Overview of mobile devices and SharePoint Server 2013Overview of mobile devices and SharePoint Server 2013

摘要:了解 SharePoint 行動功能、 服務及瀏覽經驗的 SharePoint Server 2013 部署。Summary: Learn about the SharePoint mobility features, services, and browsing experiences with a deployment of SharePoint Server 2013.

SharePoint Server 2013 提供跨不同行動裝置平台全新最佳化檢視經驗。此外,還有多項功能可協助改善裝置上的工作者生產力和可用性。本文的目是要幫助 IT 專業人員了解可供組織使用的 SharePoint Server 2013 行動功能。SharePoint Server 2013 offers new, optimized viewing experiences across different mobile platforms. Additionally, there are several features that are available to help improve both worker productivity and usability on the device. This article is intended for IT professionals to help understand the SharePoint Server 2013 mobile features that are available to your organization.

重要

如需 SharePoint Server 2013 支援之行動瀏覽器的詳細資訊,請參閱<SharePoint 2013 中支援的行動裝置瀏覽器>。For more information about supported mobile browsers with SharePoint Server 2013, see Mobile device browsers supported in SharePoint 2013.

端對端的看起來並了解 SharePoint Server 2013 行動橫向的請參閱海報in SharePoint 2013 的行動裝置架構。此外,如需如何管理行動裝置環境的詳細資訊,請參閱Administer SharePoint Server 中的行動裝置For an end-to-end look and understanding of the SharePoint Server 2013 mobile landscape, see the poster Mobile architecture in SharePoint 2013. Also, for more information about how to administer your mobile environment, see Administer mobile devices in SharePoint Server.

行動瀏覽器使用經驗Mobile browser experience

SharePoint Server 2013 透過引進新的現代檢視來改進行動瀏覽器體驗。使用者可擁有下列其中一個瀏覽選項,視行動瀏覽器而定:SharePoint Server 2013 offers improvements to the mobile browser experience with the introduction of a new contemporary view. Depending on the mobile browser, users have one of the following browsing options:

  • 現代檢視:此檢視提供使用者最佳化的行動瀏覽器使用經驗,並轉譯為 HTML5。Windows Phone 7.5 的 Mobile Internet Explorer 9.0 版或更新版本、iPhone iOS 5.0 的 Safari 4.0 版或更新版本,以及 Android 4.0 版或更新版本的 Android 瀏覽器,都提供此檢視。Contemporary view This view offers an optimized mobile browser experience to users and renders in HTML5. This view is available to Mobile Internet Explorer version 9.0 or later versions for Windows Phone 7.5, Safari version 4.0 or later versions for iPhone iOS 5.0, and the Android browser for Android 4.0 or later versions.

  • 傳統檢視:此檢視會轉譯成 HTML 格式或類似的標記語言 (CHTML、WML 等等),並為無法轉譯為新現代檢視的行動瀏覽器提供回溯相容性。SharePoint Server 2013 的傳統體驗與 SharePoint Server 2010 的行動瀏覽器體驗相同。Classic view This view renders in HTML format, or similar markup languages (CHTML, WML, and so on), and provides backward compatibility for mobile browsers that cannot render in the new contemporary view. The classic experience in SharePoint Server 2013 is identical to the mobile browser experience of SharePoint Server 2010.

  • 全螢幕 UI Smartphone 裝置上也可以有 SharePoint 網站的完整桌面檢視。Full-screen UI There is also the ability to have a full desktop view of a SharePoint site on a smartphone device.

下圖顯示 Smartphone 瀏覽器的新型檢視。The following figure shows the contemporary view for a smartphone browser.

圖: Smartphone 瀏覽器上的新型檢視Figure: Contemporary view on a smartphone browser

新式檢視

注意

對於上述圖形,頂端列在 Windows Phone 上顯示新型檢視轉譯,iPhone 則是在底端列。傳統及新型檢視只會為 Smartphone 行動瀏覽器轉譯。如需 SharePoint Server 2013 中支援的行動瀏覽器詳細資訊,請參閱<SharePoint 2013 中支援的行動裝置瀏覽器>。For the above figure the top row shows the contemporary view rendering on a Windows Phone, and the iPhone for the bottom row. The classic and contemporary views are only rendered for smartphone mobile browsers. For more information about which mobile browsers are supported in SharePoint Server 2013, see Mobile device browsers supported in SharePoint 2013.

