a range of cluster network addresses must be specified to create a new cluster. 面向客户端的地址在创建群集后指定。Client-facing addresses are specified after cluster creation.

连接到第一个节点Connect to the first node

可以连接到任何已安装的 FXT 节点,并使用其操作系统软件来设置群集。You can connect to any of the installed FXT nodes and use its OS software to set up the cluster.

如果尚未执行此操作,请为群集启动至少一个 FXT 节点,并确保其具有网络连接和 IP 地址。If you have not already done so, power on at least one of the FXT nodes for your cluster, and make sure it has a network connection and an IP address. 必须设置新的根密码才能激活节点,因此,如果尚未执行此操作,请按照设置硬件密码中的步骤执行操作。You must set a new root password to activate the node, so follow the steps in Set hardware passwords if you have not already done so.

若要检查网络连接,请确保节点的网络链接 LED 指示灯亮起(如有必要,其连接到的网络交换机上的指示灯也应亮起)。To check the network connection, make sure that the node’s network link LEDs are illuminated (and, if necessary, the indicators on the network switch to which it is attached). LED 指示灯在监视 Azure FXT Edge Filer 硬件状态中进行介绍。Indicator LEDs are described in Monitor Azure FXT Edge Filer hardware status.

节点启动时,它将请求 IP 地址。When the node boots, it will request an IP address. 如果它连接到 DHCP 服务器,则会接受 DHCP 提供的 IP 地址。If it is connected to a DHCP server, it accepts the IP address provided by DHCP. (此 IP 地址为临时地址,(This IP address is temporary. 将在创建群集时更改。)It will change when you create the cluster.)

如果它未连接到 DHCP 服务器或未收到响应,则该节点将使用 Bonjour 软件以 169.254.*.* 的格式设置自分配 IP 地址。If it is not connected to a DHCP server or does not receive a response, the node will use Bonjour software to set a self-assigned IP address in the form 169.254.*.*. 但是,应先在其中一个节点的网卡上设置临时静态 IP 地址,然后再使用它来创建群集。However, you should set a temporary static IP address on one of the node’s network cards before using it to create a cluster. 此旧文档包含相关说明;请与 Microsoft 客户服务和支持部门联系,以获取更新的信息:附录 A:在 FXT 节点上设置静态 IP 地址Instructions are included in this legacy document; contact Microsoft Service and Support for updated information: Appendix A: Setting a Static IP Address on an FXT Node.

查找 IP 地址Find the IP address

连接到 Azure FXT Edge Filer 节点以查找其 IP 地址。Connect to the Azure FXT Edge Filer node to find its IP address. 可以使用串行电缆、直接连接到 USB 和 VGA 端口,或通过 KVM 交换机连接。You can use a serial cable, direct connection to the USB and VGA ports, or connect through a KVM switch. (有关端口连接的详细信息,请参阅设置初始密码。)(For port connection details see Set initial passwords.)

连接后,使用用户名 root 和首次启动节点时设置的密码登录。After you connect, sign in with the username root and the password that you set when you booted the node for the first time.

登录后,需要确定节点的 IP 地址。After signing in, you need to determine the node’s IP address.

使用 ifconfig 命令查看分配给此系统的地址。Use the command ifconfig to see the addresses assigned to this system.

例如,ifconfig | grep -B5 inet 命令会搜索具有 Internet 地址的端口,并提供五行上下文以显示端口标识符。For example, the command ifconfig | grep -B5 inet searches for ports with internet addresses and gives five lines of context to show the port identifier.

记下 ifconfig 报告中显示的任何 IP 地址。Write down any IP address shown in the ifconfig report. 使用端口名称(如 e0a 或 e0b)列出的地址是不错的选择。Addresses listed with port names like e0a or e0b are good options. 请勿使用 e7* 名称列出的任何 IP 地址,因为这些名称仅用于 iDRAC/IPMI 服务端口。Do not use any IP addresses listed with e7* names, since those names are only used for iDRAC/IPMI service ports.

