如何:使用演示图板对属性进行动画处理How to: Animate a Property by Using a Storyboard

此示例演示如何使用 Storyboard 来对属性进行动画处理。This example shows how to use a Storyboard to animate properties. 若要使用 Storyboard对属性进行动画处理,请为要进行动画处理的每个属性创建一个动画,同时创建包含动画的 StoryboardTo animate a property by using a Storyboard, create an animation for each property that you want to animate and also create a Storyboard to contain the animations.

属性类型确定要使用的动画类型。The type of property determines the type of animation to use. 例如,若要对采用 Double 值的属性进行动画处理,请使用 DoubleAnimationFor example, to animate a property that takes Double values, use a DoubleAnimation. TargetNameTargetProperty 附加属性指定动画应用到的对象和属性。The TargetName and TargetProperty attached properties specify the object and property to which the animation is applied.

若要在 可扩展应用程序标记语言 (XAML)Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML)中启动情节提要,请使用 BeginStoryboard 操作和 EventTriggerTo start a storyboard in 可扩展应用程序标记语言 (XAML)Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML), use a BeginStoryboard action and an EventTrigger. EventTrigger 在其 RoutedEvent 属性所指定的事件发生时开始 BeginStoryboard 操作。The EventTrigger begins the BeginStoryboard action when the event that is specified by its RoutedEvent property occurs. BeginStoryboard 操作将启动 StoryboardThe BeginStoryboard action starts the Storyboard.

下面的示例使用 Storyboard 对象对两个 Button 控件进行动画处理。The following example uses Storyboard objects to animate two Button controls. 若要将第一个按钮更改为大小,则会对其 Width 进行动画处理。To make the first button change in size, its Width is animated. 若要使第二个按钮更改颜色,则 SolidColorBrushColor 属性用于设置已进行动画处理的按钮的 BackgroundTo make the second button change color, the Color property of the SolidColorBrush is used to set the Background of the button that is animated.

示例Example

<!-- StoryboardExample.xaml
     Uses storyboards to animate properties. -->
<Page
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  WindowTitle="Animate Properties with Storyboards">

  <Border Background="White">
    <StackPanel Margin="30" HorizontalAlignment="Left" MinWidth="500">

      <TextBlock>Storyboard Animation Example</TextBlock>
      
      <!-- The width of this button is animated. -->
      <Button Name="myWidthAnimatedButton"
        Height="30" Width="200" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
        A Button   
        <Button.Triggers>
        
          <!-- Animates the width of the first button 
               from 200 to 300. -->         
          <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click">
            <BeginStoryboard>
              <Storyboard>           
                <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="myWidthAnimatedButton"
                  Storyboard.TargetProperty="Width"
                  From="200" To="300" Duration="0:0:3" />
              </Storyboard>
            </BeginStoryboard>
          </EventTrigger>
        </Button.Triggers>
      </Button>

      <!-- The color of the brush used to paint this button is animated. -->
      <Button Height="30" Width="200" 
        HorizontalAlignment="Left">Another Button
        <Button.Background>
          <SolidColorBrush x:Name="myAnimatedBrush" Color="Blue" />
        </Button.Background>
        <Button.Triggers>
        
        <!-- Animates the color of the brush used to paint 
             the second button from red to blue . -->             
          <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click">    
            <BeginStoryboard>
              <Storyboard>
                <ColorAnimation 
                  Storyboard.TargetName="myAnimatedBrush"
                  Storyboard.TargetProperty="Color"
                  From="Red" To="Blue" Duration="0:0:7" />
              </Storyboard>
            </BeginStoryboard>
          </EventTrigger>
        </Button.Triggers>
      </Button>
    </StackPanel>
  </Border>
</Page>

备注

尽管动画可以同时面向 FrameworkElement 对象(如 ControlPanel)和 Freezable 对象(如 BrushTransform),但只有框架元素具有 Name 属性。Although animations can target both a FrameworkElement object, such as a Control or Panel, and a Freezable object, such as a Brush or Transform, only framework elements have a Name property. 若要向 Freezable 分配名称以便动画可以针对它,请使用 x:Name 指令,如前面的示例所示。To assign a name to a freezable so that it can be targeted by an animation, use the x:Name Directive, as the previous example shows.

