集成本地统一消息和 Lync Server 2013 的准则Guidelines for integrating on-premises Unified Messaging and Lync Server 2013

 

上次修改的主题: 2012-09-25Topic Last Modified: 2012-09-25

以下是在部署企业语音时要考虑的准则和最佳实践:The following are guidelines and best practices to consider when you deploy Enterprise Voice:

重要

仅当您还使用 UCMA 4 时,Exchange 统一消息 (UM) 才支持 IPv6。Exchange Unified Messaging (UM) supports IPv6 only if you are also using UCMA 4.

  • 部署 Lync Server 2013 Standard Edition server 或前端池。Deploy a Lync Server 2013 Standard Edition server or a Front End pool. 有关安装的详细信息,请参阅部署文档中的 部署 Lync Server 2013For details about installation, see Deploying Lync Server 2013 in the Deployment documentation.

  • 与 Exchange 管理员一起确认每个人将要执行的任务,以确保顺利、成功地集成。Work with Exchange administrators to confirm which tasks each of you will perform to assure a smooth and successful integration.

  • 在要为其启用 Exchange UM 的用户的每个 Exchange 统一消息 (UM) 林中部署 Exchange 邮箱服务器角色。Deploy the Exchange Mailbox server roles in each Exchange Unified Messaging (UM) forest where you want to enable users for Exchange UM. 有关安装 Exchange server 角色的详细信息,请参阅 Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 文档。For details about installing Exchange server roles, see the Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 documentation.

    重要

    安装 Exchange 统一消息 (UM) 时,会将其配置为使用自签名证书。When Exchange Unified Messaging (UM) is installed, it is configured to use a self-signed certificate.
    但是,自签名证书不启用 Lync Server 2013 和 Exchange UM 相互信任,这就是为什么需要从两个服务器信任的证书颁发机构请求单独的证书的原因。The self-signed certificate, however, does not enable Lync Server 2013 and Exchange UM to trust each other, which is why it is necessary to request a separate certificate from a certification authority that both servers trust.

  • 如果 Lync Server 2013 和 Exchange UM 安装在不同的林中,则将每个 Exchange 林配置为信任 Lync Server 2013 林,并将 Lync Server 2013 林信任每个 Exchange 林。If Lync Server 2013 and Exchange UM are installed in different forests, configure each Exchange forest to trust the Lync Server 2013 forest and the Lync Server 2013 forest to trust each Exchange forest. 此外,还可以在 Lync Server 2013 林中的 user 对象上设置用户的 Exchange UM 设置,通常通过使用脚本或跨林工具(如身份生命周期管理器 (ILM) )。Also, set the users’ Exchange UM settings on the user objects in the Lync Server 2013 forest, typically by using a script or a cross-forest tool, such as Identity Lifecycle Manager (ILM).

  • 必要时,安装 Exchange 管理控制台以管理统一消息服务器。If necessary, install the Exchange Management Console to manage your Unified Messaging servers.

  • 获取有效的电话号码,供 Outlook Voice Access 和自动助理使用。Obtain valid phone numbers for Outlook Voice Access and auto attendant.

  • 如果使用早于 Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 Service Pack 1 (SP1) 的 Exchange UM 的版本,则 Exchange UM SIP URI 拨号计划和企业语音拨号计划的名称。If you are using a version of Exchange UM earlier than Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 Service Pack 1 (SP1), coordinate names for Exchange UM SIP URI dial plans and Enterprise Voice dial plans.

部署冗余 Exchange UM 服务器Deploying Redundant Exchange UM Servers

重要

我们建议您为您的组织配置的每个 Exchange UM SIP URI 拨号计划至少部署两台 Exchange UM 服务所运行的服务器。We recommend that you deploy a minimum of two servers on which Exchange UM services is running for each Exchange UM SIP URI dial plan that you configure for your organization. 除了提供扩展容量之外,部署冗余服务器还可提供高可用性。In addition to providing expanded capacity, deploying redundant servers provides high availability. 如果服务器发生故障,可将 Lync Server 2013 配置为故障转移到另一台服务器。In the event of an server failure, Lync Server 2013 can be configured to fail over to another server.

以下示例配置提供 Exchange UM 恢复能力。The following example configurations provide Exchange UM resiliency.

示例 1:Exchange UM 恢复能力Example 1: Exchange UM Resiliency

Exchange UM 示例1Exchange UM Example 1

在示例 1 中,Tukwila 数据中心启用了 Exchange UM 服务器 1 和 2,Dublin 数据中心启用了 Exchange UM 服务器 3 和 4。In Example 1, Exchange UM servers 1 and 2 are enabled in the Tukwila data center, and Exchange UM servers 3 and 4 are enabled in the Dublin data center. 在 Tukwila 中发生 Exchange UM 中断的情况下,域名系统 (DNS) 服务器1和2的记录应配置为分别指向服务器3和4。In the event of an Exchange UM outage in Tukwila, the Domain Name System (DNS) A records for servers 1 and 2 should be configured to point to servers 3 and 4, respectively. 在都柏林的 Exchange UM 发生故障的情况下,应将服务器3和4的 DNS A 记录配置为分别指向 "服务器 1" 和 "2"。In the event of an Exchange UM outage in Dublin, the DNS A records for servers 3 and 4 should be configured to point to servers 1 and 2, respectively.

备注

对于示例 1,还应在每台 Exchange UM 服务器上分配以下证书之一:For Example 1, you should also assign one of following certificate on each Exchange UM server:

  • 在使用者替代名称 (SAN) 中使用具有通配符的证书。Use a certificate with a wildcard in the Subject Alternative Name (SAN).

  • 将完全限定的域名 (在 SAN 中的四台 Exchange UM 服务器中的每个服务器的 FQDN) 。Put the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of each of the four Exchange UM servers in the SAN.

示例 2:Exchange UM 恢复能力Example 2: Exchange UM Resiliency

Exchange UM 示例2Exchange UM Example 2

在示例 2 中,一般操作情况下,Tukwila 数据中心启用了 Exchange UM 服务器 1 和 2,Dublin 数据中心启用了 Exchange UM 服务器 3 和 4。Tukwila 用户的 SIP URI 拨号计划中包含全部四台服务器;但服务器 3 和 4 已被禁用。如果 Tukwila 发生 Exchange UM 中断,则应禁用 Exchange UM 服务器 1 和 2,并启用 Exchange UM 服务器 3 和 4,这样才会将 Tukwila Exchange UM 流量路由至 Dublin 的服务器。In Example 2, under ordinary operating conditions Exchange UM servers 1 and 2 are enabled in the Tukwila data center, and Exchange UM servers 3 and 4 are enabled in the Dublin data center. All four servers are included in the Tukwila users' SIP URI dial plan; however, servers 3 and 4 are disabled. In the event of an Exchange UM outage in Tukwila, for example, Exchange UM servers 1 and 2 should be disabled and Exchange UM servers 3 and 4 should be enabled so the Tukwila Exchange UM traffic will be routed to the servers in Dublin.

有关如何在 Exchange 2013 上启用或禁用统一消息的详细信息,请参阅位于上的 "将 Exchange 2013 UM 与 Lync Server 集成" https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=265372For details about how to enable or disable Unified Messaging on Exchange 2013, see “Integrate Exchange 2013 UM with Lync Server” at https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=265372.

有关如何在 Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 上启用或禁用统一消息的详细信息,请参阅:For details about how to enable or disable Unified Messaging on Microsoft Exchange Server 2010, see: