Exchange 2016 必要條件Exchange 2016 prerequisites

摘要:Exchange 2016 和 Exchange 管理工具的 Windows 作業系統必要條件Summary: Windows operating system prerequisites for Exchange 2016 and Exchange management tools.

提示

是「Exchange 部署助理」將您引導過來的嗎?按一下 Exchange 2013 必要條件Coming from the Exchange Deployment Assistant? Click Exchange 2013 prerequisites.

本主題針對 Exchange 2016 Mailbox 和 Edge Transport server role,提供安裝必要的 Windows Server 2012、Windows Server 2012 R2 和 Windows Server 2016 作業系統必要條件的步驟。另外也提供在 Windows 8.1 和 Windows 10 用戶端電腦上安裝 Exchange 2016 管理工具所需的必要條件。This topic provides the steps for installing the necessary Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2016 operating system prerequisites for the Exchange 2016 Mailbox and Edge Transport server roles. It also provides the prerequisites required to install the Exchange 2016 management tools on Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 client computers.

開始之前有哪些須知?What do you need to know before you begin?

提示

您是否曾聽過 Exchange Server 部署助理?這是一項免費的線上工具,該工具會詢問您一些問題並特別為您建立一份自訂的部署檢查清單,以協助您在組織中快速部署 Exchange 2016。若想要深入了解,請移至 Exchange Server Deployment AssistantHave you heard about the Exchange Server Deployment Assistant? It's a free online tool that helps you quickly deploy Exchange 2016 in your organization by asking you a few questions and creating a customized deployment checklist just for you. If you want to learn more about it, go to Exchange Server Deployment Assistant.

  • 請確定您的樹系的功能層級至少是 Windows Server 2008 R2,而且架構主機執行的是 Windows Server 2008 R2 或更新版本。如需有關 Windows 功能層級的詳細資訊,請參閱<了解 Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) 功能層級>。Make sure that the functional level of your forest is at least Windows Server 2008 R2, and that the schema master is running Windows Server 2008 R2 or later. For more information about the Windows functional level, see Understanding Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) Functional Levels.

  • 對於執行 Exchange 2016 server role 或管理工具的所有伺服器,必須使用 Windows Server 2012 和 Windows Server 2012 R2 的完整安裝選項。The full installation option of Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 must be used for all servers running Exchange 2016 server roles or management tools.

  • 您必須首先將您的電腦加入相應的內部 Active Directory 樹系和網域。You must first join the computer to the appropriate internal Active Directory forest and domain.

  • 一些先決條件要求您重新開機伺服器以完成安裝。Some prerequisites require you to reboot the server to complete installation.

  • 在您的電腦上安裝最新的 Windows 更新。如需詳細資訊,請參閱<部署安全性檢查清單>。Install the latest Windows updates on your computer. For more information, see Deployment Security Checklist.

    注意

    當 Exchange 安裝於伺服器時,您無法將 Windows 從一個版本升級到另一個版本,或從標準升級到資料中心。You can't upgrade Windows from one version to another, or from Standard to Datacenter, when Exchange is installed on the server.

提示

有問題嗎?請在 Exchange 論壇中尋求協助。瀏覽論壇:Exchange ServerExchange OnlineExchange Online ProtectionHaving problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at: Exchange Server, Exchange Online, or Exchange Online Protection.

以下幾節說明如何針對 Exchange 2016 準備您的環境。一旦準備好您的環境,請將「Exchange 部署助理」使用於實際部署的後續步驟。如需混合部署的詳細資訊,請參閱 Exchange Server 混合部署The following sections describe how to prepare your environment for Exchange 2016. Once your environment is prepared, use the Exchange Deployment Assistant for next steps on your actual deployment. For information on hybrid deployments, see Exchange Server Hybrid Deployments.

Active Directory 準備Active Directory preparation

您要用於為 Exchange 2016 準備 Active Directory 的電腦必須滿足一些特定先決條件。The computer you want to use to prepare Active Directory for Exchange 2016 has specific prerequisites that must be met.

