Decimal.Round 方法

定义

将值舍入到最接近的整数或指定的小数位数。

重载

Round(Decimal)

将小数值舍入到最接近的整数。

Round(Decimal, Int32)

Decimal 值舍入到指定的小数位数。

Round(Decimal, MidpointRounding)

使用指定的舍入策略将十进制值舍入为整数。

Round(Decimal, Int32, MidpointRounding)

使用指定的舍入策略将十进制值舍入到指定的精度。

Round(Decimal)

将小数值舍入到最接近的整数。

public:
 static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d);
public:
 static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d) = System::Numerics::IFloatingPoint<System::Decimal>::Round;
public static decimal Round (decimal d);
static member Round : decimal -> decimal
Public Shared Function Round (d As Decimal) As Decimal

参数

d
Decimal

要舍入的小数。

返回

Decimal

最接近 d 参数的整数。 如果 d 正好处于两个整数中间,其中一个整数为偶数,另一个整数为奇数,则返回偶数。

实现

例外

结果在 Decimal 值范围之外。

示例

以下示例将介于 100 和 102 之间的值范围 Decimal 舍入到最接近的整数。 由于该方法使用银行家舍入,100.5 轮到 100 和 101.5 轮到 102。

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      for (decimal value = 100m; value <= 102m; value += .1m)
         Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1}", value, Decimal.Round(value));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     100 --> 100
//     100.1 --> 100
//     100.2 --> 100
//     100.3 --> 100
//     100.4 --> 100
//     100.5 --> 100
//     100.6 --> 101
//     100.7 --> 101
//     100.8 --> 101
//     100.9 --> 101
//     101.0 --> 101
//     101.1 --> 101
//     101.2 --> 101
//     101.3 --> 101
//     101.4 --> 101
//     101.5 --> 102
//     101.6 --> 102
//     101.7 --> 102
//     101.8 --> 102
//     101.9 --> 102
//     102.0 --> 102
open System

for value in 100m .. 0.1m .. 102m do
    printfn $"{value} --> {Decimal.Round value}"

// The example displays the following output:
//     100 --> 100
//     100.1 --> 100
//     100.2 --> 100
//     100.3 --> 100
//     100.4 --> 100
//     100.5 --> 100
//     100.6 --> 101
//     100.7 --> 101
//     100.8 --> 101
//     100.9 --> 101
//     101.0 --> 101
//     101.1 --> 101
//     101.2 --> 101
//     101.3 --> 101
//     101.4 --> 101
//     101.5 --> 102
//     101.6 --> 102
//     101.7 --> 102
//     101.8 --> 102
//     101.9 --> 102
//     102.0 --> 102
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      For value As Decimal = 100d To 102d Step .1d
         Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1}", value, Decimal.Round(value))
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     100 --> 100
'     100.1 --> 100
'     100.2 --> 100
'     100.3 --> 100
'     100.4 --> 100
'     100.5 --> 100
'     100.6 --> 101
'     100.7 --> 101
'     100.8 --> 101
'     100.9 --> 101
'     101.0 --> 101
'     101.1 --> 101
'     101.2 --> 101
'     101.3 --> 101
'     101.4 --> 101
'     101.5 --> 102
'     101.6 --> 102
'     101.7 --> 102
'     101.8 --> 102
'     101.9 --> 102
'     102.0 --> 102

注解

此方法的行为遵循 IEEE Standard 754,第 4 节。 这种舍入有时称为 半轮甚至**银行家的舍入。 它可以最大程度地减少舍入错误,这些错误是由于在单个方向上一致舍入中点值导致的。 它等效于使用mode参数MidpointRounding.ToEven调用Round(Decimal, MidpointRounding)方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Round(Decimal, Int32)

Decimal 值舍入到指定的小数位数。

public:
 static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, int decimals);
public:
 static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, int decimals) = System::Numerics::IFloatingPoint<System::Decimal>::Round;
public static decimal Round (decimal d, int decimals);
static member Round : decimal * int -> decimal
Public Shared Function Round (d As Decimal, decimals As Integer) As Decimal

