Power BI 中的报表Reports in Power BI

什么是 Power BI 报表?What is a Power BI report?

Power BI 报表是数据集的多角度视图,使用可视化效果表示数据集的各种结果和可以给予人的启发。A Power BI report is a multi-perspective view into a dataset, with visualizations that represent different findings and insights from that dataset. 报表可包含单个可视化效果,也可包含充满可视化效果的多个页面。A report can have a single visualization or pages full of visualizations. 根据你的作业角色,你可能是创建报表和/或使用报表的人。Depending on your job role, you may be someone who creates reports and/or you may be someone who consumes or uses reports.

此报表有 3 个页面(或选项卡),我们当前查看的是“商店销售额概述”页面。This report has 3 pages (or tabs) and we're currently viewing the Store Sales Overview page. 此页面上有 6 个不同的可视化效果和一个页标题。On this page are 6 different visualizations and a page title. 可视化效果可固定到仪表板,当固定的可视化效果被选中后,它将打开从其中固定它的报表。Visualizations can be pinned to dashboards and when that pinned visualization is selected, it opens the report it was pinned from.

如果你不熟悉 Power BI,可以通过阅读 Power BI 基本概念详细了解基础知识If you're new to Power BI, you can get a good foundation by reading Power BI basic concepts

报表是 Power BI 服务和 Power BI Desktop 的一项功能。Reports are a feature of Power BI service and Power BI Desktop. 使用报表的体验几乎相同。The experience of working with reports is almost identical. 在移动设备中无法创建报表,但可以查看、共享报表并对其添加批注However, for mobile, you can't create reports but you can view, share, and annotate reports.

报表的优点Advantages of reports

报表以单个数据集为基础。Reports are based on a single dataset. 报表中的可视化效果分别表示信息的一个功能。The visualizations in a report each represent a nugget of information. 此外,可视化效果不是静态的;你可以添加和删除数据,更改可视化效果类型,并在深入探究数据时应用筛选器和切片器,从而发现见解并寻找答案。And the visualizations aren't static; you can add and remove data, change visualization types, and apply filters and slicers as you dig into the data to discover insights and look for answers. 报表类似于仪表板,但它更具有高度互动性和高度可定制性,并且可视化效果随着基础数据的更改而更新。Like a dashboard, but more-so, a report is highly interactive and highly customizable and the visualizations update as the underlying data changes.

仪表板与报表Dashboards versus reports

仪表板经常与报表混淆,因为它们也是填充可视化效果的画布。Dashboards are often confused with reports since they too are canvases filled with visualizations. 但它们存在一些主要差异。But there are some major differences.

功能Capability 仪表板Dashboards 报表Reports
页面Pages 一个页面One page 一个或多个页面One or more pages
数据源Data sources 每个仪表板的一个或多个报表和一个或多个数据集One or more reports and one or more datasets per dashboard 每个报表的单个数据集A single dataset per report
可用于 Power BI DesktopAvailable in Power BI Desktop No 是,可以在 Desktop 中创建和查看报表Yes, can create and view reports in Desktop
固定Pinning 只能将现有的可视化效果(磁贴)从当前仪表板固定到其他仪表板Can pin existing visualizations (tiles) only from current dashboard to your other dashboards 可以将可视化效果(作为磁贴)固定到任何仪表板。Can pin visualizations (as tiles) to any of your dashboards. 可以将整个报表页面固定到任何仪表板。Can pin entire report pages to any of your dashboards.
订阅Subscribe 无法订阅仪表板Can't subscribe to a dashboard 可以订阅报表页面Can subscribe to report pages
筛选Filtering 无法筛选或切片Can't filter or slice 许多不同的方式来筛选、突出显示和切片Many different ways to filter, highlight, and slice
设置警报Set alerts 当满足某些条件时,可以创建警报以向你发送电子邮件Can create alerts to email you when certain conditions are met No
功能Feature 可以将一个仪表板设置为“精选”仪表板Can set one dashboard as your "featured" dashboard 无法创建精选报表Cannot create a featured report
自然语言查询Natural language queries 从仪表板可用Available from dashboard 从报表不可用Not available from reports
可以更改可视化效果类型Can change visualization type 不行。No. 事实上,如果报表所有者更改报表中的可视化效果类型,那么仪表板上的固定可视化效果不会更新In fact, if a report owner changes the visualization type in the report, the pinned visualization on the dashboard does not update Yes
可以看到基础数据集表和字段Can see underlying dataset tables and fields 不行。No. 可以导出数据,但看不到仪表板本身的表和字段。Can export data but can't see tables and fields in the dashboard itself. 是的。Yes. 可以查看数据集表和字段以及值。Can see dataset tables and fields and values.
可以创建可视化效果Can create visualizations 仅限于使用“添加磁贴”向仪表板添加小部件Limited to adding widgets to dashboard using "Add tile" 可以通过“编辑”权限创建许多不同类型的视觉对象、添加自定义视觉对象、编辑视觉对象等Can create many different types of visuals, add custom visuals, edit visuals and more with Editing permissions
自定义Customization 可以通过移动和排列、调整大小、添加链接、重命名、删除和显示全屏等可视化效果(磁贴)来进行自定义。Can do things with the visualizations (tiles) like move and arrange, resize, add links, rename, delete, and display full screen. 但是数据和可视化效果本身是只读的。But the data and visualizations themselves are read-only. 在“阅读”视图中,你可以发布、嵌入、筛选、导出、下载为 .pbix,查看相关内容,生成 QR 码,在 Excel 中进行分析等。In Reading view you can publish, embed, filter,export, download as .pbix, view related content, generate QR codes, analyze in Excel, and more. 在“编辑”视图中,你可以执行目前为止所提到的一切操作,甚至更多操作。In Editing view you can do everything mentioned so far and so much more.

报表创建者和报表使用者Report creators and report consumers

根据你的角色,你可能会创建报表供你自己使用或与同事共享。Depending on your role, you may be someone who creates reports for your own use or to share with colleagues. 你想了解如何创建和共享报表。You want to learn how to create and share reports. 或者,你可能会从其他人那里接收报表。Or, you may be someone who receives reports from others. 你想要了解如何理解报表并与报表进行交互。You want to learn how to understand and interact with the reports.

以下是一些按角色提供的主题,可帮助你入门。Here are some topics, by role, to help you get started.

如果你要创建和共享报表If you will be creating and sharing reports

如果你要接收和使用报表If you will be receiving and consuming reports

提示

如果在此处未找到你所查找的内容,请使用左侧的“目录”浏览所有的 报表 主题。If you didn’t find what you’re looking for here, use the Table of Contents to the left to browse all report topics.

后续步骤Next steps

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