Lync Server 2013 中内部服务器的端口和协议Ports and protocols for internal servers in Lync Server 2013

 

上次修改的主题: 2016-04-06Topic Last Modified: 2016-04-06

本节总结了 Lync Server 部署中的服务器、负载平衡器和客户端使用的端口和协议。This section summarizes the ports and protocols used by servers, load balancers, and clients in a Lync Server deployment.

重要

Lync 和 Communicator 客户端参与一次通信时,通常称为对等。Lync and Communicator clients when involved in a one to one communication, is often referred to as peer-to-peer. 从技术上讲,两个客户端在一次对话中进行通信,即时消息 multipoint 控制单位 (IMMCU) 在中间。Technically, the two clients are communicating in a one to one conversation, with the Instant Messaging multipoint control unit (IMMCU) in the middle. IMMCU 是前端服务器的组件。The IMMCU is a component of Front End Server. 将 IMMCU 置于所需的通信工作流中可允许呼叫详细记录和前端服务器启用的其他功能。Placing the IMMCU in the required communication workflow allows call detail recording and other features that the Front End Server enables. 通信是从客户端上的动态源端口到前端服务器端口 TLS/TCP/5061 (,假定使用的是建议的传输层安全性) 。Communication is from a dynamic source port on the client to the Front End Server port TLS/TCP/5061 (assuming the use of the recommended transport layer security). 根据设计,只有在 Lync Server 和 IMMCU 处于活动状态且可用时,才能使用对等通信 (以及多方 IM) 。By design, peer-to-peer communication (as well as multi-party IM) is possible only when Lync Server and the IMMCU is active and available.

端口和协议详细信息Port and Protocol Details

备注

在服务器上启动 Lync Server 服务之前,必须运行 Windows 防火墙,这是因为当 Lync Server 在防火墙中打开所需端口时。Windows Firewall must be running before you start the Lync Server services on a server, because that is when Lync Server opens the required ports in the firewall.

有关边缘组件的防火墙配置的详细信息,请参阅 确定 Lync Server 2013 的外部 A/V 防火墙和端口要求For details about firewall configuration for edge components, see Determine external A/V firewall and port requirements for Lync Server 2013.

下表依据每个内部服务器角色列出了需要打开的端口。The following table lists the ports that need to be open on each internal server role.

所需服务器端口(根据服务器角色)Required Server Ports (by Server Role)

服务器角色Server role 服务名称Service name 端口Port 协议Protocol 注释Notes

所有服务器All Servers

SQL 浏览器SQL Browser

14341434

UDPUDP

用于中央管理存储数据库的本地复制副本的 SQL 浏览器。SQL Browser for the local replicated copy of the Central Management Store database.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server Front-End 服务Lync Server Front-End service

50605060

TCPTCP

(可选)Standard Edition Server 和前端服务器用于静态路由到受信任服务,例如,远程呼叫控制服务器。Optionally used by Standard Edition servers and Front End Servers for static routes to trusted services, such as remote call control servers.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server Front-End 服务Lync Server Front-End service

50615061

TCP (TLS)TCP (TLS)

Standard Edition Server 和前端池用于在服务器 (MTLS) 之间进行所有的内部 SIP 通信、在服务器和客户端 (TLS) 之间进行 SIP 通信,以及在前端服务器和中介服务器 (MTLS) 之间进行 SIP 通信。还用于与监控服务器进行通信。Used by Standard Edition servers and Front End pools for all internal SIP communications between servers (MTLS), for SIP communications between Server and Client (TLS) and for SIP communications between Front End Servers and Mediation Servers (MTLS). Also used for communications with Monitoring Server.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server Front-End 服务Lync Server Front-End service

444444

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

TCPTCP

用于管理会议状态的 (Lync Server 组件的焦点之间的 HTTPS 通信) 和各个服务器。Used for HTTPS communication between the Focus (the Lync Server component that manages conference state) and the individual servers.