参数

d
Decimal

要舍入的小数。

decimals
Int32

指定数字要舍入到的小数位数的值,范围从 0 到 28。

返回

Decimal

等效于 d 舍入到 decimals 小数位数的十进制数。

实现

例外

decimals 不是一个介于 0 到 28 的值。

示例

以下示例使用Round该方法将多个Decimal值舍入到指定数量的小数位数。

using System;

class Example12
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Define a set of Decimal values.
      decimal[] values = { 1.45m, 1.55m, 123.456789m, 123.456789m,
                           123.456789m, -123.456m,
                           new Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7 ),
                           new Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7 ),
                           -9999999999.9999999999m,
                           -9999999999.9999999999m };
      // Define a set of integers to for decimals argument.
      int[] decimals = { 1, 1, 4, 6, 8, 0, 3, 11, 9, 10};

      Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}",
                        "Argument", "Digits", "Result" );
      Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}",
                        "--------", "------", "------" );
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr < values.Length; ctr++)
        Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}",
                          values[ctr], decimals[ctr],
                          Decimal.Round(values[ctr], decimals[ctr]));
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//                   Argument  Digits                    Result
//                   --------  ------                    ------
//                       1.45       1                       1.4
//                       1.55       1                       1.6
//                 123.456789       4                  123.4568
//                 123.456789       6                123.456789
//                 123.456789       8                123.456789
//                   -123.456       0                      -123
//               -123.0000000       3                  -123.000
//               -123.0000000      11              -123.0000000
//     -9999999999.9999999999       9    -10000000000.000000000
//     -9999999999.9999999999      10    -9999999999.9999999999
open System

// Define a set of Decimal values.
let values = 
    [ 1.45m; 1.55m; 123.456789m; 123.456789m
      123.456789m; -123.456m
      Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7uy)
      Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7uy)
      -9999999999.9999999999m
      -9999999999.9999999999m ]

// Define a set of integers to for decimals argument.
let decimals = 
    [ 1; 1; 4; 6; 8; 0; 3; 11; 9; 10 ]

printfn $"""{"Argument",26}{"Digits",8}{"Result",26}"""
printfn $"""{"--------",26}{"------",8}{"------",26}"""

for i = 0 to values.Length - 1 do
    printfn $"{values[i],26}{decimals[i],8}{Decimal.Round(values[i], decimals[i]),26}"

// The example displays the following output:
//                   Argument  Digits                    Result
//                   --------  ------                    ------
//                       1.45       1                       1.4
//                       1.55       1                       1.6
//                 123.456789       4                  123.4568
//                 123.456789       6                123.456789
//                 123.456789       8                123.456789
//                   -123.456       0                      -123
//               -123.0000000       3                  -123.000
//               -123.0000000      11              -123.0000000
//     -9999999999.9999999999       9    -10000000000.000000000
//     -9999999999.9999999999      10    -9999999999.9999999999
Public Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Define a set of Decimal values.
      Dim values() As Decimal = { 1.45d, 1.55d, 123.456789d, 123.456789d, 
                                  123.456789d, -123.456d, 
                                  New Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7 ),
                                  New Decimal(1230000000, 0, 0, true, 7 ), 
                                  -9999999999.9999999999d, 
                                  -9999999999.9999999999d }
      ' Define a set of integers to for decimals argument.
      Dim decimals() As Integer = { 1, 1, 4, 6, 8, 0, 3, 11, 9, 10}
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}", 
                        "Argument", "Digits", "Result" )
      Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}", 
                        "--------", "------", "------" )
      For ctr As Integer = 0 To values.Length - 1
        Console.WriteLine("{0,26}{1,8}{2,26}", 
                          values(ctr), decimals(ctr), 
                          Decimal.Round(values(ctr), decimals(ctr)))
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'                   Argument  Digits                    Result
'                   --------  ------                    ------
'                       1.45       1                       1.4
'                       1.55       1                       1.6
'                 123.456789       4                  123.4568
'                 123.456789       6                123.456789
'                 123.456789       8                123.456789
'                   -123.456       0                      -123
'               -123.0000000       3                  -123.000
'               -123.0000000      11              -123.0000000
'     -9999999999.9999999999       9    -10000000000.000000000
'     -9999999999.9999999999      10    -9999999999.9999999999