SharePoint 網站的新型檢視提供使用者一些下列增強功能:The contemporary view of a SharePoint site offers users some of the following enhanced features:

  • 功能表按鈕 功能表按鈕位在現代檢視的標題區域右邊。其提供使用者多項命令。其中包括下列項目:Menu button The menu button is located on the right side of the title area of the contemporary view. It presents a user with several commands. This includes the following:

    • 網站內容:可讓使用者檢視 SharePoint 網站上的所有網站內容,包括清單及文件庫。Site contents allows the user to view all of the site content on the SharePoint site including lists and document libraries.

    • 登出:可讓使用者登出 SharePoint。現在行動裝置已無法使用 SharePoint 資訊。Sign Out allows the user to log off from SharePoint. SharePoint information is now unavailable to the mobile device.

    • 關閉:關閉命令按鈕功能表,並返回 SharePoint 網站。Close closes the Command button menu and returns to the SharePoint site.

  • 切換到 PC 檢視這會從行動裝置瀏覽器檢視變更顯示在網站的完整桌面檢視。在 SharePoint Server 2013 中的新型和傳統檢視中使用此命令。您可以回到 [網站設定] 中的行動裝置瀏覽器檢視切換。[站台資訊] 區段中按一下 [行動電話的網站 」 URL標題下的 [URL]。Switch to PC View This changes the display from mobile browser view to a full desktop view of a site. This command is available in both contemporary and classic views in SharePoint Server 2013. You can switch back to the mobile browser view in Site Settings. Under the Site Information section, click the URL under the Mobile Site URL heading.

  • 導覽視窗這是依序點選 [左側的 [標題] 區域的新型檢視來存取。瀏覽視窗階層連結、 上方導覽列中,與網站的完整桌面檢視的快速啟動導覽呈現的單一功能表。也包含為所有網站內容的連結。Navigation window This is accessed by tapping the left side of the title area of the contemporary view. The navigation window presents a single menu with breadcrumbs, top navigation, and quick launch navigation from the full desktop view of the site. Also included is a link to All Site Content.

  • 點選以開啟連結:所有超連結都置換成新的點選以開啟連結功能。此功能會在寬幅的長條區域上顯示文字或圖示,以方便使用者點選。Tap-to-open links All hyperlinks are replaced with the new tap-to-open link feature. This feature displays text or icons on a wide strip that is easier for a user to tap.

  • 分頁:包含超過 20 個項目的清單會自動分頁。Pagination Lists with more than 20 items are automatically paginated.

  • 新增和編輯功能您可以建立新的清單項目並編輯他們的新型檢視。例如,您可以建立新任務工作清單中行動裝置上依序點選 [新增]。或者,您也可以依序點選 [編輯編輯清單中的工作。New and edit functionality You can create new list items and edit them in the contemporary view. For example, you can create a new task in a task list on your mobile device by tapping New. Alternatively, you could also edit the task in the list by tapping Edit.

如需行動裝置檢視及規劃行動瀏覽器使用經驗的詳細資訊,請參閱<在 SharePoint Server 2013 中規劃行動裝置檢視>。For more information about mobile views and planning a mobile browser-based experience, see Plan for mobile views in SharePoint Server 2013.

行動瀏覽器重新導向Mobile browser redirection

若要使用最佳化行動瀏覽器使用經驗來存取網站,網站上必須啟用名為「行動瀏覽器檢視」的新功能。啟用後,當行動瀏覽器存取網站時,此功能會檢查行動瀏覽器,判斷它是否能夠處理 HTML5。如果行動瀏覽器支援 HTML5,就會轉譯現代檢視。否則會轉譯傳統檢視。To access a site by using the optimized mobile browser experience, a new feature named Mobile Browser View must be activated on the site. When activated and a mobile browser is accessing the site, this feature checks the mobile browser to determine whether it can handle HTML5. If the mobile browser supports HTML5, the contemporary view is rendered. Otherwise, the classic view is rendered.

根據預設,使用下列任何網站範本時,會啟用此功能:By default, this feature is activated when any of the following site templates are used:

  • 小組網站Team Site

  • 空白網站Blank Site

  • 文件工作區Document Workspace

  • 文件中心Document Center

  • 專案網站Project Site

在以其他範本建立的網站上,您必須明確地啟用此功能。您可以在網站層級啟用或停用「行動瀏覽器檢視」功能。You must explicitly activate the feature on sites created with other templates. You can activate or deactivate the Mobile Browser View feature at the site level.