此端口还用于 Survivable 分支机构和前端服务器之间的 TCP 通信。This port is also used for TCP communication between Survivable Branch Appliances and Front End Servers.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server Front-End 服务Lync Server Front-End service

135135

DCOM 和远程过程调用 (RPC)DCOM and remote procedure call (RPC)

用于基于 DCOM 的操作,例如,移动用户、用户复制程序同步和通讯簿同步。Used for DCOM based operations such as Moving Users, User Replicator Synchronization, and Address Book Synchronization.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server IM 会议服务Lync Server IM Conferencing service

50625062

TCPTCP

用于即时消息 (IM) 会议的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests for instant messaging (IM) conferencing.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server Web 会议服务Lync Server Web Conferencing service

80578057

TCP (TLS)TCP (TLS)

用于侦听来自客户端的持续性共享对象模型 (PSOM) 连接。Used to listen for Persistent Shared Object Model (PSOM) connections from client.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server Web 会议兼容性服务Lync Server Web Conferencing Compatibility service

80588058

TCP (TLS)TCP (TLS)

用于侦听永久共享对象模型 (PSOM) 来自 Live Meeting 客户端和早期版本的 Lync Server 的连接。Used to listen for Persistent Shared Object Model (PSOM) connections from the Live Meeting client and previous versions of Lync Server.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 音频/视频会议服务Lync Server Audio/Video Conferencing service

50635063

TCPTCP

用于音频/视频 (A/V) 会议的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests for audio/video (A/V) conferencing.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 音频/视频会议服务Lync Server Audio/Video Conferencing service

57501-6553557501-65535

TCP/UDPTCP/UDP

用于视频会议的媒体端口范围。Media port range used for video conferencing.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server Web 兼容性服务Lync Server Web Compatibility service

8080

HTTPHTTP

用于未使用 HTTPS 时从前端服务器到 Web 场 FQDN(IIS Web 组件使用的 URL)的通信。Used for communication from Front End Servers to the web farm FQDNs (the URLs used by IIS web components) when HTTPS is not used.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server Web 兼容性服务Lync Server Web Compatibility service

443443

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

用于从前端服务器到 Web 场 FQDN(IIS Web 组件使用的 URL)的通信。Used for communication from Front End Servers to the web farm FQDNs (the URLs used by IIS web components).

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server Web 兼容性服务Lync Server Web Compatibility service

80808080

TCP 和 HTTPTCP and HTTP

供用于外部访问的 web 组件使用。Used by web components for external access.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Web 服务器组件Web server component

44434443

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

HTTPS (从反向代理) 和 HTTPS 前端池之间的通信,用于自动发现登录。HTTPS (from Reverse Proxy) and HTTPS Front End inter-pool communications for Autodiscover sign-in.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Web 服务器组件Web server component

80608060

TCP (MTLS)TCP (MTLS)

前端服务器Front End Servers

Web 服务器组件Web server component

80618061

TCP (MTLS)TCP (MTLS)

前端服务器Front End Servers

移动服务组件Mobility Services component

50865086

TCP (MTLS)TCP (MTLS)

移动服务内部进程使用的 SIP 端口SIP port used by Mobility Services internal processes

前端服务器Front End Servers

移动服务组件Mobility Services component

50875087

TCP (MTLS)TCP (MTLS)

移动服务内部进程使用的 SIP 端口SIP port used by Mobility Services internal processes

前端服务器Front End Servers

移动服务组件Mobility Services component

443443

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 会议助理服务 (电话拨入式会议) Lync Server Conferencing Attendant service (dial-in conferencing)

50645064

TCPTCP

用于电话拨入式会议的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests for dial-in conferencing.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 会议助理服务 (电话拨入式会议) Lync Server Conferencing Attendant service (dial-in conferencing)

50725072

TCPTCP

用于会议) 中的助理的传入 SIP 请求 (电话拨入式。Used for incoming SIP requests for Attendant (dial in conferencing).

