步骤2准备群集服务器Step 2 Prepare Cluster Servers

适用于:Windows Server(半年频道)、Windows Server 2016Applies To: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016

在配置群集部署之前,准备要添加到群集中的其他服务器。Before you can configure a cluster deployment, you prepare additional servers to add to the cluster.

任务Task 描述Description
2.1 配置远程访问基础结构2.1 Configure the Remote Access infrastructure 在要添加到群集的每个服务器上,配置服务器拓扑、IP 寻址、路由和转发。On each server you want to add to the cluster, configure the server topology, IP addressing, routing, and forwarding. 如果配置虚拟机的负载平衡群集,则必须将虚拟机配置为使用 MAC 地址欺骗。If you configure a load balanced cluster of virtual machines, you must configure the virtual machines to use MAC address spoofing.

此外,将每个服务器联接到同一个域,并将所有服务器连接到同一子网。In addition, join each server to the same domain, and connect all the servers to the same subnet.

2.2 安装远程访问角色2.2 Install the Remote Access role 在要添加到群集的每个其他服务器上,安装远程访问角色On each additional server you want to add to the cluster, install the Remote Access role
2.3 安装 NLB2.3 Install NLB 在部署的远程访问服务器和每个要添加到群集中的其他服务器上,安装 NLB 功能。On the deployed Remote Access server and on each additional server you want to add to the cluster, install the NLB feature. 请注意,使用外部负载均衡器时,不需要执行此步骤。Note that this step is not required when using an External Load Balancer.

2.1 配置远程访问基础结构2.1 Configure the Remote Access infrastructure

若要配置远程访问群集,必须在将形成群集一部分的每个服务器上配置服务器拓扑、IP 寻址、路由和转发。To configure a Remote Access cluster, you must configure the server topology, IP addressing, routing, and forwarding on every server that will form part of the cluster.

配置远程访问基础结构To configure the Remote Access infrastructure

  1. 使用与第一个远程访问服务器相同的拓扑配置将位于群集中的每台服务器。Configure each of the servers that will be in the cluster with the same topology as the first Remote Access server.

  2. 根据第一台远程访问服务器的配置,使用相应的 IP 寻址、路由和转发配置将位于群集中的每台服务器。Configure each of the servers that will be in the cluster with appropriate IP addressing, routing, and forwarding based on the configuration of the first Remote Access server. 请注意,群集中的所有服务器必须连接到同一子网。Note that all the servers in the cluster must be connected to the same subnet.

  3. 将群集中的每个服务器加入到第一个远程访问服务器所在的域中。Join each of the servers that will be in the cluster to the same domain as the first Remote Access server.

2.2 安装远程访问角色2.2 Install the Remote Access role

若要配置远程访问群集,必须在将形成群集一部分的每台服务器上安装远程访问角色。To configure a Remote Access cluster, you must install the Remote Access role on every server that will form a part of the cluster.

在 Always On VPN 服务器上安装远程访问角色To install the Remote Access role on Always On VPN servers

  1. 在 DirectAccess 服务器上的 "服务器管理器" 控制台的 "仪表板" 中,单击 "添加角色和功能"。On the DirectAccess server, in the Server Manager console, in the Dashboard, click Add roles and features.

  2. 单击 “下一步” 三次以打开服务器角色选择屏幕。Click Next three times to get to the server role selection screen.

  3. 在 "选择服务器角色" 对话框中,选择 "远程访问",然后单击 "下一步"。On the Select Server Roles dialog, select Remote Access, and then click Next.

  4. 单击 "下一步" 三次。Click Next three times.

  5. 在 "选择角色服务" 对话框中,选择 " **DirectAccess 和 VPN (RAS") ** ,然后单击 "**添加功能**"。On the Select role services dialog, select DirectAccess and VPN (RAS) and then click Add Features.

  6. 依次选择 "路由"、" Web 应用程序代理"、"添加功能",然后单击 "下一步"。Select Routing, select Web Application Proxy, click Add Features, and then click Next.

  7. 单击 “下一步”,然后单击 “安装”Click Next, and then click Install.

  8. 在“安装进度”**** 对话框中,验证安装是否成功,然后单击“关闭”****。On the Installation progress dialog, verify that the installation was successful, and then click Close.

  9. 在要作为群集成员的所有服务器上重复此过程。Repeat this procedure on all servers that you want to be cluster members.

2.3 安装 NLB2.3 Install NLB

若要配置远程访问群集,必须在将形成群集一部分的每台服务器上安装网络负载平衡功能。To configure a Remote Access cluster, you must install the Network Load Balancing feature on every server that will form a part of the cluster.

备注

如果使用外部负载均衡器,则不需要执行此步骤。This step is not required if an external load balancer is used.

安装 NLB 角色To install the NLB role

  1. 在 DirectAccess 服务器上的 "服务器管理器" 控制台的 "仪表板" 中,单击 "添加角色和功能"。On the DirectAccess server, in the Server Manager console, in the Dashboard, click Add roles and features.

  2. 单击 "下一步" 四次以转到服务器功能选择屏幕。Click Next four times to get to the server feature selection screen.

  3. 在 "选择功能" 对话框中,依次选择 "网络负载平衡"、"添加功能"、"下一步" 和 "安装"。On the Select features dialog, select Network Load Balancing, click Add Features, click Next, and then click Install.

  4. 在“安装进度”**** 对话框中,验证安装是否成功,然后单击“关闭”****。On the Installation progress dialog, verify that the installation was successful, and then click Close.

  5. 在要作为群集成员的所有服务器上重复此过程。Repeat this procedure on all servers that you want to be cluster members.

另请参阅See also