查看类型信息Viewing Type Information

System.Type 类是反射的中心。The System.Type class is central to reflection. 当反射提出请求时,公共语言运行时为已加载的类型创建 Type。The common language runtime creates the Type for a loaded type when reflection requests it. 可使用 Type 对象的方法、字段、属性和嵌套类来查找该类型的任何信息。You can use a Type object's methods, fields, properties, and nested classes to find out everything about that type.

使用 Assembly.GetTypeAssembly.GetTypes 从尚未加载的程序集中获取 Type对象,传入所需类型的名称。Use Assembly.GetType or Assembly.GetTypes to obtain Type objects from assemblies that have not been loaded, passing in the name of the type or types you want. 使用 Type.GetType 从已加载的程序集中获取 Type 对象。Use Type.GetType to get the Type objects from an assembly that is already loaded. 使用 Module.GetTypeModule.GetTypes 获取模块 Type 对象。Use Module.GetType and Module.GetTypes to obtain module Type objects.

备注

若要检查和操纵泛型类型及方法,请参阅反射类型和泛型类型如何:使用反射检查和实例化泛型类型中提供的其他信息。If you want to examine and manipulate generic types and methods, please see the additional information provided in Reflection and Generic Types and How to: Examine and Instantiate Generic Types with Reflection.

下列示例演示获取程序集的 Assembly 对象和模块所必需的语法。The following example shows the syntax necessary to get the Assembly object and module for an assembly.

// Gets the mscorlib assembly in which the object is defined.
Assembly^ a = Object::typeid->Module->Assembly;
// Gets the mscorlib assembly in which the object is defined.
Assembly a = typeof(object).Module.Assembly;
' Gets the mscorlib assembly in which the object is defined.
Dim a As Assembly = GetType(Object).Module.Assembly

下列示例演示如何从已加载的程序集获取 Type 对象。The following example demonstrates getting Type objects from a loaded assembly.

// Loads an assembly using its file name.
Assembly^ a = Assembly::LoadFrom("MyExe.exe");
// Gets the type names from the assembly.
array<Type^>^ types2 = a->GetTypes();
for each (Type^ t in types2)
{
    Console::WriteLine(t->FullName);
}
// Loads an assembly using its file name.
Assembly a = Assembly.LoadFrom("MyExe.exe");
// Gets the type names from the assembly.
Type[] types2 = a.GetTypes();
foreach (Type t in types2)
{
    Console.WriteLine(t.FullName);
}
' Loads an assembly using its file name.
Dim a As Assembly = Assembly.LoadFrom("MyExe.exe")
' Gets the type names from the assembly.
Dim types2() As Type = a.GetTypes()
For Each t As Type In types2
    Console.WriteLine(t.FullName)
Next t

一旦获取 Type 对象,可通过多种方式来查看该类型成员的相关信息。Once you obtain a Type, there are many ways you can discover information about the members of that type. 例如,可调用 Type.GetMembers 方法查找所有类型的成员,获取一组描述当前类型各成员的 MemberInfo 对象。For example, you can find out about all the type's members by calling the Type.GetMembers method, which obtains an array of MemberInfo objects describing each of the members of the current type.

还可以使用 Type 类上的方法来检索按名称指定的一个或多个构造函数、方法、事件、字段或属性的相关信息。You can also use methods on the Type class to retrieve information about one or more constructors, methods, events, fields, or properties that you specify by name. 例如,Type.GetConstructor 封装当前类的特定构造函数。For example, Type.GetConstructor encapsulates a specific constructor of the current class.

如果有 Type,可使用 Type.Module 属性获取一个封装含该类型的模块的对象。If you have a Type, you can use the Type.Module property to obtain an object that encapsulates the module containing that type. 使用 Module.Assembly 属性查找一个封装含该模块的程序集的对象。Use the Module.Assembly property to locate an object that encapsulates the assembly containing the module. 可以获取直接使用 Type.Assembly 属性封装类型的程序集。You can obtain the assembly that encapsulates the type directly by using the Type.Assembly property.

