AD 林恢复-备份系统状态数据AD Forest Recovery - Backing up the System State data

适用于: Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 和 2012 R2、Windows Server 2008 和 2008 R2Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2, Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2

使用以下过程在 DC 上使用 Windows Server 备份或 wbadmin.exe 执行系统状态备份。Use the following procedure to perform a system state backup on a DC by using Windows Server Backup or wbadmin.exe.

使用 Windows Server 备份执行系统状态备份To perform a system state backup using Windows Server Backup

  1. 打开 服务器管理器,单击 " 工具",然后单击 " Windows Server 备份"。Open Server Manager, click Tools, and then click Windows Server Backup.

    • 在 Windows Server 2008 R2 和 Windows Server 2008 中,单击 " 开始",指向 " 管理工具",然后单击 " Windows Server 备份"。In Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Windows Server Backup.

    安装备份

  2. 如果系统提示,请在 " 用户帐户控制 " 对话框中提供备份操作员凭据,然后单击 "确定"If you are prompted, in the User Account Control dialog box, provide Backup Operator credentials, and then click OK.

  3. 单击 " 本地备份"。Click Local Backup.

  4. “操作” 菜单中,单击 “一次性备份”On the Action menu, click Backup once.

  5. 在 "一次性备份" 向导中的 " 备份选项 " 页上,单击 " 其他选项",然后单击 " 下一步"。In the Backup Once Wizard, on the Backup options page, click Different options, and then click Next.

    安装备份

  6. 在 " 选择备份配置 " 页上,单击 " **自定义) **",然后单击 " 下一步"。On the Select backup configuration page, click Custom), and then click Next.

  7. 在 " 选择备份项 " 屏幕上,单击 " 添加项 " 并选择 " 系统状态 ",然后单击 "确定"On the Select Items for Backup screen, click Add Items and select System State and click Ok.

    • 在 Windows Server 2008 R2 和 Windows Server 2008 中,选择要包含在备份中的卷。In Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008, select the volumes to include in the backup. 如果选中 " 启用系统恢复 " 复选框,则所有关键卷都处于选中状态。If you select the Enable system recovery check box, all critical volumes are selected.

    安装备份

  8. 在 " 指定目标类型 " 页上,单击 " 本地驱动器 " 或 " 远程共享文件夹",然后单击 " 下一步"。On the Specify destination type page, click Local drives or Remote shared folder, and then click Next. 如果要备份到远程共享文件夹,请执行以下操作:If you are backing up to a remote shared folder, do the following:

    • 键入共享文件夹的路径。Type the path to the shared folder.
    • 在 " 访问控制" 下,选择 " 不继承继承 " 以确定对备份的访问权限,然后单击 " 下一步"。Under Access Control, select Do not inherit or Inherit to determine access to the backup, and then click Next.
    • 在 "为 备份提供用户凭据 " 对话框中,提供对共享文件夹具有写访问权限的用户的用户名和密码,然后单击 "确定"In the Provide user credentials for Backup dialog box, provide the user name and password for a user who has write access to the shared folder, and then click OK.
  9. 对于 Windows Server 2008 R2 和 Windows Server 2008,在 " 指定高级选项 " 页上,选择 " VSS 副本备份 ",然后单击 " 下一步"。For Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008, on the Specify advanced option page, select VSS copy backup and then click Next.

  10. 在 " 选择备份目标 " 页上,选择备份位置。On the Select Backup Destination page, choose the backup location. 如果选择了本地驱动器,请选择本地驱动器,或者如果选择了远程共享,请选择网络共享。If you selected local drive choose a local drive or if you selected remote share choose a network share.

  11. 在确认屏幕上,单击 " 备份"。On the confirmation screen, click Backup.

  12. 完成此完成后,单击 " 关闭"。Once this has completed click Close.

  13. 关闭 Windows Server 备份。Close Windows Server Backup.

使用 Wbadmin.exe 执行系统状态备份To perform a system state backup using Wbadmin.exe

打开提升的命令提示符,键入以下命令并按 ENTER:Open an elevated command prompt, type the following command and press ENTER:

wbadmin start systemstatebackup -backuptarget:<targetDrive>:

安装备份

后续步骤Next Steps