Microsoft 365 多地理位置计划Plan for Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo

本指南面向跨国公司 (MNC) 的管理员,他们根据公司的经营情况,做好将 Microsoft 365 租户扩大到其他地理位置的准备,以满足数据驻留需求。This guidance is designed for administrators of multi-national companies (MNCs) who are preparing their Microsoft 365 tenant to be expanded to additional geographies in accordance with the company’s presence to meet data residency requirements.

在多地理位置配置中,Microsoft 365 租户由一个中心位置以及一个或多个附属位置组成。In a multi-geo configuration, your Microsoft 365 tenant consists of a central location and one or more satellite locations. 这是一个跨多个地理位置的租户。This is a single tenant that spans across multiple geo locations. 租户信息(包括地理位置)是在 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 中进行管控。Your tenant information, including geo locations, is mastered in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD).

下面是一些关键的多地理位置术语,有助于了解此配置的基本概念:Here are some key multi-geo terms to help you understand the basic concepts of the configuration:

  • 租户 - 组织在 Microsoft 365 中的表示形式,通常有一个或多个关联域(例如,https://contoso.sharepoint.com))。Tenant – An organization's representation in Microsoft 365 which typically has one or more domains associated with it (for example, https://contoso.sharepoint.com).

  • 地理位置 - Microsoft 365 租户中可用于托管数据的地理位置。Geo locations – The geographic locations available to host data in a Microsoft 365 tenant.

  • 附属位置 - Microsoft 365 租户中已配置用于托管数据的其他地理位置。Satellite locations – The additional geo locations that you have configured to host data in your Microsoft 365 tenant. 多地理位置租户跨多个地理位置(例如,北美和欧洲)。Multi-geo tenants span more than one geo location, for example, North America and Europe.

  • 首选数据位置 (PDL) - 存储各个用户的 Exchange 和 OneDrive 数据的地理位置。Preferred Data Location (PDL) – The geo location where an individual user's Exchange and OneDrive data is stored. 这可以由管理员设置为已为租户配置的任何地理位置。This can be set by the administrator to any of the geo locations that have been configured for the tenant. 请注意,如果你更改已有 OneDrive 网站的用户的 PDL,用户的 OneDrive 数据不会自动移到新地理位置。Note that if you change the PDL for a user who already has a OneDrive site, their OneDrive data is not moved to the new geo location automatically. 有关详细信息,请参阅将 OneDrive 库移到其他地理位置See Move a OneDrive library to a different geo-location for more information. 如果用户有 Exchange 邮箱,邮箱会自动移到新首选数据位置。If they have an Exchange mailbox, the mailbox is moved to the new preferred data location automatically.

启用多地理位置需要四个关键步骤:Enabling Multi-Geo requires four key steps:

  1. 与你的帐户团队协作,在 Microsoft 365 服务计划中添加多地理位置功能Work with your account team to add the Multi-Geo Capabilities in Microsoft 365 service plan.

  2. 选择需要的附属位置并将其添加到租户。Choose your desired satellite location(s) and add them to your tenant.

  3. 将用户的首选数据位置设置为所需的附属位置。Set your users' preferred data location to the desired satellite location. 为用户预配的新 OneDrive 网站或 Exchange 邮箱会预配到用户的 PDL。When a new OneDrive site or Exchange mailbox is provisioned for a user, it is provisioned to their PDL.

  4. 根据需要,将用户的现有 OneDrive 网站从中心位置迁移到首选数据位置。Migrate your users' existing OneDrive sites from the central location to their preferred data location as needed. (Exchange 邮箱在你设置用户的 PDL 时自动迁移。)(Exchange mailboxes are migrated automatically when you set a user's PDL.)

若要详细了解如何执行每一步,请参阅配置 Microsoft 365 多地理位置See Configure Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo for details on each of these steps.

重要

请注意,Microsoft 365 多地理位置旨在满足数据驻留需求,而不是优化性能。Note that Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo is not designed for performance optimization, it is designed to meet data residency requirements. 若要了解 Microsoft 365 性能优化,请参阅 Microsoft 365 的网络计划和性能调整,或与支持群组联系。For information about performance optimization for Microsoft 365, see Network planning and performance tuning for Microsoft 365 or contact your support group.

可以将下列任何地理位置配置为,可托管 OneDrive 和 SharePoint 网站以及 Exchange 邮箱的附属位置。You can configure any of the following locations to be satellite locations where you can host OneDrive and SharePoint sites, and Exchange mailboxes. 计划使用多地理位置时,列出要添加到 Microsoft 365 租户的位置。As you plan for multi-geo, make a list of the locations that you want to add to your Microsoft 365 tenant. 建议从一个或两个附属位置入手,然后根据需要逐渐扩大到更多地理位置。We recommend starting with one or two satellite locations and then gradually expanding to more geo locations, if needed.