System.Type 和 ConstructorInfoSystem.Type and ConstructorInfo

下列示例演示如何列出类的构造函数,在本例中即指 String 类。The following example shows how to list the constructors for a class, in this case, the String class.

// This program lists all the public constructors
// of the System.String class.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

class ListMembers
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        Type^ t = System::String::typeid;
        Console::WriteLine ("Listing all the public constructors of the {0} type", t);
        // Constructors.
        array<ConstructorInfo^>^ ci = t->GetConstructors(BindingFlags::Public | BindingFlags::Instance);
        Console::WriteLine ("//Constructors");
        PrintMembers(ci);
    }

    static void PrintMembers(array<MemberInfo^>^ ms)
    {
        for each (MemberInfo^ m in ms)
        {
            Console::WriteLine ("{0}{1}", "     ", m);
        }
        Console::WriteLine();
    }
};

int main()
{
    ListMembers::Main();
}
// This program lists all the public constructors
// of the System.String class.
using System;
using System.Reflection;

class ListMembers
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Type t = typeof(System.String);
        Console.WriteLine("Listing all the public constructors of the {0} type", t);
        // Constructors.
        ConstructorInfo[] ci = t.GetConstructors(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance);
        Console.WriteLine("//Constructors");
        PrintMembers(ci);
    }

    public static void PrintMembers(MemberInfo[] ms)
    {
        foreach (MemberInfo m in ms)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", "     ", m);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
' This program lists all the public constructors
' of the System.String class.

Imports System.Reflection

Class ListMembers
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim t As Type = GetType(String)
        Console.WriteLine("Listing all the public constructors of the {0} type", t)
        ' Constructors.
        Dim ci As ConstructorInfo() = t.GetConstructors((BindingFlags.Public Or BindingFlags.Instance))
        Console.WriteLine("//Constructors")
        PrintMembers(ci)
    End Sub
    Public Shared Sub PrintMembers(ms() As MemberInfo)
        Dim m As MemberInfo
        For Each m In ms
            Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", "     ", m)
        Next m
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

MemberInfo、MethodInfo、FieldInfo 和 PropertyInfoMemberInfo, MethodInfo, FieldInfo, and PropertyInfo

使用 MemberInfoMethodInfoFieldInfoPropertyInfo 对象获取类型的方法、属性、事件和字段的相关信息。Obtain information about the type's methods, properties, events, and fields using MemberInfo, MethodInfo, FieldInfo, or PropertyInfo objects.

下列示例使用 MemberInfo 列出 System.IO.File 类中成员的数量,并使用 IsPublic 属性确定类的可见性。The following example uses MemberInfo to list the number of members in the System.IO.File class and uses the IsPublic property to determine the visibility of the class.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class Mymemberinfo
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        Console::WriteLine ("\nReflection.MemberInfo");
        // Gets the Type and MemberInfo.
        Type^ MyType = Type::GetType("System.IO.File");
        array<MemberInfo^>^ Mymemberinfoarray = MyType->GetMembers();
        // Gets and displays the DeclaringType method.
        Console::WriteLine("\nThere are {0} members in {1}.",
            Mymemberinfoarray->Length, MyType->FullName);
        Console::WriteLine("{0}.", MyType->FullName);
        if (MyType->IsPublic)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("{0} is public.", MyType->FullName);
        }
    }
};

int main()
{
    Mymemberinfo::Main();
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Reflection;

class Mymemberinfo
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine ("\nReflection.MemberInfo");
        // Gets the Type and MemberInfo.
        Type MyType = Type.GetType("System.IO.File");
        MemberInfo[] Mymemberinfoarray = MyType.GetMembers();
        // Gets and displays the DeclaringType method.
        Console.WriteLine("\nThere are {0} members in {1}.",
            Mymemberinfoarray.Length, MyType.FullName);
        Console.WriteLine("{0}.", MyType.FullName);
        if (MyType.IsPublic)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is public.", MyType.FullName);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Reflection

