在 SharePoint Server 中發佈至網際網路、內部網路及外部網路網站的功能概觀Overview of publishing to Internet, intranet, and extranet sites in SharePoint Server

摘要: 了解 SharePoint Server 發佈功能、SharePoint Server 發佈網站類型,以及 SharePoint Server 網站提供的發佈方法。Summary: Learn about SharePoint Server publishing, the kinds of SharePoint Server publishing sites, and the publishing methods available for SharePoint Server sites.

您可以使用 SharePoint Server 中的發佈功能,建立品牌網際網路、內部網路及外部網路網站。不過,有些發佈功能僅適用於 SharePoint Server 2016。You can use the publishing features in SharePoint Server to create branded Internet, intranet, and extranet sites. However, some publishing features are available only in SharePoint Server 2016.

本文說明在 SharePoint Server 發佈 Web 內容管理 (WCM) 內容的意義何在,及說明如何使用發佈網站讓組織獲益。文中包含主要發佈元件清單、介紹可用的發佈網站類型,以及說明可供 SharePoint Server 發佈網站使用的發佈方法。如需規劃發佈網站的資訊,請參閱<規劃 SharePoint Server 的網際網路、內部網路及外部網路發佈網站>。This article describes what is meant by publishing in the context of web content management (WCM) in SharePoint Server, and explains how to use publishing sites to benefit your organization. It includes a list of the major publishing components, introduces the types of publishing sites that are available, and explains the publishing methods that you can use for SharePoint Server publishing sites. For information about how to plan publishing sites, see Plan for Internet, intranet, and extranet publishing sites in SharePoint Server.

何謂 SharePoint Server 中的發佈功能?What is publishing in SharePoint Server?

SharePoint Server 中的 WCM,包含用以建立、自訂、最佳化及發佈網站集合、網站及頁面的特性與功能。在談到 SharePoint Server 中的發佈網站時,是指可使用一或多個這類功能,來編寫品牌成品、內容及設定檔並部署到網際網路、內部網路及外部網路網站。WCM in SharePoint Server consists of features and functionality that you use to configure, customize, optimize, and publish site collections, sites, and pages. When we talk about publishing sites in SharePoint Server, we are referring to sites that use one or more of these features to author and deploy branded artifacts, content, and configuration files to Internet, intranet, and extranet sites.

SharePoint Server 發佈網站的用途與優點Use and benefits of SharePoint Server publishing sites

您可以使用 SharePoint Server 發佈網站,根據商業需求與目標,來建立不同的品牌網站類型。下列清單提供使用 SharePoint Server 發佈網站的範例:You can use SharePoint Server publishing sites to create different types of branded sites, depending on your business needs and goals. The following list gives examples of how you can use SharePoint Server publishing sites:

  • 網際網路形象網站 提供資訊給客戶、合作夥伴、投資人及潛在員工。例如,您可以使用網際網路形象網站,提供以中繼資料標記的新文章或評論將文章分類,以方便使用者搜尋或瀏覽資訊。Internet presence site Provide information to customers, partners, investors, and potential employees. For example, you might use an Internet presence site to provide news articles or reviews that are tagged with metadata to categorize articles so that users can search or browse for information.

  • 網際網路商業網站 推廣貴公司向客戶提供的產品與服務。例如,您可以使用網際網路商業網站來顯示產品型錄,如電視、立體音響、MP3 播放器及行動裝置。Internet business site Promote products and services that your company offers to customers. For example, you might use an Internet business site to show a catalog of products such as TVs, stereos, MP3 players, and mobile devices.

  • 內部網路網站 部署採用受嚴密管理之導覽結構的網站,向內部網路讀者提供編寫的內容。例如,您可能會使用發佈的內部網路網站,向員工提供人力資源資訊。Intranet sites Deploy a site that has a tightly managed navigation structure to provide authored content to intranet readers. For example, you might use a published intranet site to provide human resources information to employees.

  • 外部網路網站 讓遠端員工、合作夥伴及客戶得以存取目標內容。例如您可以使用外部網路網站,提供知識庫的存取權,使用以中繼資料標記所編寫的內容將文章分類,讓使用者能夠搜尋或瀏覽特定資訊,如疑難排解文章、支援議題及 Service Pack。Extranet sites Provide access to targeted content to remote employees, partners, and customers. For example, you might use an extranet site to provide access to a knowledge base that uses authored content tagged with metadata to categorize articles so that users can search or browse for specific information, such as troubleshooting articles, support issues, and service packs.

SharePoint Server 發佈網站可為貴公司或組織塑造線上的品牌識別。使用 SharePoint Server 發佈網站的優點如下:SharePoint Server publishing sites let you establish a branded, online identity for your company or organization. The benefits of using SharePoint Server publishing sites include the following:

  • 使用像是主版頁面與頁面配置等自訂設計資產以 HTML 編輯,然後自動轉換成 SharePoint 資源,維持品牌一致性。Brand consistency by using custom design assets, such as master pages and page layouts, edited in HTML and automatically converted into SharePoint resources.

  • 嚴密控制網站導覽。Tight control over site navigation.

  • 分散式的內容建立,讓全球都能提供內容。Decentralized content creation, which enables globally contributed content.

  • 集中式的發佈工作流程與核准程序。Centralized publishing workflow and approval processes.

  • 動態的自訂網站。Dynamic, customized sites.

關於 SharePoint Server 發佈功能About SharePoint Server publishing features

在 SharePoint Server 進行發佈包含兩種不同的功能:SharePoint Server 發佈基礎結構功能與 SharePoint Server 發佈功能。這些功能可為 SharePoint Server 提供核心發佈功能。下列清單說明發佈功能啟用的主要功能:Publishing in SharePoint Server consists of two separate features: the SharePoint Server Publishing Infrastructure feature, and the SharePoint Server Publishing feature. These features provide the core publishing functionality for SharePoint Server. The following list describes the major functionality that is enabled by the publishing features:

  • 網站範本 根據預設,一些網站集合與網站範本已啟用發佈功能。您可以針對其他網站集合與網站種類來啟用發佈功能。Site templates By default, some site collection and site templates have the publishing feature enabled. You can enable publishing features for other kinds of site collections and sites.

  • 特殊群組與權限等級 網站集合包含像是 [核准者]、[設計者] 及 [階層管理員] 等特殊群組,以及像是 [核准]、[設計] 及 [管理階層] 等的權限等級,以支援可建立和發佈內容的工作。Special groups and permission levels Special groups such as Approvers, Designers, and Hierarchy Managers are included, and permission levels such as Approve, Design, and Manage Hierarchy are added to the site collection to support tasks that compose the creation and publication of content.

  • 導覽 全域導覽功能表取代上方連結列並啟用受管理導覽功能。Navigation The global navigation menu replaces the top link bar, and the managed navigation feature is enabled.

  • 主版頁面、頁面配置及顯示範本 主版頁面、頁面配置及顯示範本可讓您自訂整體的網站行為與外觀。如需詳細資訊,請參閱< SharePoint 2013 頁面模型的概觀>。Master pages, page layouts, and display templates Master pages, page layouts, and display templates let you customize the overall behavior and appearance of your site. For more information, see SharePoint page model overview.

  • 設計管理員與設計套件 設計管理員是一個可供管理塑造 SharePoint 網站品牌之各層面的新介面與中樞。在您選擇用以塑造網站品牌的網頁開發工具中,提供逐步建立設計資產的方法。Design Manager and design packages The Design Manager is a new interface and central hub for managing all aspects of branding your SharePoint site. It enables a step-by-step approach for creating design assets in the web development tool of your choice that you can use to brand sites.

    完成設計網站之後,您可以在設計管理員中選擇 [匯出套件],將稱為「設計套件」的單一 .wsp 檔案匯出。當您匯出設計套件時,SharePoint Server 會自動將您在 [主版頁面圖庫]、[樣式庫]、[主題庫]、[裝置通道] 清單及 [頁面內容] 類型中新增或變更的所有內容,封裝成設計套件。您可以將設計套件匯入另一個網站,即使該網站中已有內容。After you finish designing your site, you can choose Export Package in the Design Manager to export a single .wsp file called a design package. When you export a design package, SharePoint Server automatically packages all of the contents that you have added or changed in the Master Page Gallery, Style Library, Theme Gallery, the Device Channels list, and Page content types into a design package. You can import the design package into another site, even if that site already has content. .

  • 裝置通道 使用裝置通道,您可以讓不同裝置 (例如 Windows Phone) 或一組裝置 (例如各類型的 Smartphone) 有不同的設計。Device channels By using device channels, you can target different designs to different devices (such as Windows Phone) or groups of devices (such as all smartphones).

  • 網站欄與內容類型 網站集合新增像是 [頁面內容]*、[排程開始日期]* 及 [排程結束日期] 等的特殊網站欄,以及新增像是 [頁面配置]*、[文章頁面]* 及 [企業 Wiki 頁面] 等的內容類型,來支援建立內容。Site columns and content types Special site columns such as Page Content, Scheduling Start Date, and Scheduling End Date are added to the site collection, and content types such as Page Layout, Article Page, and Enterprise Wiki Page are added to support creating content.

  • 特殊網頁組件 新增像是 [內容與結構報告]、[內容搜尋]、[內容查詢] 及 [分類精簡搜尋面板] 等的特殊網頁組件,來支援顯示發佈相關的資料。Special Web Parts Special Web Parts such as Content and Structure Reports, Content Search, Content Query, and Taxonomy Refinement Panel are added to support the display of publishing-related data.

  • 頁面庫 您可以使用頁面庫,儲存在網站中建立的所有網頁。Pages library The Pages library is used to store all web pages that are created in the site.

  • 頁面編輯功能表 頁面編輯功能區可讓使用者既快速又輕鬆地編寫和管理其內容。Page editing menus The page editing ribbon lets users quickly and easily author and manage their content.

  • 核准工作流程與排程 核准工作流程可讓作者傳閱其內容,經過審閱和核准後,再予以發佈。排程功能可讓作者指定何時才在網站上提供某段內容,以及內容逾期的時間。Approval workflow and scheduling An approval workflow lets authors route their content for review and approval before it is published. Scheduling functionality lets authors specify when a piece of content should go live on the site, and when it should expire.

  • 多語系網站變化 變化功能可讓您建立多語系內容,以不同網站上的特定對象為目標,將內容從來源變化網站複製到每個目標變化網站。您可以使用機器翻譯來翻譯頁面內容,或者您可以封裝人工翻譯的內容。Variations for multilingual sites The variations feature lets you create multilingual content and target it to specific audiences on different sites by copying content from a source variation site to each target variation site. You can then use machine translation to translate page content, or you can package content for human translation.

  • 快取 物件快取透過將物件 (如清單和程式庫、網站設定及版面配置) 儲存至前端網頁伺服器的記憶體,就可以減少網頁伺服器與 SQL 資料庫之間的流量。頁面輸出快取可儲存轉譯的頁面輸出,以及使用可指定項目在快取中之保留長度的快取設定檔。二進位大型物件 (BLOB) 快取是磁碟快取,可供快取項目,例如經常使用的圖像、音訊與視訊檔案,以及用於顯示網頁的其他檔案 (如 .css 及 .js 檔)。Caching The object cache reduces the amount of traffic between the web server and the SQL database by storing objects — such as lists and libraries, site settings, and page layouts — in memory on the front-end web server. The page output cache stores the rendered output of a page and uses cache profiles that specify how long items should be held in the cache. The binary large object (BLOB) cache is a disk-based cache for caching items such as frequently used images, audio and video files, and other files that are used to display web pages, such as .css and .js files.

關於 SharePoint Server 發佈網站集合範本About SharePoint Server publishing site collection templates

SharePoint Server 有三個網站集合範本,您可以根據網站需求與目標,用來建立發佈網站:[發佈入口網站]、[產品型錄] 及 [企業 Wiki]。下表提供各範本的說明。SharePoint Server has three site collection templates that you can use to create a publishing site based on your site needs and goals: Publishing Portal, Product Catalog, and Enterprise Wiki. The following table describes each template.

發佈網站集合範本Publishing site collection templates

範本Template 描述Description
發佈入口網站Publishing Portal
用於網際網路網站或大型的內部網路入口網站。您可以為此網站自訂具有特色的品牌識別系統。一般而言,這種網站的讀取者人數遠超過參與者的人數。此網站集合範本預設會啟用內容核准工作流程,以提供更正式且受控制的發佈程序。其也可讓您將只能檢視內容頁面的權限授與匿名使用者。匿名使用者無法檢視 SharePoint_Server 系統管理頁面,例如「網站設定」**** 頁面。Use for an Internet site or a large intranet portal site. You can use distinctive branding to customize this site. Typically, this site has many more readers than contributors. By default, this site collection template enables content approval workflows for a more formal and controlled publishing process. It also lets you grant permissions to anonymous users to view only content pages. Anonymous users cannot view SharePoint_Server administrative pages, such as the Site Settings page.
企業 WikiEnterprise Wiki
貴組織中的網站可以發佈所累積且希望在整個企業分享的知識。此網站可讓您輕鬆編輯內容,在單一位置就能共同撰寫內容、參與討論,以及在專案上共同作業。A site in which your organization can publish knowledge that it accumulates and wants to share across the enterprise. It provides an easy content editing experience in a single location for co-authoring content, for discussions, and for collaborating on projects.
產品型錄Product Catalog
可在跨網站集合進行發佈時,用於管理以目錄形式共用的文件庫或清單資料。目錄資料會使用採用搜尋技術的網頁組件,發佈到對網際網路開放的網站。您可以設定目錄,支援目錄項目變數與多語系目錄項目屬性。網站包含的系統管理頁面,可供管理目錄項目的多面向導覽。Use for managing library or list data that is shared as a catalog for cross-site collection publishing. Catalog data is published to an Internet-facing site by using Web Parts that use Search technology. The catalog can be configured to support catalog item variants and multilingual catalog item properties. The site includes administration pages for managing faceted navigation for catalog items.

