Configuration Manager 中硬件清单的简介Introduction to hardware inventory in Configuration Manager

适用范围: Configuration Manager (Current Branch)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

使用 Configuration Manager 中的硬件清单可收集有关组织中的客户端设备硬件配置的信息。Use hardware inventory in Configuration Manager to collect information about the hardware configuration of client devices in your organization. 必须选中客户端设置中的“在客户端上启用硬件清单” 设置,才能收集硬件清单。To collect hardware inventory, you must select the Enable hardware inventory on clients setting in client settings.

在硬件清单启用且客户端运行硬件清单周期后,客户端便会将信息发送到客户端站点中的管理点。After hardware inventory is enabled and the client runs a hardware inventory cycle, the client sends the information to a management point in the client's site. 随后,管理点将清单信息转发到 Configuration Manager 站点服务器,将清单信息存储在站点数据库中。The management point then forwards the inventory information to the Configuration Manager site server, which stores the inventory information in the site database. 硬件清单会根据你在客户端设置中指定的计划在客户端上运行。Hardware inventory runs on clients according to the schedule that you specify in client settings.

查看硬件清单View hardware inventory

可使用多种方法来查看 Configuration Manager 收集的硬件清单数据,这些方法包括:You can use several methods to view the hardware inventory data that Configuration Manager collects, including these methods:

当硬件清单在客户端设备上运行时,客户端返回的第一批清单数据始终是完整清单。When hardware inventory runs on a client device, the first inventory data that the client returns is always a full inventory. 后续清单数据仅包含增量清单信息。Subsequent inventory data contains only delta inventory information. 站点服务器按接收顺序来处理增量清单信息。The site server processes delta inventory information in the order received. 如果缺少客户端的增量信息,站点服务器会拒绝其他增量信息,并指示客户端运行完整清单周期。If delta information for a client is missing, the site server rejects additional delta information and directs the client to run a full inventory cycle.

Configuration Manager 为双引导计算机提供有限支持。Configuration Manager provides limited support for dual-boot computers. Configuration Manager 可以发现双引导计算机,但只从在清单周期运行时处于活动状态的操作系统返回清单信息。Configuration Manager can discover dual-boot computers but returns inventory information only from the operating system that's active when the inventory cycle runs.

备注

有关如何使用运行 Linux 和 UNIX 的客户端硬件清单的信息,请参阅 Linux 和 UNIX 的硬件清单For information about how to use hardware inventory with clients that run Linux and UNIX, see Hardware inventory for Linux and UNIX.

扩展 Configuration Manager 硬件清单Extending Configuration Manager hardware inventory

除了 Configuration Manager 中的内置硬件清单之外,还可以使用下面的一种方法来扩展硬件清单,以收集更多信息:In addition to the built-in hardware inventory in Configuration Manager, you can also use one of these methods to extend hardware inventory to collect more information:

  • 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中启用、禁用、添加和删除硬件清单的清单类。Enable, disable, add and remove inventory classes for hardware inventory from the Configuration Manager console.
  • 使用 NOIDMIF 文件收集 Configuration Manager 无法收集清单的客户端设备的相关信息。Use NOIDMIF files to collect information about client devices that can't be inventoried by Configuration Manager. 例如,您可能想要收集设备资产编号的信息仅作为在设备上的标签存在。For example, you might want to collect device asset number information that exists only as a label on the device. NOIDMIF 清单是自动与收集从客户端设备相关联。NOIDMIF inventory is automatically associated with the client device that it was collected from.
  • 使用 IDMIF 文件收集不与 Configuration Manager 客户端关联的资产(例如,投影仪、复印机和网络打印机)的相关信息。Use IDMIF files to collect information about assets that aren't associated with a Configuration Manager client, for example, projectors, photocopiers, and network printers.

后续步骤Next steps

有关使用这些方法扩展 Configuration Manager 硬件清单的详细信息,请参阅如何配置硬件清单For more information about using these methods to extend Configuration Manager hardware inventory, see How to configure hardware inventory.