从 SharePoint 2010 到 SharePoint 2013 的升级过程概述Overview of the upgrade process from SharePoint 2010 to SharePoint 2013

适用于:是2013 无 20162019 无SharePoint OnlineAPPLIES TO: yes2013 no2016 no2019 noSharePoint Online

若要从 SharePoint 2010 产品升级到 SharePoint 2013, 可以使用数据库附加方法进行升级。To upgrade from SharePoint 2010 Products to SharePoint 2013, you use the database-attach method to upgrade. 在数据库附加方法中, 首先创建并配置一个 SharePoint 2013 服务器场。In the database-attach method, you first create and configure a SharePoint 2013 farm. 然后, 从 SharePoint 2010 产品场复制内容和服务应用程序数据库, 然后附加和升级数据库。Then you copy the content and service application databases from the SharePoint 2010 Products farm, and then attach and upgrade the databases. 这样即可将数据升级到新版本。This upgrades the data to the new version. 网站所有者随后可以升级各个网站集。Site owners can then upgrade individual site collections.

图:升级阶段的顺序Figure: The sequence of upgrade stages

SharePoint 2013 升级过程中的阶段

本文帮助您了解升级顺序,以便您可以规划升级项目。This article helps you understand the upgrade sequence so that you can plan an upgrade project. 若要获取升级的详细步骤, 请参阅将内容数据库从 SharePoint 2010 升级到 sharepoint 2013将网站集升级到 sharepoint 2013To get detailed steps for an upgrade, see Upgrade content databases from SharePoint 2010 to SharePoint 2013 and Upgrade a site collection to SharePoint 2013.

重要

本文适用于 SharePoint Foundation 2013 和 SharePoint 2013, 但有关如何升级仅在 SharePoint 2013 中的 "我的网站" 和特定服务应用程序的信息除外。This article applies to both SharePoint Foundation 2013 and SharePoint 2013, except for information about how to upgrade My Sites and specific service applications that are only in SharePoint 2013.

观看 SharePoint 2013 升级:概述视频Watch the SharePoint 2013 Upgrade: Overview video

创建 SharePoint 2013 服务器场Create the SharePoint 2013 farm

升级过程的第一个阶段是创建新的 SharePoint 2013 服务器场:The first stage in the upgrade process creates the new SharePoint 2013 farm:

  1. 服务器场管理员将 SharePoint 2013 安装到新服务器场。A server farm administrator installs SharePoint 2013 to a new farm. 管理员配置场设置,并对环境进行测试。The administrator configures farm settings and tests the environment.

  2. 服务器场管理员将 SharePoint 2010 产品场设置为只读, 以便在新服务器场中进行升级时, 用户可以继续访问旧服务器场。A server farm administrator sets the SharePoint 2010 Products farm to read-only so that users can continue to access the old farm while upgrade is in progress on the new farm.

    图:新建服务器场,将旧服务器场设置为只读Figure: Create new farm, set old farm to read-only

    创建新的 SharePoint 2013 服务器场

复制 SharePoint 2010 产品数据库Copy the SharePoint 2010 Products databases

升级过程的第二个阶段是将数据库复制到新环境中。可以使用 SQL Server Management Studio 来完成这些任务。The second stage in the upgrade process copies the databases to the new environment. You use SQL Server Management Studio for these tasks.

  1. 在服务器场和数据库处于只读模式时, 服务器场管理员将从 SharePoint 2010 产品场上的 SQL Server 实例中备份内容和服务应用程序数据库。With the farm and databases in read-only mode, a server farm administrator backs up the content and service application databases from the SQL Server instance on the SharePoint 2010 Products farm.

  2. 服务器场管理员将数据库的副本还原到 SharePoint 2013 服务器场上的 SQL Server 实例, 并在新服务器场上将数据库设置为读写。The server farm administrator restores a copy of the databases to the SQL Server instance on the SharePoint 2013 farm and sets the databases to read-write on the new farm.

    图:使用 SQL Server 工具复制数据库Figure: Use SQL Server tools to copy databases

    将内容和数据库复制到 SQL Server

升级 SharePoint 2010 产品数据库和服务应用程序Upgrade SharePoint 2010 Products databases and service applications

升级过程的第三个阶段是升级数据库和服务应用程序。The third stage in the upgrade process upgrades the databases and service applications.

  1. 服务器场管理员为新服务器场配置服务应用程序。以下服务应用程序具有在此过程中可进行升级的数据库:A server farm administrator configures the service applications for the new farm. The following service applications have databases that you can upgrade during this process:
  • SharePoint Server 2010 和 SharePoint Foundation 2010SharePoint Server 2010 and SharePoint Foundation 2010

  • Business Data Connectivity Service 应用程序Business Data Connectivity service application

  • 仅限 SharePoint Server 2010SharePoint Server 2010 only

  • Managed Metadata Service 应用程序Managed Metadata service application

  • PerformancePoint Services Service 应用程序PerformancePoint Services service application

  • Search Service 应用程序Search service application

  • Secure Store Service 应用程序Secure Store Service application

  • User Profile Service 应用程序User Profile service application

  1. 服务器场管理员在 sharepoint 2013 场中为 SharePoint 2010 产品场中的每个 web 应用程序创建一个 web 应用程序。A server farm administrator creates a web application on the SharePoint 2013 farm for each web application on the SharePoint 2010 Products farm.

    图:为升级创建 Web 应用程序Figure: Create web applications for upgrade

    在 SharePoint 2013 中创建新的 web 应用程序

  2. 服务器场管理员安装所有服务器端自定义项。A server farm administrator installs all server-side customizations.

