XmlNode.GetPrefixOfNamespace(String) 方法

定义

查找当前节点范围内离给定的命名空间 URI 最近的 xmlns 声明,并返回声明中定义的前缀。Looks up the closest xmlns declaration for the given namespace URI that is in scope for the current node and returns the prefix defined in that declaration.

public:
 virtual System::String ^ GetPrefixOfNamespace(System::String ^ namespaceURI);
public virtual string GetPrefixOfNamespace (string namespaceURI);
abstract member GetPrefixOfNamespace : string -> string
override this.GetPrefixOfNamespace : string -> string
Public Overridable Function GetPrefixOfNamespace (namespaceURI As String) As String

参数

namespaceURI
String

要查找其前缀的命名空间 URI。The namespace URI whose prefix you want to find.

返回

String

指定的命名空间 URI 的前缀。The prefix for the specified namespace URI.

示例

下面的示例将一个新元素添加到 XML 文档中。The following example adds a new element to the XML document.

#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
int main()
{
   XmlDocument^ doc = gcnew XmlDocument;
   doc->LoadXml( "<book xmlns:bk='urn:samples' bk:ISBN='1-861001-57-5'>"
   "<title>Pride And Prejudice</title>"
   "</book>" );
   XmlNode^ root = doc->FirstChild;
   
   //Create a new node.
   String^ prefix = root->GetPrefixOfNamespace( "urn:samples" );
   XmlElement^ elem = doc->CreateElement( prefix, "style", "urn:samples" );
   elem->InnerText = "hardcover";
   
   //Add the node to the document.
   root->AppendChild( elem );
   Console::WriteLine( "Display the modified XML..." );
   doc->Save( Console::Out );
}

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample {

  public static void Main() {

    XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
    doc.LoadXml("<book xmlns:bk='urn:samples' bk:ISBN='1-861001-57-5'>" +
                "<title>Pride And Prejudice</title>" +
                "</book>");

    XmlNode root = doc.FirstChild;

    //Create a new node.
    string prefix = root.GetPrefixOfNamespace("urn:samples");
    XmlElement elem = doc.CreateElement(prefix, "style", "urn:samples");
    elem.InnerText = "hardcover";

    //Add the node to the document.
    root.AppendChild(elem);

    Console.WriteLine("Display the modified XML...");
    doc.Save(Console.Out);
  }
}
Option Strict
Option Explicit

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml

Public Class Sample
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        Dim doc As New XmlDocument()
        doc.LoadXml("<book xmlns:bk='urn:samples' bk:ISBN='1-861001-57-5'>" & _
                    "<title>Pride And Prejudice</title>" & _
                    "</book>")
        
        Dim root As XmlNode = doc.FirstChild
        
        'Create a new node.
        Dim prefix As String = root.GetPrefixOfNamespace("urn:samples")
        Dim elem As XmlElement = doc.CreateElement(prefix, "style", "urn:samples")
        elem.InnerText = "hardcover"
        
        'Add the node to the document.
        root.AppendChild(elem)
        
        Console.WriteLine("Display the modified XML...")
        doc.Save(Console.Out)
    End Sub
End Class

注解

此方法是文档对象模型 (DOM) 的 Microsoft 扩展。This method is a Microsoft extension to the Document Object Model (DOM).

适用于