加载群集配置向导Load the cluster configuration wizard

使用基于浏览器的群集配置工具来创建群集。Use the browser-based cluster configuration tool to create the cluster.

在 Web 浏览器中输入节点的 IP 地址。Enter the IP address for the node in a web browser. 如果浏览器提供有关该站点不受信任的消息,请仍然继续访问该站点。If the browser gives a message about the site being untrusted, proceed to the site anyway. (单个 Azure FXT Edge Filer 节点没有 CA 提供的安全证书。)(Individual Azure FXT Edge Filer nodes do not have CA-provided security certificates.)

浏览器窗口中的控制面板登录页

将“用户名”和“密码”字段留空 。Leave the Username and Password fields blank. 单击“登录”以加载群集创建页 。Click Login to load the cluster creation page.

基于浏览器的 GUI 控制面板中的未配置节点的初始设置屏幕。

创建群集Create the cluster

群集配置工具将引导完成一组用于创建 Azure FXT Edge Filer 群集的屏幕。The cluster configuration tool guides you through a set of screens to create the Azure FXT Edge Filer cluster. 确保在开始之前准备好所需信息Make sure you have the required information ready before starting.

创建选项Creation options

第一个屏幕提供三个选项。The first screen gives three options. 除非支持人员有特别说明,否则请使用手动配置选项。Use the manual configuration option unless you have special instructions from support staff.

单击“我将手动配置群集”以加载新的群集配置选项屏幕 。Click I will configure the cluster manually to load the new cluster configuration options screen.

其他选项很少用到:The other options are rarely used:

  • “更新系统映像”会提示你在创建群集之前安装新的操作系统软件。"Update the system image" prompts you to install new OS software before creating the cluster. (当前安装的软件版本在屏幕顶部列出。)必须提供软件包文件 - URL 和用户名/密码,或通过从计算机上传文件。(The currently installed software version is listed at the top of the screen.) You must provide the software package file - either a URL and username/password, or by uploading a file from your computer.

  • Microsoft 客户服务和支持部门有时使用群集安装程序文件选项。The cluster setup file option is sometimes used by Microsoft Customer Service and Support.

群集选项Cluster options

下一个屏幕将提示你配置用于新群集的选项。The next screen prompts you to configure options for the new cluster.

该页分为两个主要部分:“基本配置”和“网络配置” 。The page is divided into two main sections, Basic Configuration and Networking Configuration. “网络配置”部分还包含子部分:一个用于管理网络,另一个用于群集网络。The networking configuration section also has subsections: one for the Management network and one for the Cluster network.

基本配置Basic configuration

在顶部,填写新群集的基本信息。In the top section, fill in basic information for the new cluster.

浏览器 GUI 页中“基本配置”部分的详细信息。

  • “群集名称”- 输入群集的唯一名称 。Cluster Name - Enter a unique name for the cluster.

    群集名称必须符合以下条件:The cluster name must meet these criteria:

    • 长度为 1 到 16 个字符Length of 1 to 16 characters
    • 可以包含字母、数字、短划线 (-) 和下划线 () 字符Can include letters, numbers, and the dash (-) and underscore () characters
    • 不得包含其他标点符号或特殊字符Must not include other punctuation or special characters

    可以稍后在“群集” > “常规设置”配置页上更改此名称 。You can change this name later on the Cluster > General Setup configuration page. (有关群集设置的详细信息,请阅读群集配置指南,该指南不属于本文档集。)(For more information about cluster settings, read the Cluster Configuration Guide, which is not part of this documentation set.)

    备注

    群集名称用于标识为支持监视或故障排除而上传的系统信息,因此包含公司名称会很有帮助。Your cluster name is used to identify system information uploaded to support for monitoring or troubleshooting, so it's helpful to include your company name.

  • “管理员密码”- 为默认管理用户 admin 设置密码 。Admin password - Set the password for the default administrative user, admin.

    应该为管理群集的每个人设置单独的用户帐户,但不能删除用户 adminYou should set up individual user accounts for each person who administers the cluster, but you cannot remove the user admin. 如果需要创建其他用户,请以 admin 身份登录。Sign in as admin if you need to create additional users.

