添加已阻止的键组合Add blocked key combinations

下面的示例 Windows PowerShell 脚本使用键盘筛选器的 Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) 提供程序创建三个函数,若要配置键盘筛选器,以便键盘筛选器块键组合。The following sample Windows PowerShell script uses the Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) providers for Keyboard Filter to create three functions to configure Keyboard Filter so that Keyboard Filter blocks key combinations. 它演示了多种方式来使用每个函数。It demonstrates several ways to use each function.

第一个函数, Enable-Predefine-Key,阻止键盘筛选器的预定义的键组合。The first function, Enable-Predefine-Key, blocks key combinations that are predefined for Keyboard Filter.

第二个函数, Enable-Custom-Key,阻止使用英语的键名称的自定义的键组合。The second function, Enable-Custom-Key, blocks custom key combinations by using the English key names.

第三个函数, Enable-Scancode,块自定义的键组合使用键盘扫描代码键。The third function, Enable-Scancode, blocks custom key combinations by using the keyboard scan code for the key.

Enable-rules.ps1Enable-rules.ps1

#
# Copyright (C) Microsoft. All rights reserved.
#

<#
.Synopsis
    This script shows how to use the built in WMI providers to enable and add 
    keyboard filter rules through Windows PowerShell on the local computer.
.Parameter ComputerName
    Optional parameter to specify a remote machine that this script should
    manage.  If not specified, the script will execute all WMI operations
    locally.
#>
param (
    [String] $ComputerName
)

$CommonParams = @{"namespace"="root\standardcimv2\embedded"}
$CommonParams += $PSBoundParameters

function Enable-Predefined-Key($Id) {
    <#
    .Synopsis
        Toggle on a Predefined Key keyboard filter Rule
    .Description
        Use Get-WMIObject to enumerate all WEKF_PredefinedKey instances,
        filter against key value "Id", and set that instance's "Enabled"
        property to 1/true.
    .Example
        Enable-Predefined-Key "Ctrl+Alt+Del"
        Enable CAD filtering
#>

    $predefined = Get-WMIObject -class WEKF_PredefinedKey @CommonParams |
        where {
            $_.Id -eq "$Id"
        };

    if ($predefined) {
        $predefined.Enabled = 1;
        $predefined.Put() | Out-Null;
        Write-Host Enabled $Id
    } else {
        Write-Error "$Id is not a valid predefined key"
    }
}


function Enable-Custom-Key($Id) {
    <#
    .Synopsis
        Toggle on a Custom Key keyboard filter Rule
    .Description
        Use Get-WMIObject to enumerate all WEKF_CustomKey instances,
        filter against key value "Id", and set that instance's "Enabled"
        property to 1/true.

        In the case that the Custom instance does not exist, add a new
        instance of WEKF_CustomKey using Set-WMIInstance.
    .Example
        Enable-Custom-Key "Ctrl+V"
        Enable filtering of the Ctrl + V sequence.
#>

    $custom = Get-WMIObject -class WEKF_CustomKey @CommonParams |
        where {
            $_.Id -eq "$Id"
        };

    if ($custom) {
# Rule exists.  Just enable it.
        $custom.Enabled = 1;
        $custom.Put() | Out-Null;
        "Enabled Custom Filter $Id.";

    } else {
        Set-WMIInstance `
            -class WEKF_CustomKey `
            -argument @{Id="$Id"} `
            @CommonParams | Out-Null
        "Added Custom Filter $Id.";
    }
}

function Enable-Scancode($Modifiers, [int]$Code) {
    <#
    .Synopsis
        Toggle on a Scancode keyboard filter Rule
    .Description
        Use Get-WMIObject to enumerate all WEKF_Scancode instances,
        filter against key values of "Modifiers" and "Scancode", and set
        that instance's "Enabled" property to 1/true.

        In the case that the Scancode instance does not exist, add a new
        instance of WEKF_Scancode using Set-WMIInstance.
    .Example
        Enable-Scancode "Ctrl" 37
        Enable filtering of the Ctrl + keyboard scancode 37 (base-10)
        sequence.
#>

    $scancode =
        Get-WMIObject -class WEKF_Scancode @CommonParams |
            where {
                ($_.Modifiers -eq $Modifiers) -and ($_.Scancode -eq $Code)
            }

    if($scancode) {
        $scancode.Enabled = 1
        $scancode.Put() | Out-Null
        "Enabled Custom Scancode {0}+{1:X4}" -f $Modifiers, $Code
    } else {
        Set-WMIInstance `
            -class WEKF_Scancode `
            -argument @{Modifiers="$Modifiers"; Scancode=$Code} `
            @CommonParams | Out-Null
 
        "Added Custom Scancode {0}+{1:X4}" -f $Modifiers, $Code
    }
}

# Some example uses of the functions defined above.
Enable-Predefined-Key "Ctrl+Alt+Del"
Enable-Predefined-Key "Ctrl+Esc"
Enable-Custom-Key "Ctrl+V"
Enable-Custom-Key "Numpad0"
Enable-Custom-Key "Shift+Numpad1"
Enable-Custom-Key "%"
Enable-Scancode "Ctrl" 37

适用于键盘筛选器的 Windows PowerShell 脚本示例Windows PowerShell script samples for keyboard filter

键盘筛选器 WMI 提供程序引用Keyboard filter WMI provider reference

键盘筛选器Keyboard filter