什么是 Power BI 报表服务器?What is Power BI Report Server?

Power BI 报表服务器是一个本地报表服务器,其中包含一个可显示和管理报表和 KPI 的 Web 门户。Power BI Report Server is an on-premises report server with a web portal in which you display and manage reports and KPIs. 随之一起提供的还有创建 Power BI 报表、分页报表、移动报表和 KPI 的工具。Along with it come the tools to create Power BI reports, paginated reports, mobile reports, and KPIs. 用户可以采用不同的方式访问这些报表:在 Web 浏览器、移动设备或在收件箱中以电子邮件的形式查看报表。Your users can access those reports in different ways: viewing them in a web browser or mobile device, or as an email in their in-box.

屏幕截图展示了 Power BI 报表服务器 Web 门户。

比较 Power BI 报表服务器Comparing Power BI Report Server

Power BI 报表服务器类似于 SQL Server Reporting Services 和 Power BI 联机服务,但采用不同的方式。Power BI Report Server is similar to both SQL Server Reporting Services and the Power BI online service, but in different ways. 与 Power BI 服务一样,Power BI 报表服务器也可托管 Power BI 报表 (.pbix)、Excel 文件和分页报表 (.rdl)。Like the Power BI service, Power BI Report Server hosts Power BI reports (.pbix), Excel files, and paginated reports (.rdl). 和 Reporting Services 一样,Power BI 报表服务器是本地服务器。Like Reporting Services, Power BI Report Server is on premises. Power BI 报表服务器功能是 Reporting Services 的超集:Reporting Services 可执行的所有操作均可由 Power BI 报表服务器执行,后者还支持 Power BI 报表。Power BI Report Server features are a superset of Reporting Services: everything you can do in Reporting Services, you can do with Power BI Report Server, along with support for Power BI reports. 有关详细信息,请参阅比较 Power BI 报表服务器和 Power BI 服务See Comparing Power BI Report Server and the Power BI service for details.

授权 Power BI 报表服务器Licensing Power BI Report Server

可以通过以下两个不同许可证来访问 Power BI 报表服务器:带软件保障的 Power BI Premium 和 SQL Server Enterprise Edition。Power BI Report Server is available through two different licenses: Power BI Premium and SQL Server Enterprise Edition with Software Assurance. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Microsoft 批量授权See Microsoft Volume Licensing for details. 使用 Power BI Premium 许可证可以创建混合云和本地的混合部署。With a Power BI Premium license, you can create a hybrid deployment mixing cloud and on-premises.

如果将 Power BI 报表发布到 Power BI 报表服务器,则还需要 Power BI Pro 许可证。If you publish Power BI reports to Power BI Report Server, you also need a Power BI Pro license. 无需 Power BI Pro 许可证即可在 Power BI 报表服务器上查看 Power BI 报表并与之交互。You don't need a Power BI Pro license to view and interact with Power BI reports on Power BI Report Server.

备注

对于 Power BI Premium,Power BI 报表服务器仅包含在 P SKU 中。For Power BI Premium, Power BI Report Server is only included with P SKUs. 它不包含在 EM SKU 中。It is not included with EM SKUs.

Web 门户Web portal

Power BI 报表服务器的入口点是可以在任意新式浏览器中查看的安全 Web 门户。The entry point for Power BI Report Server is a secure web portal you can view in any modern browser. 在此处访问所有报表和 KPI。Here, you access all your reports and KPIs. Web 门户上的内容在传统的文件夹层次结构中进行分类。The content on the web portal is organized in a traditional folder hierarchy. 在文件夹中,内容按类型分组:Power BI 报表、移动报表、分页报表、KPI 和 Excel 工作簿。In your folders, content is grouped by type: Power BI reports, mobile reports, paginated reports, KPIs, and Excel workbooks. 共享数据集和共享数据源位于其自己的文件夹中,可用作报表的构建基块。Shared datasets and shared data sources are in their own folders, to use as building blocks for your reports. 标记收藏夹以在单个文件夹中查看这些内容。You tag favorites to view them in a single folder. 此外,还可以直接在 Web 门户中创建 KPI。And you create KPIs right in the web portal.

照片展示了显示 Power BI 报表服务器 Web 门户的笔记本电脑。

根据你的权限,可以在 Web 门户中管理内容。Depending on your permissions, you can manage the content in the web portal. 可以安排报表处理、按需访问报表,并订阅已发布报表。You can schedule report processing, access reports on demand, and subscribe to published reports. 还可以向 Web 门户应用自己的自定义品牌You can also apply your own custom branding to your web portal.

有关 Power BI 报表服务器 Web 门户的详细信息。More about the Power BI Report Server web portal.

Power BI 报表Power BI reports

使用更适合报表服务器的 Power BI Desktop 版本创建 Power BI 报表 (.pbix)。You create Power BI reports (.pbix) with the version of Power BI Desktop optimized for the report server. 然后将其发布到自己环境的 Web 门户中并在其中查看这些报表。Then you publish them and view them in the web portal in your own environment.

Power BI 报表服务器中的 Power BI 报表

Power BI 报表是数据模型的多角度视图,使用可视化效果表示数据模型的各种结果和见解。A Power BI report is a multi-perspective view into a data model, with visualizations that represent different findings and insights from that data model. 报表可包含单个可视化效果,也可包含充满可视化效果的多个页面。A report can have a single visualization or pages full of visualizations. 根据你的角色,可以读取和浏览报表,也可以为其他人创建报表。Depending on your role, you may read and explore reports, or you may create them for others.

阅读有关安装 Microsoft Power BI DesktopRead about installing Microsoft Power BI Desktop.

分页报表Paginated reports

分页报表 (.rdl) 是具有可视化效果的文档样式报表,表格在其中从横向和纵向展开,以便根据需要逐页显示其所有数据。Paginated reports (.rdl) are document-style reports with visualizations, in which tables expand horizontally and vertically to display all their data, continuing from page to page as needed. 这非常适合生成更适合打印的布局固定且像素效果完美的文档,如 PDF 和 Word 文件。They're great for generating fixed-layout, pixel-perfect documents optimized for printing, such as PDF and Word files.

Power BI 报表服务器中的分页报表

可以使用 SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) 中的报表生成器或报表设计器来创建分页报表。You can create paginated reports using Report Builder or Report Designer in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT).

Reporting Services 移动报表Reporting Services mobile reports

移动报表连接到本地数据,并且具有可适应不同的设备以及不同的屏幕方向的响应式布局。Mobile reports connect to on-premises data and have a responsive layout that adapts to different devices and the different ways you hold them. 使用 SQL Server 移动报表发布服务器创建这些报表。You create them with SQL Server Mobile Report Publisher.

有关 Reporting Services 移动报表的详细信息。More about Reporting Services mobile reports.

报表服务器编程功能Report Server programming features

利用 Power BI 报表服务器编程功能,可以使用 API 在自定义应用中集成或扩展数据和报表处理,从而扩展和自定义报表。Take advantage of Power BI Report Server programming features to extend and customize your reports, with APIs to integrate or extend data and report processing in custom applications.

详细阅读报表服务器开发者文档More Report Server developer documentation.

后续步骤Next steps

安装 Power BI 报表服务器Install Power BI Report Server
下载报表生成器Download Report Builder

更多问题?More questions? 尝试咨询 Power BI 社区Try asking the Power BI Community