    图:将自定义项复制到新服务器场Figure: Copy customizations to the new farm

    在 SharePoint 2013 中复制自定义项

  3. 然后,服务器场管理员将内容数据库附加到新服务器场并升级这些 Web 应用程序的内容数据库。A server farm administrator then attaches the content databases to the new farm and upgrades the content databases for those web applications.

    图:使用 Windows PowerShell 升级数据库Figure: Upgrade the databases by using Windows PowerShell

    使用 Microsoft PowerShell 更新内容数据库

  4. 服务器场管理员确认升级成功。A server farm administrator confirms that the upgrade is successful.

升级 SharePoint 2010 Products 网站集Upgrade SharePoint 2010 Products site collections

升级过程的最后一个阶段是升级网站集。The final stage in the upgrade process is to upgrade the site collections. 在 SharePoint 2013 中, 网站所有者将负责升级其网站。In SharePoint 2013, site owners are in charge of upgrading their sites. My Sites 的升级过程与其他类型网站集的升级过程略有不同。The upgrade process for My Sites is slightly different from for other types of site collections.

升级“我的网站”Upgrade My Sites

重要

此部分仅适用于 SharePoint Server 2013。This section applies to SharePoint Server 2013 only.

先由服务器场管理员升级"我的网站"宿主,然后各个用户可以升级其"My Sites"或者服务器场管理员可以使用 PowerShell 升级它们。下图显示了升级过程中升级"我的网站"宿主和"My Sites"的四个阶段。A server farm administrator upgrades the My Site host and then individual users can upgrade their My Sites or the farm administrator can upgrade them by using PowerShell. The following illustration shows four stages for the My Site host and My Sites during the upgrade process.

图:升级"我的网站"的阶段Figure: Stages in upgrading My Sites

SharePoint 2013 中的 MySites 阶段

  1. 尚未升级"我的网站"宿主。无法升级"My Sites"。The My Site host has not been upgraded. My Sites cannot be upgraded yet.

  2. 服务器场管理员已升级"我的网站"宿主。"My Sites"尚未升级。A server farm administrator has upgraded the My Site host. No My Sites have been upgraded.

  3. 部分用户已升级其"My Sites"。Some users have upgraded their My Sites.

  4. 已升级所有"My Sites"。All My Sites have been upgraded.

备注

服务器场管理员可以选择强制升级"My Sites",而无需等待用户升级它们。A server farm administrator can choose to force an upgrade of My Sites without waiting for users to upgrade them. 有关详细信息和步骤, 请参阅将网站集升级到 SharePoint 2013For details and steps, read Upgrade a site collection to SharePoint 2013.

升级其他 SharePoint 2010 产品的网站集Upgrade other SharePoint 2010 Products site collections

其他所有网站集的所有者在其网站的主页上看到有新版本推出的通知后即可开始升级其网站。下图显示了升级过程中用于升级网站集的四个阶段。Owners of all other site collections can start to upgrade their sites as soon as they see a notification on their site's home page that the new version is available. The following illustration shows four stages for a site collection during the upgrade process.

升级网站集的阶段Stages in upgrading site collections

SharePoint 2013 中网站集的阶段

  1. 网站所有者运行网站集运行状况检查以确定是否已为升级做好准备。网站所有者必须先解决遇到的问题,然后才能继续进行下一步。The site owner runs the site collection health checks to determine readiness for upgrade. The site owner addresses issues before they continue with the next step.

  2. (可选)网站所有者请求升级评估网站集。计时器作业将运行以创建网站集,并且在评估网站集准备就绪时网站所有者会收到一封电子邮件。网站所有者预览新的用户界面。在数天或数周后,评估网站集会过期并由计时器作业删除。Optionally, the site owner requests an upgrade evaluation site collection. A timer job runs to create the site collection and the site owner receives an email message when the evaluation site collection is ready. The site owner previews the new user interface. After several days or weeks, the evaluation site collection expires and is deleted by a timer job.

    服务器场管理员可以确定过期时间。A server farm administrator can determine the length of time before expiration.

  3. 在网站所有者做好准备后,即可开始升级过程。网站集运行状况检查会自动重新运行。网站所有者在进行升级前必须先解决遇到的问题。如果运行状况检查没有返回任何问题,将开始升级。When the site owner is ready, the site owner starts the upgrade process. The site collection health checks are run again automatically. The site owner must address issues before upgrading. If health checks return no issues, the upgrade starts.

  4. 完成升级后,网站所有者会看到包含状态和升级日志链接的“升级状态”页。网站所有者可查看网站以确保一切运行正常。When upgrade is complete, the site owner sees the Upgrade Status page that contains the status and a link to the upgrade logs. The site owner reviews the site to make sure that everything works correctly.

备注

服务器场管理员还可以强制升级特定网站集,而无需等待网站所有者对它们进行升级。A server farm administrator can also force specific site collections to be upgraded without waiting for the site owners to upgrade them. 有关详细信息和步骤, 请参阅将网站集升级到 SharePoint 2013For details and steps, read Upgrade a site collection to SharePoint 2013.

另请参阅See also

其他资源Other Resources

将数据库从 SharePoint 2010 升级到 SharePoint 2013Upgrade databases from SharePoint 2010 to SharePoint 2013

Upgrade a site collection to SharePoint 2013Upgrade a site collection to SharePoint 2013

从 SharePoint 2010 升级到 SharePoint 2013Upgrade from SharePoint 2010 to SharePoint 2013

Plan for upgrade to SharePoint 2013Plan for upgrade to SharePoint 2013