Class Mymemberinfo
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Console.WriteLine ("\nReflection.MemberInfo")
        ' Gets the Type and MemberInfo.
        Dim MyType As Type = Type.GetType("System.IO.File")
        Dim Mymemberinfoarray() As MemberInfo = MyType.GetMembers()
        ' Gets and displays the DeclaringType method.
        Console.WriteLine("\nThere are {0} members in {1}.",
            Mymemberinfoarray.Length, MyType.FullName)
        Console.WriteLine("{0}.", MyType.FullName)
        If MyType.IsPublic
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is public.", MyType.FullName)
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

下列示例调查指定成员的类型。The following example investigates the type of the specified member. 它在 MemberInfo 类的成员上执行反射,并列出该成员的类型。It performs reflection on a member of the MemberInfo class, and lists its type.

// This code displays information about the GetValue method of FieldInfo.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class MyMethodInfo
{
public:
    static int Main()
    {
        Console::WriteLine("Reflection.MethodInfo");
        // Gets and displays the Type.
        Type^ MyType = Type::GetType("System.Reflection.FieldInfo");
        // Specifies the member for which you want type information.
        MethodInfo^ Mymethodinfo = MyType->GetMethod("GetValue");
        Console::WriteLine(MyType->FullName + "." + Mymethodinfo->Name);
        // Gets and displays the MemberType property.
        MemberTypes Mymembertypes = Mymethodinfo->MemberType;
        if (MemberTypes::Constructor == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("MemberType is of type All");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes::Custom == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("MemberType is of type Custom");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes::Event == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("MemberType is of type Event");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes::Field == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("MemberType is of type Field");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes::Method == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("MemberType is of type Method");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes::Property == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("MemberType is of type Property");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes::TypeInfo == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("MemberType is of type TypeInfo");
        }
        return 0;
    }
};

int main()
{
    MyMethodInfo::Main();
}
// This code displays information about the GetValue method of FieldInfo.
using System;
using System.Reflection;

class MyMethodInfo
{
    public static int Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Reflection.MethodInfo");
        // Gets and displays the Type.
        Type MyType = Type.GetType("System.Reflection.FieldInfo");
        // Specifies the member for which you want type information.
        MethodInfo Mymethodinfo = MyType.GetMethod("GetValue");
        Console.WriteLine(MyType.FullName + "." + Mymethodinfo.Name);
        // Gets and displays the MemberType property.
        MemberTypes Mymembertypes = Mymethodinfo.MemberType;
        if (MemberTypes.Constructor == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type All");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes.Custom == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Custom");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes.Event == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Event");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes.Field == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Field");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes.Method == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Method");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes.Property == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Property");
        }
        else if (MemberTypes.TypeInfo == Mymembertypes)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type TypeInfo");
        }
        return 0;
    }
}
' This code displays information about the GetValue method of FieldInfo.
Imports System.Reflection
Class MyMethodInfo
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Console.WriteLine("Reflection.MethodInfo")
        ' Gets and displays the Type.
        Dim MyType As Type = Type.GetType("System.Reflection.FieldInfo")
        ' Specifies the member for which you want type information.
        Dim Mymethodinfo As MethodInfo = MyType.GetMethod("GetValue")
        Console.WriteLine((MyType.FullName & "." & Mymethodinfo.Name))
        ' Gets and displays the MemberType property.
        Dim Mymembertypes As MemberTypes = Mymethodinfo.MemberType
        If MemberTypes.Constructor = Mymembertypes Then
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type All")
        ElseIf MemberTypes.Custom = Mymembertypes Then
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Custom")
        ElseIf MemberTypes.Event = Mymembertypes Then
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Event")
        ElseIf MemberTypes.Field = Mymembertypes Then
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Field")
        ElseIf MemberTypes.Method = Mymembertypes Then
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Method")
        ElseIf MemberTypes.Property = Mymembertypes Then
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type Property")
        ElseIf MemberTypes.TypeInfo = Mymembertypes Then
            Console.WriteLine("MemberType is of type TypeInfo")
        End If
        Return
    End Sub
End Class