如果使用代码,则必须为 FrameworkElement 创建 NameScope,并注册要使用该 FrameworkElement进行动画处理的对象的名称。If you use code, you must create a NameScope for a FrameworkElement and register the names of the objects to animate with that FrameworkElement. 若要在代码中启动动画,请使用带有 EventTriggerBeginStoryboard 操作。To start the animations in code, use a BeginStoryboard action with an EventTrigger. 还可以选择使用事件处理程序和 StoryboardBegin 方法。Optionally, you can use an event handler and the Begin method of Storyboard. 下面的示例显示如何使用 Begin 方法。The following example shows how to use the Begin method.

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;

namespace Microsoft.Samples.Animation.AnimatingWithStoryboards
{

    // Uses a storyboard to animate the properties
    // of two buttons.
    public class StoryboardExample : Page
    {

        public StoryboardExample()
        {
            // Create a name scope for the page.
            NameScope.SetNameScope(this, new NameScope());
            
            this.WindowTitle = "Animate Properties using Storyboards";
            StackPanel myStackPanel = new StackPanel();
            myStackPanel.MinWidth = 500;
            myStackPanel.Margin = new Thickness(30);
            myStackPanel.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            TextBlock myTextBlock = new TextBlock();
            myTextBlock.Text = "Storyboard Animation Example";
            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myTextBlock);
            
            //
            // Create and animate the first button.
            //
            
            // Create a button.
            Button myWidthAnimatedButton = new Button();
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Height = 30;
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Width = 200;
            myWidthAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Content = "A Button";

            // Set the Name of the button so that it can be referred
            // to in the storyboard that's created later.
            // The ID doesn't have to match the variable name;
            // it can be any unique identifier.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Name = "myWidthAnimatedButton";
            
            // Register the name with the page to which the button belongs.
            this.RegisterName(myWidthAnimatedButton.Name, myWidthAnimatedButton);
            
            // Create a DoubleAnimation to animate the width of the button.
            DoubleAnimation myDoubleAnimation = new DoubleAnimation();
            myDoubleAnimation.From = 200;
            myDoubleAnimation.To = 300;
            myDoubleAnimation.Duration = new Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(3000));          
   
            // Configure the animation to target the button's Width property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myDoubleAnimation, myWidthAnimatedButton.Name); 
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myDoubleAnimation, new PropertyPath(Button.WidthProperty));
            
            // Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            Storyboard myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard = new Storyboard();
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myDoubleAnimation);
            
            // Animate the button width when it's clicked.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Click += delegate(object sender, RoutedEventArgs args)
                {
                    myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myWidthAnimatedButton);
                };

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myWidthAnimatedButton);

            //
            // Create and animate the second button.
            //

            // Create a second button.
            Button myColorAnimatedButton = new Button();
            myColorAnimatedButton.Height = 30;
            myColorAnimatedButton.Width = 200;
            myColorAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            myColorAnimatedButton.Content = "Another Button";
            
            // Create a SolidColorBrush to paint the button's background.
            SolidColorBrush myBackgroundBrush = new SolidColorBrush();
            myBackgroundBrush.Color = Colors.Blue;
            
            // Because a Brush isn't a FrameworkElement, it doesn't
            // have a Name property to set. Instead, you just
            // register a name for the SolidColorBrush with
            // the page where it's used.
            this.RegisterName("myAnimatedBrush", myBackgroundBrush);
            
            // Use the brush to paint the background of the button.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Background = myBackgroundBrush;
            
            // Create a ColorAnimation to animate the button's background.
            ColorAnimation myColorAnimation = new ColorAnimation();
            myColorAnimation.From = Colors.Red;
            myColorAnimation.To = Colors.Blue;
            myColorAnimation.Duration = new Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(7000));    
            
            // Configure the animation to target the brush's Color property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myColorAnimation, "myAnimatedBrush");                        
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myColorAnimation, new PropertyPath(SolidColorBrush.ColorProperty));    

            // Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            Storyboard myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard = new Storyboard();
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myColorAnimation);

            // Animate the button background color when it's clicked.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Click += delegate(object sender, RoutedEventArgs args)
                {
                    myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myColorAnimatedButton);
                };

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myColorAnimatedButton);
            this.Content = myStackPanel;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Windows
Imports System.Windows.Controls
Imports System.Windows.Media
Imports System.Windows.Media.Animation

