(OOBE 自定义全新体验) Customize the Out of Box Experience (OOBE)

当客户首次打开其 Windows Pc 时,他们将看到 Windows 全新体验 (OOBE) 。When customers turn on their Windows PCs for the first time, they will see the Windows Out of Box Experience (OOBE). OOBE 包含一系列屏幕,它们要求客户接受许可协议,连接到 internet,使用登录或注册 Microsoft 帐户,以及与 OEM 共享信息。OOBE consists of a series of screens that require customers to accept the license agreement, connect to the internet, log in with, or sign up for a Microsoft Account, and share information with the OEM.

在 OOBE 期间,Cortana 语音字符串将通过设置每个屏幕的上下文并请求其输入来帮助用户。During OOBE, Cortana voice-over strings will assist users by setting the context of each screen, and requesting their input. 虽然对非短视的语音协助更易于访问,但设计的重点是为所有客户提供支持。While voice assistance is more accessible to the non-sighted, the design is focused at being inclusive to all our customers. Cortana 语音旨在 novel 和补充,在 OOBE 的所有地方提高用户参与度。Cortana voice is intended to be novel and supplementary to increase user engagement in all places in OOBE. Cortana voice 还可提供 informationally 相同但组句方式的信息,从而帮助减少认知负载。Cortana voice also helps reduce cognitive load by offering informationally-identical, but differently-phrased information. 我们仍希望非短视用户能够通过 OOBE 来实现屏幕阅读器。We still expect non-sighted users to enable screen readers to get through OOBE. OOBE 中的某些页不接受语音输入,而是需要键盘或鼠标来完成此操作。Some pages in OOBE do not accept voice input, and instead require a keyboard or mouse to complete the action. Cortana 语音会将 (语音或键盘/鼠标) 的输入要求明确传达给用户。Cortana voice will clearly communicate input requirements (voice or keyboard/mouse) to the user.

提示

建议在 OOBE 期间针对65分贝高峰量。We recommend you target a 65 decibel peak volume during OOBE. 若要测试此卷,请从2英尺 (60 厘米) 到远离设备的音频采样。To test for this volume, measure an audio sample from 2 feet (60 centimeters) away from the device.

OOBE 流程还旨在通过将任务分解为离散的区块来大幅减少认知负载。The OOBE flow is also designed to reduce cognitive load significantly by breaking up tasks into discrete chunks. 尽管 OOBE 流中有几个页面,但每个页面都向用户请求特定的操作或输入。Although there are several pages in the OOBE flow, each one requests a specific action or input from the user. 这对于我们的平均客户 (甚至很多人都很有帮助) 并已疲劳明显降低了。This is helpful for our average customer (and even many power users) and has shown to reduce fatigue significantly.

OOBE 流程OOBE flow

下面是用户可能在 OOBE 期间看到的非详尽屏幕列表,顺序如下:The following is a non-exhaustive list of screens the user may see during OOBE, in order:

  1. 语言选择Language selection
  2. Cortana 欢迎Cortana welcome
  3. 区域选择Region selection
  4. 键盘选择Keyboard selection
  5. 连接到网络Connect to a network
  6. 自动下载关键 ZDP 和驱动程序更新Automatic download of critical ZDP and driver updates. 有关更多详细信息,请参阅 OOBE 期间的 Windows 更新See Windows updates during OOBE for more details.
  7. 获取最新版 Windows。Get the latest from Windows. 在 Windows 10 版本1803之前,此屏幕名为 " 你的电脑正在等待更新 ",它在 OOBE 结束时出现。Prior to Windows 10, version 1803, this screen was named Your PC has an update waiting and it appeared at the end of OOBE.
  8. 最终用户许可协议 (EULA)End User License Agreement (EULA)
  9. 登录或创建本地帐户或 Microsoft 帐户 (MSA)Sign in to, or create, a local account or Microsoft account (MSA). 如果用户选择 "本地帐户" 选项,则 " Microsoft 登录改为? " 屏幕将在 OOBE 流中显示。If a user chooses the local account option, the Sign in with Microsoft instead? screen will appear next in the OOBE flow. 此屏幕鼓励用户使用 MSA 获取最佳 Windows 体验。This screen encourages the user to sign in with their MSA for an optimal Windows experience.
  10. 创建本地帐户的安全问题Create security questions for a local account. Windows 10 版本1803中的新增项。New in Windows 10, version 1803. 仅当用户在上一屏幕中选择创建本地帐户而不是登录到其 MSA 时才显示。Only displays if the user chose to create a local account, rather than logging into their MSA, on the previous screen. 请参阅 oobe 屏幕详细信息 ,以了解有关此新屏幕的详细信息。See OOBE screen details to learn more about this new screen in OOBE.
  11. Windows Hello 设置Windows Hello setup
  12. 链接您的电话和电脑Link your phone and PC. 仅当用户在前面的屏幕上登录 Microsoft 帐户并连接网络后,才会显示此屏幕。This screen will only appear if the user signed into their Microsoft account, and connected to a network, on the previous screens.
  13. 将文件保存到 OneDriveSave files to OneDrive. 这是云服务页。This is a cloud service page.
  14. 设置 OfficeSet up Office. 仅当用户连接到网络,并且提供了 Microsoft 帐户信息时,才会显示此屏幕。This screen is only displayed if the user is connected to a network, and has provided their Microsoft account information. 本页中的内容将因用户的帐户类型而异。Content on the page will vary depending on the user’s account type. 例如,如果他们的 Microsoft 帐户有资格免费试用 Office,该页面将鼓励用户设置免费试用。For example, if their Microsoft account qualifies for a free trial of Office, the page will encourage them to setup their free trial. 这是云服务页。This is a cloud service page.
  15. 支付信息Payment information. Windows 10 版本1803中的新增项。New in Windows 10, version 1803. 仅当用户从 " 设置 office " 屏幕中选取为免费试用版时才显示。Only displays if a user opts-in to a free trial of Office from the Set up Office screen. 这是云服务页。This is a cloud service page.
  16. 使 Cortana 成为我的个人助理Make Cortana my personal assistant
  17. 隐私设置Privacy settings. 用户最多将在此屏幕上看到7个隐私设置。Users will see up to seven privacy settings on this screen. 并非所有用户都将看到相同的设置。Not all users will see the same settings.
  18. OEM 注册页OEM Registration pages

