User Profile service 概觀User Profile service overview

摘要:了解使用者設定檔服務架構及如何 SharePoint Server 使用它來啟用對象和我的網站 」 之類的功能。Summary: Learn about the User Profile service architecture and how SharePoint Server uses it to enable features such as audiences and My Sites.

User Profile service 的集中位置中儲存之使用者的相關資訊。它可讓 「 我的網站,例如社交標記和新聞摘要,並建立與散佈至多個網站與伺服器陣列的設定檔的社交運算功能。它也需要有大部分的SharePoint 混合式案例The User Profile service stores information about users in a central location. It enables My Sites, social computing features such as social tagging and newsfeeds, and creating and distributing profiles across multiple sites and farms. It is also required by most SharePoint hybrid scenarios.

User Profile service 應用程式The User Profile service application

在 SharePoint Server 中的使用者設定檔服務應用程式提供服務管理員設定及管理下列功能的中心位置:The User Profile service application in SharePoint Server provides a central location where service administrators configure and administer the following features:

  • 使用者設定檔-包含在組織中的人員相關的詳細的資訊。使用者設定檔召集並顯示所有的每個使用者,以及社交標記、 文件及其他相關該使用者的項目相關的屬性。User profiles - contain detailed information about people in an organization. A user profile organizes and displays all of the properties related to each user, together with social tags, documents, and other items related to that user.

  • 設定檔同步處理-提供可靠的方式來同步處理群組及使用者設定檔資訊儲存在 SharePoint Server 設定檔資料庫與儲存在 Active Directory 目錄服務中的資訊。Profile synchronization - provides a reliable way to synchronize groups and user profile information that is stored in the SharePoint Server profile database together with information that is stored in Active Directory Directory Services.

    在 SharePoint Server 2013,您可以直接與其他目錄整個企業同步。In SharePoint Server 2013, you can synchronize directly with other directories across the enterprise.

    在 SharePoint Server 2016,您可以使用 Microsoft Identity Manager 2016 等外部身分識別管理員同步與其他目錄。In SharePoint Server 2016, you can synchronize with other directories by using an external identity manager such as Microsoft Identity Manager 2016.

  • 對象-可讓全組織根據其工作或任務] 使用者設定內容目標所定義其在 SharePoint Server 群組或通訊群組清單成員資格、 組織報告結構中,或是在其使用者的公用屬性設定檔。Audiences - enables organizations to target content to users based on their job or task, as defined by their membership in a SharePoint Server group or distribution list, by the organizational reporting structure, or by the public properties in their user profiles.

  • 我的網站主機-專用站台架設 「 我的網站。我的網站主機是不需要部署 SharePoint Server 的社交功能。My Site Host - a dedicated site for hosting My Sites. A My Site Host is needed in order to deploy the social features of SharePoint Server.

  • 「 我的網站-個人網站,提供您的組織中的使用者管理及儲存文件、 連結及同事相關資訊的中心位置。My Site - a personal site that gives users in your organization a central location to manage and store documents, links, and information about colleagues.

  • 社交標記與記事-讓使用者新增社交標記的文件、 其他 SharePoint 伺服器項目及其他項目,例如外部網頁與部落格文章。使用者也可以保持備忘稿上的 「 我的網站的設定檔頁面或任何 SharePoint Server] 頁面。系統管理員可以刪除所有標籤員工他們保留公司或移除不想讓他們的標籤。Social tags and notes - enables users to add social tags to documents, to other SharePoint Server items, and to other items, such as external web pages and blog posts. Users can also leave notes on profile pages of a My Site or any SharePoint Server page. Administrators can delete all tags for employees when they leave the company or remove a tag they do not want.

這些功能可讓組織中的使用者共用資訊,並收到組織內部的最新消息。例如,社交標記可讓使用者標記並追蹤最感興趣的資訊。當合作人員製作新部落格文章,或者當組織的中繼資料有任何變更時,使用者會收到提醒。These features make it possible for users in an organization to share information and to stay informed about what happens within the organization. Social tags, for example, enable users to tag and track the information in which they are most interested. Users can be alerted when people with which they work author new blog posts or when there is a change in organizational metadata.

在 SharePoint Server 中其他服務應用程式,例如伺服器陣列管理員可以全部或部分的 User Profile service 應用程式的管理委派給一或多個服務應用程式管理員。這可讓由適當的商務群組來管理使用者設定檔服務應用程式。一位管理員可以管理 User Profile service 應用程式的所有區域或區域可以隔離及不同的系統管理員所管理。例如,一位管理員可管理 「 我的網站而不同的系統管理員管理社交標記與記事。User Profile service 應用程式可限制及進行僅適用於特定部門或設定的網站根據商務需要安全性限制和預算。Like other service applications in SharePoint Server, farm administrators can delegate the administration of all or part of the User Profile service application to one or more service application administrators. This enables the User Profile service application to be managed by the appropriate business group. One administrator can manage all areas of the User Profile service application or areas can be isolated and managed by different administrators. For example, one administrator can manage My Sites while a different administrator manages social tags and notes. The User Profile service application can be restricted and made available only to certain departments or sets of sites based on business need, security restrictions, and budgets.

使用者設定檔資料庫User profile databases

當您建立 User Profile service 應用程式時、 SharePoint Server 會建立三個資料庫來儲存使用者設定檔資訊與相關的資料:When you create a User Profile service application, SharePoint Server creates three databases for storing user profile information and associated data:

  • 設定檔資料庫-用於儲存使用者設定檔資訊。Profile database - used to store user profile information.

  • 同步處理資料庫-用於儲存設定與分段資訊同步處理設定檔資料從 Active Directory 網域服務 (AD DS) 等外部來源。Synchronization database - used to store configuration and staging information for synchronizing profile data from external sources such as the Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS).

  • 社交標記資料庫-用於儲存社交標記與記事使用者所建立的。每個社交標記及記事與相關聯的設定檔識別碼。Social tagging database - used to store social tags and notes created by users. Each social tag and note is associated with a profile ID.

在 SharePoint Server 中實作社交運算功能的完整範圍的其他服務應用程式上依賴 User Profile service 應用程式。這些相關的服務應用程式包括下列:The User Profile service application relies on other service applications to implement the full range of social computing features in SharePoint Server. These related service applications include the following:

另請參閱See also

概念Concepts

管理 User Profile service in SharePoint ServerAdminister the User Profile service in SharePoint Server