    可以在群集控制面板的“管理” > “用户”设置页中更改 admin 的密码 。You can change the password for admin in the Administration > Users settings page in the cluster Control Panel. 有关详细信息,请阅读群集配置指南中的用户文档。For details, read the Users documentation in the Cluster Configuration Guide.

网络配置Network configuration

网络部分会提示你指定群集将使用的网络基础结构。The Networking section prompts you to specify the network infrastructure that the cluster will use.

有两个单独的网络可供配置:There are two separate networks to configure:

  • 管理网络提供对群集的管理员访问权限,以进行配置和监视。The management network provides administrator access to the cluster for configuration and monitoring. 连接到控制面板或进行 SSH 访问时使用此处指定的 IP 地址。The IP address specified here is used when connecting to the Control Panel or for SSH access.

    大多数群集仅使用单个管理 IP 地址,但如果想要添加接口,则可以在创建群集后执行此操作。Most clusters use only a single management IP address, but if you want to add interfaces you can do so after creating the cluster.

  • 群集网络用于群集节点之间以及群集节点和后端存储(核心文件管理器)之间的通信。The cluster network is used for communication among cluster nodes and between cluster nodes and back-end storage (core filers).

面向客户端的网络在稍后进行配置,即创建群集后。The client-facing network is configured later, after the cluster has been created.

本部分还包括两个网络使用的 DNS 和 NTP 服务器的配置。This section also includes configuration for DNS and NTP servers that are used by both networks.

配置管理网络Configure the management network

“管理”部分中的设置适用于提供对群集的管理员访问权限的网络 。Settings in the Management section are for the network that provides administrator access to the cluster.

“管理”部分的详细信息,包含 5 个选项的相关字段和 1Gb 管理网络的复选框

  • “管理 IP”- 指定用于访问群集控制面板的 IP 地址 。Management IP - Specify the IP address that you will use to access the cluster Control Panel. 此地址将由群集的主节点声明,但如果原始主节点变得不可用,它将自动移至正常节点。This address will be claimed by the cluster’s primary node, but it automatically moves to a healthy node if the original primary node becomes unavailable.

    大多数群集仅使用一个管理 IP 地址。Most clusters use only one management IP address. 如果需要多个管理 IP 地址,可以在使用“群集” > “管理网络”设置页创建群集后添加它们 。If you want more than one, you can add them after you create the cluster by using the Cluster > Administrative Network settings page. 阅读群集配置指南,了解详细信息。Read more in the Cluster Configuration Guide.

  • “网络掩码”- 指定管理网络的网络掩码 。Netmask - Specify the netmask for the management network.

  • “路由器”- 输入管理网络使用的默认网关地址 。Router - Enter the default gateway address used by the management network.

  • “VLAN 标记(可选)”- 如果群集使用 VLAN 标记,请指定管理网络的标记 。VLAN tag (optional) - If your cluster uses VLAN tags, specify the tag for the management network.

    在“群集” > “VLAN”设置页中配置其他 VLAN 设置 。Additional VLAN settings are configured in the Cluster > VLAN settings page. 有关详细信息,请阅读“群集配置指南”中的使用 VLAN群集 > VLANRead Working with VLANs and Cluster > VLAN in the Cluster Configuration Guide to learn more.

  • “MTU”- 如有必要,调整群集管理网络的最大传输单元 (MTU) 。MTU - If necessary, adjust the maximum transmission unit (MTU) for your cluster’s management network.

  • “使用 1Gb 管理网络”- 如果想要将 FXT 节点上的两个 1GbE 网络端口仅分配给管理网络,请选中此框 。Use 1Gb mgmt network - Check this box if you want to assign the two 1GbE network ports on your FXT nodes to the management network only. (必须为所有其他流量提供 25GbE/10GbE 端口。)如果不选中此框,管理网络将使用可用的最高速度端口。(You must have 25GbE/10GbE ports available for all other traffic.) If you don't check this box, the management network uses the highest speed port available.

