支持的版本和版本升级Supported Version and Edition Upgrades

您可以从 SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012进行升级。You can upgrade from SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008, and SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2, and SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012. 本主题列出了支持的从这些 SQL ServerSQL Server 版本进行升级的途径以及支持的 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014版本升级。This topic lists the supported upgrade paths from these SQL ServerSQL Server versions, and the supported edition upgrades for SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014.

升级前的清单Pre upgrade Checklist

  • 在从 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 的某个版本升级到另一个版本之前,请确认您当前所用的功能在要移到的版本中受支持。Before upgrading from one edition of SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 to another, verify that the functionality you are currently using is supported in the edition to which you are moving.

  • 升级到 SQL ServerSQL Server之前,请先为 SQL ServerSQL Server Agent 启用 Windows 身份验证,并验证默认配置: SQL ServerSQL Server Agent 服务帐户是否是 SQL ServerSQL Server sysadmin 组的成员。Before upgrading SQL ServerSQL Server, enable Windows Authentication for SQL ServerSQL Server Agent and verify the default configuration: that the SQL ServerSQL Server Agent service account is a member of the SQL ServerSQL Server sysadmin group.

  • 若要升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014,您运行的必须是受支持的操作系统。To upgrade to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014, you must be running a supported operating system. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2014For more information, see Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2014.

  • 如果有挂起的重新启动操作,则会阻止升级。Upgrade will be blocked if there is a pending restart.

  • 如果未运行 Windows Installer 服务,则会阻止升级。Upgrade will be blocked if the Windows Installer service is not running.

不受支持的方案Unsupported Scenarios

  • 不支持 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 的跨版本实例。Cross-version instances of SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 are not supported. 数据库引擎Database EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis ServicesReporting ServicesReporting Services 组件的版本号在 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014实例中必须相同。Version numbers of the 数据库引擎Database Engine, Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services, and Reporting ServicesReporting Services components must be the same in an instance of SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014.

  • 不支持跨平台升级。Cross-platform upgrade is not supported. 不能使用 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序将 SQL ServerSQL Server 的 32 位实例升级到本机 64 位。You cannot upgrade a 32-bit instance of SQL ServerSQL Server to native 64-bit using SQL ServerSQL Server Setup. 但是,如果数据库未在复制过程中发布,则可以从 SQL ServerSQL Server的 32 位实例中备份或分离数据库,然后再将它们还原或附加到 SQL ServerSQL Server 的新实例(64 位)。However, you can back up or detach databases from a 32-bit instance of SQL ServerSQL Server, and then restore or attach them to a new instance of SQL ServerSQL Server (64-bit) if the databases are not published in replication. 必须在 master、msdb 和 model 系统数据库中重新创建任何登录名和其他用户对象。You must re-create any logins and other user objects in master, msdb, and model system databases.

  • 不能在升级现有的 SQL ServerSQL Server实例的过程中添加新功能。You cannot add new features during the upgrade of your existing instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. SQL ServerSQL Server 实例升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 之后,您可以使用 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 安装程序添加功能。After you upgrade an instance of SQL ServerSQL Server to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014, you can add features by using the SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Setup. 有关详细信息,请参阅添加到 SQL Server 2014 实例的功能(安装程序)For more information, see Add Features to an Instance of SQL Server 2014 (Setup).

  • 在 WOW 模式下不支持故障转移群集。Failover Clusters are not supported in WOW mode.

  • 不支持从以前的 SQL ServerSQL Server 版本的 Evaluation 版升级。Upgrade from an Evaluation edition of a previous SQL ServerSQL Server version is not supported.

从早期版本升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014Upgrades from Earlier Versions to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014

备注

下一节“针对 SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 支持”中更加详细地介绍了针对 SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005的支持。Support for SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 is described in more detail in the next section, 'SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 support for SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005'.

  • SQL ServerSQL Server 32 位版本可在 64 位服务器的 32 位子系统 (WOW64) 上升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 201432-bit editions can be upgraded to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 on the 32-bit subsystem (WOW64) of a 64-bit server.

  • SQL ServerSQL Server 64 位版本只能升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 64 位服务器。64-bit versions can be upgraded to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 64-bit server only.

备注

当你升级到SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014从以前版本的SQL ServerSQL ServerEnterprise edition 中,Enterprise Edition 之间进行选择:基于内核授予许可”和 Enterprise Edition 之间进行选择。When you upgrade to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 from a prior version of SQL ServerSQL Server Enterprise edition, choose between Enterprise Edition: Core-based Licensing and Enterprise Edition. 这些 Enterprise 版仅在许可模式和支持的内核的最大数目方面存在差异。These Enterprise editions differ only with respect to the licensing modes and the maximum number of cores supported. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Compute Capacity Limits by Edition of SQL ServerFor more information, see Compute Capacity Limits by Edition of SQL Server.

