ComboBoxRenderer 类

定义

提供用于以视觉样式呈现组合框控件的方法。Provides methods used to render a combo box control with visual styles. 此类不能被继承。This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class ComboBoxRenderer sealed
public sealed class ComboBoxRenderer
type ComboBoxRenderer = class
Public NotInheritable Class ComboBoxRenderer
继承
ComboBoxRenderer

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何创建一个自定义控件, 该控件DrawTextBox使用DrawDropDownButton和方法来绘制响应鼠标单击的组合框。The following code example demonstrates how to create a custom control that uses the DrawTextBox and DrawDropDownButton methods to draw a combo box that responds to mouse clicks.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::VisualStyles;

namespace ComboBoxRendererSample
{
    ref class CustomComboBox: public Control
    {
    private:
        System::Drawing::Size arrowSize;
        Rectangle arrowRectangle;
        Rectangle topTextBoxRectangle;
        Rectangle bottomTextBoxRectangle;
        ComboBoxState textBoxState;
        ComboBoxState arrowState;
        String^ bottomText;
        bool isActivated;
        int minHeight;
        int minWidth;

    public:
        CustomComboBox() : Control()

          {
              minHeight = 38;
              minWidth = 40; 
              this->Location = Point(10, 10);
              this->Size = System::Drawing::Size(140, 38);
              this->Font = SystemFonts::IconTitleFont;
              this->Text = "Click the button";
              textBoxState = ComboBoxState::Normal;
              bottomText = "Using ComboBoxRenderer";
              arrowState = ComboBoxState::Normal;

              // Initialize the rectangles to look like the standard combo
              // box control.
              arrowSize = System::Drawing::Size(18, 20);
              arrowRectangle = Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X +
                  ClientRectangle.Width - arrowSize.Width - 1,
                  ClientRectangle.Y + 1,
                  arrowSize.Width,
                  arrowSize.Height);
              topTextBoxRectangle = Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                  ClientRectangle.Y,
                  ClientRectangle.Width,
                  arrowSize.Height + 2);
              bottomTextBoxRectangle = Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                  ClientRectangle.Y + topTextBoxRectangle.Height,
                  ClientRectangle.Width,
                  topTextBoxRectangle.Height - 6);
          }

          // Draw the combo box in the current state.
    protected:
        virtual void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs^ e) override 
        {
            Control::OnPaint(e);

            if (!ComboBoxRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                this->Parent->Text = "Visual Styles Disabled";
                return;
            }

            this->Parent->Text = "CustomComboBox Enabled";

            // Always draw the main text box and drop down arrow in their
            // current states
            ComboBoxRenderer::DrawTextBox(e->Graphics, topTextBoxRectangle,
                this->Text, this->Font, textBoxState);
            ComboBoxRenderer::DrawDropDownButton(e->Graphics, arrowRectangle,
                arrowState);

            // Only draw the bottom text box if the arrow has been clicked
            if (isActivated)
            {
                ComboBoxRenderer::DrawTextBox(e->Graphics,
                    bottomTextBoxRectangle, bottomText, this->Font,
                    textBoxState);
            }
        }

    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs^ e) override 
        {
            Control::OnMouseDown(e);

            // Check whether the user clicked the arrow.
            if (arrowRectangle.Contains(e->Location) &&
                ComboBoxRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                // Draw the arrow in the pressed state.
                arrowState = ComboBoxState::Pressed;

                // The user has activated the combo box.
                if (!isActivated)
                {
                    this->Text = "Clicked!";
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState::Pressed;
                    isActivated = true;
                }

                // The user has deactivated the combo box.
                else
                {
                    this->Text = "Click here";
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState::Normal;
                    isActivated = false;
                }

                // Redraw the control.
                Invalidate();
            }
        }

    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseUp(MouseEventArgs^ e) override 
        {
            Control::OnMouseUp(e);

            if (arrowRectangle.Contains(e->Location) &&
                ComboBoxRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                arrowState = ComboBoxState::Normal;
                Invalidate();
            }
        }
    };

    ref class Form1 : public Form
    {
    public:
        Form1() : Form()
        {
            this->Size = System::Drawing::Size(300, 300);
            CustomComboBox^ ComboBox1 = gcnew CustomComboBox();
            Controls->Add(ComboBox1);
        }

    };

}

[STAThread]
int main()
{
    // The call to EnableVisualStyles below does not affect
    // whether ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported is true; as long as visual
    // styles are enabled by the operating system, IsSupported is true.
    Application::EnableVisualStyles();
    Application::Run(gcnew ComboBoxRendererSample::Form1());

