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什么是 Azure 导入/导出服务?What is Azure Import/Export service?

使用 Azure 导入/导出服务,可将磁盘驱动器寄送到 Azure 数据中心,从而安全地将大量数据导出到 Azure Blob 存储和 Azure 文件。Azure Import/Export service is used to securely import large amounts of data to Azure Blob storage and Azure Files by shipping disk drives to an Azure datacenter. 此外,还可以使用此服务将数据从 Azure Blob 存储传输到磁盘驱动器,然后再寄送到本地站点。This service can also be used to transfer data from Azure Blob storage to disk drives and ship to your on-premises sites. 可将单个或多个磁盘驱动器中的数据导入到 Azure Blob 存储或 Azure 文件。Data from one or more disk drives can be imported either to Azure Blob storage or Azure Files.

提供你自己的磁盘驱动器,然后使用 Azure 导入/导出服务传输数据。Supply your own disk drives and transfer data with the Azure Import/Export service. 也可以使用由 Microsoft 提供的磁盘驱动器。You can also use disk drives supplied by Microsoft.

如果要使用由 Microsoft 提供的磁盘驱动器来传输数据,可以使用 Azure Data Box 磁盘将数据导入 Azure。If you want to transfer data using disk drives supplied by Microsoft, you can use Azure Data Box Disk to import data into Azure. Microsoft 通过区域运营商向你的数据中心发运每个订单最多 5 个加密固态磁盘驱动器 (SSD),总容量为 40 TB。Microsoft ships up to 5 encrypted solid-state disk drives (SSDs) with a 40 TB total capacity per order, to your datacenter through a regional carrier. 你可以快速配置磁盘驱动器,通过 USB 3.0 连接将数据复制到磁盘驱动器,然后将磁盘驱动器发运回 Azure。You can quickly configure disk drives, copy data to disk drives over a USB 3.0 connection, and ship the disk drives back to Azure. 有关详细信息,请转到 Azure Data Box 磁盘概述For more information, go to Azure Data Box Disk overview.

Azure 导入/导出用例Azure Import/Export usecases

如果通过网络上传或下载数据速度太慢,或者获取额外的网络带宽因成本过高而受到限制,则可考虑使用 Azure 导入/导出服务。Consider using Azure Import/Export service when uploading or downloading data over the network is too slow, or getting additional network bandwidth is cost-prohibitive. 该服务用于以下方案:Use this service in the following scenarios:

  • 将数据迁移到云:将大量数据经济高效地快速迁移到 Azure。Data migration to the cloud: Move large amounts of data to Azure quickly and cost effectively.
  • 内容分发:将数据快速发送到客户站点。Content distribution: Quickly send data to your customer sites.
  • 备份:将本地数据备份后存储在 Azure 存储中。Backup: Take backups of your on-premises data to store in Azure Storage.
  • 数据恢复:恢复存储在存储中的大量数据,然后将其递送到本地位置。Data recovery: Recover large amount of data stored in storage and have it delivered to your on-premises location.

“导入/导出”组件Import/Export components

“导入/导出”服务使用以下组件:Import/Export service uses the following components:

  • 导入/导出服务:该服务在 Azure 门户中提供,可帮助用户创建和跟踪数据导入(上传)和导出(下载)作业。Import/Export service: This service available in Azure portal helps the user create and track data import (upload) and export (download) jobs.

  • WAImportExport 工具:这是命令行工具,可执行以下任务:WAImportExport tool: This is a command-line tool that does the following:

    • 准备要寄送的磁盘驱动器,以便进行导入。Prepares your disk drives that are shipped for import.
    • 在将数据导入到驱动器的过程中提供辅助。Facilitates copying your data to the drive.
    • 通过 BitLocker 加密驱动器上的数据。Encrypts the data on the drive with BitLocker.
    • 生成导入创建过程中使用的驱动器日志文件。Generates the drive journal files used during import creation.
    • 帮助确定导出作业所需的驱动器数。Helps identify numbers of drives needed for export jobs.

备注

WAImportExport 工具有两个版本:版本 1 和 2。The WAImportExport tool is available in two versions, version 1 and 2. 建议:We recommend that you use:

  • 使用版本 1 将数据导入/导出到 Azure Blob 存储。Version 1 for import/export into Azure Blob storage.
  • 使用版本 2 将数据导入到 Azure 文件。Version 2 for importing data into Azure files.