配置群集网络Configure the cluster network

群集网络设置适用于群集节点之间以及群集节点和核心文件管理器之间的流量。The cluster network settings apply to traffic among the cluster nodes, and between cluster nodes and core filers.

“群集”部分的详细信息,包含用于输入六个值的字段

  • “第一个 IP”和“最后一个 IP”- 输入定义用于内部群集通信的范围的 IP 地址 。First IP and Last IP - Enter the IP addresses that define the range to use for internal cluster communication. 此处使用的 IP 地址必须是连续的,不能由 DHCP 分配。The IP addresses used here must be contiguous and not assigned by DHCP.

    可以在创建群集后添加更多 IP 地址。You can add more IP addresses after creating the cluster. 使用“群集” > “群集网络”设置页(群集配置指南文档) 。Use the Cluster > Cluster Networks settings page (Cluster Configuration Guide documentation).

    “范围内 IP 地址数”中的值将自动计算并显示 。The value in Number of IPs in Range is calculated and shown automatically.

  • “非管理网络掩码(可选)”- 指定群集网络的网络掩码 。Non-mgmt netmask (optional) - Specify the netmask for the cluster network.

    系统会自动建议为管理网络输入的网络掩码值;可根据需要更改。The system automatically suggests the netmask value that you entered for the management network; change it if needed.

  • “群集路由器(可选)”- 指定群集网络使用的默认网关地址 。Cluster router (optional) - Specify the default gateway address used by the cluster network.

    系统会自动建议为管理网络提供的同一网关地址。The system automatically suggests the same gateway address that you supplied for the management network.

  • “群集 VLAN 标记(可选)”- 如果群集使用 VLAN 标记,请指定群集网络的标记 。Cluster VLAN tag (optional) - If your cluster uses VLAN tags, specify the tag for the cluster network.

  • “非管理 MTU (可选)”- 如有必要,调整群集网络的最大传输单元 (MTU) 。Non-mgmt MTU (optional) - If necessary, adjust the maximum transmission unit (MTU) for your cluster network.

配置群集 DNS 和 NTPConfigure cluster DNS and NTP

“群集”部分提供用于指定 DNS 和 NTP 服务器以及用于启用链接聚合的字段 。Below the Cluster section there are fields for specifying DNS and NTP servers, and for enabling link aggregation. 这些设置适用于群集使用的所有网络。These settings apply to all networks that the cluster uses.

DNS/NTP 配置部分的详细信息,包括用于 DNS 服务器的三个字段、用于 DNS 域和 DNS 搜索的字段、用于 NTP 服务器的三个字段以及链接聚合选项的下拉菜单

  • “DNS 服务器”- 输入一个或多个域名系统 (DNS) 服务器的 IP 地址 。DNS server(s) - Enter the IP address of one or more domain name system (DNS) servers.

    建议为所有群集使用 DNS,且如果想要使用 SMB、AD 或 Kerberos,则需要提供 DNS。DNS is recommended for all clusters, and required if you want to use SMB, AD, or Kerberos.

    若要获得最佳性能,请按照为 Azure FXT Edge Filer 群集配置 DNS 中所述配置群集的 DNS 服务器,以进行轮询机制负载均衡。For optimal performance, configure the cluster’s DNS server for round-robin load balancing as described in Configure DNS for the Azure FXT Edge Filer cluster.

  • “DNS 域”- 输入群集将使用的网络域名 。DNS domain - Enter the network domain name the cluster will use.

  • “DNS 搜索”-(可选)输入系统应搜索用于解析 DNS 查询的其他域名 。DNS search - Optionally, enter additional domain names that the system should search to resolve DNS queries. 最多可以添加六个域名(以空格分隔)。You can add up to six domain names, separated by spaces.

  • “NTP 服务器”- 在提供的字段中指定一个或三个网络时间协议 (NTP) 服务器 。NTP server(s) - Specify either one or three network time protocol (NTP) servers in the fields provided. 可以使用主机名或 IP 地址。You can use hostnames or IP addresses.

