Power BI Premium 有哪些特权?Power BI Premium - what is it?

Power BI Premium 资源专用于为组织或团队运行 Power BI 服务,为你提供更可靠的性能和更大的数据卷。Power BI Premium provides resources dedicated to running the Power BI service for your organization or team, giving you more dependable performance and larger data volumes. Premium 还可以广泛发布内容,无需为查看者购买许可证。Premium also enables widespread distribution of content without requiring you to purchase per-user licenses for viewers.

可以将工作区分配到高级容量,从而充分利用 Power BI Premium。You can take advantage of Power BI Premium by assigning workspaces to a Premium capacity. “高级容量”是组织的专用资源。Premium capacity is a dedicated resource for your organization. 未分配到高级容量的工作区,则属于共享容量。For workspaces that are not assigned to a premium capacity, these will be in a shared capacity.

“共享容量”是指在 Power BI 使用体验中,工作负荷在其他客户共享的计算资源上运行。Shared capacity is the experience you are used to with Power BI, where your workloads run on computational resources shared by other customers. 在共享容量中,为了确保所有用户的体验质量,每个用户会受到更多的限制。In shared capacity, more limits are placed on individual users to ensure quality of the experience for all users.

  1. Premium 容量中的项Items within a Premium capacity

    • 访问应用工作区(以成员或管理员身份)和发布应用都需要使用 Power BI Pro 许可证。Accessing app workspaces (as members or admins) and publishing apps requires a Power BI Pro license.
    • 应用读者可以是 Power BI Pro 用户或免费用户。App readers can be Power BI Pro or free users.
    • 共享需要 Power BI Pro 许可证,但接收人可以是 Power BI Pro 用户或免费用户。Sharing requires a Power BI Pro license but recipients can be Power BI Pro or free users.
    • 不管使用的是 Power BI Pro 许可证还是免费许可证,仪表板接收者都可以设置数据警报。Whether they have a Power BI Pro or free license, dashboard recipients can set data alerts.
    • 用于嵌入的 REST API 利用具有 Power BI Pro 许可证的服务帐户,而不是用户的服务帐户。REST APIs for embedding utilize a service account, with a Power BI Pro license, rather than a user.
  2. 共享容量中的我的工作区My workspace in Shared capacity

    • 共享需要 Pro 许可证。Sharing requires a Pro license. 接收人也需要 Pro 许可证。Recipients also need Pro licenses.
  3. 共享容量中的应用工作区App workspaces in Shared capacity

    • 任何应用使用都需要 Pro 许可证。Any app usage requires Pro licenses.

容量层级Capacity tiers

Power BI 中有两种类型的容量。There are two types of capacity within Power BI. 共享容量和 Power BI 高级容量。Shared capacity and Power BI Premium capacity. 下面我们来看它们之间的区别。Here is a look at what the differences are between them.

共享容量Shared capacity Power BI 高级容量Power BI Premium capacity
刷新频率Refresh rate 每天 8 次8/day 不受限制Not restricted
专用硬件隔离Isolation with dedicated hardware
面向所有用户的企业分发Enterprise Distribution to all users
应用Apps 11
嵌入式 API 和控件Embedded API and controls 22
在本地发布 Power BI 报表Publish Power BI reports on-premises

1 应用中用户可以免费使用的功能包括在 Web 和移动设备中查看内容、使用问答、Quick Insights、Cortana 以及导出到 CSV、Excel 和 PowerPoint。1 Free user consumption in apps includes viewing content in web and mobile, using Q&A, Quick Insights, Cortana, export to CSV, Excel and PowerPoint.
2 Power BI Premium 公开发布后推出的增强功能。2 Future enhancements coming to Power BI Premium post GA.

高级容量Premium capacity

需要将工作区分配给某个容量,方可开始使用 Power BI 高级容量。To start using a Power BI Premium capacity, you need to assign a workspace to a capacity. 有关如何将工作区分配给高级容量的详细信息,请参阅管理 Power BI PremiumFor more information on how to assign a workspace to a premium capacity, see Manage Power BI Premium.

工作区受高级容量支持时,可以享受 Power BI Premium 的权益。When a workspace is backed by premium capacity, you enjoy the benefits of Power BI Premium.

  • 预定刷新:使用导入的模型计划刷新时,用户以前的限制为每天 8 次。Scheduled refreshes: users prior were limited to 8x a day when scheduling refreshes with imported models. 对 Premium 工作区的数据集解除了此限制。This limitation is lifted for datasets in Premium workspaces. 这不适用于 DirectQuery 的预定缓存刷新设置。This does not apply to the scheduled cache refresh settings for DirectQuery. 在高级容量和共享容量之间,这些设置保持相同。Those remain the same between Premium and Shared capacities.
  • 专用硬件隔离 – 根据共享容量的性质,报表和仪表板的性能可能会该容量中受其他工作负荷的资源需求影响,尽管我们对此有所防护。Isolation with dedicated hardware – by nature of shared capacity, the performance of your reports and dashboards may be impacted by the resource demands of other workloads in the capacity, despite our safeguards against it. 相反,Premium 通过隔离不相关的工作负荷,为你的工作负荷提供更一致、更可靠的性能。Conversely, Premium provides more consistent, dependable performance for your workloads by isolating it from unrelated workloads.

