StringDictionary.Add(String, String) 方法

定义

将带有指定键和值的条目添加到 StringDictionary 中。Adds an entry with the specified key and value into the StringDictionary.

public:
 virtual void Add(System::String ^ key, System::String ^ value);
public virtual void Add (string key, string value);
abstract member Add : string * string -> unit
override this.Add : string * string -> unit
Public Overridable Sub Add (key As String, value As String)

参数

key
String

要添加的条目的键。The key of the entry to add.

value
String

要添加的项的值。The value of the entry to add. 该值可以为 nullThe value can be null.

异常

keynullkey is null.

带有相同键的项已经存在于 StringDictionary 中。An entry with the same key already exists in the StringDictionary.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何在中StringDictionary添加和移除元素。The following code example demonstrates how to add and remove elements from a StringDictionary.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;
void PrintKeysAndValues( StringDictionary^ myCol )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY        VALUE" );
   IEnumerator^ enum0 = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   while ( enum0->MoveNext() )
   {
      DictionaryEntry^ de = safe_cast<DictionaryEntry^>(enum0->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-10} {1}", de->Key, de->Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new StringDictionary.
   StringDictionary^ myCol = gcnew StringDictionary;
   myCol->Add( "red", "rojo" );
   myCol->Add( "green", "verde" );
   myCol->Add( "blue", "azul" );
   
   // Displays the values in the StringDictionary.
   Console::WriteLine( "Initial contents of the StringDictionary:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );
   
   // Deletes an element.
   myCol->Remove( "green" );
   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"green\":" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );
   
   // Clears the entire collection.
   myCol->Clear();
   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Initial contents of the StringDictionary:
   KEY        VALUE
   green      verde
   red        rojo
   blue       azul

The collection contains the following elements after removing "green":
   KEY        VALUE
   red        rojo
   blue       azul

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY        VALUE

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

public class SamplesStringDictionary  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new StringDictionary.
      StringDictionary myCol = new StringDictionary();
      myCol.Add( "red", "rojo" );
      myCol.Add( "green", "verde" );
      myCol.Add( "blue", "azul" );

      // Displays the values in the StringDictionary.
      Console.WriteLine( "Initial contents of the StringDictionary:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );

      // Deletes an element.
      myCol.Remove( "green" );
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"green\":" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );

      // Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear();
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );

   }

   public static void PrintKeysAndValues( StringDictionary myCol )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY        VALUE" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-10} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Initial contents of the StringDictionary:
   KEY        VALUE
   green      verde
   red        rojo
   blue       azul

The collection contains the following elements after removing "green":
   KEY        VALUE
   red        rojo
   blue       azul

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY        VALUE

*/
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Public Class SamplesStringDictionary   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new StringDictionary.
      Dim myCol As New StringDictionary()
      myCol.Add("red", "rojo")
      myCol.Add("green", "verde")
      myCol.Add("blue", "azul")

      ' Displays the values in the StringDictionary.
      Console.WriteLine("Initial contents of the StringDictionary:")
      PrintKeysAndValues(myCol)

      ' Deletes an element.
      myCol.Remove("green")
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after removing ""green"":")
      PrintKeysAndValues(myCol)

      ' Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear()
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:")
      PrintKeysAndValues(myCol)

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(myCol As StringDictionary)
      Dim de As DictionaryEntry

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY        VALUE")
      For Each de In  myCol
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-10} {1}", de.Key, de.Value)
      Next de
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Initial contents of the StringDictionary:
'   KEY        VALUE
'   green      verde
'   red        rojo
'   blue       azul
'
'The collection contains the following elements after removing "green":
'   KEY        VALUE
'   red        rojo
'   blue       azul
'
'The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
'   KEY        VALUE
'

注解

此密钥以不区分大小写的方式进行处理;在将其添加到字符串字典之前, 会将其转换为小写。The key is handled in a case-insensitive manner; it is translated to lowercase before it is added to the string dictionary.

此方法为 O (1) 操作。This method is an O(1) operation.

适用于

另请参阅