  • “链接聚合”- 链接聚合允许自定义群集 FXT 节点上的以太网端口处理各类流量的方式 。Link aggregation - Link aggregation allows you to customize how the ethernet ports on the cluster FXT nodes handle various types of traffic. 若要了解详细信息,请阅读“群集配置指南”中的链接聚合To learn more, read Link Aggregation in the Cluster Configuration Guide.

单击“创建”按钮Click the create button

在表单中提供所有必需的设置后,单击“创建群集”按钮 。After supplying all the required settings in the form, click the Create Cluster button.

填写完毕的表单的底部,光标位于右下方的“创建”按钮上

系统在创建群集时会显示一条消息。The system displays a message while creating the cluster.

浏览器中的群集配置状态消息:“FXT 节点现在正在创建群集。

片刻后,可以单击消息中的链接转到群集控制面板。After a few moments, you can click the link in the message to go to the cluster Control Panel. (此链接会转到在“管理 IP”中指定的 IP 地址 。)单击“创建”按钮后,链接需要 15 秒到 1 分钟才能变为活动状态。(This link takes you to the IP address that you specified in Management IP.) It takes 15 seconds to one minute for the link to become active after you click the create button. 如果 Web 界面未加载,请再等待几秒钟,然后再次单击该链接。If the web interface does not load, wait several more seconds and then click the link again.

创建群集需要一分钟或更长时间,但可以在流程进行的过程中登录控制面板。Cluster creation takes a minute or more, but you can sign in to the Control Panel while the process is going on. 在群集创建过程完成之前,控制面板的仪表板页显示警告为正常现象。It is normal for the control panel's dashboard page to show warnings until the cluster creation process finishes.

打开“设置”页Open the Settings pages

创建群集后,需要自定义其网络和工作流的配置。After you create the cluster, you need to customize its configuration for your network and workflow.

使用控制面板 Web 界面设置新的群集。Use the Control Panel web interface to set up your new cluster. 单击群集创建状态屏幕中的链接,或浏览到在群集上设置的管理 IP 地址。Follow the link from your cluster creation status screen, or browse to the management IP address that you set on the cluster.

使用用户名 admin 和创建群集时设置的密码登录 Web 界面。Sign in to the web interface with the username admin and the password that you set when creating the cluster.

显示控制面板登录字段的 Web 浏览器

控制面板将打开并显示“仪表板”页 。The Control Panel opens and shows the Dashboard page. 群集创建完成后,所有警告消息应该会从显示屏中清除。As the cluster creation finishes, any warning messages should clear from the display.

单击“设置”选项卡以配置群集 。Click the Settings tab to configure the cluster.

在“设置”选项卡上,左侧边栏显示配置页面菜单 。On the Settings tab, the left sidebar shows a menu of configuration pages. 页面按类别进行组织。The pages are organized by category. 单击类别名称顶部的 + 或 - 控件可展开或隐藏各个页面。Click the + or - control at the top of the category name to expand or hide the individual pages.

控制面板的“设置”选项卡(在浏览器中),且已加载“群集”>“常规设置”页

群集设置步骤Cluster setup steps

在这一流程环节,群集已存在,但它只有一个节点,且没有面向客户端的 IP 地址,也没有后端存储。At this point in the process, your cluster exists, but it has only one node, no client-facing IP addresses, and no back-end storage. 从新创建的群集变为准备好处理工作流的缓存系统,需要执行其他设置步骤。Additional setup steps are needed to go from a newly created cluster to a cache system that is ready to handle your workflow.

所需配置Required configuration

大多数或所有群集都需要执行这些步骤。These steps are needed for most or all clusters.

  • 向群集添加节点Add nodes to the cluster

    三个节点为标准配置,但许多生产群集具有更多节点 - 最多 24 个节点。Three nodes is standard, but many production clusters have more - up to a maximum of 24 nodes.

    阅读添加群集节点,了解如何将其他 Azure FXT Edge Filer 单元添加到群集,以及如何启用高可用性。Read Add cluster nodes to learn how to add other Azure FXT Edge Filer units to your cluster, and to enable High Availability.