首先,在用於準備 Active Directory 的電腦上安裝下列軟體:First, install the following software on the computer that will be used to prepare Active Directory:

在您安裝完上述軟體後,請完成下列步驟,安裝 Remote Tools Administration Pack。安裝 Remote Tools Administration Pack 之後,您就可以使用此電腦來準備 Active Directory。如需有關準備 Active Directory 的詳細資訊,請參閱<準備 Active Directory 及網域>。After you've installed the software listed above, complete the following steps to install the Remote Tools Administration Pack. After you've installed the Remote Tools Administration Pack you'll be able to use the computer to prepare Active Directory. For more information about preparing Active Directory, see Prepare Active Directory and domains.

  1. 開啟 [Windows PowerShell]。Open Windows PowerShell.

  2. 使用下列命令安裝 Remote Tools Administration Pack。Install the Remote Tools Administration Pack using the following command.

    Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-ADDS
    

Windows Server 2012 和 Windows Server 2012 R2 必要條件Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 prerequisites

在執行 Windows Server 2012 或 Windows Server 2012 R2 的電腦上安裝 Exchange 2016 所需的必要條件,視您想要安裝的 Exchange 角色而定。閱讀以下與您要安裝的角色相符之章節。The prerequisites that are needed to install Exchange 2016 on computers running Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2 depends on which Exchange role you want to install. Read the section below that matches the role you want to install.

Mailbox server roleMailbox server role

依照本節的指示,在您想要安裝 Mailbox server role 的電腦 (執行 Windows Server 2012 或 Windows Server 2012 R2) 上安裝必要條件:Follow the instructions in this section to install the prerequisites on computers running Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2 where you want to install the Mailbox server role.

執行下列操作來安裝所需的 Windows 角色和功能:Do the following to install the required Windows roles and features:

  1. 開啟 [Windows PowerShell]。Open Windows PowerShell.

  2. 執行下列命令來安裝所需的 Windows 元件。Run the following command to install the required Windows components.

    Install-WindowsFeature AS-HTTP-Activation, Server-Media-Foundation, NET-Framework-45-Features, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, Web-Mgmt-Console, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation, RSAT-ADDS
    

安裝作業系統角色與功能後,請依照以下顯示順序安裝軟體:After you've installed the operating system roles and features, install the following software in the order shown:

  1. .NET Framework 4.7.1.NET Framework 4.7.1

  2. 適用於 Visual Studio 2013 的 Visual C++ 可轉散發套件Visual C++ Redistributable Packages for Visual Studio 2013

  3. Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API 4.0, Core Runtime 64 位元Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API 4.0, Core Runtime 64-bit

Edge Transport server roleEdge Transport server role

依照本節的指示,在您想要安裝 Edge Transport server role 的電腦 (執行 Windows Server 2012 或 Windows Server 2012 R2) 上安裝必要條件:Follow the instructions in this section to install the prerequisites on computers running Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2 where you want to install the Edge Transport server role.

執行下列操作來安裝所需的 Windows 角色和功能:Do the following to install the required Windows roles and features:

  1. 開啟 [Windows PowerShell]。Open Windows PowerShell.

  2. 執行下列命令來安裝所需的 Windows 元件。Run the following command to install the required Windows components.

    Install-WindowsFeature ADLDS
    

安裝作業系統角色與功能後,請依照以下顯示順序安裝軟體:After you've installed the operating system roles and features, install the following software in the order shown:

  1. .NET Framework 4.7.1.NET Framework 4.7.1

  2. 適用於 Visual Studio 2013 的 Visual C++ 可轉散發套件Visual C++ Redistributable Packages for Visual Studio 2013

Windows Server 2016 必要條件Windows Server 2016 prerequisites

在執行 Windows Server 2016 的電腦上安裝 Exchange 2016 所需的必要條件,視您想要安裝的 Exchange 角色而定。閱讀以下與您要安裝的角色相符之章節。The prerequisites that are needed to install Exchange 2016 on computers running Windows Server 2016 depends on which Exchange role you want to install. Read the section below that matches the role you want to install.