也运行并置中介服务器的前端服务器Front End Servers that also run a Collocated Mediation Server

Lync Server 中介服务Lync Server Mediation service

50705070

TCPTCP

中介服务器用于从前端服务器到中介服务器的传入请求。Used by the Mediation Server for incoming requests from the Front End Server to the Mediation Server.

也运行并置中介服务器的前端服务器Front End Servers that also run a Collocated Mediation Server

Lync Server 中介服务Lync Server Mediation service

50675067

TCP (TLS)TCP (TLS)

用于从 PSTN 网关到中介服务器的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests from the PSTN gateway to the Mediation Server.

也运行并置中介服务器的前端服务器Front End Servers that also run a Collocated Mediation Server

Lync Server 中介服务Lync Server Mediation service

50685068

TCPTCP

用于从 PSTN 网关到中介服务器的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests from the PSTN gateway to the Mediation Server.

也运行并置中介服务器的前端服务器Front End Servers that also run a Collocated Mediation Server

Lync Server 中介服务Lync Server Mediation service

50815081

TCPTCP

用于从中介服务器到 PSTN 网关的传出 SIP 请求。Used for outgoing SIP requests from the Mediation Server to the PSTN gateway.

也运行并置中介服务器的前端服务器Front End Servers that also run a Collocated Mediation Server

Lync Server 中介服务Lync Server Mediation service

50825082

TCP (TLS)TCP (TLS)

用于从中介服务器到 PSTN 网关的传出 SIP 请求。Used for outgoing SIP requests from the Mediation Server to the PSTN gateway.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 应用程序共享服务Lync Server Application Sharing service

50655065

TCPTCP

用于应用程序共享的传入 SIP 侦听请求。Used for incoming SIP listening requests for application sharing.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 应用程序共享服务Lync Server Application Sharing service

49152-6553549152-65535

TCPTCP

用于应用程序共享的媒体端口范围。Media port range used for application sharing.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 会议通知服务Lync Server Conferencing Announcement service

50735073

TCPTCP

用于 Lync Server 会议通知服务 (的传入 SIP 请求,即,电话拨入式会议) 。Used for incoming SIP requests for the Lync Server Conferencing Announcement service (that is, for dial-in conferencing).

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 呼叫寄存服务Lync Server Call Park service

50755075

TCPTCP

用于呼叫寄存应用程序的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests for the Call Park application.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 音频测试服务Lync Server Audio Test service

50765076

TCPTCP

用于音频测试服务的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests for the Audio Test service.

前端服务器Front End Servers

不适用Not applicable

50665066

TCPTCP

用于出站增强型 9-1-1 (E9-1-1) 网关。Used for outbound Enhanced 9-1-1 (E9-1-1) gateway.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 响应组服务Lync Server Response Group service

50715071

TCPTCP

用于响应组应用程序的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests for the Response Group application.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 响应组服务Lync Server Response Group service

84048404

TCP (MTLS)TCP (MTLS)

用于响应组应用程序的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests for the Response Group application.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 带宽策略服务Lync Server Bandwidth Policy Service

50805080

TCPTCP

用于通过带宽策略服务对 A/V 边缘 TURN 流量进行呼叫允许控制。Used for call admission control by the Bandwidth Policy service for A/V Edge TURN traffic.

前端服务器Front End Servers

Lync Server 带宽策略服务Lync Server Bandwidth Policy Service

448448

TCPTCP

用于 Lync Server 带宽策略服务的呼叫允许控制。Used for call admission control by the Lync Server Bandwidth Policy Service.

中央管理存储所在的前端服务器Front End Servers where the Central Management store resides

Lync Server 主复制程序代理服务Lync Server Master Replicator Agent service

445445

TCPTCP

用于将配置数据从中央管理存储推送到运行 Lync Server 的服务器。Used to push configuration data from the Central Management store to servers running Lync Server.

