Windows 上的 HYPER-V 的受支持的 Linux 和 FreeBSD 虚拟机Supported Linux and FreeBSD virtual machines for Hyper-V on Windows

适用于:Windows Server 2016 中,HYPER-V Server 2016 中,Windows Server 2012 R2 中,Hyper-V Server 2012 R2 中,Windows Server 2012 中,Hyper-V Server 2012 的 Windows Server 2008 R2、 Windows 10、 Windows 8.1,Windows 8,Windows 7.1、 Windows 7Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Hyper-V Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Hyper-V Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Hyper-V Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows 7.1, Windows 7

HYPER-V 支持的 Linux 和 FreeBSD 虚拟机的模拟和 Hyper V 特定设备。Hyper-V supports both emulated and Hyper-V-specific devices for Linux and FreeBSD virtual machines. 运行模拟设备,不则需要安装任何其他软件。When running with emulated devices, no additional software is required to be installed. 但是模拟的设备无法提供高性能,并且无法利用 HYPER-V 技术提供了丰富的虚拟机管理基础结构。However emulated devices do not provide high performance and cannot leverage the rich virtual machine management infrastructure that the Hyper-V technology offers. 若要充分利用 HYPER-V 提供的所有权益,它是适用于 Linux 和 FreeBSD 使用 Hyper V 特定设备。In order to make full use of all benefits that Hyper-V provides, it is best to use Hyper-V-specific devices for Linux and FreeBSD. 运行 Hyper V 特定设备所需的驱动程序的集合称为 Linux Integration Services (LIS) 或 FreeBSD Integration Services (BIS)。The collection of drivers that are required to run Hyper-V-specific devices are known as Linux Integration Services (LIS) or FreeBSD Integration Services (BIS).

LIS 已添加到 Linux 内核和新版本中进行了更新。LIS has been added to the Linux kernel and is updated for new releases. 但是,Linux 分发版基于较旧的内核可能没有最新的增强功能或修补程序。But Linux distributions based on older kernels may not have the latest enhancements or fixes. Microsoft 提供了包含对某些基于这些较旧的内核上的 Linux 安装的可安装 LIS 驱动程序的下载。Microsoft provides a download containing installable LIS drivers for some Linux installations based on these older kernels. 分发供应商包括版本的 Linux 集成服务,因为它是安装最新的可下载的 LIS 中版本,如果适用,请为您的安装。Because distribution vendors include versions of Linux Integration Services, it is best to install the latest downloadable version of LIS, if applicable, for your installation.

对于其他 Linux 分发版 LIS 更改定期集成到操作系统内核和应用程序中,因此没有单独的下载或安装是必需的。For other Linux distributions LIS changes are regularly integrated into the operating system kernel and applications so no separate download or installation is required.

对于较旧的 FreeBSD 版本中 (在之前 10.0),Microsoft 提供包含可安装 BIS 驱动程序和 FreeBSD 虚拟机的相应守护程序的端口。For older FreeBSD releases (before 10.0), Microsoft provides ports that contain the installable BIS drivers and corresponding daemons for FreeBSD virtual machines. 对于更高版本的 FreeBSD 发行版本,BIS 内置于 FreeBSD 操作系统,并且没有单独的下载或安装需要 KVP 端口下载所需的 FreeBSD 10.0 除外。For newer FreeBSD releases, BIS is built in to the FreeBSD operating system, and no separate download or installation is required except for a KVP ports download that is needed for FreeBSD 10.0.


此内容的目标是提供可帮助促进 Linux 或 FreeBSD HYPER-V 上的部署的信息。The goal of this content is to provide information that helps facilitate your Linux or FreeBSD deployment on Hyper-V. 特定的详细信息包括:Specific details include:

  • Linux 分发版或需要下载和安装 LIS 或 BIS 驱动程序的 FreeBSD 版本。Linux distributions or FreeBSD releases that require the download and installation of LIS or BIS drivers.

  • Linux 分发版或包含的内置 LIS 或 BIS 驱动程序的 FreeBSD 版本。Linux distributions or FreeBSD releases that contain built-in LIS or BIS drivers.

  • 指示主要 Linux 发行版本或 FreeBSD 版本中的功能的功能分发映射。Feature distribution maps that indicate the features in major Linux distributions or FreeBSD releases.

  • 已知的问题和解决方法的每个分发或发布。Known issues and workarounds for each distribution or release.

  • 每个 LIS 或 BIS 功能的功能说明。Feature description for each LIS or BIS feature.

想要提出有关特性和功能建议吗?Want to make a suggestion about features and functionality? 有我们可以更好地做的事情吗?Is there something we could do better? 可以使用Windows Server User Voice站点适用于 Linux 和 FreeBSD 虚拟机上的 HYPER-V,建议新特性和功能以及查看其他人的看法。You can use the Windows Server User Voice site to suggest new features and capabilities for Linux and FreeBSD Virtual Machines on Hyper-V, and to see what other people are saying.

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