}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles;

namespace ComboBoxRendererSample
{
    class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
            : base()
        {
            this.Size = new Size(300, 300);
            CustomComboBox ComboBox1 = new CustomComboBox();
            Controls.Add(ComboBox1);
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            // The call to EnableVisualStyles below does not affect
            // whether ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported is true; as long as visual
            // styles are enabled by the operating system, IsSupported is true.
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }
    }

    public class CustomComboBox : Control
    {
        private Size arrowSize;
        private Rectangle arrowRectangle;
        private Rectangle topTextBoxRectangle;
        private Rectangle bottomTextBoxRectangle;
        private ComboBoxState textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal;
        private ComboBoxState arrowState = ComboBoxState.Normal;
        private String bottomText = "Using ComboBoxRenderer";
        private bool isActivated = false;
        private const int minHeight = 38;
        private const int minWidth = 40;

        public CustomComboBox()
            : base()
        {
            this.Location = new Point(10, 10);
            this.Size = new Size(140, 38);
            this.Font = SystemFonts.IconTitleFont;
            this.Text = "Click the button";

            // Initialize the rectangles to look like the standard combo 
            // box control.
            arrowSize = new Size(18, 20);
            arrowRectangle = new Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X +
                ClientRectangle.Width - arrowSize.Width - 1,
                ClientRectangle.Y + 1,
                arrowSize.Width,
                arrowSize.Height);
            topTextBoxRectangle = new Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                ClientRectangle.Y,
                ClientRectangle.Width,
                arrowSize.Height + 2);
            bottomTextBoxRectangle = new Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                ClientRectangle.Y + topTextBoxRectangle.Height,
                ClientRectangle.Width,
                topTextBoxRectangle.Height - 6);
        }

        // Draw the combo box in the current state.
        protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnPaint(e);

            if (!ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported)
            {
                this.Parent.Text = "Visual Styles Disabled";
                return;
            }

            this.Parent.Text = "CustomComboBox Enabled";

            // Always draw the main text box and drop down arrow in their 
            // current states
            ComboBoxRenderer.DrawTextBox(e.Graphics, topTextBoxRectangle,
                this.Text, this.Font, textBoxState);
            ComboBoxRenderer.DrawDropDownButton(e.Graphics, arrowRectangle,
                arrowState);

            // Only draw the bottom text box if the arrow has been clicked
            if (isActivated)
            {
                ComboBoxRenderer.DrawTextBox(e.Graphics,
                    bottomTextBoxRectangle, bottomText, this.Font,
                    textBoxState);
            }
        }

        protected override void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseDown(e);

            // Check whether the user clicked the arrow.
            if (arrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location) &&
                ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported)
            {
                // Draw the arrow in the pressed state.
                arrowState = ComboBoxState.Pressed;

                // The user has activated the combo box.
                if (!isActivated)
                {
                    this.Text = "Clicked!";
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Pressed;
                    isActivated = true;
                }

                // The user has deactivated the combo box.
                else
                {
                    this.Text = "Click here";
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal;
                    isActivated = false;
                }

                // Redraw the control.
                Invalidate();
            }
        }

        protected override void OnMouseUp(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseUp(e);

            if (arrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location) &&
                ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported)
            {
                arrowState = ComboBoxState.Normal;
                Invalidate();
            }
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles

Namespace ComboBoxRendererSample
    Class Form1
        Inherits Form

        Public Sub New()
            Me.Size = New Size(300, 300)
            Dim ComboBox1 As New CustomComboBox()
            Controls.Add(ComboBox1)
        End Sub

        <STAThread()> _
        Shared Sub Main()
            ' The call to EnableVisualStyles below does not affect
            ' whether ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported is true; as long as visual
            ' styles are enabled by the operating system, IsSupported is true.
            Application.EnableVisualStyles()
            Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub
    End Class

    Public Class CustomComboBox
        Inherits Control

        Private arrowSize As Size
        Private arrowRectangle As Rectangle
        Private topTextBoxRectangle As Rectangle
        Private bottomTextBoxRectangle As Rectangle
        Private textBoxState As ComboBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal
        Private arrowState As ComboBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal
        Private bottomText As String = "Using ComboBoxRenderer"
        Private isActivated As Boolean = False
        Private minHeight As Integer = 38
        Private minWidth As Integer = 40

        Public Sub New()
            Me.Location = New Point(10, 10)
            Me.Size = New Size(140, 38)
            Me.Font = SystemFonts.IconTitleFont
            Me.Text = "Click the button"

            ' Initialize the rectangles to look like the standard combo 
            ' box control.
            arrowSize = New Size(18, 20)
            arrowRectangle = New Rectangle(Me.ClientRectangle.X + _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Width - arrowSize.Width - 1, _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Y + 1, arrowSize.Width, _
                arrowSize.Height)
            topTextBoxRectangle = New Rectangle(Me.ClientRectangle.X, _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Y, Me.ClientRectangle.Width, _
                arrowSize.Height + 2)
            bottomTextBoxRectangle = New Rectangle(Me.ClientRectangle.X, _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Y + topTextBoxRectangle.Height, _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Width, topTextBoxRectangle.Height - 6)
        End Sub