行動裝置檢視和瀏覽器定義檔案Mobile views and the browser definition file

行動裝置檢視是針對行動裝置最佳化的 SharePoint 網站版本。瀏覽器定義檔案會列出 SharePoint Server 2013 支援的行動瀏覽器和裝置,且此檔案可用來將行動瀏覽器重新導向至行動裝置檢視。您可以修改瀏覽器定義檔案,來變更行動瀏覽器的重新導向行為,或是新增或刪除所支援行動裝置清單中的項目。A mobile view is a version of the SharePoint site that was optimized for mobile devices. The browser definition file lists the mobile browsers and devices that are supported by SharePoint Server 2013 and is used to redirect mobile browsers to the mobile views. You can modify the browser definition file to change the redirect behavior of a mobile browser, or to add or delete entries from the list of supported mobile devices.

瀏覽器定義檔案列出行動瀏覽器與裝置可存取在 SharePoint Server 2013 的行動裝置檢視。當使用者瀏覽行動裝置的 SharePoint 網站時、 行動裝置瀏覽器會送出至網站包含使用者代理程式字串 HTTP GET 要求。如果行動裝置瀏覽器與裝置模型中的使用者代理程式字串會列於瀏覽器定義檔案和isMobileDevice設定行動裝置瀏覽器設為true、 SharePoint Server 2013 行動裝置瀏覽器重新導向至行動裝置檢視的網站。否則請網站的標準檢視會顯示在行動裝置瀏覽器中。您可以修改檔案以變更行動裝置瀏覽器的重新導向行為。The browser definition file lists the mobile browsers and devices that can access mobile views in SharePoint Server 2013. When a user browses a SharePoint site from a mobile device, the mobile browser submits to the site an HTTP GET request that includes a user agent string. If the mobile browser and device model in the user agent string are listed in the browser definition file and the isMobileDevice setting for the mobile browser is set to true, SharePoint Server 2013 redirects the mobile browser to the mobile view of the site. Otherwise, a standard view of the site is shown in the mobile browser. You can modify the file to change the redirect behavior of a mobile browser.

瀏覽器定義檔案列出行動瀏覽器與 SharePoint Server 2013 所支援的裝置。SharePoint Server 2013 的產品更新發行時可更新檔案。您也可以修改要新增至清單的行動裝置瀏覽器或裝置的檔案。如需如何修改瀏覽器定義檔案的詳細資訊,請參閱 < Configure SharePoint Server 中的瀏覽器定義檔案。此外,如需行動裝置檢視及規劃行動裝置瀏覽器使用經驗的詳細資訊,請參閱 <規劃在 SharePoint Server 2013 的行動裝置檢視The browser definition file lists the mobile browsers and devices that are supported by SharePoint Server 2013. The file can be updated when product updates to SharePoint Server 2013 are released. You can also modify the file to add a mobile browser or device to the list. For more information about how to modify the browser definition file, see Configure the browser definition file in SharePoint Server. Also, for more information about mobile views and planning a mobile browser-based experience, see Plan for mobile views in SharePoint Server 2013.

裝置通道Device channels

現在在行動裝置上瀏覽網路的行為非常普遍,所以 SharePoint 網站必須針對在 Smartphone 和其他行動裝置 (例如平板電腦) 上的可讀性和使用方便性進行最佳化。舊版 SharePoint Server 包含依據現有網站自動產生的單一預設行動裝置檢視,而且該預設行動裝置檢視不易自訂。現在有了 SharePoint Server 2013 中的裝置通道,您就可以依據使用者代理字串,針對不同的裝置來使用不同的設計,而以多種方式轉譯單一的發佈網站。您只需建立單一網站和編寫其內容一次。之後,該網站和內容就可以針對某個特定裝置或一組裝置,對應至使用不同主版頁面和樣式表。您也可以使用相同的頁面和版面配置,輕易對不同的裝置通道顯示不同的內容。Browsing the web on a mobile device is now so common that a SharePoint site must be optimized for readability and ease of use on smartphones and other mobile devices such as tablets. Previous versions of SharePoint Server included a single default mobile view that was auto-generated based on the existing site, and that default mobile view was not easily customizable. Now, with device channels in SharePoint Server 2013, you can render a single publishing site in multiple ways by using different designs that target different devices based on their user agent string. You create a single site and author the content in it a single time. Then, that site and content can be mapped to use different master pages and style sheets for a specific device or group of devices. Also, you can easily show different content to different device channels using same page and page layout.

裝置通道

如需使用裝置通道,以及了解 SharePoint 2013 使用較大型自訂設計與網站商標經驗的詳細資訊,請參閱規劃裝置通道設計管理員的概觀 (英文)For more information on using device channels, and understanding the larger custom design and site branding experience for SharePoint 2013, see Plan device channels and Overview of Design Manager.

Office Web AppsOffice Web Apps

在 SharePoint Server 2010 中,Office Web Apps Server 為 Word、Excel 及 PowerPoint 提供瀏覽器型分享元件。如果將 Office Web Apps Server 安裝在 SharePoint Server 2010 上,則也會在伺服器上安裝 Office Mobile Web Apps。Office Mobile Web Apps 可讓使用者透過行動瀏覽器以行動 Web 應用程式開啟文件。有了 SharePoint Server 2013,Office Web Apps Server 就不再是執行 SharePoint Server 之電腦上安裝的隨附產品。相反地,Office Web Apps Server 是一項新的獨立伺服器產品,可為這些應用程式提供行動瀏覽器型檢視器。這些檢視器稱為 Word Mobile Viewer、Excel Mobile Viewer 和 PowerPoint Mobile Viewer,並已針對為電話轉譯文件進行最佳化。若與 SharePoint Server 2013 整合,使用者在電話中進行文件操作時即可享有增強的檢視體驗。In SharePoint Server 2010, Office Web Apps Server provides browser-based companions for Word, Excel, and PowerPoint. When Office Web Apps Server is installed on SharePoint Server 2010, Office Mobile Web Apps is also installed on the server. Office Mobile Web Apps enables users to open documents in the mobile web application by using a mobile browser. With SharePoint Server 2013, Office Web Apps Server is no longer a companion product installed on a computer that is running SharePoint Server. Instead, Office Web Apps Server is a new stand-alone server product that still provides mobile browser-based viewers for these applications. These viewers called Word Mobile Viewer, Excel Mobile Viewer, and PowerPoint Mobile Viewer are optimized to render documents for phones. When integrated with SharePoint Server 2013, a user can enjoy enhanced viewing experiences when interacting with documents on the phone.

當使用者在行動裝置上與文件互動時,SharePoint Server 2013 與 Office Web Apps Server 一起可提供較佳的使用者經驗。例如,當這兩項產品一起使用時,使用者就可以在行動瀏覽器中開啟伺服器型版本的文件。若沒有 Office Web Apps Server,使用者就必須先下載檔案,然後在 Office Mobile 或 Office 文件檢視器中開啟檔案。Together, SharePoint Server 2013 and Office Web Apps Server offer a better user experience when interacting with documents on a mobile device. For example, when both products are used together, a user opens a server-based version of the document in the mobile browser. Without Office Web Apps Server, the user would first have to download the file and then open it in Office Mobile or in an Office document viewer.

位置Location

SharePoint Server 2013 引進新的地理位置欄位類型可用清單中。例如,您產生列出"定位感知"現在可以並顯示 Bing 地圖服務透過緯度和經度座標。項目通常視為圖釘對應表] 檢視。雖然有數種方式來使用此地理位置欄位、 行動應用程式開發是一個重要的案例。使用者可以追蹤或時這些遠端工作的公司辦公室從記錄特定位置的資料。或者,應用程式可協助他們時所執行離站功能找到感興趣的點。若要顯示地圖檢視清單中,您必須使用 Bing 地圖服務。SharePoint Server 2013 cmdlet 來顯示對應的檢視所需的程序和 Microsoft PowerShell 的相關資訊,請參閱使用 SharePoint server 的行動應用程式中的位置欄位類型SharePoint Server 2013 introduces a new geolocation field type that can be used in a list. For example, you can now make lists "location-aware" and display latitude and longitude coordinates through Bing Maps. An entry is typically seen as a pushpin on the map view. Although there are several ways to use this geolocation field, one key scenario is for mobile application development. Users can track or log location-specific data while they work remotely from the corporate office. Alternatively, the application can help them locate points of interest when they perform offsite functions. To display map views in the list, you must use the Bing Maps service. For information about the procedures and Microsoft PowerShell for SharePoint Server 2013 cmdlets necessary to display map views, see Use the location field type in mobile applications for SharePoint Server.

注意

當您透過使用者介面 (UI) 來建立清單時,無法使用地理位置欄位。因此,您無法透過傳統 UI 方法來建立自訂清單,並將它新增為欄。此欄位必須以程式設計的方式插入。如需如何以程式設計方式轉譯及使用此資料類型的詳細資訊,請參閱在 SharePoint 2013 中整合位置及地圖功能The geolocation field is not available when you create a list through the user interface (UI). Therefore, you cannot make a custom list and add it as a column through traditional UI methods. Instead, this field must be inserted programmatically. For more information about how to render and work with this data type programmatically, see Integrating location and map functionality in SharePoint 2013.

