OverflowAction OverflowAction OverflowAction OverflowAction Enum

定义

指定如何处理已达到最大文件大小的事件日志中的项。Specifies how to handle entries in an event log that has reached its maximum file size.

public enum class OverflowAction
public enum OverflowAction
type OverflowAction = 
Public Enum OverflowAction
继承
OverflowActionOverflowActionOverflowActionOverflowAction

字段

DoNotOverwrite DoNotOverwrite DoNotOverwrite DoNotOverwrite -1

指示当事件日志已满时保留现有日志项,而放弃新日志项。Indicates that existing entries are retained when the event log is full and new entries are discarded.

OverwriteAsNeeded OverwriteAsNeeded OverwriteAsNeeded OverwriteAsNeeded 0

指示当事件日志已满时用每个新日志项覆盖最旧的日志项。Indicates that each new entry overwrites the oldest entry when the event log is full.

OverwriteOlder OverwriteOlder OverwriteOlder OverwriteOlder 1

指示当事件日志已满时用新事件覆盖保留时间已超过 MinimumRetentionDays 属性值指定的时间的事件。Indicates that new events overwrite events older than specified by the MinimumRetentionDays property value when the event log is full. 如果事件日志已满并且没有任何事件的保留时间已超过 MinimumRetentionDays 属性值指定的时间,则放弃新事件。New events are discarded if the event log is full and there are no events older than specified by the MinimumRetentionDays property value.

注解

每个事件日志的最大大小限制和一个可配置设置, 该设置提供以该限制写入新条目的规则。Every event log has a maximum size limit and a configurable setting that provides the rule for writing new entries at that limit. 如果事件日志已达到其最大大小, 则可以指定以下规则之一:When the event log has reached its maximum size, you can specify one of the following rules:

  • 新条目将被丢弃。New entries will be discarded.

  • 新条目将覆盖旧条目。New entries will overwrite older entries.

  • 新条目将被放弃, 或将覆盖现有条目, 具体取决于现有条目的期限。New entries will either be discarded or will overwrite existing entries depending upon the age of the existing entries.

使用方法可设置的溢出行为EventLogModifyOverflowPolicyUse the ModifyOverflowPolicy method to set the overflow behavior for an EventLog. EventLog通过其OverflowAction属性检查当前配置的行为。Check the current configured behavior of an EventLog through its OverflowAction property.

示例Example

下面的示例枚举本地计算机上定义的事件日志, 并显示每个事件日志的配置详细信息。The following example enumerates the event logs defined on the local computer and displays configuration details for each event log.

void DisplayEventLogProperties()
{
   
   // Iterate through the current set of event log files,
   // displaying the property settings for each file.
   array<EventLog^>^eventLogs = EventLog::GetEventLogs();
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = eventLogs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      EventLog^ e = safe_cast<EventLog^>(myEnum->Current);
      Int64 sizeKB = 0;
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}:", e->LogDisplayName );
      Console::WriteLine( "  Log name = \t\t {0}", e->Log );
      Console::WriteLine( "  Number of event log entries = {0}", e->Entries->Count );
      
      // Determine if there is a file for this event log.
      RegistryKey ^ regEventLog = Registry::LocalMachine->OpenSubKey( String::Format( "System\\CurrentControlSet\\Services\\EventLog\\{0}", e->Log ) );
      if ( regEventLog )
      {
         Object^ temp = regEventLog->GetValue( "File" );
         if ( temp != nullptr )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "  Log file path = \t {0}", temp );
            FileInfo^ file = gcnew FileInfo( temp->ToString() );
            
            // Get the current size of the event log file.
            if ( file->Exists )
            {
               sizeKB = file->Length / 1024;
               if ( (file->Length % 1024) != 0 )
               {
                  sizeKB++;
               }
               Console::WriteLine( "  Current size = \t {0} kilobytes", sizeKB );
            }
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "  Log file path = \t <not set>" );
         }
      }
      
      // Display the maximum size and overflow settings.
      sizeKB = e->MaximumKilobytes;
      Console::WriteLine( "  Maximum size = \t {0} kilobytes", sizeKB );
      Console::WriteLine( "  Overflow setting = \t {0}", e->OverflowAction );
      switch ( e->OverflowAction )
      {
         case OverflowAction::OverwriteOlder:
            Console::WriteLine( "\t Entries are retained a minimum of {0} days.", e->MinimumRetentionDays );
            break;

         case OverflowAction::DoNotOverwrite:
            Console::WriteLine( "\t Older entries are not overwritten." );
            break;

         case OverflowAction::OverwriteAsNeeded:
            Console::WriteLine( "\t If number of entries equals max size limit, a new event log entry overwrites the oldest entry." );
            break;

         default:
            break;
      }
   }
}


static void DisplayEventLogProperties()
{
    // Iterate through the current set of event log files,
    // displaying the property settings for each file.

