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比较 Azure IoT Central 和 Azure IoT 选项Compare Azure IoT Central and Azure IoT options

Microsoft Azure IoT Central 和 Azure IoT 提供用于生成 IoT 解决方案的多个选项。Microsoft Azure IoT Central and Azure IoT offer several options for building an IoT solution. 这些选项可满足不同的客户要求:These options are appropriate for different sets of customer requirements:

  • Azure IoT Central 是一种服务型软件 (SaaS) 解决方案,此解决方案使用基于模型的方法,用于生成企业级 IoT 解决方案而不需云解决方案开发经验。Azure IoT Central is a software as a service (SaaS) solution that uses a model-based approach to help you to build enterprise-grade IoT solutions without requiring expertise in cloud-solution development.

  • Azure IoT 解决方案加速器是基于 Azure 平台即服务 (PaaS) 的企业级解决方案加速器集合,用于加速自定义 IoT 解决方案的开发。Azure IoT solution accelerators are an enterprise-grade collection of solution accelerators built on Azure platform as a service (PaaS) that help you accelerate the development of custom IoT solutions.

Azure IoT 中心Azure IoT Hub

Azure IoT 中心是核心的 Azure PaaS,可供 Azure IoT Central 和 Azure IoT 解决方案加速器使用。Azure IoT Hub is the core Azure PaaS that both Azure IoT Central and Azure IoT solution accelerators use. IoT 中心支持数百万个 IoT 设备和云解决方案之间的安全可靠的双向通信。IoT Hub supports reliable and secure bidirectional communications between millions of IoT devices and a cloud solution. 可以借助 IoT 中心克服 IoT 实现难题,例如:IoT Hub helps you meet IoT implementation challenges like:

  • 大容量设备连接和管理High-volume device connectivity and management
  • 大容量遥测引入High-volume telemetry ingestion
  • 设备的命令和控制Command and control of devices
  • 设备安全措施实施Device security enforcement

比较 Azure IoT Central 和 Azure IoT 解决方案加速器Compare Azure IoT Central and Azure IoT solution accelerators

选择 Azure IoT 产品是规划 IoT 解决方案的重要一环。Choosing your Azure IoT product is a critical part of planning your IoT solution. IoT 中心是单项 Azure 服务,其本身不提供端到端 IoT 解决方案。IoT Hub is an individual Azure service that doesn't, by itself, provide an end-to-end IoT solution. 可以将 IoT 中心用作任何 IoT 解决方案的起点。You can use IoT Hub as a starting point for any IoT solution. 也不需要使用 Azure IoT 解决方案加速器或 Azure IoT Central 来使用 IoT 中心。You also don’t need to use Azure IoT solution accelerators or Azure IoT Central to use IoT Hub. IoT 解决方案加速器和 Azure IoT Central 都使用 IoT 中心以及其他 Azure 服务。Both IoT solution accelerators and Azure IoT Central use IoT Hub along with other Azure services.

下表汇总了 IoT 解决方案加速器和 Azure IoT Central 之间的主要差异,有助于根据要求进行正确的选择:The following table summarizes the key differences between IoT solution accelerators and Azure IoT Central to help you choose the correct one for your requirements:

Azure IoT CentralAzure IoT Central Azure IoT 解决方案加速器Azure IoT solution accelerators
主要用途Primary usage 缩短不需深层服务自定义的直观 IoT 解决方案的面市时间。To accelerate time to market for straightforward IoT solutions that don’t require deep service customization. 加速开发需要最大灵活性的自定义 IoT 解决方案。To accelerate development of a custom IoT solution that needs maximum flexibility.
访问基础 PaaS 服务Access to underlying PaaS services SaaS。SaaS. 因为这是完全托管的解决方案,基础服务不公开。Because it is a fully managed solution, the underlying services aren't exposed. 有权访问基础 Azure 服务,根据需要对其进行管理或替换。You have access to the underlying Azure services to manage them, or replace them as needed.
灵活性Flexibility 中。Medium. 可以根据内置的基于浏览器的用户体验来自定义解决方案模型和 UI 的各个方面。You can use the built-in browser-based user experience to customize the solution model and aspects of the UI. 基础结构不可自定义,因为未公开各种不同的组件。The infrastructure isn't customizable because the different components aren't exposed. 高。High. 微服务的代码是开源的,可以任意修改。The code for the microservices is open source, and you can modify it in any way you see fit. 此外还可以自定义部署基础结构。Additionally, you can customize the deployment infrastructure.
技能级别Skill level 低。Low. 需要建模技能才能自定义解决方案。You need modeling skills to customize the solution. 不需编码技能。No coding skills are required. 中-高。Medium-high. 需要 Java 或 .NET 技能才能自定义解决方案后端。You need Java or .NET skills to customize the solution's back end. 需要 JavaScript 技能才能自定义可视化效果。You need JavaScript skills to customize the visualization.
入门体验Getting started experience 应用程序模板和设备模板提供预建的模型。Application templates and device templates provide prebuilt models. 可以在数分钟内部署。Can be deployed in minutes. 预配置解决方案可实现常见的 IoT 方案。Preconfigured solutions implement common IoT scenarios. 可以在数分钟内部署。Can be deployed in minutes.
定价Pricing 简单且可预测的定价结构。Simple, predictable pricing structure. 可以通过微调服务来控制成本。You can fine-tune the services to control the cost.

用于生成 IoT 解决方案的产品取决于:Which product to use to build your IoT solution depends on:

  • 业务需求。Your business requirements.
  • 要生成的解决方案的类型。The type of solution you want to build.
  • 组织生成解决方案并进行长期维护所需的技能组合。Your organization's skill set for building and maintaining the solution in the long term.

后续步骤Next steps

根据所选产品和方法,建议的后续步骤如下:Based on your chosen product and approach, the suggested next steps are: