在 Power BI 中与 ArcGIS 地图交互Interacting with ArcGIS maps in Power BI

本主题是从在 Power BI 服务、Power BI Desktop 或 Power BI 移动应用中使用 ArcGIS 地图的人员的角度进行编写。This topic is written from the point of view of a person consuming an ArcGIS map in Power BI service, Desktop, or mobile. 创建者与你共享 ArcGIS 地图后,便可以通过多种方式与相应地图进行交互。Once a creator shares an ArcGIS map with you, there are many ways to interact with that map. 若要详细了解如何创建 ArcGIS 地图,请参阅 ESRI ArcGIS 地图教程To learn more about creating an ArcGIS map, see ArcGIS maps by esri tutorial.

ArcGIS 地图和 Power BI 的结合将超越地图点表示法的地图绘制技术提升到全新水平。The combination of ArcGIS maps and Power BI takes mapping beyond the presentation of points on a map to a whole new level. 可以使用“基本地图”、“位置类型”、“主题”、“符号样式”和“引用层”选项,创建极具描述性的地图可视化效果。The available options for base maps, location types, themes, symbol styles, and reference layers creates gorgeous informative map visualizations. 将地图上的权威数据层(如统计数据)与空间分析相结合,可以让用户更深入地了解可视化效果中的数据。The combination of authoritative data layers (such as census data) on a map with spatial analysis conveys a deeper understanding of the data in your visualization.

提示

GIS 指的是地理信息科学。GIS stands for Geographic Information Science.

我们使用的示例就是在 ESRI ArcGIS 地图教程中创建的 ArcGIS 地图。The example we're using is the same ArcGIS map created in the ArcGIS maps by esri tutorial. 它按城市显示去年销售额,并使用街道基本地图、表示大小的气泡符号和平均家庭收入引用层。It looks at last year's sales by city and uses a street basemap, bubble symbols to represent size, and a reference layer for average household income. 此地图包含 3 个大头针和一个驾驶时间半径区域(紫色)。The map contains 3 pins and one drive time radius (in purple).

提示

请访问 ESRI 上的 Power BI 页面,查看多个示例并阅读用户感言。Visit esri's page on Power BI to see many examples and read testimonials. 然后查看 ESRI 的适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图入门页And then see esri's ArcGIS Maps for Power BI Getting Started page.


同事首次与你共享 ArcGIS 地图时,Power BI 会显示一条提示。The first time a colleague shares an ArcGIS map with you, Power BI will display a prompt. 适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图由 Esri 提供,使用适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图时,必须遵守 Esri 的条款和隐私策略。ArcGIS Maps for Power BI is provided by Esri and your use of ArcGIS Maps for Power BI is subject by Esri's terms and privacy policy. 若要使用适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图视觉对象,Power BI 用户必须接受同意对话框。Power BI users wishing to use the ArcGIS Maps for Power BI visuals need to accept the consent dialog.

选择工具Selection tools

ArcGIS Maps for Power BI 有三种选择模式。ArcGIS Maps for Power BI allows three selection modes. 一次最多可选择 250 个数据点。A maximum of 250 data points can be selected at a time.

选择单个数据点。 Select individual data points.

在地图上绘制一个矩形框来选择包含的数据点。 Draws a rectangle on the map and selects the contained data points. 按 CTRL 可以选择多个矩形区域。Use CTRL to select more than one rectangular area.

利用引用层中的边界或多边形来选择所包含的数据点。 Allows boundaries or polygons within reference layers to be used to select contained data points.


与 ArcGIS 地图交互Interacting with an ArcGIS map

具体可以使用哪些功能取决于你是创建者(地图创建者)还是使用者(其他人与你共享了 ArcGIS 地图)。The features available to you depend on whether you are the creator (person who made the map) or the consumer (someone shared an ArcGIS map with you). 如果是以使用者的身份与 ArcGIS 地图进行交互(亦称阅读视图),则可执行下列操作。If you are interacting with an ArcGIS map as a consumer (aka Reading view, here are the actions available to you.

  • 与其他可视化效果类型一样,可以固定到仪表板查看和/或导出基础数据,并在焦点模式全屏模式下查看地图。As with other visualization types, you can pin to dashboards, view and/or export the underlying data, and see the map in Focus mode and Full screen.
  • 展开“筛选器”窗格,以使用筛选器浏览地图。Expand the Filters pane to explore the map using filters. 关闭报表时,不会保存所应用的筛选器。When you close the report, the filters you applied are not saved.
  • 如果地图有引用层,请选择要在工具提示中显示详细信息的位置。If the map has a reference layer, select locations to display details in a tooltip. 此时,我们选择的是亚当斯县,以查看创建者在地图中添加的平均家庭收入引用层中的数据。Here we've selected Adams County and see data from the average household income reference layer the creator added to the map.