    EventLog[] eventLogs = EventLog.GetEventLogs();
    foreach (EventLog e in eventLogs)
    {
        Int64 sizeKB = 0;

        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine("{0}:", e.LogDisplayName);
        Console.WriteLine("  Log name = \t\t {0}", e.Log); 

        Console.WriteLine("  Number of event log entries = {0}", e.Entries.Count.ToString());
                    
        // Determine if there is an event log file for this event log.
        RegistryKey regEventLog = Registry.LocalMachine.OpenSubKey("System\\CurrentControlSet\\Services\\EventLog\\" + e.Log);
        if (regEventLog != null)
        {
            Object temp = regEventLog.GetValue("File");
            if (temp != null)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("  Log file path = \t {0}", temp.ToString());
                FileInfo file = new FileInfo(temp.ToString());

                // Get the current size of the event log file.
                if (file.Exists)
                {
                    sizeKB = file.Length / 1024;
                    if ((file.Length % 1024) != 0)
                    {
                        sizeKB++;
                    }
                    Console.WriteLine("  Current size = \t {0} kilobytes", sizeKB.ToString());
                }
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("  Log file path = \t <not set>");
            }
        }
                    
        // Display the maximum size and overflow settings.

        sizeKB = e.MaximumKilobytes;
        Console.WriteLine("  Maximum size = \t {0} kilobytes", sizeKB.ToString());
        Console.WriteLine("  Overflow setting = \t {0}", e.OverflowAction.ToString());

        switch (e.OverflowAction)
        {
            case OverflowAction.OverwriteOlder:
                Console.WriteLine("\t Entries are retained a minimum of {0} days.", 
                    e.MinimumRetentionDays);
                break;
            case OverflowAction.DoNotOverwrite:
                Console.WriteLine("\t Older entries are not overwritten.");
                break;
            case OverflowAction.OverwriteAsNeeded:
                Console.WriteLine("\t If number of entries equals max size limit, a new event log entry overwrites the oldest entry.");
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }
}
Shared Sub DisplayEventLogProperties()

   ' Iterate through the current set of event log files,
   ' displaying the property settings for each file.
   Dim eventLogs As EventLog() = EventLog.GetEventLogs()
   
   Dim e As EventLog
   For Each e In  eventLogs
      Dim sizeKB As Int64 = 0
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("{0}:", e.LogDisplayName)
      Console.WriteLine("  Log name = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                          + ControlChars.Tab + " {0}", e.Log)

      Console.WriteLine("  Number of event log entries = {0}", e.Entries.Count.ToString())
      
      ' Determine if there is an event log file for this event log.
      Dim regEventLog As RegistryKey
      regEventLog = Registry.LocalMachine.OpenSubKey( _
             ("System\CurrentControlSet\Services\EventLog\" + e.Log))

      If Not (regEventLog Is Nothing) Then

         Dim temp As Object = regEventLog.GetValue("File")
         If Not (temp Is Nothing) Then

            Console.WriteLine("  Log file path = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                                  + " {0}", temp.ToString())
            Dim file As New FileInfo(temp.ToString())
            
            ' Get the current size of the event log file.
            If file.Exists Then
               sizeKB = file.Length / 1024
               If file.Length Mod 1024 <> 0 Then
                  sizeKB += 1
               End If
               Console.WriteLine("  Current size = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                          + " {0} kilobytes", sizeKB.ToString())
            End If
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("  Log file path = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                             + " <not set>")
         End If
      End If
      
      ' Display the maximum size and overflow settings.
      sizeKB = e.MaximumKilobytes
      Console.WriteLine("  Maximum size = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                         + " {0} kilobytes", sizeKB.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("  Overflow setting = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                         + " {0}", e.OverflowAction.ToString())
      
      Select Case e.OverflowAction
         Case OverflowAction.OverwriteOlder
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab + _
                 " Entries are retained a minimum of {0} days.", _
                 e.MinimumRetentionDays)
         Case OverflowAction.DoNotOverwrite
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab + _
                 " Older entries are not overwritten.")
         Case OverflowAction.OverwriteAsNeeded
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab + _
                 " If number of entries equals max size limit, a new event log entry overwrites the oldest entry.")
         Case Else
      End Select

   Next e

End Sub

适用于