ListView.EndUpdate 方法

定义

BeginUpdate() 方法挂起描述后,继续描述列表视图控件。Resumes drawing of the list view control after drawing is suspended by the BeginUpdate() method.

public:
 void EndUpdate();
public void EndUpdate ();
member this.EndUpdate : unit -> unit
Public Sub EndUpdate ()

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何初始化 ListView 控件以包含复选框。The following code example demonstrates initializing a ListView control to contain check boxes. 它还演示了如何使用 BeginUpdateEndUpdate 方法。It also demonstrates using the BeginUpdate and EndUpdate methods. 若要运行此示例,请将以下代码粘贴到包含名为的的窗体中 ListView ListView1To run this example, paste the following code into a form containing a ListView named ListView1. InitializeListView从窗体的构造函数或方法中调用方法 LoadCall the InitializeListView method from the form's constructor or Load method.

void InitializeListView()
{
   this->ListView1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ListView;
   
   // Set properties such as BackColor and DockStyle and Location.
   this->ListView1->BackColor = System::Drawing::SystemColors::Control;
   this->ListView1->Dock = System::Windows::Forms::DockStyle::Top;
   this->ListView1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 0, 0 );
   this->ListView1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 130 );
   this->ListView1->View = System::Windows::Forms::View::Details;
   this->ListView1->HideSelection = false;
   
   // Allow the user to select multiple items.
   this->ListView1->MultiSelect = true;
   
   // Show CheckBoxes in the ListView.
   this->ListView1->CheckBoxes = true;
   
   //Set the column headers and populate the columns.
   ListView1->HeaderStyle = ColumnHeaderStyle::Nonclickable;
   ColumnHeader^ columnHeader1 = gcnew ColumnHeader;
   columnHeader1->Text = "Breakfast Choices";
   columnHeader1->TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment::Left;
   columnHeader1->Width = 146;
   ColumnHeader^ columnHeader2 = gcnew ColumnHeader;
   columnHeader2->Text = "Price Each";
   columnHeader2->TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment::Center;
   columnHeader2->Width = 142;
   this->ListView1->Columns->Add( columnHeader1 );
   this->ListView1->Columns->Add( columnHeader2 );
   array<String^>^foodList = {"Juice","Coffee","Cereal & Milk","Fruit Plate","Toast & Jelly","Bagel & Cream Cheese"};
   array<String^>^foodPrice = {"1.09","1.09","2.19","2.79","2.09","2.69"};
   int count;
   
   // Members are added one at a time, so call BeginUpdate to ensure 
   // the list is painted only once, rather than as each list item is added.
   ListView1->BeginUpdate();
   for ( count = 0; count < foodList->Length; count++ )
   {
      ListViewItem^ listItem = gcnew ListViewItem( foodList[ count ] );
      listItem->SubItems->Add( foodPrice[ count ] );
      ListView1->Items->Add( listItem );
   }
   
   //Call EndUpdate when you finish adding items to the ListView.
   ListView1->EndUpdate();
   this->Controls->Add( this->ListView1 );
}
private void InitializeListView()
{
    this.ListView1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListView();

    // Set properties such as BackColor and DockStyle and Location.
    this.ListView1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.Control;
    this.ListView1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Top;
    this.ListView1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 0);
    this.ListView1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 130);
    this.ListView1.View = System.Windows.Forms.View.Details;
    this.ListView1.HideSelection = false;

    // Allow the user to select multiple items.
    this.ListView1.MultiSelect = true;

    // Show CheckBoxes in the ListView.
    this.ListView1.CheckBoxes = true;
    
    //Set the column headers and populate the columns.
    ListView1.HeaderStyle = ColumnHeaderStyle.Nonclickable;
    
    ColumnHeader columnHeader1 = new ColumnHeader();
    columnHeader1.Text = "Breakfast Choices";
    columnHeader1.TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
    columnHeader1.Width = 146;

    ColumnHeader columnHeader2 = new ColumnHeader();
    columnHeader2.Text = "Price Each";
    columnHeader2.TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
    columnHeader2.Width = 142;

    this.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader1);
    this.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader2);

    string[] foodList = new string[]{"Juice", "Coffee", 
        "Cereal & Milk", "Fruit Plate", "Toast & Jelly", 
        "Bagel & Cream Cheese"};

    string[] foodPrice = new string[]{"1.09", "1.09", "2.19", 
        "2.79", "2.09", "2.69"};
    
    int count;