  • 指定后端存储Specify back-end storage

    为群集将使用的每个后端存储系统添加核心文件管理器定义。Add core filer definitions for each back-end storage system that the cluster will use. 有关详细信息,请阅读添加后端存储并配置虚拟命名空间Read Add back-end storage and configure virtual namespace to learn more.

  • 设置客户端访问和虚拟命名空间Set up client access and the virtual namespace

    创建至少一个虚拟服务器 (vserver) 并为其分配 IP 地址范围以供客户端计算机使用。Create at least one virtual server (vserver) and assign it an IP address range for client machines to use. 还必须配置群集命名空间(有时称为全局命名空间或 GNS),这是一种虚拟文件系统功能,可用于将后端存储导出到虚拟路径。You also must configure the cluster namespace (sometimes called the Global Namespace or GNS), a virtual filesystem feature that lets you map back-end storage exports to virtual paths. 即使切换后端存储介质,群集命名空间也可为客户端提供一致且可访问的文件系统结构。The cluster namespace gives clients a consistent and accessible filesystem structure even if you switch back-end storage media. 命名空间还可以为 Azure Blob 容器或其他受支持的云对象存储提供用户友好的虚拟存储层次结构。The namespace also can provide a user-friendly virtual storage hierarchy for Azure Blob containers or other supported cloud object storage.

    有关详细信息,请阅读配置命名空间Read Configure the namespace for details. 此步骤包括:This step includes:

    • 创建 vserverCreating vservers
    • 设置客户端网络视图和后端存储之间的联接Setting up junctions between the client network view and back-end storage
    • 定义每个 vserver 服务的客户端 IP 地址Defining which client IP addresses are served by each vserver

    备注

    建议在开始设置群集的 GNS 之前进行充分规划。Significant planning is recommended before starting to set up the cluster’s GNS. 阅读“群集配置指南”中的使用全局命名空间创建和使用 VServer 部分以获取帮助。Read the Using a Global Namespace and Creating and Working with VServers sections in the Cluster Configuration Guide for help.

  • 调整网络设置Adjust network settings

    有多个与网络相关的设置应针对新群集进行验证或自定义。There are several network-related settings that should be verified or customized for a new cluster. 有关这些项目的详细信息,请阅读调整网络设置Read Adjust network settings for details about these items:

    • 验证 DNS 和 NTP 配置Verifying DNS and NTP configuration
    • 配置目录服务(如果需要)Configuring directory services, if needed
    • 设置 VLANSetting up VLANs
    • 配置代理服务器Configuring proxy servers
    • 向群集网络添加 IP 地址Adding IP addresses to the cluster network
    • 存储加密证书Storing encryption certificates
  • 设置支持监视Set up support monitoring

    必须接受配置工具的隐私政策,并且应该同时配置支持上传设置。You must accept the privacy policy for the configuration tool, and you should configure your support upload settings at the same time.

    群集可以自动上传有关群集的故障排除数据,包括统计信息和调试文件。The cluster can automatically upload troubleshooting data about your cluster, including statistics and debugging files. 这些上传内容让 Microsoft 客户服务和支持部门得以提供最佳服务。These uploads let Microsoft Customer Service and Support provide the best possible service. 可以自定义受监视的内容,并可以选择启用主动支持和远程故障排除服务。You can customize what is monitored, and optionally enable the proactive support and remote troubleshooting service.

可选配置Optional configuration

并非所有群集都需要执行这些步骤。These steps are not required for all clusters. 某些类型的工作流程或特定群集管理样式需要这些步骤。They are needed for some types of workflows or for certain cluster management styles.

  • 自定义节点设置Customize node settings

    可以在群集范围级别设置节点名称和配置节点 IPMI 端口,也可单独进行设置和配置。You can set node names and configure node IPMI ports on a cluster-wide level, or individually. 如果在将节点添加到群集之前配置这些设置,则新节点可以在加入时自动获取相关设置。If you configure these settings before adding nodes to the cluster, the new nodes can pick up the settings automatically when they join. 旧群集创建文档自定义节点设置中介绍了这些选项。The options are described in the legacy cluster creation document Customizing Node Settings.

