Enum.GetUnderlyingType(Type) 方法

定义

返回指定枚举的基础类型。

public:
 static Type ^ GetUnderlyingType(Type ^ enumType);
public static Type GetUnderlyingType (Type enumType);
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public static Type GetUnderlyingType (Type enumType);
static member GetUnderlyingType : Type -> Type
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
static member GetUnderlyingType : Type -> Type
Public Shared Function GetUnderlyingType (enumType As Type) As Type

参数

enumType
Type

基础类型将被检索的枚举。

返回

Type

enumType 的基础类型。

属性

例外

enumTypenull

enumType 不是 Enum

示例

下面的示例调用该方法 GetUnderlyingType 以显示某些枚举成员的基础类型。

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Enum[] enumValues = { ConsoleColor.Red, DayOfWeek.Monday,
                            MidpointRounding.ToEven, PlatformID.Win32NT,
                            DateTimeKind.Utc, StringComparison.Ordinal };
      Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1, 18}   {2,15}\n",
                        "Member", "Enumeration", "Underlying Type");
      foreach (var enumValue in enumValues)
         DisplayEnumInfo(enumValue);
   }

   static void DisplayEnumInfo(Enum enumValue)
   {
      Type enumType = enumValue.GetType();
      Type underlyingType = Enum.GetUnderlyingType(enumType);
      Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1, 18}   {2,15}",
                        enumValue, enumType.Name, underlyingType.Name);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Member            Enumeration   Underlying Type
//
//       Red              ConsoleColor             Int32
//       Monday              DayOfWeek             Int32
//       ToEven       MidpointRounding             Int32
//       Win32NT            PlatformID             Int32
//       Utc              DateTimeKind             Int32
//       Ordinal      StringComparison             Int32
open System

let displayEnumInfo (enumValue: Enum) =
    let enumType = enumValue.GetType()
    let underlyingType = Enum.GetUnderlyingType enumType
    printfn $"{enumValue,-10} {enumType.Name, 18}   {underlyingType.Name,15}"

let enumValues: Enum list =
    [ ConsoleColor.Red; DayOfWeek.Monday
      MidpointRounding.ToEven; PlatformID.Win32NT
      DateTimeKind.Utc; StringComparison.Ordinal ]

printfn "%-10s %18s   %15s\n" "Member" "Enumeration" "Underlying Type"
for enumValue in enumValues do
    displayEnumInfo enumValue

// The example displays the following output:
//       Member            Enumeration   Underlying Type
//
//       Red              ConsoleColor             Int32
//       Monday              DayOfWeek             Int32
//       ToEven       MidpointRounding             Int32
//       Win32NT            PlatformID             Int32
//       Utc              DateTimeKind             Int32
//       Ordinal      StringComparison             Int32
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim enumValues() As [Enum] = { ConsoleColor.Red, DayOfWeek.Monday, 
                                     MidpointRounding.ToEven, PlatformID.Win32NT, 
                                     DateTimeKind.Utc, StringComparison.Ordinal }
      Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1, 18}   {2,15}", 
                        "Member", "Enumeration", "Underlying Type")
      Console.WriteLine()
      For Each enumValue In enumValues
         DisplayEnumInfo(enumValue)
      Next
   End Sub

   Sub DisplayEnumInfo(enumValue As [Enum])
      Dim enumType As Type = enumValue.GetType()
      Dim underlyingType As Type = [Enum].GetUnderlyingType(enumType)
      Console.WriteLine("{0,-10} {1, 18}   {2,15}",
                        enumValue, enumType.Name, underlyingType.Name)   
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Member            Enumeration   Underlying Type
'       
'       Red              ConsoleColor             Int32
'       Monday              DayOfWeek             Int32
'       ToEven       MidpointRounding             Int32
'       Win32NT            PlatformID             Int32
'       Utc              DateTimeKind             Int32
'       Ordinal      StringComparison             Int32

注解

Enum 结构使值可以表示为命名常量。 枚举值的数据类型称为其基础类型。 例如,枚举的基础类型DayOfWeek(由表示每周每天的常量) (DayOfWeek.MondayDayOfWeek.Tuesday,等等) 为 Int32

适用于

另请参阅