重要

如果您想要在 Windows Server 2016 上安裝 Exchange,則需要 Exchange 2016 累計更新3 或更新版本。Exchange 2016 Cumulative Update 3 or later is required if you want to install Exchange on Windows Server 2016.

Mailbox server roleMailbox server role

依照本節的指示,在您想要安裝 Mailbox server role 的電腦 (執行 Windows Server 2016) 上安裝必要條件:Follow the instructions in this section to install the prerequisites on computers running Windows Server 2016 where you want to install the Mailbox server role.

執行下列操作來安裝所需的 Windows 角色和功能:Do the following to install the required Windows roles and features:

  1. 開啟 [Windows PowerShell]。Open Windows PowerShell.

  2. 執行下列命令來安裝所需的 Windows 元件。Run the following command to install the required Windows components.

    Install-WindowsFeature NET-Framework-45-Features, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, Web-Mgmt-Console, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation, RSAT-ADDS
    

安裝作業系統角色與功能後,請依照以下顯示順序安裝軟體:After you've installed the operating system roles and features, install the following software in the order shown:

  1. .NET Framework 4.7.1.NET Framework 4.7.1

  2. Microsoft 知識庫文章 KB3206632Microsoft Knowledge Base article KB3206632

  3. 適用於 Visual Studio 2013 的 Visual C++ 可轉散發套件Visual C++ Redistributable Packages for Visual Studio 2013

  4. Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API 4.0, Core Runtime 64 位元Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API 4.0, Core Runtime 64-bit

Edge Transport server roleEdge Transport server role

依照本節的指示,在您想要安裝 Edge Transport server role 的電腦 (執行 Windows Server 2016) 上安裝必要條件:Follow the instructions in this section to install the prerequisites on computers running Windows Server 2016 where you want to install the Edge Transport server role.

執行下列操作來安裝所需的 Windows 角色和功能:Do the following to install the required Windows roles and features:

  1. 開啟 [Windows PowerShell]。Open Windows PowerShell.

  2. 執行下列命令來安裝所需的 Windows 元件。Run the following command to install the required Windows components.

    Install-WindowsFeature ADLDS
    

安裝作業系統角色與功能後,請依照以下顯示順序安裝軟體:After you've installed the operating system roles and features, install the following software in the order shown:

  1. .NET Framework 4.7.1.NET Framework 4.7.1

  2. 適用於 Visual Studio 2013 的 Visual C++ 可轉散發套件Visual C++ Redistributable Packages for Visual Studio 2013

Windows 8.1 和 Windows 10 必要條件 (僅系統管理工具)Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 prerequisites (admin tools only)

依照本節的指示,在您想要安裝 Exchange 2016 Admin Tools 的電腦 (執行 Windows 8.1 或 Windows 10) 上安裝必要條件。Follow the instructions in this section to install the prerequisites on computers running Windows 8.1 or Windows 10 where you want to install the Exchange 2016 Admin Tools.

在 Windows 8.1 電腦上,安裝 .NET Framework 4.7.1On Windows 8.1 computers, install .NET Framework 4.7.1 .

在 Windows 8.1 和 Windows 10 電腦上,安裝適用於 Visual Studio 2013 的 Visual C++ 可轉散發套件On Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 computers, install Visual C++ Redistributable Packages for Visual Studio 2013.

在 Windows 8.1 和 Windows 10 電腦上,從提高權限的 Windows PowerShell 工作階段執行下列命令。On Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 computers, run the following command from an elevated Windows PowerShell session.

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-IIS6ManagementCompatibility,IIS-LegacySnapIn,IIS-ManagementConsole,IIS-Metabase,IIS-WebServerManagementTools,IIS-WebServerRole