规划 Office Web Apps(与 SharePoint 2013 一起使用)Plan Office Web Apps (Used with SharePoint 2013)

 

适用于: Office Web Apps, SharePoint Foundation 2013, SharePoint Server 2013Applies to: Office Web Apps, SharePoint Foundation 2013, SharePoint Server 2013

摘要: 查看 Office Web Apps 在本地使用 SharePoint 2013 时的规划指南。Summary: Review planning guidance for Office Web Apps when it is used with SharePoint 2013 on-premises.

目标用户: IT 专业人员Audience: IT Professionals

若要规划 Office Web Apps 在本地 SharePoint 2013 中的使用方式, 应查看浏览器支持、SharePoint 身份验证要求以及使用 Office Web Apps 查看和编辑 Office 文件的许可注意事项。To plan how Office Web Apps is used with SharePoint 2013 on-premises, you should review browser support, SharePoint authentication requirements, and licensing considerations for viewing and editing Office files by using Office Web Apps. 然后, 您可以决定是否希望在用户从 SharePoint 2013 文档库中打开 Office 文件时, SharePoint 2013 使用 web 浏览器或客户端应用程序。Then, you can decide whether you want SharePoint 2013 to use the web browser or a client application when a user opens Office files from a SharePoint 2013 document library.

重要

本文是 Content roadmap for Office Web Apps Server的一部分。This article is part of the Content roadmap for Office Web Apps Server. 使用路线图作为帮助您部署和管理 Office Web Apps Server 的文章、下载和视频的起点。Use the roadmap as a starting point for articles, downloads, and videos that help you deploy and manage Office Web Apps Server.
您是否要在桌面或移动设备上查找 Office Web Apps 帮助?Are you looking for help with Office Web Apps on your desktop or mobile device? 您可以通过在Office.com上搜索 "Office Web Apps" 来查找此信息。You can find this information by searching for "Office Web Apps" on Office.com.

本文内容:In this article:

  • 关于 Office Web Apps 的规划About planning for Office Web Apps

  • Office Web Apps 的浏览器支持Browser support for Office Web Apps

  • Office Web Apps 的 SharePoint 身份验证要求SharePoint authentication requirements for Office Web Apps

  • 许可使用 Office Web Apps 编辑 Office 文件Licensing Office Web Apps for editing Office files

  • 针对已使用 SharePoint 2010 部署 Office Web Apps 的客户的注意事项Considerations for customers who had deployed Office Web Apps with SharePoint 2010

  • 从 SharePoint 2013 文档库打开的文档的默认打开行为Default open behavior for documents opened from SharePoint 2013 document libraries

关于 Office Web Apps 的规划About planning for Office Web Apps

本文中的指南是在组织内部部署 Office Web Apps Server 时要执行的总体规划的子集。The guidance in this article is a subset of the overall planning you’ll do when you deploy Office Web Apps Server on-premises in your organization. 例如, 硬件、软件和虚拟化要求、服务器场大小和拓扑以及安全性都是 Office Web Apps Server 规划的一部分。For example, hardware, software, and virtualization requirements, farm sizing and topology, and security are all part of Office Web Apps Server planning. 做出这些决定后, 可以规划如何配置特定于 SharePoint 2013 的 Office Web Apps 功能。After you make those decisions, you can plan how to configure Office Web Apps functionality that is specific to SharePoint 2013. 如果你没有听说过 Office Web Apps Server 或查看了其要求和规划指南, 请参阅Office Web Apps server 概述规划 Office web apps serverIf you haven’t heard of Office Web Apps Server or reviewed its requirements and planning guidance, see Office Web Apps Server overview and Plan Office Web Apps Server.

Office Web Apps 的浏览器支持Browser support for Office Web Apps

Office Web Apps 的浏览器支持与适用于 SharePoint 2013 的浏览器支持相同。Browser support for Office Web Apps is the same as for SharePoint 2013. 有关详细信息, 请参阅文章Plan browser support In SharePoint 2013Refer to the article Plan browser support in SharePoint 2013 for more information.

Office Web Apps 的 SharePoint 身份验证要求SharePoint authentication requirements for Office Web Apps

Office Web Apps 只能由使用基于声明的身份验证的 SharePoint 2013 Web 应用程序来使用。Office Web Apps can be used only by SharePoint 2013 web applications that use claims-based authentication. Office Web Apps 呈现和编辑在使用经典模式身份验证的 SharePoint 2013 Web 应用程序上无法工作。Office Web Apps rendering and editing will not work on SharePoint 2013 web applications that use classic mode authentication. 如果您将使用经典模式身份验证的 SharePoint 2010 Web 应用程序迁移到 SharePoint 2013,您必须将其迁移到基于声明的身份验证以允许它们使用 Office Web Apps。If you migrate SharePoint 2010 web applications that use classic mode authentication to SharePoint 2013, you must migrate them to claims-based authentication to allow them to work with Office Web Apps. 若要了解详细信息, 请参阅在 SharePoint 2013 中从经典模式迁移到基于声明的身份验证To learn more, see Migrate from classic-mode to claims-based authentication in SharePoint 2013.