下列示例使用所有反射 *Info 类和 BindingFlags 来列出指定类的全体成员(构造函数、字段、属性、事件和方法),并将成员区分为静态和实例类别。The following example uses all the Reflection *Info classes along with BindingFlags to list all the members (constructors, fields, properties, events, and methods) of the specified class, dividing the members into static and instance categories.

// This program lists all the members of the
// System.IO.BufferedStream class.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class ListMembers
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        // Specifies the class.
        Type^ t = System::IO::BufferedStream::typeid;
        Console::WriteLine("Listing all the members (public and non public) of the {0} type", t);

        // Lists static fields first.
        array<FieldInfo^>^ fi = t->GetFields(BindingFlags::Static |
            BindingFlags::NonPublic | BindingFlags::Public);
        Console::WriteLine("// Static Fields");
        PrintMembers(fi);

        // Static properties.
        array<PropertyInfo^>^ pi = t->GetProperties(BindingFlags::Static |
            BindingFlags::NonPublic | BindingFlags::Public);
        Console::WriteLine("// Static Properties");
        PrintMembers(pi);

        // Static events.
        array<EventInfo^>^ ei = t->GetEvents(BindingFlags::Static |
            BindingFlags::NonPublic | BindingFlags::Public);
        Console::WriteLine("// Static Events");
        PrintMembers(ei);

        // Static methods.
        array<MethodInfo^>^ mi = t->GetMethods (BindingFlags::Static |
            BindingFlags::NonPublic | BindingFlags::Public);
        Console::WriteLine("// Static Methods");
        PrintMembers(mi);

        // Constructors.
        array<ConstructorInfo^>^ ci = t->GetConstructors(BindingFlags::Instance |
            BindingFlags::NonPublic | BindingFlags::Public);
        Console::WriteLine("// Constructors");
        PrintMembers(ci);

        // Instance fields.
        fi = t->GetFields(BindingFlags::Instance | BindingFlags::NonPublic |
            BindingFlags::Public);
        Console::WriteLine("// Instance Fields");
        PrintMembers(fi);

        // Instance properites.
        pi = t->GetProperties(BindingFlags::Instance | BindingFlags::NonPublic |
            BindingFlags::Public);
        Console::WriteLine ("// Instance Properties");
        PrintMembers(pi);

        // Instance events.
        ei = t->GetEvents(BindingFlags::Instance | BindingFlags::NonPublic |
            BindingFlags::Public);
        Console::WriteLine("// Instance Events");
        PrintMembers(ei);

        // Instance methods.
        mi = t->GetMethods(BindingFlags::Instance | BindingFlags::NonPublic
            | BindingFlags::Public);
        Console::WriteLine("// Instance Methods");
        PrintMembers(mi);

        Console::WriteLine("\r\nPress ENTER to exit.");
        Console::Read();
    }

    static void PrintMembers(array<MemberInfo^>^ ms)
    {
        for each (MemberInfo^ m in ms)
        {
            Console::WriteLine ("{0}{1}", "     ", m);
        }
        Console::WriteLine();
    }
};

int main()
{
    ListMembers::Main();
}
// This program lists all the members of the
// System.IO.BufferedStream class.
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Reflection;

class ListMembers
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Specifies the class.
        Type t = typeof(System.IO.BufferedStream);
        Console.WriteLine("Listing all the members (public and non public) of the {0} type", t);

        // Lists static fields first.
        FieldInfo[] fi = t.GetFields(BindingFlags.Static |
            BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public);
        Console.WriteLine("// Static Fields");
        PrintMembers(fi);