地理位置Geo location 代码Code 电子数据展示数据位置eDiscovery data location
亚太地区Asia-Pacific APCAPC 东南亚或东亚数据中心Southeast or East Asia datacenters
澳大利亚Australia AUSAUS 东南亚或东亚数据中心Southeast or East Asia datacenters
加拿大Canada CANCAN 美国数据中心US datacenters
欧洲/中东/非洲Europe / Middle East / Africa EUREUR 欧洲数据中心Europe datacenters
法国France FRAFRA 欧洲数据中心Europe datacenters
德国Germany DEUDEU 欧洲数据中心Europe datacenters
印度India INDIND 东南亚或东亚数据中心Southeast or East Asia datacenters
日本Japan JPNJPN 东南亚或东亚数据中心Southeast or East Asia datacenters
韩国Korea KORKOR 东南亚或东亚数据中心Southeast or East Asia datacenters
北美North America NAMNAM 美国数据中心US datacenters
挪威Norway NORNOR (电子数据展示数据位置即将推出)(eDiscovery data location coming soon)
南非South Africa ZAFZAF 东南亚或东亚数据中心Southeast or East Asia datacenters
瑞士Switzerland CHECHE 欧洲数据中心Europe datacenters
阿拉伯联合酋长国United Arab Emirates AREARE 东南亚或东亚数据中心Southeast or East Asia datacenters
英国United Kingdom GBRGBR 欧洲数据中心Europe datacenters

配置多地理位置时,请考虑借此机会在迁移到 Microsoft 365 时合并本地基础结构。例如,如果你在新加坡和马来西亚有本地服务器场,则可以将它们合并到 APC 附属位置,前提是数据驻留要求允许你执行此操作。When you configure multi-geo, consider taking the opportunity to consolidate your on-premises infrastructure while migrating to Microsoft 365. For example, if you have on-premises farms in Singapore and Malaysia, then you can consolidate them to the APC satellite location, provided data residency requirements allow you to do so.

最佳做法Best practices

建议在 Microsoft 365 中创建测试用户,以进行一些初始测试。We recommend that you create a test user in Microsoft 365 to do some initial testing. 让生产用户上手使用 Microsoft 365 多地理位置前,你将使用此用户执行一些测试和验证步骤。We’ll walk through some testing and verification steps with this user before you proceed to onboard production users into Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo.

使用测试用户完成测试后,选择一个试点组(可能来自 IT 部门),作为首个在新地理位置使用 OneDrive 和 Exchange 的组。Once you’ve completed testing with the test user, select a pilot group – perhaps from your IT department – to be the first to use OneDrive and Exchange in a new geo location. 对于此第一个组,选择尚未拥有 OneDrive 的用户。For this first group, select users who do not yet have a OneDrive. 建议此初始组的用户数不超过五人,然后遵循批量推出方法逐渐扩大。We recommend no more than five people in this initial group and gradually expand following a batched rollout approach.

每个用户都应设置“首选数据位置”(PDL),以便 Microsoft 365 可以确定在哪个地理位置预配 OneDrive。用户的首选数据位置必须与所选附属位置或中心位置相匹配。虽然 PDL 字段不是强制性的,但我们建议为所有用户设置一个 PDL。没有 PDL 的用户的工作负载将在中央位置进行预配。Each user should have a preferred data location (PDL) set so that Microsoft 365 can determine in which geo location to provision their OneDrive. The user's preferred data location must match one of your chosen satellite locations or your central location. While the PDL field is not mandatory, we recommend that a PDL be set for all users. Workloads of a user without a PDL will be provisioned in the central location.

创建一个用户列表,并包含他们的用户主体名称 (UPN) 和相应首选数据位置的位置代码。首先包含你的测试用户和初始试点组。在配置过程中你将需要使用这个列表。Create a list of your users, and include their user principal name (UPN) and the location code for the appropriate preferred data location. Include your test user and your initial pilot group to start with. You'll need this list for the configuration procedures.

如果用户是从本地 Active Directory 系统同步到 Azure Active Directory,你必须将首选数据位置设置为 Active Directory 属性,并使用 Azure Active Directory Connect 同步它。If your users are synchronized from an on-premises Active Directory system to Azure Active Directory, you must set the preferred data location as an Active Directory attribute and synchronize it by using Azure Active Directory Connect. 无法使用 Azure AD PowerShell 直接为同步用户配置首选数据位置。You cannot directly configure the preferred data location for synchronized users using Azure AD PowerShell. Azure Active Directory Connect 同步:配置 Microsoft 365 资源的首选数据位置中介绍了在 Active Directory 中设置并同步 PDL 的步骤。The steps to set up PDL in Active Directory and Synchronize it are covered in Azure Active Directory Connect sync: Configure preferred data location for Microsoft 365 resources.

多地理位置租户的管理可能与非多地理位置租户不同,因为许多 SharePoint 和 OneDrive 设置和服务都具有多地理位置意识。我们建议你在继续配置之前先查看管理多地理位置环境The administration of a multi-geo tenant can differ from a non-multi-geo tenant, as many of the SharePoint and OneDrive settings and services are multi-geo aware. We recommend that you review Administering a multi-geo environment before you proceed with your configuration.

阅读 多地理位置环境的用户体验, 详细了解最终用户在多地理位置环境中的体验。Read User experience in a multi-geo environment for details about your end users' experience in a multi-geo environment.

要详细了解 Microsoft 365 多地理位置租户中的 Teams 体验,请参阅 Microsoft 365 OneDrive 和 SharePoint Online 支持多地理位置的租户中的 Teams 体验For details about the Teams experience in a Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo tenancy, see Teams experience in a Microsoft 365 OneDrive and SharePoint Online Multi-Geo-enabled tenancy.

若要开始配置 Microsoft 365 多地理位置,请参阅配置 Microsoft 365 多地理位置To get started configuring Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo, see Configure Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo.

完成配置后,记得根据需要迁移用户的 OneDrive 库,以便让用户从首选数据位置工作。Once you've completed the configuration, remember to migrate your users' OneDrive libraries as needed to get your users working from their preferred data locations.

Microsoft 365 多地理位置电子数据展示配置Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo eDiscovery configuration