共享和协作Sharing and collaboration

联合共享Federated sharing

联合身份验证是指支持联合共享的基础信任基础结构、Microsoft Exchange Online 用户与其他外部联盟组织中的收件人或具有 internet 访问权限的用户共享忙/闲日历数据和联系人信息的方法。Federation refers to the underlying trust infrastructure that supports federated sharing, a method for Microsoft Exchange Online users to share free/busy calendar data and contact information with recipients in other external federated organizations or with users that have internet access. 这些组织还包括由 Exchange Online、外部 Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 或 Exchange Server 2013 组织托管的组织。These include organizations that are also hosted by Exchange Online, or external Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 or Exchange Server 2013 organizations. 通过使用组织关系和共享策略,Exchange Online 管理员可以使用户能够从 Microsoft Outlook 在 web 或 Microsoft Outlook 2010 或更高版本上发送日历共享邀请。Using organization relationships and sharing policies, Exchange Online administrators can enable users to send calendar-sharing invitations from Microsoft Outlook on the web or Microsoft Outlook 2010 or later.

重要

外部 Exchange 2010 和 Exchange 2013 组织必须将使用 Microsoft 联合身份验证网关的联合身份验证信任作为配置联合共享的一部分加以配置。External Exchange 2010 and Exchange 2013 organizations must configure a federation trust with the Microsoft Federation Gateway as part of configuring federated sharing. Exchange Online 组织无需配置联合身份验证信任—在创建 Microsoft 365 组织时,将自动创建与 Microsoft 联合网关的联合身份验证信任。Exchange Online organizations don't have to configure a federation trust—the federation trust with the Microsoft Federation Gateway is automatically created when the Microsoft 365 organization is created.

Exchange Online 组织必须配置组织关系或共享策略,以支持联合共享。Exchange Online organizations must configure either an organization relationship or a sharing policy to enable federated sharing.

联合共享不支持在不同 Microsoft 计划中的 Exchange Online 组织之间共享全局访问列表(Gal)或移动用户邮箱。Sharing of global access lists (GALs) or moving user mailboxes between Exchange Online organizations in different Microsoft plans is not supported in federated sharing.

有关联合共享的详细信息,请参阅 Exchange Online 中的共享For more information about federated sharing, see Sharing in Exchange Online.

站点邮箱Site mailboxes

电子邮件和文档传统上保存在两个唯一且单独的数据存储库中。大多数团队通过使用电子邮件和文档进行协作。难题在于使用不同的客户端访问电子邮件和文档。这通常会导致用户工作效率降低和用户体验降级。Email and documents are traditionally kept in two unique and separate data repositories. Most teams collaborate by using both email and documents. The challenge is that email and documents are accessed by using different clients. This usually results in a reduction in user productivity and a degraded user experience.

站点邮箱是 Exchange 2013 中尝试解决此问题的新概念。站点邮箱通过允许使用相同客户端接口同时访问 Microsoft SharePoint 2013 文档和 Exchange 电子邮件,从而改进协作和用户工作效率。站点邮箱在功能上由 SharePoint 2013 网站成员资格(所有者和成员)、共享存储(对于电子邮件,通过 Exchange 2013 邮箱来实现,对于文档则通过 SharePoint 2013 站点来实现)以及满足设置和生命周期需求的管理接口组成。The site mailbox is a new concept in Exchange 2013 that attempts to solve this problem. Site mailboxes improve collaboration and user productivity by using the same client interface to allow access to both Microsoft SharePoint 2013 documents and Exchange email. A site mailbox functionally consists of SharePoint 2013 site membership (owners and members), shared storage through an Exchange 2013 mailbox for email messages and a SharePoint 2013 site for documents, and a management interface that addresses provisioning and life cycle needs.

重要

您的计划必须包括 SharePoint。Your plan must include SharePoint. 站点邮箱要求用户具有 SharePoint 和 Exchange 的许可证。Site mailboxes require that users have both SharePoint and Exchange licenses.

有关网站邮箱的详细信息,请参阅网站邮箱For more information about site mailboxes, see Site Mailboxes.

