規劃 SharePoint Server 的網際網路、內部網路及外部網路發佈網站Plan for Internet, intranet, and extranet publishing sites in SharePoint Server

摘要:了解如何規劃 SharePoint Server 發佈網站、多語系支援,及 SharePoint Server 跨網站發佈或就地製作功能。Summary: Learn how to plan SharePoint Server publishing sites, multilingual support, and SharePoint Server cross-site publishing or author-in-place.

您可以使用 SharePoint Server 中的發佈功能,建立品牌網際網路、內部網路及外部網路網站。不過,有些發佈功能僅適用於 SharePoint Server。You can use the publishing features in SharePoint Server to create branded Internet, intranet, and extranet sites. However, some publishing features are available only in SharePoint Server.

開始建立發佈網站之前,您必須執行幾個規劃步驟。首先,決定您需要的 SharePoint Server 架構,然後決定要發佈的內容類型。其次,決定您的網站是否需要多語支援。最後,決定最適合您的解決方案之發佈方法。There are several planning steps you have to do before you begin building publishing sites. First, decide what SharePoint Server architecture you want to have. Then determine the type of content that will be published. Next, decide whether you need multilingual support for your sites. Finally, decide which publishing method is best suited for your solution.

本文是以<在 SharePoint Server 中發佈至網際網路、內部網路及外部網路網站的功能概觀>中的資訊為基礎。This article builds on the information in Overview of publishing to Internet, intranet, and extranet sites in SharePoint Server.

決定 SharePoint 架構Determine the SharePoint architecture

如果您想建立以 SharePoint Server 為基礎的發佈網站,可能對於所需的網站類型,以及散佈網站的方式已做出一些決策。例如,如果您想建立網際網路商務網站,可能已知道每個地區或品牌所需的公開網站數目。如果您想為公司建立內部網路網站,可能已決定每個部門或群組所需的內部網站數目。在專案的此階段中,不需要具有實體架構的詳細計畫。但是,當您規劃建立發佈網站時,請務必考量是否必須規劃網站在防火牆內部或外部,以及某些網站是否允許匿名使用者。如需如何規劃網站的詳細資訊,請參閱<在 SharePoint Server 中規劃網站和網站集合>。If you are planning to build a publishing site based on SharePoint Server, you have probably already made some decisions about what kind of sites are needed, and how you want them distributed. For example, if you are building an Internet business site, you probably already know how many public-facing sites you require for each region or brand. If you are building an intranet site for your company, you have probably already determined how many internal sites you require for each division or group. It is not necessary to have a detailed plan of the physical architecture at this stage in the project. However, when you plan to set up a publishing site, it's important to consider if you have to plan for sites to be inside or outside a firewall, and if some sites will allow anonymous users. For more information about how to plan for sites, see Plan sites and site collections in SharePoint Server.

決定每個網站所要包含的內容類型Determine what type of content you will have on each site

您規劃在網站上發佈的內容類型為何?網站是僅包含頁面庫內容的內部網路知識庫,還是顯示產品清單和描述,以及頁面庫內容的網際網路商務網站?如果您想使用跨網站發佈,需要多少目錄?是否有任何目錄在外部資料來源中?要將目錄匯入網站,還是要在 SharePoint Server 中直接建立內容?了解所要包含的內容類型可協助您決定本文稍後所使用的發佈方法。What type of content do you plan to publish on the site? Is the site an intranet knowledge base that will have only Pages library content? Or is the site an Internet business site that will display lists of products and descriptions, together with Pages library content? If you plan to use cross-site publishing, how many catalogs do you have? Are any catalogs in external data sources? Will you import catalogs into the site, or will you create content directly in SharePoint Server? Knowing what type of content you have will help you determine what publishing method you will use later in this article.

決定多語支援Decide on multilingual support

您的網站是否需要以多種語言提供內容,或要提供給多個地區?即使目前規劃只建立及發佈一種語言的內容,您還是應該謹慎考慮此商務需求是否在未來可能變更。如果最後有可能需要使用網站變化,則應該現在就規劃使用變化。透過現在設定網站結構以準備使用變化,您可以在未來為自己及組織節省時間和資源。如果您必須在稍後切換使用變化時變更網站結構,通常會比較困難,而且可能會影響您為網站規劃的 URL。如需變化的詳細資訊,請參閱<SharePoint Server 中的變化概觀>。如需如何規劃變化的資訊,請參閱<在 SharePoint Server 中規劃變化>。Does your site require that content be provided in more than one language, or to more than one locale? Even if you currently plan to only create and publish content in a single language, you should carefully consider whether that business requirement might change in the future. If there is a chance you might eventually want to use variations on the site, you should plan for using variations now. By setting up your site structure now in preparation for using variations, you will save yourself and your organization time and resources in the future. If you have to change the site structure when you switch to using variations later, it is often more difficult and can affect the URLs that you planned for your sites. For more information about variations, see Variations overview in SharePoint Server. For information about how to plan variations, see Plan for variations in SharePoint Server.

