ArrayList.Insert(Int32, Object) 方法

定义

将元素插入 ArrayList 的指定索引处。Inserts an element into the ArrayList at the specified index.

public:
 virtual void Insert(int index, System::Object ^ value);
public virtual void Insert (int index, object value);
public virtual void Insert (int index, object? value);
abstract member Insert : int * obj -> unit
override this.Insert : int * obj -> unit
Public Overridable Sub Insert (index As Integer, value As Object)

参数

index
Int32

应插入 value 的从零开始的索引。The zero-based index at which value should be inserted.

value
Object

要插入的 ObjectThe Object to insert. 该值可以为 nullThe value can be null.

实现

例外

index 小于零。index is less than zero.

- 或 --or- index 大于 Countindex is greater than Count.

ArrayList 为只读。The ArrayList is read-only.

- 或 --or- ArrayList 具有固定的大小。The ArrayList has a fixed size.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何在中插入元素 ArrayListThe following code example shows how to insert elements into the ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList using Insert instead of Add.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Insert( 0, "The" );
   myAL->Insert( 1, "fox" );
   myAL->Insert( 2, "jumps" );
   myAL->Insert( 3, "over" );
   myAL->Insert( 4, "the" );
   myAL->Insert( 5, "dog" );
   
   // Creates and initializes a new Queue.
   Queue^ myQueue = gcnew Queue;
   myQueue->Enqueue( "quick" );
   myQueue->Enqueue( "brown" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList and the Queue.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   Console::WriteLine( "The Queue initially contains the following:" );
   PrintValues( myQueue );
   
   // Copies the Queue elements to the ArrayList at index 1.
   myAL->InsertRange( 1, myQueue );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Search for "dog" and add "lazy" before it.
   myAL->Insert( myAL->IndexOf( "dog" ), "lazy" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding \"lazy\", the ArrayList now contains:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Add "!!!" at the end.
   myAL->Insert( myAL->Count, "!!!" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding \"!!!\", the ArrayList now contains:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Inserting an element beyond Count throws an exception.
   try
   {
      myAL->Insert( myAL->Count + 1, "anystring" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ myException ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Exception: {0}", myException );
   }

}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "   {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The ArrayList initially contains the following:
    The   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
 The Queue initially contains the following:
    quick   brown
 After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
 After adding "lazy", the ArrayList now contains:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
 After adding "!!!", the ArrayList now contains:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog   !!!
 Exception: System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException: Insertion index was out of range.  Must be non-negative and less than or equal to size.
 Parameter name: index
    at System.Collections.ArrayList.Insert(Int32 index, Object value)
    at SamplesArrayList.Main()
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList using Insert instead of Add.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Insert( 0, "The" );
      myAL.Insert( 1, "fox" );
      myAL.Insert( 2, "jumps" );
      myAL.Insert( 3, "over" );
      myAL.Insert( 4, "the" );
      myAL.Insert( 5, "dog" );

      // Creates and initializes a new Queue.
      Queue myQueue = new Queue();
      myQueue.Enqueue( "quick" );
      myQueue.Enqueue( "brown" );

      // Displays the ArrayList and the Queue.
      Console.WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );
      Console.WriteLine( "The Queue initially contains the following:" );
      PrintValues( myQueue );

      // Copies the Queue elements to the ArrayList at index 1.
      myAL.InsertRange( 1, myQueue );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Search for "dog" and add "lazy" before it.
      myAL.Insert( myAL.IndexOf( "dog" ), "lazy" );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding \"lazy\", the ArrayList now contains:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Add "!!!" at the end.
      myAL.Insert( myAL.Count, "!!!" );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding \"!!!\", the ArrayList now contains:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Inserting an element beyond Count throws an exception.
      try  {
         myAL.Insert( myAL.Count+1, "anystring" );
      } catch ( Exception myException )  {
         Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString());
      }
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.Write( "   {0}", obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
/*
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList initially contains the following:
   The   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
The Queue initially contains the following:
   quick   brown
After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
After adding "lazy", the ArrayList now contains:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
After adding "!!!", the ArrayList now contains:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog   !!!
Exception: System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException: Insertion index was out of range.  Must be non-negative and less than or equal to size.
Parameter name: index
   at System.Collections.ArrayList.Insert(Int32 index, Object value)
   at SamplesArrayList.Main()
*/

Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList using Insert instead of Add.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Insert(0, "The")
        myAL.Insert(1, "fox")
        myAL.Insert(2, "jumps")
        myAL.Insert(3, "over")
        myAL.Insert(4, "the")
        myAL.Insert(5, "dog")
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new Queue.
        Dim myQueue As New Queue()
        myQueue.Enqueue("quick")
        myQueue.Enqueue("brown")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList and the Queue.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        Console.WriteLine("The Queue initially contains the following:")
        PrintValues(myQueue)
        
        ' Copies the Queue elements to the ArrayList at index 1.
        myAL.InsertRange(1, myQueue)
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Search for "dog" and add "lazy" before it.
        myAL.Insert(myAL.IndexOf("dog"), "lazy")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After adding ""lazy"", the ArrayList now contains:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Add "!!!" at the end.
        myAL.Insert(myAL.Count, "!!!")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After adding ""!!!"", the ArrayList now contains:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Inserting an element beyond Count throws an exception.
        Try
            myAL.Insert(myAL.Count + 1, "anystring")
        Catch myException As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myList As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myList
            Console.Write("   {0}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The ArrayList initially contains the following:
'     The    fox    jumps    over    the    dog
' The Queue initially contains the following:
'     quick    brown
' After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:
'     The    quick    brown    fox    jumps    over    the    dog
' After adding "lazy", the ArrayList now contains:
'     The    quick    brown    fox    jumps    over    the    lazy    dog
' After adding "!!!", the ArrayList now contains:
'     The    quick    brown    fox    jumps    over    the    lazy    dog    !!!
' Exception: System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException: Insertion index was out of range.  Must be non-negative and less than or equal to size.
' Parameter name: index
'    at System.Collections.ArrayList.Insert(Int32 index, Object value)
'    at SamplesArrayList.Main()

注解

ArrayList 接受 null 作为有效值,并允许重复元素。ArrayList accepts null as a valid value and allows duplicate elements.

如果 CountCapacity 为 equals,则 ArrayList 通过自动重新分配内部数组,并将现有元素复制到新数组,然后再添加新元素。If Count already equals Capacity, the capacity of the ArrayList is increased by automatically reallocating the internal array, and the existing elements are copied to the new array before the new element is added.

如果 index 等于 Countvalue 则将添加到的末尾 ArrayListIf index is equal to Count, value is added to the end of ArrayList.

在由连续的元素组成的集合(如列表)中,插入点下面的元素将下移以容纳新的元素。In collections of contiguous elements, such as lists, the elements that follow the insertion point move down to accommodate the new element. 如果集合具有索引,则移动的元素的索引也将更新。If the collection is indexed, the indexes of the elements that are moved are also updated. 此行为不适用于元素按概念划分为不同存储桶的集合,如哈希表。This behavior does not apply to collections where elements are conceptually grouped into buckets, such as a hash table.

此方法是一个 O(n) 操作,其中 nCountThis method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

适用于

另请参阅