许可使用 Office Web Apps 编辑 Office 文件Licensing Office Web Apps for editing Office files

通过批量许可计划许可的 Office 2013 的企业客户可以为本地 SharePoint 2013 启用 Office Web Apps 编辑。Enterprise customers who are licensed for Office 2013 through a Volume Licensing program can enable Office Web Apps editing for SharePoint 2013 on-premises. 这有助于确保用户在家中或在可能未安装 Office 客户端的其他位置使用 Office 编辑功能。This helps make sure that users have Office editing capabilities at home or in other locations where Office clients might not be installed.

有关你的许可证的确切详细信息, 请参阅安装 Office Web Apps Server 时显示的 Microsoft 软件许可条款。For exact details about your license, refer to the Microsoft Software License Terms that is shown when you install Office Web Apps Server. 若要详细了解许可在 SharePoint 2013 中的工作方式, 请参阅在 Sharepoint Server 2013 中配置授权For more information about how licensing works in SharePoint 2013, see Configure licensing in SharePoint Server 2013.

针对使用数据库附加方法从 SharePoint 2010 升级的客户的注意事项Considerations for customers who use the database attach method to upgrade from SharePoint 2010

如果你已将 Office Web Apps 与 SharePoint 2010 一起安装, 则在升级到 SharePoint 2013 后, Office Web Apps 将不可用。If you installed Office Web Apps together with SharePoint 2010, Office Web Apps will not be available after you upgrade to SharePoint 2013. 您必须部署 Office Web Apps Server, 然后在内容数据库升级后将 SharePoint 2013 连接到它。You must deploy Office Web Apps Server and then connect SharePoint 2013 to it after the content databases are upgraded. 您无需等到网站集升级后, 因为 Office Web Apps Server 支持 SharePoint 2013 中的2010和2013网站集模式。You don't have to wait until the site collections are upgraded because Office Web Apps Server supports both the 2010 and 2013 site collection modes in SharePoint 2013. 有关数据库附加方法的详细信息,请参阅 Overview of the upgrade process to SharePoint 2013For more information about the database attach method, see Overview of the upgrade process to SharePoint 2013.

从 SharePoint 2013 文档库打开的文档的默认打开行为Default open behavior for documents that are opened from SharePoint 2013 document libraries

您可以配置是否在客户端应用程序 (如果已安装) 或在浏览器中打开 Word、PowerPoint、Excel 和 OneNote 文件。You can configure whether Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and OneNote files are opened in a client application (if it is installed) or in the browser. 默认情况下, 在将 SharePoint 2013 配置为使用 Office Web Apps Server 后, Office 文件将在浏览器中打开。By default, after SharePoint 2013 is configured to use Office Web Apps Server, Office files are opened in the browser. 有两种方法可更改默认行为以允许客户端应用程序直接打开文件:There are two ways to change the default behavior to allow client applications to open files directly:

  • 对于 SharePoint 2013 服务器场您可以使用remove-spwopibindingremove-spwopibinding Windows PowerShell cmdlet 根据每个文件类型为 SharePoint 2013 服务器场调整默认打开行为。For the SharePoint 2013 farm You can adjust the default open behavior on a per-file-type basis for the SharePoint 2013 farm by using the New-SPWOPIBinding and Set-SPWOPIBinding Windows PowerShell cmdlets.

  • 网站集或文档库网站集管理员和用户可以指定是否在客户端应用程序中打开 Office 文件 (如果已安装)。On site collections or document libraries Site collection administrators and users can specify whether Office files are opened in the client applications if it is installed. 用户可以在文档库属性中更改此设置, 网站集管理员可以在网站集管理中更改此设置, 也可以使用 Enable-spfeature cmdlet 安装 OpenInClient 功能。Users can change this setting in the document library properties, and site collection administrators can change this setting in Site Collection Administration or by using the Install-SPFeature cmdlet to install the OpenInClient feature. 有关详细信息,请参阅Install-SPFeatureFor more information, see Install-SPFeature.

另请参阅See also

Office Web Apps Server 内容指南Content roadmap for Office Web Apps Server
Office Web Apps 如何在本地与 SharePoint 2013 一起运行How Office Web Apps work on-premises with SharePoint 2013

将 SharePoint 2013 Preview 配置为在使用 HTTP 的测试环境中使用 Office Web Apps Server PreviewConfigure SharePoint 2013 Preview to use Office Web Apps Server Preview in a test environment that uses HTTP