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 支持从以下版本的 SQL ServerSQL Server 进行升级:supports upgrade from the following versions of SQL ServerSQL Server:

  • SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 SP4 或更高版本SP4 or later

  • SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 或更高版本SP3 or later

  • SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 或更高版本SP2 or later

  • SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 或更高版本SP1 or later

下表列出了从 SQL ServerSQL Server 的早期版本升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 的支持方案。The table below lists the supported upgrade scenarios from earlier versions of SQL ServerSQL Server to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014.

升级前的版本Upgrade from 支持的升级途径Supported upgrade path
SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 SP4 EnterpriseSP4 Enterprise SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence
SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 SP4 DeveloperSP4 Developer SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 DeveloperDeveloper
SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 SP4 StandardSP4 Standard SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 SP4 WorkgroupSP4 Workgroup SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 SP4 Express、SP4 Express,

SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 SP4 Express with Tools 和SP4 Express with Tools, and

SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 SP4 Express with Advanced ServicesSP4 Express with Advanced Services
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 ExpressExpress
SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 EnterpriseSP3 Enterprise SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence
SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 DeveloperSP3 Developer SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 DeveloperDeveloper
SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 StandardSP3 Standard SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 Small BusinessSP3 Small Business SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 WebSP3 Web SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb
SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 WorkgroupSP3 Workgroup SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 Express、SP3 Express,

SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 Express with Tools 和SP3 Express with Tools, and

SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008 SP3 Express with Advanced ServicesSP3 Express with Advanced Services
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 ExpressExpress
SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 DatacenterSP2 Datacenter SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence
SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 EnterpriseSP2 Enterprise SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence
SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 DeveloperSP2 Developer SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 DeveloperDeveloper
SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Small BusinessSP2 Small Business SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 StandardSP2 Standard SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 WebSP2 Web SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb
SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 WorkgroupSP2 Workgroup SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Express、SP2 Express,

SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Express with Tools 和SP2 Express with Tools, and

SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Express with Advanced ServicesSP2 Express with Advanced Services
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 ExpressExpress
SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 EnterpriseSP1 Enterprise SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence
SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 DeveloperSP1 Developer SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 DeveloperDeveloper
SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 StandardSP1 Standard SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 WebSP1 Web SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb
SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 Express、SP1 Express,

SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 Express with Tools 和SP1 Express with Tools, and

SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 Express Management Studio 和SP1 Express Management Studio, and

SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 Express with Advanced ServicesSP1 Express with Advanced Services
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 ExpressExpress
SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012 SP1 Business IntelligenceSP1 Business Intelligence SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 EnterpriseEnterprise

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 支持SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Support for SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005

此节讨论针对 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005支持。This section discusses SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 support for SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005. SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014中,您能够执行以下操作:In SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014, you will be able to do the following:

  • 通过使用安装向导或从命令提示符运行 SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 安装程序,将数据库引擎的 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 实例升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014Upgrade a SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 instance of database engine to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 by running SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 setup using the installation wizard or from the command prompt.

  • SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 数据库(mdf/ldf 文件)附加到数据库引擎的 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 实例。Attach a SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 database (mdf/ldf files) to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 instance of database engine.

  • 从备份将 SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 数据库还原为数据库引擎的 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 实例。Restore a SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 database to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 instance of database engine from a backup.

  • SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS)SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) 升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014Upgrade a SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS)SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) package to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014. 通过自动就地升级执行包。Execute packages with automatic-in-place upgrade.

  • 通过运行 SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS)SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) 安装程序,将 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014Upgrade a SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS)SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 by running SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 setup.

  • 备份 SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS)SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) 多维数据集并在 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014上还原。Back up a SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS)SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) cube and restoring on SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014.

  • 通过运行 SQL Server 2005 Reporting Services (SSRS)SQL Server 2005 Reporting Services (SSRS) 安装程序,将 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014Upgrade SQL Server 2005 Reporting Services (SSRS)SQL Server 2005 Reporting Services (SSRS) to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 by running SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 setup.

  • 使用 SQL Server 2005SQL Server 20052014 连接到 SQL Server ProfilerSQL Server ProfilerConnect to SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005by using SQL Server ProfilerSQL Server Profiler 2014.

SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 数据库升级到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 时,该数据库兼容级别将从 90 更改为 100。When a SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 database is upgraded to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014, the database compatibility level will be changed from 90 to 100. (在SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014,数据库兼容性级别的有效值为 100、 110 和 120。)ALTER DATABASE 兼容级别 (Transact-SQL) 讨论兼容级别更改可能会影响 SQL ServerSQL Server 应用程序的方式。(In SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014, valid values for the database compatibility level are 100, 110 and 120.) ALTER DATABASE Compatibility Level (Transact-SQL) discusses how the compatibility level change could affect SQL ServerSQL Server applications.