    提示

    Microsoft Azure 文档站点上尚未提供此产品的某些文档。Some documentation for this product is not yet available on the Microsoft Azure documentation site. 群集配置指南和旧版群集创建指南的链接将带你转到单独的 GitHub 托管网站。Links to the Cluster Configuration Guide and the legacy version of the Cluster Creation Guide will take you to a separate GitHub-hosted website.

  • 配置 SMBConfigure SMB

    如果想要允许 SMB 访问群集以及 NFS,则必须配置 SMB 并将其打开。If you want to allow SMB access to your cluster as well as NFS, you must configure SMB and turn it on. SMB(有时称为 CIFS)通常用于支持 Microsoft Windows 客户端。SMB (sometimes called CIFS) is typically used to support Microsoft Windows clients.

    针对 SMB 进行规划和配置涉及的不仅仅是单击控制面板中的几个按钮。Planning for and configuring SMB involves more than clicking a few buttons in the Control Panel. 根据系统的要求,SMB 可以影响定义核心文件管理器的方式、创建的 vserver 数量、配置联接和命名空间的方式、访问权限以及其他设置。Depending on your system’s requirements, SMB can influence how you define core filers, how many vservers you create, how you configure your junctions and namespace, access permissions, and other settings.

    有关详细信息,请阅读“群集配置指南”的配置 SMB 访问部分。For more information, read the Cluster Configuration Guide Configuring SMB Access section.

  • 安装其他许可证Install additional licenses

    如果想要使用 Azure Blob 之外的云存储,则必须安装其他功能许可证。If you want to use cloud storage other than Azure Blob, you must install an additional feature license. 有关购买 FlashCloudTM 许可证的详细信息,请与 Microsoft 代表联系。Contact your Microsoft representative for details about purchasing a FlashCloudTM license. 详细信息在添加后端存储并配置虚拟命名空间中进行说明。Details are explained in Add back-end storage and configure virtual namespace.

启用支持Enable support

Azure FXT Edge Filer 群集可以自动上传有关群集的支持数据。The Azure FXT Edge Filer cluster can automatically upload support data about your cluster. 这些上传内容让员工得以提供最佳的客户服务。These uploads let staff provide the best possible customer service.

请按照以下步骤设置支持上传。Follow these steps to set up support uploads.

  1. 导航到“群集” > “支持”设置页 。Navigate to the Cluster > Support settings page. 接受隐私政策。Accept the privacy policy.

    显示控制面板和弹出窗口(包含用于接受隐私政策的“确认”按钮)的屏幕截图

  2. 单击“客户信息”左侧的三角形 以展开该部分。Click the triangle to the left of Customer Info to expand the section.

  3. 单击“重新验证上传信息” 按钮。Click the Revalidate upload information button.

  4. 在“唯一群集名称” 中设置群集的支持名称,确保它可以唯一地向支持人员标识你的群集。Set the cluster's support name in Unique Cluster Name - make sure it uniquely identifies your cluster to support staff.

  5. 选择与“统计信息监视” 、“常规信息上传” 和“故障信息上传” 对应的复选框。Check the boxes for Statistics Monitoring, General Information Upload, and Crash Information Upload.

  6. 单击“提交” 。Click Submit.

    包含支持设置页的完整客户信息部分的屏幕截图

  7. 单击“安全主动支持 (SPS)”左侧的三角形 以展开该部分。Click the triangle to the left of Secure Proactive Support (SPS) to expand the section.

  8. 单击“启用 SPS 链接” 的复选框。Check the box for Enable SPS Link.

  9. 单击“提交” 。Click Submit.

    包含支持设置页上的完整“安全主动支持”部分的屏幕截图

后续步骤Next steps

创建基本群集并接受隐私政策后,添加其余群集节点。After you have created the basic cluster and accepted the privacy policy, add the rest of the cluster nodes.