# Decimal.Round 方法

## 重载

 Round(Decimal) 将小数值舍入到最接近的整数。 Round(Decimal, Int32) 将 Decimal 值舍入到指定的小数位数。 Round(Decimal, MidpointRounding) 使用指定的舍入策略将十进制值舍入为整数。 Round(Decimal, Int32, MidpointRounding) 使用指定的舍入策略将十进制值舍入到指定的精度。

## Round(Decimal)

``````public:
static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d);``````
``````public:
static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d) = System::Numerics::IFloatingPoint<System::Decimal>::Round;``````
``public static decimal Round (decimal d);``
``static member Round : decimal -> decimal``
``Public Shared Function Round (d As Decimal) As Decimal``

d
Decimal

Decimal

### 示例

``````using System;

public class Example
{
public static void Main()
{
for (decimal value = 100m; value <= 102m; value += .1m)
Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1}", value, Decimal.Round(value));
}
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     100 --> 100
//     100.1 --> 100
//     100.2 --> 100
//     100.3 --> 100
//     100.4 --> 100
//     100.5 --> 100
//     100.6 --> 101
//     100.7 --> 101
//     100.8 --> 101
//     100.9 --> 101
//     101.0 --> 101
//     101.1 --> 101
//     101.2 --> 101
//     101.3 --> 101
//     101.4 --> 101
//     101.5 --> 102
//     101.6 --> 102
//     101.7 --> 102
//     101.8 --> 102
//     101.9 --> 102
//     102.0 --> 102
``````
``````open System

for value in 100m .. 0.1m .. 102m do
printfn \$"{value} --> {Decimal.Round value}"

// The example displays the following output:
//     100 --> 100
//     100.1 --> 100
//     100.2 --> 100
//     100.3 --> 100
//     100.4 --> 100
//     100.5 --> 100
//     100.6 --> 101
//     100.7 --> 101
//     100.8 --> 101
//     100.9 --> 101
//     101.0 --> 101
//     101.1 --> 101
//     101.2 --> 101
//     101.3 --> 101
//     101.4 --> 101
//     101.5 --> 102
//     101.6 --> 102
//     101.7 --> 102
//     101.8 --> 102
//     101.9 --> 102
//     102.0 --> 102
``````
``````Module Example
Public Sub Main()
For value As Decimal = 100d To 102d Step .1d
Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1}", value, Decimal.Round(value))
Next
End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     100 --> 100
'     100.1 --> 100
'     100.2 --> 100
'     100.3 --> 100
'     100.4 --> 100
'     100.5 --> 100
'     100.6 --> 101
'     100.7 --> 101
'     100.8 --> 101
'     100.9 --> 101
'     101.0 --> 101
'     101.1 --> 101
'     101.2 --> 101
'     101.3 --> 101
'     101.4 --> 101
'     101.5 --> 102
'     101.6 --> 102
'     101.7 --> 102
'     101.8 --> 102
'     101.9 --> 102
'     102.0 --> 102
``````

## Round(Decimal, Int32)

Decimal 值舍入到指定的小数位数。

``````public:
static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, int decimals);``````
``````public:
static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, int decimals) = System::Numerics::IFloatingPoint<System::Decimal>::Round;``````
``public static decimal Round (decimal d, int decimals);``
``static member Round : decimal * int -> decimal``
``Public Shared Function Round (d As Decimal, decimals As Integer) As Decimal``