所有服务器All Servers

SQL 浏览器SQL Browser

14341434

UDPUDP

本地 SQL Server 实例中的中央管理存储数据的本地复制副本的 SQL 浏览器SQL Browser for local replicated copy of Central Management store data in local SQL Server instance

所有内部服务器All internal servers

各种Various

49152-5750049152-57500

TCP/UDPTCP/UDP

用于所有内部服务器上的音频会议的媒体端口范围。Media port range used for audio conferencing on all internal servers. 由终止音频的所有服务器使用:前端服务器 (Lync Server 会议助理服务、Lync Server 会议通知服务和 Lync Server 音频/视频会议服务) 和中介服务器。Used by all servers that terminate audio: Front End Servers (for Lync Server Conferencing Attendant service, Lync Server Conferencing Announcement service, and Lync Server Audio/Video Conferencing service), and Mediation Server.

Office Web Apps ServerOffice Web Apps Servers

443443

由 Lync Server 2013 用于连接到 Office Web Apps Server。Used by Lync Server 2013 to connect to Office Web Apps Server.

控制器Directors

Lync Server Front-End 服务Lync Server Front-End service

50605060

TCPTCP

(可选)用于静态路由到受信任服务,例如,远程呼叫控制服务器。Optionally used for static routes to trusted services, such as remote call control servers.

控制器Directors

Lync Server Front-End 服务Lync Server Front-End service

444444

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

TCPTCP

前端和控制器之间的服务器间通信。Inter-server communication between Front End and Director. 此外,客户端证书 (发布到前端服务器) 或验证客户端证书是否已发布。Additionally, client certificate publish (to Front End Servers) or validate if the client certificate has already been published.

控制器Directors

Lync Server Web 兼容性服务Lync Server Web Compatibility service

8080

TCPTCP

用于从控制器到 Web 场 FQDN(IIS Web 组件使用的 URL)的初始通信。在常规操作中,将使用端口 443 和协议类型 TCP 切换到 HTTPS 通信。Used for initial communication from Directors to the web farm FQDNs (the URLs used by IIS web components). In normal operation, will switch to HTTPS traffic, using port 443 and protocol type TCP.

控制器Directors

Lync Server Web 兼容性服务Lync Server Web Compatibility service

443443

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

用于从控制器到 Web 场 FQDN(IIS Web 组件使用的 URL)之间的通信。Used for communication from Directors to the web farm FQDNs (the URLs used by IIS web components).

控制器Directors

Lync Server Front-End 服务Lync Server Front-End service

50615061

TCPTCP

用于服务器之间的内部通信和客户端连接。Used for internal communications between servers and for client connections.

中介服务器Mediation Servers

Lync Server 中介服务Lync Server Mediation service

50705070

TCPTCP

中介服务器用于来自前端服务器的传入请求。Used by the Mediation Server for incoming requests from the Front End Server.

中介服务器Mediation Servers

Lync Server 中介服务Lync Server Mediation service

50675067

TCP (TLS)TCP (TLS)

用于来自 PSTN 网关的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests from the PSTN gateway.

中介服务器Mediation Servers

Lync Server 中介服务Lync Server Mediation service

50685068

TCPTCP

用于来自 PSTN 网关的传入 SIP 请求。Used for incoming SIP requests from the PSTN gateway.

中介服务器Mediation Servers

Lync Server 中介服务Lync Server Mediation service

50705070

TCP (MTLS)TCP (MTLS)

用于来自前端服务器的 SIP 请求。Used for SIP requests from the Front End Servers.

持久聊天前端服务器Persistent Chat Front End Server

持久聊天 SIPPersistent Chat SIP

50415041

TCP (MTLS)TCP (MTLS)

持久聊天前端服务器Persistent Chat Front End Server

(WCF) 的持久聊天 Windows Communication FoundationPersistent Chat Windows Communication Foundation (WCF)

881881

TCP (TLS) 和 TCP (MTLS) TCP (TLS) and TCP (MTLS)

持久聊天前端服务器Persistent Chat Front End Server

持久聊天文件传输服务Persistent Chat File Transfer Service

443443

TCP (TLS)TCP (TLS)

