New-Service

Creates a new Windows service.

Syntax

New-Service
   [-Name] <String>
   [-BinaryPathName] <String>
   [-DisplayName <String>]
   [-Description <String>]
   [-SecurityDescriptorSddl <String>]
   [-StartupType <ServiceStartupType>]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   [-DependsOn <String[]>]
   [-WhatIf]
   [-Confirm]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The New-Service cmdlet creates a new entry for a Windows service in the registry and in the service database. A new service requires an executable file that runs during the service.

The parameters of this cmdlet let you set the display name, description, startup type, and dependencies of the service.

Examples

Example 1: Create a service

New-Service -Name "TestService" -BinaryPathName '"C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe -k netsvcs"'

This command creates a service named TestService.

Example 2: Create a service that includes description, startup type, and display name

$params = @{
  Name = "TestService"
  BinaryPathName = '"C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe -k netsvcs"'
  DependsOn = "NetLogon"
  DisplayName = "Test Service"
  StartupType = "Manual"
  Description = "This is a test service."
}
New-Service @params

This command creates a service named TestService. It uses the parameters of New-Service to specify a description, startup type, and display name for the new service.

Example 3: View the new service

Get-CimInstance -ClassName Win32_Service -Filter "Name='testservice'"

ExitCode  : 0
Name      : testservice
ProcessId : 0
StartMode : Auto
State     : Stopped
Status    : OK

This command uses Get-CimInstance to get the Win32_Service object for the new service. This object includes the start mode and the service description.

Example 4: Set the SecurityDescriptor of a service when creating.

This example adds the SecurityDescriptor of the service being created.

$SDDL = "D:(A;;CCLCSWRPWPDTLOCRRC;;;SY)(A;;CCDCLCSWRPWPDTLOCRSDRCWDWO;;;BA)(A;;CCLCSWLOCRRC;;;SU)"
$params = @{
  BinaryPathName = '"C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe -k netsvcs"'
  DependsOn = "NetLogon"
  DisplayName "Test Service"
  StartupType = "Manual"
  Description = "This is a test service."
  SecurityDescriptorSddl = $SDDL
}
New-Service @params

The SecurityDescriptor is stored in the $SDDLToSet variable. The SecurityDescriptorSddl parameter uses $SDDL to set the SecurityDescriptor of the new service.

Parameters

-BinaryPathName

Specifies the path of the executable file for the service. This parameter is required.

The fully qualified path to the service binary file. If the path contains a space, it must be quoted so that it is correctly interpreted. For example, d:\my share\myservice.exe should be specified as '"d:\my share\myservice.exe"'.

The path can also include arguments for an auto-start service. For example, '"d:\myshare\myservice.exe arg1 arg2"'. These arguments are passed to the service entry point.

For more information, see the lpBinaryPathName parameter of CreateServiceW API.

Type:String
Aliases:Path
Position:1
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Credential

Specifies the account used by the service as the Service Logon Account.

Type a user name, such as User01 or Domain01\User01, or enter a PSCredential object, such as one generated by the Get-Credential cmdlet. If you type a user name, this cmdlet prompts you for a password.

Credentials are stored in a PSCredential object and the password is stored as a SecureString.

Note

For more information about SecureString data protection, see How secure is SecureString?.

Type:PSCredential
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-DependsOn

Specifies the names of other services upon which the new service depends. To enter multiple service names, use a comma to separate the names.

Type:String[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Description

Specifies a description of the service.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-DisplayName

Specifies a display name for the service.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Name

Specifies the name of the service. This parameter is required.

Type:String
Aliases:ServiceName
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-SecurityDescriptorSddl

Specifies the SecurityDescriptor for the service in Sddl format.

Type:String
Aliases:sd
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-StartupType

Sets the startup type of the service. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • Automatic - The service is started or was started by the operating system, at system start-up. If an automatically started service depends on a manually started service, the manually started service is also started automatically at system startup.
  • AutomaticDelayedStart - Starts shortly after the system boots.
  • Disabled - The service is disabled and cannot be started by a user or application.
  • InvalidValue - This value is not supported. Using this value results in an error.
  • Manual - The service is started only manually, by a user, using the Service Control Manager, or by an application.

The default value is Automatic.

Type:Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.ServiceStartupType
Accepted values:Automatic, Manual, Disabled, AutomaticDelayedStart, InvalidValue
Position:Named
Default value:Automatic
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

None

You cannot pipe input to this cmdlet.

Outputs

ServiceController

This cmdlet returns an object that represents the new service.

Notes

This cmdlet is only available on Windows platforms.

To run this cmdlet, start PowerShell by using the Run as administrator option.