Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 混合部署中的混合管理Hybrid management in Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 hybrid deployments

安装 Exchange 2007 本地组织中运行 Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 的服务器时,将自动在服务器上安装 Exchange 2013 的管理工具。您将使用以下工具来配置和管理内部部署 Exchange 和 Exchange Online 组织的混合功能:When you install a server running Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 in your Exchange 2007 on-premises organization, the Exchange 2013 management tools are automatically installed on the server. You'll use the following tools to configure and manage hybrid functionality for both the on-premises Exchange and the Exchange Online organization:

  • Exchange 管理中心EAC 是易于使用并优化内部部署,online,或混合 Exchange 部署 Exchange 2013 附带的基于 web 的管理控制台。EAC 补充 Exchange 管理控制台 (EMC) 和 Exchange 控制面板 (ECP) 接口用来管理 Exchange Server 2007。Exchange admin center The EAC is a web-based management console included with Exchange 2013 that's easy to use and is optimized for on-premises, online, or hybrid Exchange deployments. The EAC supplements the Exchange Management Console (EMC) and the Exchange Control Panel (ECP) interfaces that you use to manage Exchange Server 2007.

  • Exchange 命令行管理程序Exchange 命令行管理程序为基于 Windows PowerShell 命令行界面。Exchange Management Shell The Exchange Management Shell is a Windows PowerShell-based command-line interface.

Exchange 管理中心The Exchange admin center

EAC 使您可以在内部部署 Exchange 服务器和 Exchange Online 组织中执行许多部署任务和最常见的日常管理任务。默认情况下,每台 Exchange 2013 服务器上安装它。此外,因为它是一个基于 web 的管理控制台,您还可以访问该使用 web 浏览器在其他网络中或通过 Internet 的计算机上的 ECP 虚拟目录的 URL。The EAC enables you to perform many deployment tasks and most common day-to-day administrative tasks on both the on-premises Exchange servers and the Exchange Online organization. It's installed by default on every Exchange 2013 server. In addition, because it's a web-based management console, you can also access it by using a web browser on other computers in your network or via the Internet by using the ECP virtual directory URL.

重要

如果您想要访问 EAC 使用邮箱位于 Exchange 2007 邮箱服务器 (如域管理员帐户) 的帐户,您必须使用以下地址在浏览器中访问 EAC: > https:// <FQDN Exchange 2013客户端访问服务器>/ECP?ExchClientVer = 15If you want to access the EAC using an account with a mailbox located on an Exchange 2007 Mailbox server (such as a domain administrator account), you must use the following address in your browser to access the EAC: > https:// <FQDN of Exchange 2013 Client Access server>/ECP? ExchClientVer=15

您可以通过选择 Office 365 跨界导航选项卡访问 EAC 中的 Exchange Online 组织。跨界导航,可以轻松地在 Exchange Online 和本地 Exchange 组织之间切换。如果您已配置混合部署,选择 Office 365 选项卡允许您管理 Exchange Online 组织和收件人对象。如果您没有 Exchange Online 组织,选择 Office 365 链接将指导您指向 Office 365 注册页。You access the Exchange Online organization in the EAC by selecting the Office 365 cross-premises navigation tab. The cross-premises navigation allows you to easily switch between your Exchange Online and your on-premises Exchange organizations. If you've configured a hybrid deployment, selecting the Office 365 tab allows you to manage the Exchange Online organization and recipient objects. If you don't have an Exchange Online organization, selecting the Office 365 link will direct you to the Office 365 sign-up page.

有关 EAC 的详细信息,请参阅 Exchange Administration CenterFor more information about the EAC, see Exchange Administration Center.

Exchange 命令行管理程序The Exchange Management Shell

Exchange 命令行管理程序使您可以执行任何 EAC 执行的任务和只能在 Exchange 命令行管理程序中执行一些其他任务。Exchange 命令行管理程序 Windows PowerShell 脚本和安装 Exchange 2013 的管理工具时,计算机安装的 cmdlet 的集合。打开 Exchange Management Shell 使用 Exchange 命令行管理程序图标时,仅加载这些脚本和 cmdlet。如果您直接打开 Windows PowerShell,Exchange 脚本和 cmdlet 不加载和您将无法管理内部部署组织。The Exchange Management Shell enables you to perform any task that the EAC does and some additional tasks that can only be performed in the Exchange Management Shell. The Exchange Management Shell is a collection of Windows PowerShell scripts and cmdlets that are installed on a computer when the Exchange 2013 management tools are installed. These scripts and cmdlets are only loaded when you open the Exchange Management Shell using the Exchange Management Shell icon. If you open Windows PowerShell directly, the Exchange scripts and cmdlets aren't loaded and you won't be able to manage your on-premises organization.

备注

您可以创建手动的 Windows PowerShell 连接到本地内部部署组织,类似于如何手动连接到 Exchange Online 组织下面。但是,我们强烈建议您使用 Exchange 命令行管理程序图标以打开 Exchange 命令行管理程序来管理您的本地 Exchange 服务器。You can create a manual Windows PowerShell connection to your local on-premises organization, similar to how you manually connect to the Exchange Online organization below. However, we strongly recommend that you use the Exchange Management Shell icon to open the Exchange Management Shell to manage your on-premises Exchange servers.

当您打开 Exchange Management Shell 上已安装的管理工具的计算机上使用 Exchange Management Shell 图标时,您可以管理内部部署组织。但是,您无法管理 Exchange Online 组织时打开 Exchange Management Shell 使用此图标。这是因为打开 Exchange Management Shell 使用 Exchange 命令行管理程序图标自动将您连接到本地 Exchange 服务器。When you open the Exchange Management Shell using the Exchange Management Shell icon on a computer that has the management tools installed, you can manage your on-premises organization. However, you can't manage the Exchange Online organization when you open the Exchange Management Shell using this icon. This is because opening the Exchange Management Shell using the Exchange Management Shell icon automatically connects you to a local Exchange server.

如果您想要管理 Exchange Online 组织使用 Windows PowerShell,必须打开 Windows PowerShell 直接和不通过 Exchange 命令行管理程序图标。当您打开 Windows PowerShell 时,您可以手动然后指定想要连接。当创建手动连接时,在 Office 365 租户组织中,指定的管理员帐户,然后您运行命令创建的连接。当建立连接时,您有权运行 Exchange cmdlet 可供您。了解在使用 Windows PowerShell的更多信息。If you want to manage the Exchange Online organization using Windows PowerShell, you must open Windows PowerShell directly and not via the Exchange Management Shell icon. When you open Windows PowerShell, you can then manually specify where you want to connect. When you create a manual connection, you specify an administrator account in the Office 365 tenant organization, and then you run a command to create a connection. When the connection is established, the Exchange cmdlets you have permissions to run are made available to you. Learn more at Use Windows PowerShell.

如果您是新手,Exchange Management Shell,并要了解有关 Exchange 命令行管理程序的工作方式的基础知识,命令语法和详细信息,请参阅Exchange Management ShellIf you're new to the Exchange Management Shell and want to learn the basics about how the Exchange Management Shell works, command syntax, and more, see Exchange Management Shell.