备注

某些远程呼叫控制方案需要前端服务器或控制器与 PBX 之间的 TCP 连接。Some remote call control scenarios require a TCP connection between the Front End Server or Director and the PBX. 尽管 Lync Server 不再使用 TCP 端口5060,但在远程呼叫控制部署期间,您可以创建一个受信任的服务器配置,该配置将 RCC 线路服务器 FQDN 与前端服务器或控制器用于连接 PBX 系统的 TCP 端口相关联。Although Lync Server no longer uses TCP port 5060, during remote call control deployment you create a trusted server configuration, which associates the RCC Line Server FQDN with the TCP port that the Front End Server or Director will use to connect to the PBX system. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Lync Server 命令行管理程序文档中的 CsTrustedApplicationComputer cmdlet。For details, see the CsTrustedApplicationComputer cmdlet in the Lync Server Management Shell documentation.

对于仅使用硬件负载平衡(不是 DNS 负载平衡)的池,下表显示了需要打开硬件负载平衡器的端口。For your pools that use only hardware load balancing (not DNS load balancing), the following table shows the ports that need to open the hardware load balancers.

仅使用硬件负载平衡时的硬件负载平衡器端口Hardware Load Balancer Ports if Using Only Hardware Load Balancing

负载平衡器Load Balancer 端口Port 协议Protocol

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

50615061

TCP (TLS)TCP (TLS)

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

444444

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

135135

DCOM 和远程过程调用 (RPC)DCOM and remote procedure call (RPC)

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

8080

HTTPHTTP

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

80808080

TCP - 从前端服务器中进行的客户端和设备根证书检索 – NTLM 授权的客户端和设备TCP - Client and device retrieval of root certificate from Front End Server – clients and devices authenticated by NTLM

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

443443

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

44434443

HTTPS(来自反向代理)HTTPS (from reverse proxy)

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

50725072

TCPTCP

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

50735073

TCPTCP

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

50755075

TCPTCP

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

50765076

TCPTCP

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

50715071

TCPTCP

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

50805080

TCPTCP

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

448448

TCPTCP

中介服务器负载平衡器Mediation Server load balancer

50705070

TCPTCP

前端服务器负载平衡器 (如果池也运行中介服务器) Front End Server load balancer (if the pool also runs Mediation Server)

50705070

TCPTCP

控制器负载平衡器Director load balancer

443443

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

控制器负载平衡器Director load balancer

444444

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

控制器负载平衡器Director load balancer

50615061

TCPTCP

控制器负载平衡器Director load balancer

44434443

HTTPS(来自反向代理)HTTPS (from reverse proxy)

使用 DNS 负载平衡的前端池和控制器池还必须部署硬件负载平衡器。下表显示了需要在这些硬件负载平衡器上打开的端口。Your Front End pools and Director pools that use DNS load balancing also must have a hardware load balancer deployed. The following table shows the ports that need to be open on these hardware load balancers.

使用 DNS 负载平衡时的硬件负载平衡器端口Hardware Load Balancer Ports if Using DNS Load Balancing

负载平衡器Load Balancer 端口Port 协议Protocol

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

8080

HTTPHTTP

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

443443

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

80808080

TCP - 从前端服务器中进行的客户端和设备根证书检索 – NTLM 授权的客户端和设备TCP - Client and device retrieval of root certificate from Front End Server – clients and devices authenticated by NTLM

前端服务器负载平衡器Front End Server load balancer

44434443

HTTPS(来自反向代理)HTTPS (from reverse proxy)

控制器负载平衡器Director load balancer

443443

IP-HTTPSHTTPS

     

控制器负载平衡器Director load balancer

44434443

HTTPS(来自反向代理)HTTPS (from reverse proxy)

所需客户端端口Required Client Ports

组件Component 端口Port 协议Protocol 注释Notes

客户端Clients

67/6867/68

LDHCPDHCP

由 Lync Server 用来查找注册器 FQDN (即,如果 DNS SRV 失败且未) 配置手动设置。Used by Lync Server to find the Registrar FQDN (that is, if DNS SRV fails and manual settings are not configured).