    // Members are added one at a time, so call BeginUpdate to ensure 
    // the list is painted only once, rather than as each list item is added.
    ListView1.BeginUpdate();

    for(count = 0; count < foodList.Length; count++)
    {
        ListViewItem listItem = new ListViewItem(foodList[count]);
        listItem.SubItems.Add(foodPrice[count]);
        ListView1.Items.Add(listItem);
    }

    //Call EndUpdate when you finish adding items to the ListView.
    ListView1.EndUpdate();
    this.Controls.Add(this.ListView1);
}
Private Sub InitializeListView()
    Me.ListView1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListView

    ' Set properties such as BackColor, Location and Size
    Me.ListView1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.Control
    Me.ListView1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Top
    Me.ListView1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 0)
    Me.ListView1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 130)
    Me.ListView1.View = System.Windows.Forms.View.Details
    Me.ListView1.HideSelection = False

    ' Allow user to select multiple items.
    Me.ListView1.MultiSelect = True

    ' Show check boxes in the ListView.
    Me.ListView1.CheckBoxes = True

    'Set the column headers and populate the columns.
    ListView1.HeaderStyle = ColumnHeaderStyle.Nonclickable
    Dim columnHeader1 As New ColumnHeader
    With columnHeader1
        .Text = "Breakfast Choices"
        .TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Left
        .Width = 146
    End With
    Dim columnHeader2 As New ColumnHeader
    With columnHeader2
        .Text = "Price Each"
        .TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Center
        .Width = 142
    End With
    Me.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader1)
    Me.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader2)
    Dim foodList() As String = New String() {"Juice", "Coffee", _
        "Cereal & Milk", "Fruit Plate", "Toast & Jelly", _
        "Bagel & Cream Cheese"}

    Dim foodPrice() As String = New String() {"1.09", "1.09", "2.19", _
        "2.79", "2.09", "2.69"}
    Dim count As Integer

    ' Members are added one at a time, so call BeginUpdate to ensure 
    ' the list is painted only once, rather than as each list item is added.
    ListView1.BeginUpdate()

    For count = 0 To foodList.Length - 1
        Dim listItem As New ListViewItem(foodList(count))
        listItem.SubItems.Add(foodPrice(count))
        ListView1.Items.Add(listItem)
    Next

    'Call EndUpdate when you finish adding items to the ListView.
    ListView1.EndUpdate()
    Me.Controls.Add(Me.ListView1)
End Sub

注解

向添加多个项的首选方法 ListView 是使用 AddRange ListView.ListViewItemCollection 通过) 的属性访问的 (的方法 Items ListViewThe preferred way to add multiple items to a ListView is to use the AddRange method of the ListView.ListViewItemCollection (accessed through the Items property of the ListView). 这使您可以在单个操作中将一组项添加到列表中。This enables you to add an array of items to the list in a single operation. 但是,如果你想要使用类的方法一次添加一个项 Add ListView.ListViewItemCollection ,则可以使用 BeginUpdate 方法防止 ListView 每次添加项时重新绘制控件。However, if you want to add items one at a time using the Add method of the ListView.ListViewItemCollection class, you can use the BeginUpdate method to prevent the control from repainting the ListView each time an item is added. 完成将项添加到控件的任务后,调用 EndUpdate 方法以使 ListView 能够重绘。Once you have completed the task of adding items to the control, call the EndUpdate method to enable the ListView to repaint. 通过这种添加项的方式,可以在将 ListView 大量项添加到控件时阻止 flickered 的绘制。This way of adding items can prevent flickered drawing of the ListView when a large number of items are being added to the control.

如果多次 BeginUpdate 调用,则 EndUpdate 必须调用等效的次数。If BeginUpdate is called more than once, EndUpdate must be called an equivalent number of times. 直到对的最后一个调用才 EndUpdate ListView 会重新绘制。Until the last call to EndUpdate the ListView will not repaint. 除此外,多次调用 BeginUpdate 不起作用。Other than this, multiple calls to BeginUpdate have no effect.

适用于

另请参阅