Namespace SDKSample


    ' Uses a storyboard to animate the properties
    ' of two buttons.
    Public Class StoryboardExample
        Inherits Page
        
        Private Dim WithEvents myWidthAnimatedButton As Button
        Private Dim WithEvents myColorAnimatedButton As Button        
        Private Dim myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard As Storyboard
        Private Dim myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard As Storyboard
        

        Public Sub New()
            ' Create a name scope for the page.
            NameScope.SetNameScope(Me, New NameScope())

            Me.WindowTitle = "Animate Properties using Storyboards"
            Dim myStackPanel As New StackPanel()
            myStackPanel.MinWidth = 500
            myStackPanel.Margin = New Thickness(30)
            myStackPanel.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            Dim myTextBlock As New TextBlock()
            myTextBlock.Text = "Storyboard Animation Example"
            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myTextBlock)

            '
            ' Create and animate the first button.
            '

            ' Create a button.
            myWidthAnimatedButton = New Button()
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Height = 30
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Width = 200
            myWidthAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Content = "A Button"

            ' Set the Name of the button so that it can be referred
            ' to in the storyboard that's created later.
            ' The ID doesn't have to match the variable name;
            ' it can be any unique identifier.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Name = "myWidthAnimatedButton"

            ' Register the name with the page to which the button belongs.
            Me.RegisterName(myWidthAnimatedButton.Name, myWidthAnimatedButton)

            ' Create a DoubleAnimation to animate the width of the button.
            Dim myDoubleAnimation As New DoubleAnimation()
            myDoubleAnimation.From = 200
            myDoubleAnimation.To = 300
            myDoubleAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(3000))

            ' Configure the animation to target the button's Width property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myDoubleAnimation, myWidthAnimatedButton.Name)
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myDoubleAnimation, New PropertyPath(Button.WidthProperty))

            ' Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard = New Storyboard()
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myDoubleAnimation)

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myWidthAnimatedButton)

            '
            ' Create and animate the second button.
            '

            ' Create a second button.
            myColorAnimatedButton = New Button()
            myColorAnimatedButton.Height = 30
            myColorAnimatedButton.Width = 200
            myColorAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            myColorAnimatedButton.Content = "Another Button"

            ' Create a SolidColorBrush to paint the button's background.
            Dim myBackgroundBrush As New SolidColorBrush()
            myBackgroundBrush.Color = Colors.Blue

            ' Because a Brush isn't a FrameworkElement, it doesn't
            ' have a Name property to set. Instead, you just
            ' register a name for the SolidColorBrush with
            ' the page where it's used.
            Me.RegisterName("myAnimatedBrush", myBackgroundBrush)

            ' Use the brush to paint the background of the button.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Background = myBackgroundBrush

            ' Create a ColorAnimation to animate the button's background.
            Dim myColorAnimation As New ColorAnimation()
            myColorAnimation.From = Colors.Red
            myColorAnimation.To = Colors.Blue
            myColorAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(7000))

            ' Configure the animation to target the brush's Color property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myColorAnimation, "myAnimatedBrush")
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myColorAnimation, New PropertyPath(SolidColorBrush.ColorProperty))

            ' Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard = New Storyboard()
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myColorAnimation)

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myColorAnimatedButton)
            Me.Content = myStackPanel

        End Sub
        
        ' Start the animation when the button is clicked.
        Private Sub myWidthAnimatedButton_Loaded(ByVal sender as object, ByVal args as RoutedEventArgs) Handles myWidthAnimatedButton.Click
        
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myWidthAnimatedButton)
        
        End Sub        
        
        ' Start the animation when the button is clicked.
        Private Sub myColorAnimatedButton_Loaded(ByVal sender as object, ByVal args as RoutedEventArgs) Handles myColorAnimatedButton.Click
        
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myColorAnimatedButton)
        
        End Sub           
        
    End Class
End Namespace

有关动画和情节提要的详细信息,请参阅动画概述For more information about animation and storyboards, see Animation Overview.

如果使用代码,则不限于使用 Storyboard 对象来对属性进行动画处理。If you use code, you are not limited to using Storyboard objects in order to animate properties. 有关详细信息和示例,请参阅在不使用情节提要的情况下对属性进行动画处理使用 AnimationClock 对属性进行动画处理For more information and examples, see Animate a Property Without Using a Storyboard and Animate a Property by Using an AnimationClock.