备注

OOBE 期间显示的某些页面是通过云服务提供的,而不是作为 Windows 版本的一部分提供的。Some pages displayed during OOBE are delivered via cloud service, as opposed to being delivered as part of a Windows release. 云服务页可随时向用户或用户组推出。Cloud service pages can be rolled out to users, or groups of users, at any time. 还可以根据用户输入来修改或改编页面内容。Page content can also be modified or adapted based on user input. 将云服务用于 OOBE 页面使 Microsoft 能够快速向用户提供针对性、相关的内容,而无需等待下一 Windows 版本。Using cloud service for OOBE pages enables Microsoft to offer targeted, relevant content to users quickly, rather than waiting for the next Windows release.

在测试 OOBE 时,请记住,在流期间可能看不到云服务页面。When testing OOBE, keep in mind that you may not see cloud service pages during the flow.

Windows 欢迎Windows Welcome

在 Windows 1803 10 中,"欢迎使用 Windows" 是比以往任何时候都向用户显示的更多用户。In Windows 10, version 1803, Windows Welcome is displayed to more users than ever as soon as they complete OOBE and reach their desktop. 下面是 "欢迎使用 Windows" 体验示例:Here's an example Windows Welcome experience:

Microsoft Edge 中的示例 Windows 欢迎体验

本节内容In this section

以下主题介绍 OOBE 自定义注意事项。The following topics describe OOBE customization considerations.

主题Topic 说明Description
OOBE.xmlOOBE.xml 使用 OOBE.xml 可以组织 OOBE 期间显示的任何图像,并指定自定义 Windows 10 首次运行体验的设置。Use OOBE.xml to organize text any images displayed during OOBE, and to specify settings for customizing the Windows 10 first-run experience. 可以将多个 Oobe.xml 文件用于特定于语言和区域的许可条款和设置,以便用户在启动其 Pc 后就会看到适当的信息。You can use multiple Oobe.xml files for language- and region-specific license terms and settings so that users see appropriate info as soon as they start their PCs. 通过在 Oobe.xml 文件中指定信息,你可以填写一些必需的信息,以使用户只需执行设置 Pc 所需的核心任务。By specifying information in the Oobe.xml file, you help fill in some of the required information so that users are asked to do only the core tasks required to set up their PCs.
Cortana 语音支持Cortana voice support 了解 Cortana voice 如何向用户介绍 OOBE 体验,使用户能够通过响应口头提示符来完成 OOBE 的部分。Learn how Cortana voice walks the user through the OOBE experience, enabling the user to complete parts of OOBE by responding to spoken prompts.
OOBE 屏幕详细信息OOBE screen details 了解如何 连接到网络 ,在 OOBE 中 创建安全问题付款信息 屏幕。Learn about the Let's connect you to a network , Create security questions , and Payment information screens in OOBE. 尽管这些屏幕不可自定义,但此处对它们进行了介绍,以提供在 OOBE 期间对用户体验的见解。Although these screens aren't customizable, they are described here to provide insight to the user experience during OOBE.
OOBE 期间的 Windows 更新Windows Updates during OOBE 了解在用户的全新体验期间,如何下载关键和非关键 Windows 更新。Learn how both critical and non-critical Windows updates can download during a user's Out of Box Experience.
OEM HID 配对OEM HID pairing 在随附无线鼠标和键盘的不成对计算机上,您可以自定义在 OOBE 首次运行体验期间向客户显示的 HID 配对屏幕。On PCs that ship with an unpaired wireless mouse and keyboard, you can customize the HID pairing screens shown to the customer during the first-run experience in OOBE. 如果包括书面说明,则必须在随 PC 附带的每种语言中包含这些说明。If you include written instructions, you must include those instructions in every language that ships with the PC.
OEM 许可条款OEM license terms 可以在 OOBE 首次运行体验中将 OEM 许可条款添加到许可条款屏幕中。You can add your OEM license terms to the License Terms screen in the first-run experience of OOBE.
OEM 注册页OEM registration pages 可以在 OOBE 期间显示 OEM 注册屏幕,以鼓励客户提供其信息。You can display OEM registration screens during OOBE to encourage customers to provide you with their information. 这使您可以为他们提供更个性化的体验和信息。This enables you to provide them with a more personalized experience and information.
自动化 OOBEAutomate OOBE 使用无人参与设置隐藏 OOBE 中显示的某些页面。Use Unattend settings to hide certain pages that appear in OOBE.

OOBE 无人参与组件OOBE Unattend component