如何:复制目录How to: Copy directories

此主题演示如何使用 I/O 类将目录下的内容同步复制到另一个位置。This topic demonstrates how to use I/O classes to synchronously copy the contents of a directory to another location.

有关异步文件复制的示例,请参阅异步文件 I/OFor an example of asynchronous file copy, see Asynchronous file I/O.

此示例通过将 DirectoryCopy 方法的 copySubDirs 设置为 true 来复制子目录。This example copies subdirectories by setting the copySubDirs of the DirectoryCopy method to true. DirectoryCopy 方法通过对每个子目录调用其自身的方法来递归复制它们,直到再也没有子目录可以复制为止。The DirectoryCopy method recursively copies subdirectories by calling itself on each subdirectory until there are no more to copy.

示例Example

using System;
using System.IO;

class DirectoryCopyExample
{
    static void Main()
    {
        // Copy from the current directory, include subdirectories.
        DirectoryCopy(".", @".\temp", true);
    }

    private static void DirectoryCopy(string sourceDirName, string destDirName, bool copySubDirs)
    {
        // Get the subdirectories for the specified directory.
        DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(sourceDirName);

        if (!dir.Exists)
        {
            throw new DirectoryNotFoundException(
                "Source directory does not exist or could not be found: "
                + sourceDirName);
        }

        DirectoryInfo[] dirs = dir.GetDirectories();
        // If the destination directory doesn't exist, create it.
        if (!Directory.Exists(destDirName))
        {
            Directory.CreateDirectory(destDirName);
        }
        
        // Get the files in the directory and copy them to the new location.
        FileInfo[] files = dir.GetFiles();
        foreach (FileInfo file in files)
        {
            string temppath = Path.Combine(destDirName, file.Name);
            file.CopyTo(temppath, false);
        }

        // If copying subdirectories, copy them and their contents to new location.
        if (copySubDirs)
        {
            foreach (DirectoryInfo subdir in dirs)
            {
                string temppath = Path.Combine(destDirName, subdir.Name);
                DirectoryCopy(subdir.FullName, temppath, copySubDirs);
            }
        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO

Class DirectoryCopyExample

    Shared Sub Main()
        ' Copy from the current directory, include subdirectories.
        DirectoryCopy(".", ".\\temp", True)
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub DirectoryCopy( _
        ByVal sourceDirName As String, _
        ByVal destDirName As String, _
        ByVal copySubDirs As Boolean)

        ' Get the subdirectories for the specified directory.
        Dim dir As DirectoryInfo = New DirectoryInfo(sourceDirName)

        If Not dir.Exists Then
            Throw New DirectoryNotFoundException( _
                "Source directory does not exist or could not be found: " _
                + sourceDirName)
        End If

        Dim dirs As DirectoryInfo() = dir.GetDirectories()
        ' If the destination directory doesn't exist, create it.
        If Not Directory.Exists(destDirName) Then
            Directory.CreateDirectory(destDirName)
        End If
        ' Get the files in the directory and copy them to the new location.
        Dim files As FileInfo() = dir.GetFiles()
        For Each file In files
            Dim temppath As String = Path.Combine(destDirName, file.Name)
            file.CopyTo(temppath, False)
        Next file

        ' If copying subdirectories, copy them and their contents to new location.
        If copySubDirs Then
            For Each subdir In dirs
                Dim temppath As String = Path.Combine(destDirName, subdir.Name)
                DirectoryCopy(subdir.FullName, temppath, copySubDirs)
            Next subdir
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

请参阅See also