如果应用受高级容量支持(即它是当前分配到高级容量的应用工作区发布的),则此后组织中的任何用户都可以使用发布的这个应用,而无需考虑分配给他们的许可证。If an app is backed by premium capacity (i.e. it was published from an app workspace that is currently assigned to Premium), the published app can then be used by any user in your organization regardless of the license they are assigned. 这意味着即使是 Power BI 免费用户也可以使用这些已发布的应用。This means that even Power BI Free users can use those published apps.

共享容量Shared capacity

默认情况下,你的工作区属于共享容量。By default, your workspace will be in shared capacity. 这包括你个人的“我的工作区”以及应用工作区。This includes your personal My workspace along with App workspaces. “共享容量”是指在 Power BI 使用体验中,工作负荷在其他客户共享的计算资源上运行。A Shared capacity is the experience you are used to with Power BI, where your workloads run on computational resources shared by other customers.

高级容量节点Premium capacity nodes

不同虚拟核心容量的节点配置中可使用 Power BI Premium。Power BI Premium is available in node configurations with different v-core capacities. 有关特定 SKU 产品和成本的详细信息,请参阅 Power BI 定价For more information about specific SKU offereings and cost, see Power BI pricing. 也可使用成本计算器A cost calculator is also available. 有关嵌入分析容量规划的信息,请参阅“规划 Power BI Enterprise 部署”白皮书For information regarding embedded analytics capacity planning, see Planning a Power BI Enterprise Deployment whitepaper.

  • P 节点可以用于嵌入式部署或服务部署P nodes can be used for embedded or service deployments
  • EM 节点仅用于嵌入式部署EM nodes can be used for embedded deployments only
  • EM1 和 EM2EM1 and EM2
  • 只有充当 Office 365 全局管理员的用户才能正常运行此表中的链接 - 其他人会收到 404 错误。Links in this table only operate properly for users who are Office 365 global admins - others receive a 404 error.
容量节点Capacity Node 总核心数Total cores
(后端 + 前端)(Backend + frontend)
后端核心数Backend Cores 前端核心数Frontend Cores DirectQuery/实时连接限制DirectQuery/live connection limits 高峰时间的最大显示页数Max page renders at peak hour 是否支持Availability
EM1(按月)EM1 (month to month) 1 个虚拟核心1 v-core 0.5 个核心,2.5 GB RAM.5 cores, 2.5GB RAM 0.5 个核心.5 cores 每秒 3.753.75 per second 150-300150-300 可用Available
EM2(按月)EM2 (month to month) 2 个虚拟核心2 v-cores 1 个核心,5GB RAM1 core, 5GB RAM 单核1 core 每秒 7.57.5 per second 301-600301-600 可用Available
EM3(按月)EM3 (month to month) 4 个虚拟核心4 v-cores 2 个核心,10GB RAM2 cores, 10GB RAM 2 个核心2 cores 601-1,200601-1,200 可用Available
P1P1 8 个虚拟核心8 v-cores 4 核,25 GB RAM4 cores, 25GB RAM 4 核4 cores 每秒 30 个30 per second 1,201-2,4001,201-2,400 可用(也可以按月Available (month to month is also available)
P2P2 16 个虚拟核心16 v-cores 8 核,50 GB RAM8 cores, 50GB RAM 8 核8 cores 每秒 60 个60 per second 2,401-4,8002,401-4,800 可用Available
P3P3 32 个虚拟核心32 v-cores 16 核,100 GB RAM16 cores, 100GB RAM 16 核16 cores 每秒 120 个120 per second 4,801-96004,801-9600 可用Available
  • 前端核心负责 Web 服务、仪表板和报表文档管理、访问 Rights Management、时间安排、 API、上传和下载,并大体包括所有与用户体验相关的内容。The frontend cores are responsible for the web service, dashboard and report document management, access rights management, scheduling, APIs, uploads and downloads, and generally for everything that relates to the user experience.
  • 后端核心负责完成繁重的任务:查询处理、缓存管理、运行 R 服务器、数据刷新、自然语言处理、实时馈送和在服务器端绘制报表和图像。The backend cores are responsible for the heavy lifting: query processing, cache management, running R servers, data refresh, natural language processing, real-time feeds, and server-side rendering of reports and images. 后端核心也可保留一定的内存量。With the backend cores, a certain amount of memory is reserved as well. 处理大型数据模型或大量活动数据集时,内存充足尤为重要。Having sufficient memory becomes especially important when dealing with large data models or with a large number of active datasets.

Power BI 报表服务器Power BI Report Server

Power BI Premium 包含在本地运行 Power BI 报表服务器的权限。Power BI Premium includes the right to run Power BI Report Server on-premises. 更多详细信息,请参阅开始使用 Power BI 报表服务器For more infomation, see Get started with Power BI Report Server.

后续步骤Next steps

Power BI Premium 常见问题解答Power BI Premium FAQ
Power BI Premium 发行说明Power BI Premium release notes
如何购买 Power BI PremiumHow to purchase Power BI Premium
管理 Power BI PremiumManaging Power BI Premium
Microsoft Power BI Premium 白皮书Microsoft Power BI Premium whitepaper
规划 Power BI Enterprise 部署白皮书Planning a Power BI Enterprise Deployment whitepaper
在组织中管理 Power BIAdministering Power BI in your organization

更多问题?More questions? 尝试咨询 Power BI 社区Try asking the Power BI Community