        ' Draw the combo box in the current state.
        Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)
            MyBase.OnPaint(e)

            If Not ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported Then
                Me.Parent.Text = "Visual Styles	Disabled"
                Return
            End If

            Me.Parent.Text = "CustomComboBox Enabled"

            ' Always draw the main text box and drop down arrow in their 
            ' current states.
            ComboBoxRenderer.DrawTextBox(e.Graphics, topTextBoxRectangle, _
                Me.Text, Me.Font, textBoxState)
            ComboBoxRenderer.DrawDropDownButton(e.Graphics, arrowRectangle, _
                arrowState)

            ' Only draw the bottom text box if the arrow has been clicked.
            If isActivated Then
                ComboBoxRenderer.DrawTextBox(e.Graphics, _
                    bottomTextBoxRectangle, bottomText, Me.Font, textBoxState)
            End If
        End Sub

        Protected Overrides Sub OnMouseDown(ByVal e As MouseEventArgs)
            MyBase.OnMouseDown(e)

            ' Check whether the user clicked the arrow.
            If arrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location) And _
                ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported Then

                ' Draw the arrow in the pressed state.
                arrowState = ComboBoxState.Pressed

                ' The user has activated the combo box.
                If Not isActivated Then
                    Me.Text = "Clicked!"
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Pressed
                    isActivated = True

                ' The user has deactivated the combo box.
                Else
                    Me.Text = "Click here"
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal
                    isActivated = False
                End If

                ' Redraw the control.
                Invalidate()
            End If
        End Sub

        Protected Overrides Sub OnMouseUp(ByVal e As MouseEventArgs)
            MyBase.OnMouseUp(e)
            If arrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location) And _
                ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported Then
                arrowState = ComboBoxState.Normal
                Invalidate()
            End If
        End Sub

    End Class
End Namespace

注解

类提供一static组方法, 这些方法可用于使用操作系统的当前视觉样式呈现组合框控件。 ComboBoxRendererThe ComboBoxRenderer class provides a set of static methods that can be used to render a combo box control with the current visual style of the operating system. 呈现控件是指绘制控件的用户界面。Rendering a control refers to drawing the user interface of a control. 如果要绘制的自定义控件应具有当前视觉样式的外观, 此方法非常有用。This is useful if you are drawing a custom control that should have the appearance of the current visual style. 若要绘制组合框, 请使用DrawTextBox方法绘制文本框DrawDropDownButton , 并使用方法绘制下拉箭头。To draw a combo box, use the DrawTextBox method to draw the text box and the DrawDropDownButton method to draw the drop-down arrow.

如果在操作系统中启用了视觉样式, 并DrawTextBox DrawDropDownButton将视觉样式应用于应用程序窗口的工作区, 将绘制具有当前视觉样式的组合框。If visual styles are enabled in the operating system and visual styles are applied to the client area of application windows, DrawTextBox and DrawDropDownButton will draw the combo box with the current visual style. 否则, 这些方法将引发InvalidOperationExceptionOtherwise, these methods will throw an InvalidOperationException. 若要确定是否可以使用此类的成员, 可以检查IsSupported属性的值。To determine whether the members of this class can be used, you can check the value of the IsSupported property.

此类包装设置为System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleRenderer System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.ComboBox.DropDownButtonSystem.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.TextBox.TextEdit类公开的元素之一的的功能。This class wraps the functionality of a System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleRenderer that is set to one of the elements exposed by the System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.ComboBox.DropDownButton and System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.TextBox.TextEdit classes. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用视觉样式呈现控件For more information, see Rendering Controls with Visual Styles.

属性

IsSupported

获取一个值,该值指示是否可使用 ComboBoxRenderer 类以视觉样式绘制组合框。Gets a value indicating whether the ComboBoxRenderer class can be used to draw a combo box with visual styles.

方法

DrawDropDownButton(Graphics, Rectangle, ComboBoxState)

使用操作系统当前视觉样式绘制一个下拉箭头。Draws a drop-down arrow with the current visual style of the operating system.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, ComboBoxState)

在指定边界内绘制指定状态的文本框。Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, String, Font, ComboBoxState)

使用指定文本在指定边界内绘制指定状态的文本框。Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, String, Font, Rectangle, ComboBoxState)

使用指定的文本和文本边界在指定边界内绘制指定状态的文本框。Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text and text bounds.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, String, Font, Rectangle, TextFormatFlags, ComboBoxState)

使用指定的文本、文本格式和文本边界在指定边界内绘制指定状态的文本框。Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text, text formatting, and text bounds.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, String, Font, TextFormatFlags, ComboBoxState)

使用指定的文本和文本格式在指定边界内绘制指定状态的文本框。Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text and text formatting.

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)

适用于

另请参阅