    在此示例中,我们还看到一个图表。In this case we also get a chart. 选择图表的条形,以深入探究数据。Select a bar on the chart to dig into the data. 此时,我们看到亚当斯县 79 个家庭的收入不低于 200,000 美元。Here we see that 79 households in Adams county earn $200,000 or greater.

    选择箭头可以查看其他任何图表。Select the arrow to display any additional charts.

  • 将鼠标悬停在基本地图位置符号之上,在工具提示中显示详细信息。Hover over basemap location symbols to display details in a tooltip.

    提示

    建议放大地图来选择特定位置。You may have to zoom in to select a specific location. 否则,如果位置重叠,Power BI 可能会一次显示多个工具提示。Otherwise, if there are overlapping locations, Power BI may present you with more than 1 tooltip at a time. 选择箭头可以切换工具提示Select the arrows to move between the tooltips

  • 如果创建者已将信息图层添加到 ArcGIS 地图,地图右上角会显示其他数据。If the creator has added an Infographics layer to the ArcGIS map, you'll see additional data displayed in the upper-right corner of the map. 例如,在此示例中,地图创建者添加了“未满 14 岁的儿童”。For example, here the map creator added "Children under 14."

注意事项和限制Considerations and Limitations

以下服务和应用支持适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图:ArcGIS Maps for Power BI is available in the following services and applications:

服务/应用Service/App是否支持Availability
Power BI DesktopPower BI Desktop Yes
Power BI 服务 (PowerBI.com)Power BI service (PowerBI.com) Yes
Power BI 移动应用程序Power BI mobile applications Yes
Power BI 发布到 WebPower BI publish to web No
Power BI EmbeddedPower BI Embedded No
Power BI 服务嵌入 (PowerBI.com)Power BI service embedding (PowerBI.com) No

ArcGIS 地图未显示 The ArcGIS map is not showing up
在不支持适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图的服务或应用中,可视化效果将显示为带 Power BI 徽标的空视觉对象。In services or applications where ArcGIS Maps for Power BI is not available, the visualization will show as an empty visual with the Power BI logo.

地图上并非显示我的所有地址 I'm not seeing all of my addresses on the map
对街道地址进行地理编码时,只会对前 1500 个地址进行地理编码。When geocoding street addresses, only the first 1500 addresses are geocoded. 对地名或国家/地区进行地理编码时,没有前 1500 个地址限制。Geocoding place names or countries is not subject to the 1500 address limit.

使用适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图需要付费吗?Is there any charge for using ArcGIS Maps for Power BI?

所有 Power BI 用户都可以使用适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图,无需额外付费。The ArcGIS Map for Power BI is available to all Power BI users at no additional cost. 此组件由 Esri 提供,应在本文前面所述的由 Esri 提供的使用条款及隐私政策的限制下使用此组件。It is a component provided by Esri and your use is subject to the terms and privacy policy provided by Esri as noted earlier in this article.

我看到关于缓存已满的错误消息I'm getting an error message about my cache being full

我们正在修复此 bug。This is a bug that is being addressed. 在此期间,请选择错误消息中的链接,了解如何清除 Power BI 缓存。In the meantime, select the link that appears in the error message for instructions on clearing your Power BI cache.

是否能够离线查看 ArcGIS 地图?Can I view my ArcGIS maps offline?

否,Power BI 需要网络连接才能显示地图。No, Power BI needs network connectivity to display the maps.

后续步骤Next steps

获取帮助:Esri 提供了有关适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图功能集的综合文档Getting help: Esri provides comprehensive documentation on the feature set of ArcGIS Maps for Power BI.

可以在 Power BI 社区中与适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图相关的帖子中提问题和查找最新信息,报告问题并查找答案。You can ask questions, find the latest information, report issues, and find answers on the Power BI community thread related to ArcGIS Maps for Power BI.

如果有改进建议,可以将建议提交到 Power BI 建议列表If you have a suggestion for an improvement, please submit it to Power BI's ideas list.

适用于 Power BI 的 ArcGIS 地图产品页ArcGIS Maps for Power BI product page