公用文件夹Public folders

Exchange Online 中的公用文件夹已进行了改进,可利用邮箱数据库现有的高可用性和存储技术。Public folders in Exchange Online have been modernized to take advantage of the existing high availability and storage technologies of the mailbox database. 公用文件夹体系结构使用专门设计的邮箱来存储层次结构和公用文件夹内容。The public folder architecture uses specially designed mailboxes to store both the hierarchy and the public folder content. 这也意味着单独的公用文件夹数据库已不存在。This means that there's no longer a separate public folder database. 公用文件夹复制现在使用连续复制模型。Public folder replication now uses the continuous replication model. 层次结构和内容邮箱的高可用性由数据中心的数据库可用性组 (DAG) 提供。High availability for the hierarchy and content mailboxes is provided by a database availability group (DAG) in the data center. 在 Exchange Online 中,限制为1000公用文件夹邮箱。In Exchange Online, you are limited to 1000 public folder mailboxes. 每个公用文件夹邮箱还具有最大存储大小。Each public folder mailbox also has a maximum storage size. 有关详细信息,请参阅Exchange Online 限制中的 "邮箱文件夹限制" 部分。For more information, see the "Mailbox folder limits" section in Exchange Online limits. 公用文件夹邮箱的邮件、收件人和容量警报限制与普通邮箱相同。Public folder mailboxes have the same message, recipient, and capacity alert limits as regular mailboxes. 有关详细信息,请参阅 收件人For more information, see Recipients.

有关公用文件夹的详细信息,请参阅公用文件夹For more information about public folders, see Public Folders.

组和共享邮箱Group and shared mailboxes

组和共享邮箱使特定的一组用户可以轻松地从公用帐户(如公用电子邮件地址(例如,info@contoso.com 或 contact@contoso.com)中监视和发送电子邮件。Group and shared mailboxes make it easy for a specific group of people to monitor and send email from a common account, like public email addresses (for example, info@contoso.com or contact@contoso.com). 当组中的某个人答复发送到共享邮箱的邮件时,该电子邮件似乎来自共享邮箱,而不是来自单个用户。When a person in the group replies to a message sent to the shared mailbox, the email appears to be from the Shared mailbox, not from the individual user.

通常,组或共享邮箱不需要单独的用户许可证。Typically, group or shared mailboxes don't require a separate user license. 但是,若要为组或共享邮箱启用就地存档,必须向其分配 Exchange Online 计划1或 Exchange Online 计划2许可证。However, to enable In-Place Archive for a group or shared mailbox, you must assign an Exchange Online Plan 1 or Exchange Online Plan 2 license to it. 分配许可证后,邮箱大小将增加到授权的计划的邮箱大小。After the license is assigned, the mailbox size increases to that of the licensed plan. 若要将共享邮箱置于就地保留状态,必须向其分配 Exchange Online 计划2许可证。To put a shared mailbox on In-Place Hold, you must assign an Exchange Online Plan 2 license to it. 请注意,此时无法分配组邮箱,但应在总许可证中对其进行考虑。Please note that group mailboxes cannot be assigned at this time but should be accounted for in your total licenses.

就地存档仅可用于为应用了许可证的单个用户或实体(如共享邮箱)存档邮件。In-Place Archive can only be used to archive mail for a single user or entity (such as a Shared mailbox) for which a license has been applied. 禁止使用就地存档存储多个用户或实体的邮件。Using an In-Place Archive as a means of storing mail from multiple users or entities is prohibited. 例如,IT 管理员无法创建共享邮箱,也无法让用户复制(通过"抄送"或"密件抄送"字段,或通过传输规则)共享邮箱以便进行显式存档。For example, an IT administrator can't create a shared mailbox and have users copy it (through the Cc or Bcc field, or through a transport rule) for the explicit purpose of archiving. 请注意,多个用户使用的共享邮箱实际上并不存储这些单个用户的电子邮件。Note that a shared mailbox that multiple people use does not actually store email for those individual users. 多个用户拥有访问权限,且他们以共享邮箱发送电子邮件。Multiple users have access, and they send email as the shared mailbox. 因此,共享邮箱中仅存储的电子邮件是作为共享邮箱发送或接收的。Therefore, the only emails stored in the shared mailbox are those sent to or from it, as the shared mailbox.

功能可用性Feature availability

若要查看跨计划、独立选项和本地解决方案的功能可用性,请参阅Exchange Online 服务说明To view feature availability across plans, standalone options, and on-premises solutions, see Exchange Online service description.