不支持以上列表中未指定的任何方案,包括但不限于以下情况:Any scenarios not specified in the list above are not supported, including but not limited to the following:

  • 在相同计算机上安装 SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014(并行)。Installing SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 and SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 on same computer (side by side).

  • 使用 SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 实例作为涉及 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 实例的复制拓扑的成员。Using a SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 instance as a member of the replication topology that involves a SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 instance.

  • SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 实例之间配置数据库镜像。Configuring database mirroring between SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 and SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 instances.

  • 使用日志传送在 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 实例之间备份事务日志。Backing up the transaction log with log shipping between SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 and SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 instances.

  • SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 实例之间配置链接服务器。Configuring linked servers between SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 and SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 instances.

  • SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 Management Studio 管理 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 实例。Managing a SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 instance from a SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Management Studio.

  • SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS)SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) Management Studio 中附加 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 多维数据集。Attaching a SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS)SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) cube in SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Management Studio.

  • SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS)SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) Management Studio 连接到 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014Connecting to SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS)SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) from SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Management Studio.

  • SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS)SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) Management Studio 管理 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 服务。Managing a SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS)SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) service from SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Management Studio.

  • 支持 SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 第三方自定义 Integration Services 组件,如执行和升级。Support for SQL Server 2005SQL Server 2005 third party custom Integration Services components, such as execute and upgrade.

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 版本升级Edition Upgrade

下表列出了 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014中支持的版本升级方案。The following table lists the supported edition upgrade scenarios in SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014.

有关如何执行版本升级的分步说明,请参阅升级到不同版本的 SQL Server 2014(安装程序)For step-by-step instructions on how to perform an edition upgrade, see Upgrade to a Different Edition of SQL Server 2014 (Setup).

升级前的版本Upgrade From 升级到的版本Upgrade To
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise (服务器 + CAL 和内核) 2Enterprise (Server+CAL and Core) 2 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(服务器+CAL 或内核许可证)Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 评估企业2Evaluation Enterprise 2 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(服务器+CAL 或内核许可证)Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 DeveloperDeveloper

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb

对于独立安装,支持从 Evaluation Enterprise(免费版本)升级到任何付费版本;但对于群集安装,则不支持此升级。Upgrading from Evaluation Enterprise (a free edition) to any of the paid editions is supported for stand-alone installations, but is not supported for clustered installations.
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 标准2Standard 2 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(服务器+CAL 或内核许可证)Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 开发人员2Developer 2 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(服务器+CAL 或内核许可证)Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(服务器+CAL 或内核许可证)Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Express 1Express 1 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(服务器+CAL 或内核许可证)Enterprise (Server+CAL or Core License)

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Business IntelligenceBusiness Intelligence

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 DeveloperDeveloper

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 StandardStandard

SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 WebWeb

此外,您还可以执行 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(服务器+CAL 或内核许可证)和 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(内核许可证)之间的版本升级:Additionally you can also perform an edition upgrade between SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise (Server+CAL license) and SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise (Core License):

版本升级自Edition Upgrade From 版本升级到Edition Upgrade To
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise (服务器 + CAL 许可证) 2Enterprise (Server+CAL License) 2 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(内核许可证)Enterprise (Core License)
SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(内核许可证)Enterprise (Core License) SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Enterprise(服务器+CAL 许可证)Enterprise (Server+CAL License)

1也适用于SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014Express with Tools 和SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014Express with Advanced Services。1 Also applies to SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Express with Tools and SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 Express with Advanced Services.

2版本的更改SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014故障转移群集是有限。2 Changing the edition of a SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 failover cluster is limited. SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 故障转移群集不支持以下方案:The following scenarios are not supported for SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 failover clusters:

  • SQL Server 2014 Enterprise 到 SQL Server 2014 Developer、Standard 或 Enterprise Evaluation。SQL Server 2014 Enterprise to SQL Server 2014 Developer, Standard, or Enterprise Evaluation.

  • SQL Server 2014 Developer 到 SQL Server 2014 Standard 或 Enterprise Evaluation。SQL Server 2014 Developer to SQL Server 2014 Standard or Enterprise Evaluation.

  • SQL Server 2014 Standard 到 SQL Server 2014 Enterprise Evaluation。SQL Server 2014 Standard to SQL Server 2014 Enterprise Evaluation.

  • SQL Server 2014 Enterprise Evaluation 到 SQL Server 2014 Standard。SQL Server 2014 Enterprise Evaluation to SQL Server 2014 Standard.

请参阅See Also

SQL Server 2014 的版本支持的功能 Features Supported by the Editions of SQL Server 2014
硬件和软件要求安装 SQL Server 2014 的 Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2014
升级到 SQL Server 2014 Upgrade to SQL Server 2014
使用升级顾问来准备升级Use Upgrade Advisor to Prepare for Upgrades