WAImportExport 工具仅兼容 64 位 Windows 操作系统。The WAImportExport tool is only compatible with 64-bit Windows operating system. 有关支持的特定 OS 版本,请转到 Azure 导入/导出要求For specific OS versions supported, go to Azure Import/Export requirements.

  • 磁盘驱动器:可以将固态硬盘 (SSD) 或硬盘驱动器 (HDD) 发送到 Azure 数据中心。Disk Drives: You can ship Solid-state drives (SSDs) or Hard disk drives (HDDs) to the Azure datacenter. 创建导入作业时,需要发送包含数据的磁盘驱动器。When creating an import job, you ship disk drives containing your data. 创建导出作业时,需要将空驱动器发送到 Azure 数据中心。When creating an export job, you ship empty drives to the Azure datacenter. 有关特定磁盘类型的信息,请转到支持的磁盘类型For specific disk types, go to Supported disk types.

“导入/导出”的工作原理是什么?How does Import/Export work?

Azure“导入/导出”服务通过创建作业,将数据传输到 Azure Blob 和 Azure 文件。Azure Import/Export service allows data transfer into Azure Blobs and Azure Files by creating jobs. 使用 Azure 门户或 Azure 资源管理器 REST API 创建作业。Use Azure portal or Azure Resource Manager REST API to create jobs. 每个作业都与单个存储帐户相关联。Each job is associated with a single storage account.

作业可以为导入或导出作业。The jobs can be import or export jobs. 导入作业可将数据导入到 Azure Blob 或 Azure 文件,导出作业可从 Azure Blob 导出数据。An import job allows you to import data into Azure Blobs or Azure files whereas the export job allows data to be exported from Azure Blobs. 对于导入作业,需要寄送包含数据的驱动器。For an import job, you ship drives containing your data. 创建导出作业时,需要将空驱动器寄送到 Azure 数据中心。When you create an export job, you ship empty drives to an Azure datacenter. 每种情况下,每个作业最多可以寄送 10 个磁盘驱动器。In each case, you can ship up to 10 disk drives per job.

关于导入作业Inside an import job

概括而言,导入作业包括以下步骤:At a high level, an import job involves the following steps:

  1. 确定要导入的数据、所需的驱动器数以及 Azure 存储中数据的目标 blob 位置。Determine data to be imported, number of drives you need, destination blob location for your data in Azure storage.
  2. 使用 WAImportExport 工具将数据复制到磁盘驱动器。Use the WAImportExport tool to copy data to disk drives. 使用 BitLocker 加密磁盘驱动器。Encrypt the disk drives with BitLocker.
  3. 在 Azure 门户中目标存储帐户下创建导入作业。Create an import job in your target storage account in Azure portal. 上传驱动器日志文件。Upload the drive journal files.
  4. 请提供回寄地址以及快递商帐户号码,以便我们将驱动器寄回给你。Provide the return address and carrier account number for shipping the drives back to you.
  5. 将磁盘驱动器寄送到在创建作业时获得的寄送地址。Ship the disk drives to the shipping address provided during job creation.
  6. 在导入作业详细信息中更新快递跟踪号码,并提交导入作业。Update the delivery tracking number in the import job details and submit the import job.
  7. Azure 数据中心在收到驱动器后会对其进行处理。The drives are received and processed at the Azure data center.
  8. 该中心会使用快递商帐户将驱动器寄送到在导入作业中提供的回寄地址。The drives are shipped using your carrier account to the return address provided in the import job.

备注

为本地 (在数据中心国家/地区) 交付件,请共享国内承运人帐户For local (within data center country/region) shipments, please share a domestic carrier account

(外部数据中心国家/地区) 在国外发货,请共享国际承运人帐户For abroad (outside data center country/region) shipments, please share an international carrier account

图 1:导入作业流

有关数据导入分步说明,请转到:For step-by-step instructions on data import, go to:

关于导出作业Inside an export job

重要

该服务仅支持导出 Azure Blob。The service only supports export of Azure Blobs. 不支持导出 Azure 文件。Export of Azure files is not supported.