d
Decimal

decimals
Int32

Decimal

#### 例外

`decimals` 不是一个介于 0 到 28 的值。

### 示例

``````using System;

class Example12
{
public static void Main()
{
// Define a set of Decimal values.
decimal[] values = { 1.45m, 1.55m, 123.456789m, 123.456789m,
123.456789m, -123.456m,
new Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7 ),
new Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7 ),
-9999999999.9999999999m,
-9999999999.9999999999m };
// Define a set of integers to for decimals argument.
int[] decimals = { 1, 1, 4, 6, 8, 0, 3, 11, 9, 10};

Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}",
"Argument", "Digits", "Result" );
Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}",
"--------", "------", "------" );
for (int ctr = 0; ctr < values.Length; ctr++)
Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}",
values[ctr], decimals[ctr],
Decimal.Round(values[ctr], decimals[ctr]));
}
}
// The example displays the following output:
//                   Argument  Digits                    Result
//                   --------  ------                    ------
//                       1.45       1                       1.4
//                       1.55       1                       1.6
//                 123.456789       4                  123.4568
//                 123.456789       6                123.456789
//                 123.456789       8                123.456789
//                   -123.456       0                      -123
//               -123.0000000       3                  -123.000
//               -123.0000000      11              -123.0000000
//     -9999999999.9999999999       9    -10000000000.000000000
//     -9999999999.9999999999      10    -9999999999.9999999999
``````
``````open System

// Define a set of Decimal values.
let values =
[ 1.45m; 1.55m; 123.456789m; 123.456789m
123.456789m; -123.456m
Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7uy)
Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7uy)
-9999999999.9999999999m
-9999999999.9999999999m ]

// Define a set of integers to for decimals argument.
let decimals =
[ 1; 1; 4; 6; 8; 0; 3; 11; 9; 10 ]

printfn \$"""{"Argument",26}{"Digits",8}{"Result",26}"""
printfn \$"""{"--------",26}{"------",8}{"------",26}"""

for i = 0 to values.Length - 1 do
printfn \$"{values[i],26}{decimals[i],8}{Decimal.Round(values[i], decimals[i]),26}"

// The example displays the following output:
//                   Argument  Digits                    Result
//                   --------  ------                    ------
//                       1.45       1                       1.4
//                       1.55       1                       1.6
//                 123.456789       4                  123.4568
//                 123.456789       6                123.456789
//                 123.456789       8                123.456789
//                   -123.456       0                      -123
//               -123.0000000       3                  -123.000
//               -123.0000000      11              -123.0000000
//     -9999999999.9999999999       9    -10000000000.000000000
//     -9999999999.9999999999      10    -9999999999.9999999999
``````
``````Public Module Example
Public Sub Main()
' Define a set of Decimal values.
Dim values() As Decimal = { 1.45d, 1.55d, 123.456789d, 123.456789d,
123.456789d, -123.456d,
New Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7 ),
New Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7 ),
-9999999999.9999999999d,
-9999999999.9999999999d }
' Define a set of integers to for decimals argument.
Dim decimals() As Integer = { 1, 1, 4, 6, 8, 0, 3, 11, 9, 10}

Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}",
"Argument", "Digits", "Result" )
Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}",
"--------", "------", "------" )
For ctr As Integer = 0 To values.Length - 1
Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}",
values(ctr), decimals(ctr),
Decimal.Round(values(ctr), decimals(ctr)))
Next
End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'                   Argument  Digits                    Result
'                   --------  ------                    ------
'                       1.45       1                       1.4
'                       1.55       1                       1.6
'                 123.456789       4                  123.4568
'                 123.456789       6                123.456789
'                 123.456789       8                123.456789
'                   -123.456       0                      -123
'               -123.0000000       3                  -123.000
'               -123.0000000      11              -123.0000000
'     -9999999999.9999999999       9    -10000000000.000000000
'     -9999999999.9999999999      10    -9999999999.9999999999
``````

## Round(Decimal, MidpointRounding)

``````public:
static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, MidpointRounding mode);``````
``````public:
static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, MidpointRounding mode) = System::Numerics::IFloatingPoint<System::Decimal>::Round;``````
``public static decimal Round (decimal d, MidpointRounding mode);``
``static member Round : decimal * MidpointRounding -> decimal``
``Public Shared Function Round (d As Decimal, mode As MidpointRounding) As Decimal``

d
Decimal

mode
MidpointRounding

Decimal

#### 例外

`mode` 不是 MidpointRounding 值。

### 示例

``````Console.WriteLine(\$"{"Value",-10} {"Default",-10} {"ToEven",-10} {"AwayFromZero",-15} {"ToZero",-15}");
for (decimal value = 12.0m; value <= 13.0m; value += 0.1m)
Console.WriteLine(\$"{value,-10} {Math.Round(value),-10} " +
\$"{Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToEven),-10} " +
\$"{Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero),-15} " +
\$"{Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToZero),-15}");

// The example displays the following output:
//       Value      Default    ToEven     AwayFromZero    ToZero
//       12.0       12         12         12              12
//       12.1       12         12         12              12
//       12.2       12         12         12              12
//       12.3       12         12         12              12
//       12.4       12         12         12              12
//       12.5       12         12         13              12
//       12.6       13         13         13              12
//       12.7       13         13         13              12
//       12.8       13         13         13              12
//       12.9       13         13         13              12
//       13.0       13         13         13              13
``````
``````printfn \$"""{"Value",-10} {"Default",-10} {"ToEven",-10} {"AwayFromZero",-15} {"ToZero",-15}"""
for value in 12m .. 0.1m .. 13m do
printfn "%-10O %-10O %-10O %-15O %-15O"
value
(Math.Round value)
(Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToEven))
(Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero))
(Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToZero))

// The example displays the following output:
//       Value      Default    ToEven     AwayFromZero    ToZero
//       12.0       12         12         12              12
//       12.1       12         12         12              12
//       12.2       12         12         12              12
//       12.3       12         12         12              12
//       12.4       12         12         12              12
//       12.5       12         12         13              12
//       12.6       13         13         13              12
//       12.7       13         13         13              12
//       12.8       13         13         13              12
//       12.9       13         13         13              12
//       13.0       13         13         13              13
``````
``````Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1,-10} {2,-10} {3,-15} {4,-15}", "Value", "Default",
"ToEven", "AwayFromZero", "ToZero")
For value As Decimal = 12D To 13D Step 0.1D
Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1,-10} {2,-10} {3,-15} {4,-15}",
value, Math.Round(value),
Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToEven),
Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero),
Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToZero))
Next

' The example displays the following output:
'       Value      Default    ToEven     AwayFromZero     ToZero
'       12         12         12         12               12
'       12.1       12         12         12               12
'       12.2       12         12         12               12
'       12.3       12         12         12               12
'       12.4       12         12         12               12
'       12.5       12         12         13               12
'       12.6       13         13         13               12
'       12.7       13         13         13               12
'       12.8       13         13         13               12
'       12.9       13         13         13               12
'       13.0       13         13         13               13
``````

