预定义组合键Predefined key combinations

本主题列出了由键盘筛选器预定义的一组组合键。This topic lists a set of key combinations that are predefined by a keyboard filter. 可以列出 WEKF PredefinedKey.Id 的值 _ ,以获取键盘筛选器所定义的完整组合键。You can list the value of the WEKF_PredefinedKey.Id to get a complete list of key combinations defined by a keyboard filter.

您可以使用 WEKF PredefinedKey.Id 列中的值 _ 来配置 Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) 类 WEKF _ PredefinedKeyYou can use the values in the WEKF_PredefinedKey.Id column to configure the Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) class WEKF_PredefinedKey.

辅助功能密钥Accessibility keys

下表包含可访问性的预定义组合键:The following table contains predefined key combinations for accessibility:

组合键Key combination WEKF_PredefinedKey IdWEKF_PredefinedKey.Id 阻止的行为Blocked behavior
左 Alt + 左 Shift + Print ScreenLeft Alt + Left Shift + Print Screen LShift + LAlt + PrintScrnLShift+LAlt+PrintScrn 打开高对比度。Open High Contrast.
左 Alt + 左 Shift + Num LockLeft Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock LShift + LAlt + NumLockLShift+LAlt+NumLock 打开鼠标按键。Open Mouse Keys.
Windows 徽标键 + UWindows logo key + U Win + UWin+U 打开轻松访问中心。Open Ease of Access Center.

应用程序密钥Application keys

下表包含用于控制应用程序状态的预定义组合键:The following table contains predefined key combinations for controlling application state:

组合键Key combination WEKF_PredefinedKey IdWEKF_PredefinedKey.Id 阻止的行为Blocked behavior
Alt + F4Alt + F4 Alt+F4Alt+F4 关闭应用程序。Close application.
Ctrl + F4Ctrl + F4 Ctrl+F4Ctrl+F4 关闭窗口。Close window.
Windows 徽标键 + F1Windows logo key + F1 Win + F1Win+F1 打开 Windows 帮助。Open Windows Help.

Shell 键Shell keys

下表包含常规 UI 控件的预定义组合键:The following table contains predefined key combinations for general UI control:

组合键Key combination WEKF_PredefinedKey IdWEKF_PredefinedKey.Id 阻止的行为Blocked behavior
Alt + 空格键Alt + Spacebar Alt + 空格键Alt+Space 打开活动窗口的快捷菜单。Open shortcut menu for the active window.
Ctrl + EscCtrl + Esc Ctrl + EscCtrl+Esc 打开 "开始" 屏幕。Open the Start screen.
Ctrl + Windows 徽标键 + FCtrl + Windows logo key + F Ctrl + Win + FCtrl+Win+F 打开 "查找计算机"。Open Find Computers.
Windows 徽标键 + BreakWindows logo key + Break Win + BreakWin+Break "打开系统" 对话框。Open System dialog box.
Windows 徽标键 + EWindows logo key + E Win + EWin+E 打开 Windows 资源管理器。Open Windows Explorer.
Windows + FWindows + F Win + FWin+F 打开搜索。Open Search.
Windows 徽标键 + PWindows logo key + P Win + PWin+P 循环显示模式。Cycle through Presentation Mode. 还会阻止 Windows 徽标键 + Shift + P 和 Windows 徽标键 + Ctrl + P 组合键。Also blocks the Windows logo key + Shift + P and the Windows logo key + Ctrl + P key combinations.
Windows 徽标键 + RWindows logo key + R Win + RWin+R 打开 "运行" 对话框。Open Run dialog box.
Alt + TabAlt + Tab Alt + TabAlt+Tab 切换任务。Switch task. 还会阻止 Alt + Shift + Tab 键组合。Also blocks the Alt + Shift + Tab key combination.
Ctrl+TabCtrl + Tab Ctrl+TabCtrl+Tab 切换窗口。Switch window.
Windows 徽标键 + TabWindows logo key + Tab Win + TabWin+Tab 循环浏览 Microsoft Store 应用。Cycle through Microsoft Store apps. 还会阻止 Windows 徽标键 + Ctrl + Tab 和 Windows 徽标键 + Shift + Tab 组合键。Also blocks the Windows logo key + Ctrl + Tab and Windows logo key + Shift + Tab key combinations.
Windows 徽标键 + DWindows logo key + D Win + DWin+D 显示桌面。Show desktop.
Windows 徽标键 + MWindows logo key + M Win + MWin+M 最小化所有窗口。Minimize all windows.
Windows 徽标键 + HomeWindows logo key + Home Win + HomeWin+Home 最小化或还原所有非活动窗口。Minimize or restore all inactive windows.
Windows 徽标键 + TWindows logo key + T Win + TWin+T 将焦点设置到任务栏并循环切换程序。Set focus on taskbar and cycle through programs.
Windows 徽标键 + BWindows logo key + B Win + BWin+B 将焦点设置到通知区域。Set focus in the notification area.
Windows 徽标键 + 减号Windows logo key + Minus Sign Win +-Win+- 缩小。Zoom out.
Windows 徽标键 + 加号Windows logo key + Plus Sign Win + +Win++ 放大。Zoom in.
Windows 徽标键 + EscWindows logo key + Esc Win + EscWin+Esc 关闭 "放大镜应用程序"。Close Magnifier application.
Windows 徽标键 + 向上键Windows logo key + Up Arrow Win + 向上键Win+Up 最大化活动窗口。Maximize the active window.
Windows 徽标键 + 向下键Windows logo key + Down Arrow Win + DownWin+Down 最小化活动窗口。Minimize the active window.
Windows 徽标键 + 向左键Windows logo key + Left Arrow Win + 向左键Win+Left 将活动窗口靠齐到屏幕的左半部分。Snap the active window to the left half of screen.
Windows 徽标键 + 向右键Windows logo key + Right Arrow Win + 向右Win+Right 将活动窗口靠齐到屏幕的右半部分。Snap the active window to the right half of screen.
Windows 徽标键 + Shift + 向上键Windows logo key + Shift + Up Arrow Win + Shift + 向上键Win+Shift+Up 垂直将活动窗口最大化。Maximize the active window vertically.
Windows 徽标键 + Shift + 向下键Windows logo key + Shift + Down Arrow Win + Shift + 向下键Win+Shift+Down 最小化活动窗口。Minimize the active window.
Windows 徽标键 + Shift + 向左键Windows logo key + Shift + Left Arrow Win + Shift + 向左键Win+Shift+Left 将活动窗口移到左侧监视器。Move the active window to left monitor.
Windows 徽标键 + Shift + 向右键Windows logo key + Shift + Right Arrow Win + Shift + 向右键Win+Shift+Right 将活动窗口移至右监视器。Move the active window to right monitor.
Windows 徽标键 + 空格键Windows logo key + Spacebar Win + SpaceWin+Space 切换布局。Switch layout.
Windows 徽标键 + OWindows logo key + O Win + OWin+O 锁定设备方向。Lock device orientation.
Windows 徽标键 + Page UpWindows logo key + Page Up Win + PageUpWin+PageUp 将 Microsoft Store 的应用移到左侧的监视器。Move a Microsoft Store app to the left monitor.
Windows 徽标键 + Page DownWindows logo key + Page Down Win + PageDownWin+PageDown 将 Microsoft Store 应用移动到右监视器。Move a Microsoft Store app to right monitor.
Windows 徽标键 + 句点Windows logo key + Period Win +。Win+. 将当前屏幕对齐到左侧或右侧的装订线。Snap the current screen to the left or right gutter. 还会阻止 Windows 徽标键 + Shift + Period 键组合。Also blocks the Windows logo key + Shift + Period key combination.
Windows 徽标键 + CWindows logo key + C Win + CWin+C 在用户通过 UI) 启用快捷方式后 (在侦听模式下激活 Cortana。Activate Cortana in listening mode (after user has enabled the shortcut through the UI).
Windows 徽标键 + IWindows logo key + I Win + IWin+I 打开 "设置" 超级按钮。Open Settings charm.
Windows 徽标键 + KWindows logo key + K Win + KWin+K 打开 "连接" 超级按钮。Open Connect charm.
Windows 徽标键 + HWindows logo key + H Win + HWin+H 开始听写。Start dictation.
Windows 徽标键 + QWindows logo key + Q Win + QWin+Q 打开 "搜索" 超级按钮。Open Search charm.
Windows 徽标键 + WWindows logo key + W Win + WWin+W 打开 Windows Ink 工作区。Open Windows Ink workspace.
Windows 徽标键 + ZWindows logo key + Z Win + ZWin+Z 打开应用栏。Open app bar.
Windows 徽标键 +/Windows logo key + / Win +/Win+/ 打开输入法编辑器 (IME) 。Open input method editor (IME).
Windows 徽标键 + JWindows logo key + J Win + JWin+J 在已对齐和已填充的应用程序之间交换。Swap between snapped and filled applications.
Windows 徽标键 + 逗号Windows logo key + Comma Win +,Win+, 速览桌面。Peek at the desktop.
Windows 徽标键 + VWindows logo key + V Win + VWin+V 按相反顺序循环切换 toast。Cycle through toasts in reverse order.