概括而言,导出作业包括以下步骤:At a high level, an export job involves the following steps:

  1. 确定要导出的数据、所需的驱动器数以及 Blob 存储中数据的源 blob 或容器路径。Determine the data to be exported, number of drives you need, source blobs or container paths of your data in Blob storage.
  2. 在 Azure 门户中源存储帐户下创建导出作业。Create an export job in your source storage account in Azure portal.
  3. 指定要导出数据的源 blob 或容器路径。Specify source blobs or container paths for the data to be exported.
  4. 请提供回寄地址以及快递商帐户号码,以便我们将驱动器寄回给你。Provide the return address and carrier account number for shipping the drives back to you.
  5. 将磁盘驱动器寄送到在创建作业时获得的寄送地址。Ship the disk drives to the shipping address provided during job creation.
  6. 在导出作业详细信息中更新快递跟踪号码,并提交导出作业。Update the delivery tracking number in the export job details and submit the export job.
  7. Azure 数据中心在收到驱动器后会对其进行处理。The drives are received and processed at the Azure data center.
  8. 驱动器使用 BitLocker 加密;密钥通过 Azure 门户提供。The drives are encrypted with BitLocker and the keys are available via the Azure portal.
  9. 该中心会使用快递商帐户将驱动器寄送到在导入作业中提供的回寄地址。The drives are shipped using your carrier account to the return address provided in the import job.

备注

为本地 (在数据中心国家/地区) 交付件,请共享国内承运人帐户For local (within data center country/region) shipments, please share a domestic carrier account

(外部数据中心国家/地区) 在国外发货,请共享国际承运人帐户For abroad (outside data center country/region) shipments, please share an international carrier account

图 2:导出作业流

有关数据导出的分步说明,请转到从 Azure Blob 导出数据For step-by-step instructions on data export, go to Export data from Azure Blobs.

上市区域Region availability

Azure 导入/导出服务支持将数据复制到所有 Azure 存储帐户,以及从后者进行复制。The Azure Import/Export service supports copying data to and from all Azure storage accounts. 可以将磁盘驱动器寄送到列出的其中一个位置。You can ship disk drives to one of the listed locations. 如果存储帐户位于此处未指定的 Azure 位置,创建作业时会提供一个备用寄送位置。If your storage account is in an Azure location that is not specified here, an alternate shipping location is provided when you create the job.

支持的寄送位置Supported shipping locations

国家/地区Country/Region 国家/地区Country/Region 国家/地区Country/Region 国家/地区Country/Region
美国东部East US 北欧North Europe 印度中部Central India US Gov 爱荷华州US Gov Iowa
美国西部West US 西欧West Europe 印度南部South India 美国 DoD 东部US DoD East
美国东部 2East US 2 东亚East Asia 印度西部West India 美国 DoD 中部US DoD Central
美国西部 2West US 2 东南亚Southeast Asia 加拿大中部Canada Central 中国东部China East
美国中部Central US 澳大利亚东部Australia East 加拿大东部Canada East 中国北部China North
美国中北部North Central US 澳大利亚东南部Australia Southeast 巴西南部Brazil South 英国南部UK South
美国中南部South Central US 日本西部Japan West 韩国中部Korea Central 德国中部Germany Central
美国中西部West Central US 日本东部Japan East 美国政府弗吉尼亚州US Gov Virginia 德国东北部Germany Northeast

安全注意事项Security considerations

需使用 BitLocker 驱动器加密对驱动器上的数据进行加密。The data on the drive is encrypted using BitLocker Drive Encryption. 此加密会在运送过程中保护数据。This encryption protects your data while it is in transit.

对于导入作业,驱动器有两种加密方式。For import jobs, drives are encrypted in two ways.

  • 在运行 WAImportExport 工具准备驱动器时,使用 dataset.csv 文件指定该选项 。Specify the option when using dataset.csv file while running the WAImportExport tool during drive preparation.

  • 手动对驱动器启用 BitLocker 加密。Enable BitLocker encryption manually on the drive. 在驱动器准备期间运行 WAImportExport 命令行工具时,在 driveset.csv 文件中指定加密密钥 。Specify the encryption key in the driveset.csv when running WAImportExport tool command line during drive preparation.

对于导出作业,在将数据复制到驱动器以后,此服务会使用 BitLocker 加密驱动器,然后再将驱动器寄回给你。For export jobs, after your data is copied to the drives, the service encrypts the drive using BitLocker before shipping it back to you. 加密密钥是通过 Azure 门户提供的。The encryption key is provided to you via the Azure portal.