注解

此方法等效于使用mode参数MidpointRounding.ToEven调用Round(Decimal, Int32, MidpointRounding)方法。 当 d 两个舍入值之间正好在两个舍入值之间时,结果是右小数位中偶数位数的舍入值。 例如,当舍入为两位小数时,值 2.345 变成 2.34,而值 2.355 变成 2.36。 此过程称为 向偶数舍入,或 银行家舍入。 它可以最大程度地减少舍入错误,这些错误是由于在单个方向上一致舍入中点值导致的。

另请参阅

适用于

Round(Decimal, MidpointRounding)

使用指定的舍入策略将十进制值舍入为整数。

public:
 static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, MidpointRounding mode);
public:
 static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, MidpointRounding mode) = System::Numerics::IFloatingPoint<System::Decimal>::Round;
public static decimal Round (decimal d, MidpointRounding mode);
static member Round : decimal * MidpointRounding -> decimal
Public Shared Function Round (d As Decimal, mode As MidpointRounding) As Decimal

参数

d
Decimal

要舍入的小数。

mode
MidpointRounding

指定要使用的舍入策略的枚举值之一。

返回

Decimal

舍入为使用舍入策略的mode整数d

实现

例外

mode 不是 MidpointRounding 值。

结果在 Decimal 对象范围之外。

示例

以下示例显示由具有不同mode参数的方法返回Round(Decimal, MidpointRounding)的值。

Console.WriteLine($"{"Value",-10} {"Default",-10} {"ToEven",-10} {"AwayFromZero",-15} {"ToZero",-15}");
for (decimal value = 12.0m; value <= 13.0m; value += 0.1m)
    Console.WriteLine($"{value,-10} {Math.Round(value),-10} " +
        $"{Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToEven),-10} " +
        $"{Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero),-15} " +
        $"{Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToZero),-15}");

// The example displays the following output:
//       Value      Default    ToEven     AwayFromZero    ToZero
//       12.0       12         12         12              12
//       12.1       12         12         12              12
//       12.2       12         12         12              12
//       12.3       12         12         12              12
//       12.4       12         12         12              12
//       12.5       12         12         13              12
//       12.6       13         13         13              12
//       12.7       13         13         13              12
//       12.8       13         13         13              12
//       12.9       13         13         13              12
//       13.0       13         13         13              13
printfn $"""{"Value",-10} {"Default",-10} {"ToEven",-10} {"AwayFromZero",-15} {"ToZero",-15}"""
for value in 12m .. 0.1m .. 13m do
    printfn "%-10O %-10O %-10O %-15O %-15O" 
        value
        (Math.Round value)
        (Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToEven))
        (Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero))
        (Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToZero))

// The example displays the following output:
//       Value      Default    ToEven     AwayFromZero    ToZero
//       12.0       12         12         12              12
//       12.1       12         12         12              12
//       12.2       12         12         12              12
//       12.3       12         12         12              12
//       12.4       12         12         12              12
//       12.5       12         12         13              12
//       12.6       13         13         13              12
//       12.7       13         13         13              12
//       12.8       13         13         13              12
//       12.9       13         13         13              12
//       13.0       13         13         13              13
Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1,-10} {2,-10} {3,-15} {4,-15}", "Value", "Default",
                "ToEven", "AwayFromZero", "ToZero")
For value As Decimal = 12D To 13D Step 0.1D
    Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1,-10} {2,-10} {3,-15} {4,-15}",
                   value, Math.Round(value),
                   Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToEven),
                   Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero),
                   Math.Round(value, MidpointRounding.ToZero))
Next

' The example displays the following output:
'       Value      Default    ToEven     AwayFromZero     ToZero
'       12         12         12         12               12
'       12.1       12         12         12               12
'       12.2       12         12         12               12
'       12.3       12         12         12               12
'       12.4       12         12         12               12
'       12.5       12         12         13               12
'       12.6       13         13         13               12
'       12.7       13         13         13               12
'       12.8       13         13         13               12
'       12.9       13         13         13               12
'       13.0       13         13         13               13

注解

如果指定 ToEvenAwayFromZero 指定 mode 参数,则这些舍入策略仅适用于中间点值,即最小有效位数为 5 的值。

另请参阅

适用于

Round(Decimal, Int32, MidpointRounding)