推播通知Push notifications

SharePoint Server 2013 支援應從 SharePoint 網站接收通知的行動裝置上的應用程式。通知中可能包含網站中發生的事件,例如當使用者新增項目至清單或更新項目時。若要讓行動裝置接收這些通知,裝置應用程式必須向 SharePoint 網站登錄。登錄之後,您就可以編寫事件處理常式程式碼來與 Microsoft Push Notification Service 或其他行動裝置平台的通知服務互動。通知會從主控應用程式的伺服器,傳送到所登錄的行動裝置應用程式。SharePoint Server 2013 supports applications on mobile devices that should receive notifications from a SharePoint site. Notifications can include events that occur in the site, such as when a user adds an item to a list or updates an item. For mobile devices to receive such notifications, device applications must register with a SharePoint site. Once registered, you can write event handler code to interact with Microsoft Push Notification Service or notification services of other mobile device platforms. Notifications are sent from the server where the application is hosted to the registered mobile device application.

啟動推播通知功能時,訂閱存放區建立網站層級來儲存從裝置已註冊以接收通知的 SharePoint 網站的資訊。此訂閱存放區建立為直接由使用者或管理員無法檢視隱藏清單。有限制為 2000 裝置註冊的 SharePoint Server 2013 中的推入通知。一旦達到此限制,就可以不執行任何進一步註冊除非項目已清除訂閱存放區。在 SharePoint 網站上執行此程序,請參閱清除推播通知訂閱存放區 SharePoint Server 中註冊When the push notification feature is activated, a subscription store is created at the website level to store information from devices that have registered with the SharePoint site to receive notifications. This subscription store is created as a hidden list that cannot be viewed directly by a user or an administrator. There is a limit of 2,000 device registrations for push notifications in SharePoint Server 2013. Once this limit is reached, no further registrations can be performed unless entries are cleared from the subscription store. To perform this procedure on your SharePoint site, see Clear push notification registrations from the subscription store in SharePoint Server.

商務智慧內容Business intelligence content

SharePoint Server 2013 可讓使用者檢視某些類型的儀表板內容。其中包括在 iPad 裝置上的 iOS 5.0 Safari 瀏覽器中檢視 PerformancePoint 報告和計分卡,以及 Excel Services 報告。如需如何使用此功能的詳細資訊,請參閱 SharePoint Server 2010 文件庫中的在 Apple iPad 裝置上檢視報告與計分卡 (SharePoint Server 2010)SharePoint Server 2013 enables a user to view certain kinds of dashboard content. This includes PerformancePoint reports and scorecards, and Excel Services reports in iOS 5.0 Safari browsers on iPad devices. For more information about how to use this feature, see Viewing reports and scorecards on Apple iPad devices in the SharePoint Server 2010 Library.

訂閱行動通知Subscribe to mobile alerts

您可以在 SharePoint Server 2013 中設定及管理行動帳戶,讓使用者可以訂閱透過簡訊服務 (SMS) 傳送的提醒。當 SharePoint 清單或項目有所變更時,就會傳送提醒至行動裝置。由於 SharePoint 網站通常位於內部網路,所以當使用者不在辦公室時,會很難存取 SharePoint 網站。例如,當使用者出差或參加商務晚宴時。行動電話提醒功能可讓使用者在收到 SharePoint 清單項目變更的 SMS 提醒時,得以迅速反應。如需如何在 SharePoint 中訂閱行動提醒的詳細資訊,請參閱<在 SharePoint 2013 中設定行動裝置帳戶>。You can configure and manage a mobile account in SharePoint Server 2013 to enable users to subscribe to alerts that are sent by using Short Message Service (SMS). The alerts are sent to the mobile device when changes are made to a SharePoint list or item. Because a SharePoint site is usually located on an intranet, access to the SharePoint site can be difficult when users are away from the office. For example, when they are traveling or attending a business dinner. The mobile alert feature enables users to react quickly when they receive an SMS alert that an item in a SharePoint list has changed. For more information about how to subscribe to mobile alerts in SharePoint, see Configure mobile accounts in SharePoint 2013.

另請參閱See also

概念Concepts

SharePoint 2013 中支援的行動裝置瀏覽器Mobile device browsers supported in SharePoint 2013

其他資源Other Resources

管理 SharePoint Server 中的行動裝置Administer mobile devices in SharePoint Server

在 SharePoint 2013 中設定行動裝置帳戶Configure mobile accounts in SharePoint 2013