BitArray.CopyTo(Array, Int32) 方法

定义

从目标数组的指定索引处开始将整个 BitArray 复制到兼容的一维 ArrayCopies the entire BitArray to a compatible one-dimensional Array, starting at the specified index of the target array.

public:
 virtual void CopyTo(Array ^ array, int index);
public void CopyTo (Array array, int index);
abstract member CopyTo : Array * int -> unit
override this.CopyTo : Array * int -> unit
Public Sub CopyTo (array As Array, index As Integer)

参数

array
Array

一维 Array,它是从 BitArray 复制的元素的目标。The one-dimensional Array that is the destination of the elements copied from BitArray. Array 必须具有从零开始的索引。The Array must have zero-based indexing.

index
Int32

array 中从零开始的索引,从此处开始复制。The zero-based index in array at which copying begins.

实现

例外

array 上声明的默认值为 nullarray is null.

index 小于零。index is less than zero.

array 是多维的。array is multidimensional.

-or- BitArray 中的元素个数大于从 index 到目标 array 末尾之间的可用空间。The number of elements in the source BitArray is greater than the available space from index to the end of the destination array.

无法自动将源 BitArray 的类型转换为目标 array 的类型。The type of the source BitArray cannot be cast automatically to the type of the destination array.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何将复制 BitArray 到一维中 ArrayThe following code example shows how to copy a BitArray into a one-dimensional Array.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myArr );
int main()
{
   // Creates and initializes the source BitArray.
   BitArray^ myBA = gcnew BitArray( 4 );
   myBA[ 0 ] = true;
   myBA[ 1 ] = true;
   myBA[ 2 ] = true;
   myBA[ 3 ] = true;

   // Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array of type Boolean.
   array<Boolean>^myBoolArray = gcnew array<Boolean>(8);
   myBoolArray[ 0 ] = false;
   myBoolArray[ 1 ] = false;

   // Displays the values of the target Array.
   Console::WriteLine( "The target Boolean Array contains the following (before and after copying):" );
   PrintValues( dynamic_cast<IEnumerable^>(myBoolArray) );

   // Copies the entire source BitArray to the target BitArray, starting at index 3.
   myBA->CopyTo( myBoolArray, 3 );

   // Displays the values of the target Array.
   PrintValues( dynamic_cast<IEnumerable^>(myBoolArray) );

   // Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array of type integer.
   array<Int32>^myIntArray = gcnew array<Int32>(8);
   myIntArray[ 0 ] = 42;
   myIntArray[ 1 ] = 43;

   // Displays the values of the target Array.
   Console::WriteLine( "The target integer Array contains the following (before and after copying):" );
   PrintValues( dynamic_cast<IEnumerable^>(myIntArray) );

   // Copies the entire source BitArray to the target BitArray, starting at index 3.
   myBA->CopyTo( myIntArray, 3 );

   // Displays the values of the target Array.
   PrintValues( dynamic_cast<IEnumerable^>(myIntArray) );

   // Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array of type byte.
   Array^ myByteArray = Array::CreateInstance( Byte::typeid, 8 );
   myByteArray->SetValue( (Byte)10, 0 );
   myByteArray->SetValue( (Byte)11, 1 );

   // Displays the values of the target Array.
   Console::WriteLine( "The target byte Array contains the following (before and after copying):" );
   PrintValues( myByteArray );

   // Copies the entire source BitArray to the target BitArray, starting at index 3.
   myBA->CopyTo( myByteArray, 3 );

   // Displays the values of the target Array.
   PrintValues( myByteArray );

   // Returns an exception if the array is not of type Boolean, integer or byte.
   try
   {
      Array^ myStringArray = Array::CreateInstance( String::typeid, 8 );
      myStringArray->SetValue( "Hello", 0 );
      myStringArray->SetValue( "World", 1 );
      myBA->CopyTo( myStringArray, 3 );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ myException ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Exception: {0}", myException );
   }

}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myArr )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myArr->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "{0,8}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The target Boolean Array contains the following (before and after copying):
    False   False   False   False   False   False   False   False
    False   False   False    True    True    True    True   False
 The target integer Array contains the following (before and after copying):
       42      43       0       0       0       0       0       0
       42      43       0      15       0       0       0       0
 The target byte Array contains the following (before and after copying):
       10      11       0       0       0       0       0       0
       10      11       0      15       0       0       0       0
 Exception: System.ArgumentException: Only supported array types for CopyTo on BitArrays are Boolean[], Int32[] and Byte[].
    at System.Collections.BitArray.CopyTo(Array array, Int32 index)
    at SamplesBitArray.Main()

 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesBitArray  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes the source BitArray.
      BitArray myBA = new BitArray( 4 );
      myBA[0] = myBA[1] = myBA[2] = myBA[3] = true;

      // Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array of type Boolean.
      bool[] myBoolArray = new bool[8];
      myBoolArray[0] = false;
      myBoolArray[1] = false;

      // Displays the values of the target Array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The target Boolean Array contains the following (before and after copying):" );
      PrintValues( myBoolArray );

      // Copies the entire source BitArray to the target BitArray, starting at index 3.
      myBA.CopyTo( myBoolArray, 3 );

      // Displays the values of the target Array.
      PrintValues( myBoolArray );

      // Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array of type integer.
      int[] myIntArray = new int[8];
      myIntArray[0] = 42;
      myIntArray[1] = 43;

      // Displays the values of the target Array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The target integer Array contains the following (before and after copying):" );
      PrintValues( myIntArray );

      // Copies the entire source BitArray to the target BitArray, starting at index 3.
      myBA.CopyTo( myIntArray, 3 );

      // Displays the values of the target Array.
      PrintValues( myIntArray );

      // Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array of type byte.
      Array myByteArray = Array.CreateInstance( typeof(byte), 8 );
      myByteArray.SetValue( (byte) 10, 0 );
      myByteArray.SetValue( (byte) 11, 1 );

      // Displays the values of the target Array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The target byte Array contains the following (before and after copying):" );
      PrintValues( myByteArray );

      // Copies the entire source BitArray to the target BitArray, starting at index 3.
      myBA.CopyTo( myByteArray, 3 );

      // Displays the values of the target Array.
      PrintValues( myByteArray );

      // Returns an exception if the array is not of type Boolean, integer or byte.
      try  {
         Array myStringArray=Array.CreateInstance( typeof(String), 8 );
         myStringArray.SetValue( "Hello", 0 );
         myStringArray.SetValue( "World", 1 );
         myBA.CopyTo( myStringArray, 3 );
      } catch ( Exception myException )  {
         Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString());
      }
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myArr )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myArr ) {
         Console.Write( "{0,8}", obj );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

The target Boolean Array contains the following (before and after copying):
   False   False   False   False   False   False   False   False
   False   False   False    True    True    True    True   False
The target integer Array contains the following (before and after copying):
      42      43       0       0       0       0       0       0
      42      43       0      15       0       0       0       0
The target byte Array contains the following (before and after copying):
      10      11       0       0       0       0       0       0
      10      11       0      15       0       0       0       0
Exception: System.ArgumentException: Only supported array types for CopyTo on BitArrays are Boolean[], Int32[] and Byte[].
   at System.Collections.BitArray.CopyTo(Array array, Int32 index)
   at SamplesBitArray.Main()

*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesBitArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Creates and initializes the source BitArray.
        Dim myBA As New BitArray(4)
        myBA(0) = True
        myBA(1) = True
        myBA(2) = True
        myBA(3) = True

        ' Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array of type Boolean.
        Dim myBoolArray(7) As Boolean
        myBoolArray(0) = False
        myBoolArray(1) = False

        ' Displays the values of the target Array.
        Console.WriteLine("The target Boolean Array contains the following (before and after copying):")
        PrintValues(myBoolArray)

        ' Copies the entire source BitArray to the target BitArray, starting at index 3.
        myBA.CopyTo(myBoolArray, 3)

        ' Displays the values of the target Array.
        PrintValues(myBoolArray)

        ' Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array of type integer.
        Dim myIntArray(7) As Integer
        myIntArray(0) = 42
        myIntArray(1) = 43

        ' Displays the values of the target Array.
        Console.WriteLine("The target integer Array contains the following (before and after copying):")
        PrintValues(myIntArray)

        ' Copies the entire source BitArray to the target BitArray, starting at index 3.
        myBA.CopyTo(myIntArray, 3)

        ' Displays the values of the target Array.
        PrintValues(myIntArray)

        ' Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array of type byte.
        Dim myByteArray As Array = Array.CreateInstance(GetType(Byte), 8)
        myByteArray.SetValue(System.Convert.ToByte(10), 0)
        myByteArray.SetValue(System.Convert.ToByte(11), 1)

        ' Displays the values of the target Array.
        Console.WriteLine("The target byte Array contains the following (before and after copying):")
        PrintValues(myByteArray)

        ' Copies the entire source BitArray to the target BitArray, starting at index 3.
        myBA.CopyTo(myByteArray, 3)

        ' Displays the values of the target Array.
        PrintValues(myByteArray)

        ' Returns an exception if the array is not of type Boolean, integer or byte.
        Try
            Dim myStringArray As Array = Array.CreateInstance(GetType(String), 8)
            myStringArray.SetValue("Hello", 0)
            myStringArray.SetValue("World", 1)
            myBA.CopyTo(myStringArray, 3)
        Catch myException As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString())
        End Try

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myArr As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myArr
            Console.Write("{0,8}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The target Boolean Array contains the following (before and after copying):
'    False   False   False   False   False   False   False   False
'    False   False   False    True    True    True    True   False
' The target integer Array contains the following (before and after copying):
'       42      43       0       0       0       0       0       0
'       42      43       0      15       0       0       0       0
' The target byte Array contains the following (before and after copying):
'       10      11       0       0       0       0       0       0
'       10      11       0      15       0       0       0       0
' Exception: System.ArgumentException: Only supported array types for CopyTo on BitArrays are Boolean[], Int32[] and Byte[].
'    at System.Collections.BitArray.CopyTo(Array array, Int32 index)
'    at SamplesBitArray.Main()

注解

指定的数组必须是兼容的类型。The specified array must be of a compatible type. bool int 支持、和 byte 类型的数组。Only bool, int, and byte types of arrays are supported.

此方法使用 Array.Copy 复制元素。This method uses Array.Copy to copy the elements.

此方法是一个 O(n) 操作,其中 nCountThis method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

适用于

另请参阅