使用指定的舍入策略将十进制值舍入到指定的精度。

public:
 static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, int decimals, MidpointRounding mode);
public:
 static System::Decimal Round(System::Decimal d, int decimals, MidpointRounding mode) = System::Numerics::IFloatingPoint<System::Decimal>::Round;
public static decimal Round (decimal d, int decimals, MidpointRounding mode);
static member Round : decimal * int * MidpointRounding -> decimal
Public Shared Function Round (d As Decimal, decimals As Integer, mode As MidpointRounding) As Decimal

参数

d
Decimal

要舍入的小数。

decimals
Int32

返回值中的有效小数位数(精度)。

mode
MidpointRounding

指定要使用的舍入策略的枚举值之一。

返回

Decimal

d舍入到使用mode舍入策略和精度的数字decimals。 如果 d 的精度小于 decimals,则原样返回 d

实现

例外

decimals 小于 0 或大于 28。

mode 不是 MidpointRounding 值。

结果在 Decimal 对象范围之外。

示例

以下示例演示如何将 Round(Decimal, Int32, MidpointRounding) 该方法与 MidpointRounding 枚举配合使用。

decimal result;

// Round a positive value using different strategies.
// The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.

result = Math.Round(3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven);
Console.WriteLine($"{result} = Math.Round({3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)");
result = Math.Round(3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero);
Console.WriteLine($"{result} = Math.Round({3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)");
result = Math.Round(3.47m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero);
Console.WriteLine($"{result} = Math.Round({3.47m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)\n");

// Round a negative value using different strategies.
// The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.

result = Math.Round(-3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven);
Console.WriteLine($"{result} = Math.Round({-3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)");
result = Math.Round(-3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero);
Console.WriteLine($"{result} = Math.Round({-3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)");
result = Math.Round(-3.47m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero);
Console.WriteLine($"{result} = Math.Round({-3.47m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)\n");

/*
This code example produces the following results:

3.4 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
3.5 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
3.4 = Math.Round(3.47, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)

-3.4 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
-3.5 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
-3.4 = Math.Round(-3.47, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
*/
// Round a positive value using different strategies.
// The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.

let result = Math.Round(3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
printfn $"{result} = Math.Round({3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)"
let result = Math.Round(3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
printfn $"{result} = Math.Round({3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)"
let result = Math.Round(3.47m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
printfn $"{result} = Math.Round({3.47m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)\n"

// Round a negative value using different strategies.
// The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.

let result = Math.Round(-3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
printfn $"{result} = Math.Round({-3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)"
let result = Math.Round(-3.45m, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
printfn $"{result} = Math.Round({-3.45m}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)"
let result = Math.Round(-3.47m, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
printfn $"{result} = Math.Round({-3.47m}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)\n"

// This code example produces the following results:

// 3.4 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
// 3.5 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
// 3.4 = Math.Round(3.47, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)

// -3.4 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
// -3.5 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
// -3.4 = Math.Round(-3.47, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
Dim result As Decimal = 0D
Dim posValue As Decimal = 3.45D
Dim negValue As Decimal = -3.45D

' Round a positive value using different strategies.
' The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.
result = Math.Round(posValue, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)",
                   result, posValue)
result = Math.Round(posValue, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)",
                   result, posValue)
result = Math.Round(posValue, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)",
                   result, posValue)
Console.WriteLine()

' Round a negative value using different strategies.
' The precision of the result is 1 decimal place.
result = Math.Round(negValue, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)",
                    result, negValue)
result = Math.Round(negValue, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)",
                   result, negValue)
result = Math.Round(negValue, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
Console.WriteLine("{0,4} = Math.Round({1,5}, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)",
                   result, negValue)
Console.WriteLine()

'This code example produces the following results:
'
'        3.4 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
'        3.5 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
'        3.4 = Math.Round(3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
'
'        -3.4 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToEven)
'        -3.5 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero)
'        -3.4 = Math.Round(-3.45, 1, MidpointRounding.ToZero)
'

注解

decimals 参数指定返回值中的有效小数位数,范围从 0 到 28。 如果 decimals 为零,则返回整数。

如果指定 ToEvenAwayFromZero 指定 mode 参数,则这些舍入策略仅适用于中间点值,即最小有效位数为 5 的值。

另请参阅

适用于