## Round(Decimal, Int32, MidpointRounding)

``````public:
static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, int decimals, MidpointRounding mode);``````
``````public:
static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, int decimals, MidpointRounding mode) = System::Numerics::IFloatingPoint<System::Decimal>::Round;``````
``public static decimal Round (decimal d, int decimals, MidpointRounding mode);``
``static member Round : decimal * int * MidpointRounding -> decimal``
``Public Shared Function Round (d As Decimal, decimals As Integer, mode As MidpointRounding) As Decimal``

d
Decimal

decimals
Int32

mode
MidpointRounding

#### 返回

Decimal

`d`舍入到使用`mode`舍入策略和精度的数字`decimals`。 如果 `d` 的精度小于 `decimals`，则原样返回 `d`

#### 例外

`decimals` 小于 0 或大于 28。

`mode` 不是 MidpointRounding 值。

### 示例

``````decimal result;

// Round a positive value using different strategies.
// The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.

result = Math.Round(3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven);
Console.WriteLine(\$"{result} = Math.Round({3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)");
result = Math.Round(3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero);
Console.WriteLine(\$"{result} = Math.Round({3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)");
result = Math.Round(3.47m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero);
Console.WriteLine(\$"{result} = Math.Round({3.47m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)\n");

// Round a negative value using different strategies.
// The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.

result = Math.Round(-3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven);
Console.WriteLine(\$"{result} = Math.Round({-3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)");
result = Math.Round(-3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero);
Console.WriteLine(\$"{result} = Math.Round({-3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)");
result = Math.Round(-3.47m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero);
Console.WriteLine(\$"{result} = Math.Round({-3.47m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)\n");

/*
This code example produces the following results:

3.4 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
3.5 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
3.4 = Math.Round(3.47, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)

-3.4 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
-3.5 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
-3.4 = Math.Round(-3.47, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
*/
``````
``````// Round a positive value using different strategies.
// The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.

let result = Math.Round(3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
printfn \$"{result} = Math.Round({3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)"
let result = Math.Round(3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
printfn \$"{result} = Math.Round({3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)"
let result = Math.Round(3.47m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
printfn \$"{result} = Math.Round({3.47m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)\n"

// Round a negative value using different strategies.
// The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.

let result = Math.Round(-3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
printfn \$"{result} = Math.Round({-3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)"
let result = Math.Round(-3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
printfn \$"{result} = Math.Round({-3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)"
let result = Math.Round(-3.47m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
printfn \$"{result} = Math.Round({-3.47m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)\n"

// This code example produces the following results:

// 3.4 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
// 3.5 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
// 3.4 = Math.Round(3.47, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)

// -3.4 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
// -3.5 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
// -3.4 = Math.Round(-3.47, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
``````
``````Dim result As Decimal = 0D
Dim posValue As Decimal = 3.45D
Dim negValue As Decimal = -3.45D

' Round a positive value using different strategies.
' The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.
result = Math.Round(posValue, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)",
result, posValue)
result = Math.Round(posValue, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)",
result, posValue)
result = Math.Round(posValue, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)",
result, posValue)
Console.WriteLine()

' Round a negative value using different strategies.
' The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.
result = Math.Round(negValue, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)",
result, negValue)
result = Math.Round(negValue, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)",
result, negValue)
result = Math.Round(negValue, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)",
result, negValue)
Console.WriteLine()

'This code example produces the following results:
'
'        3.4 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
'        3.5 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
'        3.4 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
'
'        -3.4 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
'        -3.5 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
'        -3.4 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
'
``````

### 注解

`decimals` 参数指定返回值中的有效小数位数，范围从 0 到 28。 如果 `decimals` 为零，则返回整数。