        // Static properties.
        PropertyInfo[] pi = t.GetProperties(BindingFlags.Static |
            BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public);
        Console.WriteLine("// Static Properties");
        PrintMembers(pi);

        // Static events.
        EventInfo[] ei = t.GetEvents(BindingFlags.Static |
            BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public);
        Console.WriteLine("// Static Events");
        PrintMembers(ei);

        // Static methods.
        MethodInfo[] mi = t.GetMethods (BindingFlags.Static |
            BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public);
        Console.WriteLine("// Static Methods");
        PrintMembers(mi);

        // Constructors.
        ConstructorInfo[] ci = t.GetConstructors(BindingFlags.Instance |
            BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public);
        Console.WriteLine("// Constructors");
        PrintMembers(ci);

        // Instance fields.
        fi = t.GetFields(BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.NonPublic |
            BindingFlags.Public);
        Console.WriteLine("// Instance Fields");
        PrintMembers(fi);

        // Instance properites.
        pi = t.GetProperties(BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.NonPublic |
            BindingFlags.Public);
        Console.WriteLine ("// Instance Properties");
        PrintMembers(pi);

        // Instance events.
        ei = t.GetEvents(BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.NonPublic |
            BindingFlags.Public);
        Console.WriteLine("// Instance Events");
        PrintMembers(ei);

        // Instance methods.
        mi = t.GetMethods(BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.NonPublic
            | BindingFlags.Public);
        Console.WriteLine("// Instance Methods");
        PrintMembers(mi);

        Console.WriteLine("\r\nPress ENTER to exit.");
        Console.Read();
    }

    public static void PrintMembers (MemberInfo [] ms)
    {
        foreach (MemberInfo m in ms)
        {
            Console.WriteLine ("{0}{1}", "     ", m);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
' This program lists all the members of the
' System.IO.BufferedStream class.
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Reflection

Class ListMembers
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Specifies the class.
        Dim t As Type = GetType(System.IO.BufferedStream)
        Console.WriteLine("Listing all the members (public and non public) of the {0} type", t)
        ' Lists static fields first.
        Dim fi As FieldInfo() = t.GetFields((BindingFlags.Static Or BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Public))
        Console.WriteLine("// Static Fields")
        PrintMembers(fi)
        ' Static properties.
        Dim pi As PropertyInfo() = t.GetProperties((BindingFlags.Static Or BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Public))
        Console.WriteLine("// Static Properties")
        PrintMembers(pi)
        ' Static events.
        Dim ei As EventInfo() = t.GetEvents((BindingFlags.Static Or BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Public))
        Console.WriteLine("// Static Events")
        PrintMembers(ei)
        ' Static methods.
        Dim mi As MethodInfo() = t.GetMethods((BindingFlags.Static Or BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Public))
        Console.WriteLine("// Static Methods")
        PrintMembers(mi)
        ' Constructors.
        Dim ci As ConstructorInfo() = t.GetConstructors((BindingFlags.Instance Or BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Public))
        Console.WriteLine("// Constructors")
        PrintMembers(ci)
        ' Instance fields.
        fi = t.GetFields((BindingFlags.Instance Or BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Public))
        Console.WriteLine("// Instance Fields")
        PrintMembers(fi)
        ' Instance properites.
        pi = t.GetProperties((BindingFlags.Instance Or BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Public))
        Console.WriteLine("// Instance Properties")
        PrintMembers(pi)
        ' Instance events.
        ei = t.GetEvents((BindingFlags.Instance Or BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Public))
        Console.WriteLine("// Instance Events")
        PrintMembers(ei)
        ' Instance methods.
        mi = t.GetMethods((BindingFlags.Instance Or BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Public))
        Console.WriteLine("// Instance Methods")
        PrintMembers(mi)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.CrLf & "Press ENTER to exit.")
        Console.Read()
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintMembers(ms() As MemberInfo)
        Dim m As MemberInfo
        For Each m In  ms
            Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", "     ", m)
        Next m
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

请参阅See also