Windows 上的 Hyper-v 支持的 Linux 和 FreeBSD 虚拟机Supported Linux and FreeBSD virtual machines for Hyper-V on Windows

适用于: Windows Server 2019,Windows Server 2016,Hyper-v Server 2016,Windows Server 2012 R2,Hyper-v server 2012 R2,Windows Server 2012,Hyper-v Server 2012,Windows Server 2008 R2,Windows 10,Windows 8.1,Windows 8,Windows 7.1,Windows 7Applies To: Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Hyper-V Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Hyper-V Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Hyper-V Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows 7.1, Windows 7

Hyper-v 支持适用于 Linux 和 FreeBSD 虚拟机的模拟和 Hyper-v 特定设备。Hyper-V supports both emulated and Hyper-V-specific devices for Linux and FreeBSD virtual machines. 与模拟设备一起运行时,无需安装任何其他软件。When running with emulated devices, no additional software is required to be installed. 但模拟设备不提供高性能,并且无法利用 Hyper-v 技术提供的丰富的虚拟机管理基础结构。However emulated devices do not provide high performance and cannot leverage the rich virtual machine management infrastructure that the Hyper-V technology offers. 为了充分利用 Hyper-v 提供的所有权益,最好使用适用于 Linux 和 FreeBSD 的 Hyper-v 特定设备。In order to make full use of all benefits that Hyper-V provides, it is best to use Hyper-V-specific devices for Linux and FreeBSD. 运行 Hyper-v 特定设备所需的驱动程序集合称为 Linux Integration Services (.LIS) 或 FreeBSD Integration Services (BIS) 。The collection of drivers that are required to run Hyper-V-specific devices are known as Linux Integration Services (LIS) or FreeBSD Integration Services (BIS).

已将 .LIS 添加到 Linux 内核,并更新了新版本。LIS has been added to the Linux kernel and is updated for new releases. 但基于较旧内核的 Linux 分发可能没有最新的增强功能或修补程序。But Linux distributions based on older kernels may not have the latest enhancements or fixes. Microsoft 提供下载,其中包含基于这些旧内核的某些 Linux 安装的可安装的 .LIS 驱动程序。Microsoft provides a download containing installable LIS drivers for some Linux installations based on these older kernels. 由于分发供应商包括 Linux Integration Services 的版本,因此最好安装适用于你的安装的最新可下载版本(如果适用)。Because distribution vendors include versions of Linux Integration Services, it is best to install the latest downloadable version of LIS, if applicable, for your installation.

对于其他 Linux 分发,IIS 会定期将其集成到操作系统内核和应用程序中,因此不需要单独下载或安装。For other Linux distributions LIS changes are regularly integrated into the operating system kernel and applications so no separate download or installation is required.

对于较旧的 FreeBSD 版本 (在 10.0) 之前,Microsoft 提供的端口包含可安装的 BIS 驱动程序和 FreeBSD 虚拟机的相应守护程序。For older FreeBSD releases (before 10.0), Microsoft provides ports that contain the installable BIS drivers and corresponding daemons for FreeBSD virtual machines. 对于更高版本的 FreeBSD 版本,BIS 内置于 FreeBSD 操作系统中,无需单独下载或安装,因为 FreeBSD 10.0 需要下载 KVP 端口。For newer FreeBSD releases, BIS is built in to the FreeBSD operating system, and no separate download or installation is required except for a KVP ports download that is needed for FreeBSD 10.0.


此内容的目标是提供信息,有助于简化 Hyper-v 上的 Linux 或 FreeBSD 部署。The goal of this content is to provide information that helps facilitate your Linux or FreeBSD deployment on Hyper-V. 具体的详细信息包括:Specific details include:

  • 需要下载和安装 .LIS 或 BIS 驱动程序的 Linux 分发版或 FreeBSD 版本。Linux distributions or FreeBSD releases that require the download and installation of LIS or BIS drivers.

  • Linux 分发版或包含内置 .LIS 或 BIS 驱动程序的 FreeBSD 版本。Linux distributions or FreeBSD releases that contain built-in LIS or BIS drivers.

  • 功能分发映射,用于指示主要 Linux 分发版或 FreeBSD 版本中的功能。Feature distribution maps that indicate the features in major Linux distributions or FreeBSD releases.

  • 每个分发或发布的已知问题和解决方法。Known issues and workarounds for each distribution or release.

  • 每个 .LIS 或 BIS 功能的功能说明。Feature description for each LIS or BIS feature.

想要对特性和功能提出建议?Want to make a suggestion about features and functionality? 是否有一些更好的做法?Is there something we could do better? 你可以使用 Windows Server User Voice 网站为 hyper-v 上的 Linux 和 FreeBSD 虚拟机建议新特性和功能,以及查看其他人的看法。You can use the Windows Server User Voice site to suggest new features and capabilities for Linux and FreeBSD Virtual Machines on Hyper-V, and to see what other people are saying.

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