決定所要使用的發佈方法Decide which publishing method to use

SharePoint Server 有兩種方法可將已發佈的內容提供給使用者:就地製作及跨網站發佈。決定要使用的發佈方法是規劃發佈網站的重要步驟。您選取的發佈方法會導致其他規劃步驟,且每個方法各有一些專屬的步驟。SharePoint Server has two ways that you can make published content available to users: author-in-place and cross-site publishing. Deciding which publishing method to use is an important step in planning publishing sites. The publishing method that you select will lead to additional planning steps, and some steps are unique to each method.

  • 就地製作 使用單一網站集合撰寫內容並提供給網站的讀者。如果您只想發佈頁面庫內容、不需要在多個網站上製作或發佈至多個網站,且沒有分隔製作環境和實際執行環境的業務需求,則應該使用就地製作。如果您必須發佈多語內容,仍可使用變化讓網站使用多語內容,或讓多個區域使用內容。SharePoint Server 和 SharePoint Online 均提供就地製作功能。Author-in-place Uses a single site collection to author content and make it available to readers of your site. If you plan to publish only Pages library content, and you do not have to author on more than one site, or publish to more than one site, and you do not have a business need to author separately from your production environment, you should use author-in-place. If you must publish multilingual content, you can still use variations to make content available to sites in multiple languages or regions. Author-in-place is available in both SharePoint Server and SharePoint Online.

  • 跨網站發佈功能 使用一或多個網站集合來編寫內容或控制網站設計及顯示內容。如果您想分隔製作環境和發佈環境,則應該使用跨網站發佈。如果您只想發佈頁面庫內容,但是想在多個網站中製作或發佈至多個網站,也應該使用跨網站發佈。僅 SharePoint Server 提供跨網站發佈功能。如需跨網站發佈的詳細資訊,請參閱< SharePoint Server 的跨網站發佈概觀>。如需如何規劃跨網站發佈的資訊,請參閱<規劃 SharePoint Server 的跨網站發佈>。Cross-site publishing Uses one or more site collections to author content, and one or more site collections to control the design of the site and the display of the content. If you want to separate your authoring and publishing environments, you should use cross-site publishing. If you plan to publish only Pages library content, but you want to author in more than one site, or publish to more than one site, you should also use cross-site publishing. Cross-site publishing is available only in SharePoint Server. For more information about cross-site publishing, see Overview of cross-site publishing in SharePoint Server. For information about how to plan for cross-site publishing, see Plan for cross-site publishing in SharePoint Server.

如果以下所有問題的回答皆為是,請考慮跨網站發佈:Consider cross-site publishing if you answer yes to any of the following questions:

  • 製作網站的外觀是否可以與發佈網站不同?Is it okay for the authoring site to look different from the publishing site?

  • 您是否想分隔製作環境和發佈環境?Do you want to keep the authoring environment separate from the publishing environment?

  • 您想在製作端或發佈端表示多個網站集合,例如 n:1 或 1:n?Do you have multiple site collections represented, on either the authoring or publishing side — for example, n:1 or 1:n?

  • 您是否需要多個不同品牌的網站?Do you want to have multiple sites for different brands?

  • 如果您想使用變化或想翻譯多個網站的內容,不同地區設定特定變化的網站是否使用不同的 URL?If you plan to use variations or if you plan to translate content for multiple sites, do you want to have different URLs for different locale-specific variants of your site?

如果您不想使用具有唯一 URL 的變化或發佈至多個網站,且您想在發佈內容的相同網站集合上撰寫內容,則不應該使用跨網站發佈。Although cross-site publishing is the recommended method to use for making content available to multiple sites, it might not be the right method for your publishing solution. You should not use cross-site publishing if you do not plan to use variations with unique URLs, or publish to multiple sites, and you want to author content on the same site collection in which it is published. Use author-in-place instead.

使用下列流程圖協助您決定要使用的發佈方法:Use the following flowchart to help you determine which publishing method to use:

發佈方法決策流程圖Publishing method decision flowchart

發佈決策流程圖

其他規劃工作Additional planning tasks

決定要使用的發佈方法之後,需要執行其他規劃工作。下列資源可協助您進行有關發佈解決方案的其他規劃決策。After you have determined the publishing method to use, there are additional planning tasks to perform. The following resources will help you make additional planning decisions about your publishing solution.

另請參閱See also

概念Concepts

在 SharePoint Server 中發佈至網際網路、內部網路及外部網路網站的功能概觀Overview of publishing to Internet, intranet, and extranet sites in SharePoint Server

SharePoint Server 的跨網站發佈概觀Overview of cross-site publishing in SharePoint Server

規劃 SharePoint Server 的跨網站發佈Plan for cross-site publishing in SharePoint Server

評估 Web Content Management 的容量和效能 (SharePoint Server 2013)Estimate capacity and performance for Web Content Management (SharePoint Server 2013)