除了使用上述其中一種建立的網站集合範本之外,您也可以在網站集合層級啟動 SharePoint Server 發佈基礎結構功能,並在網站層級啟動啟用 SharePoint Server 發佈功能,就可以針對任何的非發佈網站來啟用發佈功能。In addition to using one of these established site collection templates, you can also turn on publishing for any non-publishing site by activating the SharePoint Server Publishing Infrastructure feature at the site collection level, and the SharePoint Server Publishing feature at the site level.

了解 SharePoint Server 發佈方法Understanding SharePoint Server publishing methods

SharePoint Server 有兩種方法可讓您將發佈內容提供給使用者:就地製作和跨網站發佈。下列清單摘要說明這些發佈方法。SharePoint Server has two ways that you can make published content available to users: author-in-place and cross-site publishing. The following list summarizes these publishing methods.

  • 就地製作 您使用單一網站集合來編寫內容,並提供給網站的讀取者。使用同一網站上的主版頁面與頁面配置,塑造內容品牌,還可以使用發佈工作流程,提交頁面進行核准後,然後為讀取者發佈。這是 SharePoint Server 2010 所使用的主要發佈方法。Author-in-place You use a single site collection to author content and make it available to readers of your site. Content is branded by using master pages and page layouts on the same site, and approval and publishing workflows are used to submit pages for approval and then publish them for readers. This was the primary publishing method that was available in SharePoint Server 2010.

  • 跨網站集合發佈 您使用一或多個網站集合來編寫內容,以及一或多個網站集合來控制網站設計與內容的顯示風格。製作網站集合可用來保存來源內容,還可以包含由搜尋系統編製索引之頁面庫與清單的目錄,並提供給發佈網站集合使用。發佈網站集合可從製作網站集合中取得資料,然後使用內容搜尋網頁組件與目錄項目重複使用網頁組件,將其顯示在網頁上。這些網頁組件使用設定的查詢,取得搜尋索引中的資料,然後將其顯示在網站上。使用主版頁面、頁面配置及顯示範本,塑造發佈網站上的內容品牌。設計者可以利用這些來控制在內容搜尋網頁組件與目錄項目重複使用網頁組件中顯示資料的方式。如需詳細資訊,請參閱< SharePoint Server 的跨網站發佈概觀>。Cross-site collection publishing You use one or more site collections to author content, and one or more site collections to control the design of the site and the display of the content. The authoring site collection is used to hold the source content, and can contain catalogs of Pages libraries and lists that are indexed by the search system, and made available to the publishing site collection. The publishing site collection takes the data from the authoring site collection and shows it on web pages by using the Content Search Web Part and the Catalog-Item Reuse Web Part. These Web Parts use configured queries to get data from the search index and show it on the site. Content is branded on the publishing site by using master pages, page layouts, and display templates. These let a designer control how data appears in the Content Search Web Part and the Catalog-Item Reuse Web Part. For more information, see Overview of cross-site publishing in SharePoint Server.

另請參閱See also

概念Concepts

規劃 SharePoint Server 的網際網路、內部網路及外部網路發佈網站Plan for Internet, intranet, and extranet publishing sites in SharePoint Server

SharePoint Server 的跨網站發佈概觀Overview of cross-site publishing in SharePoint Server

規劃 SharePoint Server 的跨網站發佈Plan for cross-site publishing in SharePoint Server

評估 Web Content Management 的容量和效能 (SharePoint Server 2013)Estimate capacity and performance for Web Content Management (SharePoint Server 2013)