客户端Clients

443443

TCP (TLS)TCP (TLS)

用于外部用户访问的客户端到服务器 SIP 流量。Used for client-to-server SIP traffic for external user access.

客户端Clients

443443

TCP (PSOM/TLS)TCP (PSOM/TLS)

用于外部用户访问 Web 会议会话。Used for external user access to web conferencing sessions.

客户端Clients

443443

TCP (STUN/MSTURN)TCP (STUN/MSTURN)

用于外部用户访问 A/V 会话和媒体 (TCP)Used for external user access to A/V sessions and media (TCP)

客户端Clients

34783478

UDP (STUN/MSTURN)UDP (STUN/MSTURN)

用于外部用户访问 A/V 会话和媒体 (UDP) Used for external user access to A/V sessions and media (UDP)

客户端Clients

50615061

TCP (MTLS)TCP (MTLS)

用于外部用户访问的客户端到服务器 SIP 流量。Used for client-to-server SIP traffic for external user access.

客户端Clients

6891-69016891-6901

TCPTCP

用于在 Lync 客户端和以前的客户端之间进行文件传输 (Microsoft Office 通信 Server 2007 R2、Microsoft Office 通信服务器2007和 Live 通信服务器 2005) 的客户端。Used for file transfer between Lync clients and previous clients (clients of Microsoft Office Communications Server 2007 R2, Microsoft Office Communications Server 2007, and Live Communications Server 2005).

客户端Clients

1024-65535 \*1024-65535 \*

TCP/UDPTCP/UDP

音频端口范围(最少需要 20 个端口)Audio port range (minimum of 20 ports required)

客户端Clients

1024-65535 \*1024-65535 \*

TCP/UDPTCP/UDP

视频端口范围(最少需要 20 个端口)。Video port range (minimum of 20 ports required).

客户端Clients

1024-65535 \*1024-65535 \*

TCPTCP

对等文件传输(对于会议文件传输,客户端使用 PSOM)。Peer-to-peer file transfer (for conferencing file transfer, clients use PSOM).

客户端Clients

1024-65535 \*1024-65535 \*

TCPTCP

应用程序共享。Application sharing.

Aastra 6721ip 公用区域电话Aastra 6721ip common area phone

Aastra 6725ip 桌面电话Aastra 6725ip desk phone

HP 4110 IP Phone(公用区域电话)HP 4110 IP Phone (common area phone)

HP 4120 IP Phone(桌面电话)HP 4120 IP Phone (desk phone)

Polycom CX500 IP 公用区域电话Polycom CX500 IP common area phone

Polycom CX600 IP 桌面电话Polycom CX600 IP desk phone

Polycom CX700 IP 桌面电话Polycom CX700 IP desk phone

Polycom CX3000 IP 会议电话Polycom CX3000 IP conference phone

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LDHCPDHCP

由列出的设备用来查找 Lync Server 证书、设置 FQDN 和注册器 FQDN。Used by the listed devices to find the Lync Server certificate, provisioning FQDN, and Registrar FQDN.

* 若要配置这些媒体类型的特定端口,请使用 CsConferencingConfiguration cmdlet (ClientMediaPortRangeEnabled、ClientMediaPort 和 ClientMediaPortRange 参数) 。* To configure specific ports for these media types, use the CsConferencingConfiguration cmdlet (ClientMediaPortRangeEnabled, ClientMediaPort, and ClientMediaPortRange parameters).

备注

为 Lync 客户端设置的程序会自动在客户端计算机上创建所需的操作系统防火墙例外。The set programs for Lync clients automatically create the required operating-system firewall exceptions on the client computer.

备注

在客户端必须遍历组织的防火墙的任何方案中,都需要用于外部用户访问的端口(例如,由其他组织承载的任何外部通信或会议)。The ports that are used for external user access are required for any scenario in which the client must traverse the organization’s firewall (for example, any external communications or meetings hosted by other organizations).