使用 Configuration Manager 客户端软件,实现与未来 Current Branch 站点版本的扩展互操作性Use the Configuration Manager client software for extended interoperability with future versions of a Current Branch site

适用范围:Configuration Manager (Current Branch)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)  

业务要求可能不允许定期更新某些设备上的 Configuration Manager 客户端。Business requirements might not allow you to regularly update the Configuration Manager client on some devices. 例如,需要遵循变更管理策略,或设备属于任务关键型。For example, you need to follow change management policies, or the device is mission-critical. 可通过安装一个长期使用的新客户端来满足这些需求,这一客户端称为扩展互操作性客户端 (EIC)。Accommodate these needs by installing a new client for long-term use, called the extended interoperability client (EIC). EIC 应仅用于无法经常更新的特定设备,如展台或销售点设备。Only use the EIC for specific devices that can't be frequently updated, like kiosk or point-of-sale devices. 继续对大多数客户端使用自动客户端升级Continue to use automatic client upgrade for most of your clients.

工作原理How it works

通常,为 Configuration Manager 安装新的控制台中更新时,客户端会自动更新其客户端软件以使用这些新功能。Typically, when you install a new in-console update for Configuration Manager, clients automatically update their client software so they can use those new features. 在此方案中,仍可更新到 Current Branch 并接收新功能和更新。With this scenario, you still update to the current branch receiving the new features and updates. 大多数设备会通过你安装的每个版本更新来更新 Configuration Manager 客户端软件。Most devices update the Configuration Manager client software with each version update you install. 但在不想接收客户端软件更新的关键系统子集上,安装扩展互操作性客户端。However, on a subset of critical systems that you don't want to receive client software updates, you install the extended interoperability client. 在显式部署新版客户端软件之前,此类客户端不会安装新的客户端软件。These clients don't install new client software until you explicitly deploy a new version of the client software to them.

支持的版本Supported versions

下表列出了此方案支持的 Configuration Manager 客户端版本:The following table lists the versions of the Configuration Manager client that are supported for this scenario:

版本Version 可用日期Availability date 支持结束日期Support end date
19021902
5.00.87905.00.8790
2019 年 3 月 27 日March 27, 2019 不早于 2021 年 3 月 27 日No earlier than March 27, 2021
18021802
5.00.86345.00.8634
2018 年 5 月 1 日May 1, 2018 不早于 2020 年 5 月 1 日No earlier than May 1, 2020
16061606
5.00.84125.00.8412
2016 年 11 月 18 日November 18, 2016 2019 年 5 月 1 日May 1, 2019

提示

从发布之日起,EIC 至少在两年内受支持。The EIC is supported for at least two years from the date of release. 有关发布日期的详细信息,请参阅对 Configuration Manager Current Branch 版本的支持For more information on release dates, see Support for Configuration Manager current branch versions.

计划在客户端的支持到期之前,在使用 Current Branch 管理的设备上更新扩展互操作性客户端。Plan to update the extended interoperability client on devices that you manage with the current branch before support for the client expires. 为此,请从 Microsoft 下载新版客户端,然后在使用当前扩展互操作性客户端的设备上,部署更新后的客户端软件。To do so, download a new version of the client from Microsoft, and then deploy that updated client software to your devices that use the current extended interoperability client.

如何使用 EICHow to use the EIC

  1. 将这些设备添加到一个集合,从自动客户端升级中排除该集合。Add these devices to a collection, and exclude that collection from automatic client upgrades. 有关详细信息,请参阅如何从升级中排除客户端For more information, see How to exclude clients from upgrade.

  2. 从 Configuration Manager 更新安装介质的 \SMSSETUP\Client 文件夹中获取受支持的 EIC 版本。Obtain a supported version of the EIC from the \SMSSETUP\Client folder of the Configuration Manager update installation media. 请务必复制文件夹的全部内容。Make sure that you copy the entire contents of the folder.

  1. 在这些设备上手动安装 EIC。Manually install the EIC on those devices. 有关详细信息,请参阅手动安装客户端For more information, see Manually install the client.

    重要

    将版本 1606 客户端升级到版本 1802 时,请使用 CCMSETUP 选项“/AlwaysExcludeUpgrade:True”。When upgrading version 1606 clients to version 1802, use the CCMSETUP option /AlwaysExcludeUpgrade:True. 否则,客户端可能从管理点接收策略,以在排除策略之前自动升级。Otherwise the client may receive policy from the management point to automatically upgrade before the exclusion policy.

限制Limitations

  • 扩展互操作性客户端软件的更新不可通过控制台内更新进行。Updates for the extended interoperability client software aren't available by using in-console updates. 有关如何升级 EIC 的详细信息,请参阅如何升级排除的客户端For more information on how to update the EIC, see How to upgrade an excluded client.

  • EIC 仅支持以下功能:The EIC only supports the following features:

    • 软件更新Software updates
    • 硬件和软件清单Hardware and software inventory
    • 包和程序Packages and programs

后续步骤Next steps

如何从升级中排除客户端How to exclude clients from upgrade

为确保客户端已正确安装到所需设备上,请参阅如何监视客户端To make sure that clients are installed correctly on the devices you want, see How to monitor clients.