修改键Modifier keys

下表包含修改键的预定义组合键 (如 Shift 和 Ctrl) :The following table contains predefined key combinations for modifier keys (such as Shift and Ctrl):

组合键Key combination WEKF_PredefinedKey IdWEKF_PredefinedKey.Id 阻止的密钥Blocked key
AltAlt AltAlt 这两个 Alt 键Both Alt keys
应用程序Application 应用程序Application 应用程序密钥Application key
CtrlCtrl CtrlCtrl 两个 Ctrl 键Both Ctrl keys
ShiftShift ShiftShift 双向键Both Shift keys
Windows 徽标键Windows logo key WindowsWindows 两个 Windows 徽标键Both Windows logo keys

安全密钥Security keys

下表包含操作系统安全性的预定义组合键:The following table contains predefined key combinations for OS security:

组合键Key combination WEKF_PredefinedKey IdWEKF_PredefinedKey.Id 阻止的行为Blocked behavior
Ctrl + Alt + DeleteCtrl + Alt + Delete Ctrl+Alt+DelCtrl+Alt+Del 打开 Windows 安全屏幕。Open the Windows Security screen.
Ctrl + Shift + EscCtrl + Shift + Esc Shift + Ctrl + EscShift+Ctrl+Esc 打开任务管理器。Open Task Manager.
Windows 徽标键 + LWindows logo key + L Win + LWin+L 锁定设备。Lock the device.

扩展 shell 密钥Extended shell keys

下表包含扩展 shell 函数的预定义组合键 (例如自动打开特定应用) :The following table contains predefined key combinations for extended shell functions (such as automatically opening certain apps):

组合键Key combination WEKF_PredefinedKey IdWEKF_PredefinedKey.Id 阻止的密钥Blocked key
LaunchMailLaunchMail LaunchMailLaunchMail 启动邮件键Start Mail key
LaunchMediaSelectLaunchMediaSelect LaunchMediaSelectLaunchMediaSelect 选择媒体密钥Select Media key
LaunchApp1LaunchApp1 LaunchApp1LaunchApp1 启动应用程序1键Start Application 1 key
LaunchApp2LaunchApp2 LaunchApp2LaunchApp2 启动应用程序2键Start Application 2 key

浏览器键Browser keys

下表包含用于控制浏览器的预定义组合键:The following table contains predefined key combinations for controlling the browser:

组合键Key combination WEKF_PredefinedKey IdWEKF_PredefinedKey.Id 阻止的密钥Blocked key
BrowserBackBrowserBack BrowserBackBrowserBack 浏览器后退键Browser Back key
BrowserForwardBrowserForward BrowserForwardBrowserForward 浏览器前进键Browser Forward key
BrowserRefreshBrowserRefresh BrowserRefreshBrowserRefresh 浏览器刷新键Browser Refresh key
BrowserStopBrowserStop BrowserStopBrowserStop 浏览器停止键Browser Stop key
BrowserSearchBrowserSearch BrowserSearchBrowserSearch 浏览器搜索键Browser Search key
BrowserFavoritesBrowserFavorites BrowserFavoritesBrowserFavorites 浏览器收藏夹键Browser Favorites key
BrowserHomeBrowserHome BrowserHomeBrowserHome 浏览器启动和 Home 键Browser Start and Home key

媒体密钥Media keys

下表包含用于控制媒体播放的预定义组合键:The following table contains predefined key combinations for controlling media playback:

组合键Key combination WEKF_PredefinedKey IdWEKF_PredefinedKey.Id 阻止的密钥Blocked key
VolumeMuteVolumeMute VolumeMuteVolumeMute 音量静音键Volume Mute key
VolumeDownVolumeDown VolumeDownVolumeDown 调低音量键Volume Down key
VolumeUpVolumeUp VolumeUpVolumeUp 调高音量键Volume Up key
MediaNextMediaNext MediaNextMediaNext 下一曲目键Next Track key
MediaPrevMediaPrev MediaPrevMediaPrev 上一个曲目键Previous Track key
MediaStopMediaStop MediaStopMediaStop 停止媒体密钥Stop Media key
MediaPlayPauseMediaPlayPause MediaPlayPauseMediaPlayPause 播放/暂停媒体密钥Play/Pause Media key

Microsoft Surface 键盘键Microsoft Surface keyboard keys

下表包含 Microsoft Surface 设备的预定义组合键:The following table contains predefined key combinations for Microsoft Surface devices:

组合键Key combination WEKF_PredefinedKey IdWEKF_PredefinedKey.Id 阻止的密钥Blocked key
左 Alt + Windows 徽标键Left Alt + Windows logo key AltWinAltWin 共享密钥Share key
左 Ctrl + Windows 徽标键Left Ctrl + Windows logo key CtrlWinCtrlWin 设备密钥Devices key
左移 + Windows 徽标键Left Shift + Windows logo key ShiftWinShiftWin 搜索键Search key
F21F21 F21F21 设置键Settings key

键盘筛选器Keyboard filter