删除个人信息Deleting personal information

备注

本文介绍如何删除设备或服务中的个人数据,并且可为 GDPR 下的任务提供支持。This article provides steps for how to delete personal data from the device or service and can be used to support your obligations under the GDPR. 如果要了解 GDPR 的一般信息,请参阅服务信任门户的 GDPR 部分If you’re looking for general info about GDPR, see the GDPR section of the Service Trust portal.

导入和导出操作期间,个人信息与导入/导出服务(通过门户和 API)相关。Personal information is relevant to the import/export service (via the portal and API) during import and export operations. 导入/导出过程中使用的数据包括:Data used during these processes include:

  • 联系人姓名Contact name
  • 电话号码Phone number
  • 电子邮件Email
  • 街道地址Street address
  • 城市City
  • 邮政编码Zip/postal code
  • 状态State
  • 国家/地区/省/区域Country/Province/Region
  • 驱动器 IDDrive ID
  • 承运商帐号Carrier account number
  • 运输跟踪号Shipping tracking number

导入/导出作业创建时,用户应提供联系人信息和送货地址。When an import/export job is created, users provide contact information and a shipping address. 个人信息最多存储在两个不同位置:作业中和门户设置中(可选)。Personal information is stored in up to two different locations: in the job and optionally in the portal settings. 如果在导出过程的“回邮送货信息”部分中勾选了标签为“将承运商和回邮地址保存为默认设置”的复选框,则个人信息仅会存储在门户设置中 。Personal information is only stored in portal settings if you check the checkbox labeled, Save carrier and return address as default during the Return shipping info section of the export process.

可通过以下方式删除联系人个人信息:Personal contact information may be deleted in the following ways:

  • 与作业一并保存的数据会随作业一并删除。Data saved with the job is deleted with the job. 用户可手动删除作业,已完成作业会在 90 天后自动删除。Users can delete jobs manually and completed jobs are automatically deleted after 90 days. 可通过 REST API 或 Azure 门户手动删除作业。You can manually delete the jobs via the REST API or the Azure portal. 若要在 Azure 门户中删除作业,请转到导入/导出作业,然后单击命令栏中的“删除” 。To delete the job in the Azure portal, go to your import/export job, and click Delete from the command bar. 若要详细了解如何通过 REST API 删除导入/导出作业,请参阅删除导入/导出作业For details on how to delete an import/export job via REST API, refer to Delete an import/export job.

  • 可通过删除门户设置,删除门户设置中保存的联系人信息。Contact information saved in the portal settings may be removed by deleting the portal settings. 可以按照以下步骤删除门户设置:You can delete portal settings by following these steps:

    • 登录到 Azure 门户Sign in to the Azure portal.
    • 单击“设置” 图标 Azure 设置图标Click on the Settings icon Azure Settings Icon
    • 单击“导出所有设置” (以将当前设置保存到 .json 文件)。Click Export all settings (to save your current settings to a .json file).
    • 单击“删除所有设置和专用仪表板”,删除包括保存的联系人信息在内的所有设置 。Click Delete all settings and private dashboards to delete all settings including saved contact information.

有关详细信息,请在信任中心查看 Microsoft 隐私策略For more information, review the Microsoft Privacy policy at Trust Center

定价Pricing

驱动器处理费用Drive handling fee

在导入或导出作业的过程中,处理每个驱动器都需要支付驱动器处理费用。There is a drive handling fee for each drive processed as part of your import or export job. 请参阅有关 Azure 导入/导出定价的详细信息。See the details on the Azure Import/Export Pricing.

寄送费用Shipping costs

将驱动器寄送到 Azure 时,需要向快递商支付寄送费用。When you ship drives to Azure, you pay the shipping cost to the shipping carrier. 当 Microsoft 将驱动器寄回给你时,寄送费用由你在创建作业时提供的快递商帐户支付。When Microsoft returns the drives to you, the shipping cost is charged to the carrier account which you provided at the time of job creation.

事务成本Transaction costs

标准存储事务费用在导入,以及将数据导出过程中应用。Standard storage transaction charge apply during import as well as export of data. 从 Azure 存储导出数据时,都还存储事务费用以及适用标准的传出费用。Standard egress charges are also applicable along with storage transaction charges when data is exported from Azure Storage. 数据传出费用的详细信息,请参阅数据传输定价。For more information on egress costs, see Data transfer pricing..

后续步骤Next steps

了解如何使用“导入/导出”服务执行以下任务:Learn how to use the Import/Export service to: