HybridDictionary HybridDictionary HybridDictionary HybridDictionary Class

定義

若為小型集合,則使用 ListDictionary 實作 IDictionary,在它成為大型集合時,切換為 HashtableImplements IDictionary by using a ListDictionary while the collection is small, and then switching to a Hashtable when the collection gets large.

public ref class HybridDictionary : System::Collections::IDictionary
[System.Serializable]
public class HybridDictionary : System.Collections.IDictionary
type HybridDictionary = class
    interface IDictionary
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
Public Class HybridDictionary
Implements IDictionary
繼承
HybridDictionaryHybridDictionaryHybridDictionaryHybridDictionary
衍生
屬性
實作

範例

下列程式碼範例示範的數個屬性和方法HybridDictionaryThe following code example demonstrates several of the properties and methods of HybridDictionary.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;

void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues3( HybridDictionary^ myCol );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
   HybridDictionary^ myCol = gcnew HybridDictionary;
   myCol->Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
   myCol->Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Plantain Bananas", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Yellow Bananas", "0.79" );
   myCol->Add( "Strawberries", "3.33" );
   myCol->Add( "Cranberries", "5.98" );
   myCol->Add( "Navel Oranges", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Grapes", "1.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Honeydew Melon", "0.59" );
   myCol->Add( "Seedless Watermelon", "0.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Pineapple", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Nectarine", "1.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Plums", "1.69" );
   myCol->Add( "Peaches", "1.99" );

   // Display the contents of the collection using for each. This is the preferred method.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using for each:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );

   // Copies the HybridDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
   array<DictionaryEntry>^myArr = gcnew array<DictionaryEntry>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->CopyTo( myArr, 0 );

   // Displays the values in the array.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements in the array:" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myArr->Length; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myArr[ i ].Key, myArr[ i ].Value );
   Console::WriteLine();

   // Searches for a key.
   if ( myCol->Contains( "Kiwis" ) )
      Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the key \"Kiwis\"." );
   else
      Console::WriteLine( "The collection does not contain the key \"Kiwis\"." );

   Console::WriteLine();

   // Deletes a key.
   myCol->Remove( "Plums" );
   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"Plums\":" );
   PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

   // Clears the entire collection.
   myCol->Clear();
   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );
}

// Uses the for each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
// NOTE: The for each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary^ myCol )  {
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   for each ( DictionaryEntry^ de in myCol )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de->Key, de->Value );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the enumerator. 
void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary^ myCol )
{
   IDictionaryEnumerator^ myEnumerator = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator->Key, myEnumerator->Value );

   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
void PrintKeysAndValues3( HybridDictionary^ myCol )
{
   array<String^>^myKeys = gcnew array<String^>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->Keys->CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );
   Console::WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myCol->Count; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[ i ], myCol[ myKeys[ i ] ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using for each:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     Strawberries              3.33
   1     Yellow Bananas            0.79
   2     Cranberries               5.98
   3     Grapes                    1.99
   4     Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   5     Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   6     Honeydew Melon            0.59
   7     Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   8     Navel Oranges             1.29
   9     Fuji Apples               1.29
   10    Plantain Bananas          1.49
   11    Gala Apples               1.49
   12    Pineapple                 1.49
   13    Plums                     1.69
   14    Braeburn Apples           1.49
   15    Peaches                   1.99
   16    Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   17    Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements in the array:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

The collection does not contain the key "Kiwis".

The collection contains the following elements after removing "Plums":
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY                       VALUE

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

public class SamplesHybridDictionary  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
      HybridDictionary myCol = new HybridDictionary();
      myCol.Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
      myCol.Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Plantain Bananas", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Yellow Bananas", "0.79" );
      myCol.Add( "Strawberries", "3.33" );
      myCol.Add( "Cranberries", "5.98" );
      myCol.Add( "Navel Oranges", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Grapes", "1.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Honeydew Melon", "0.59" );
      myCol.Add( "Seedless Watermelon", "0.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Pineapple", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Nectarine", "1.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Plums", "1.69" );
      myCol.Add( "Peaches", "1.99" );

      // Display the contents of the collection using foreach. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using foreach:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );

      // Copies the HybridDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
      DictionaryEntry[] myArr = new DictionaryEntry[myCol.Count];
      myCol.CopyTo( myArr, 0 );

      // Displays the values in the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements in the array:" );
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myArr[i].Key, myArr[i].Value );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Searches for a key.
      if ( myCol.Contains( "Kiwis" ) )
         Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the key \"Kiwis\"." );
      else
         Console.WriteLine( "The collection does not contain the key \"Kiwis\"." );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Deletes a key.
      myCol.Remove( "Plums" );
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"Plums\":" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

      // Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear();
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

   }

   // Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary myCol )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the enumerator. 
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary myCol )  {
      IDictionaryEnumerator myEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator();
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      while ( myEnumerator.MoveNext() )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator.Key, myEnumerator.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues3( HybridDictionary myCol )  {
      String[] myKeys = new String[myCol.Count];
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );

      Console.WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myCol.Count; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[i], myCol[myKeys[i]] );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using foreach:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     Strawberries              3.33
   1     Yellow Bananas            0.79
   2     Cranberries               5.98
   3     Grapes                    1.99
   4     Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   5     Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   6     Honeydew Melon            0.59
   7     Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   8     Navel Oranges             1.29
   9     Fuji Apples               1.29
   10    Plantain Bananas          1.49
   11    Gala Apples               1.49
   12    Pineapple                 1.49
   13    Plums                     1.69
   14    Braeburn Apples           1.49
   15    Peaches                   1.99
   16    Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   17    Nectarine                 1.99

Displays the elements in the array:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

The collection does not contain the key "Kiwis".

The collection contains the following elements after removing "Plums":
   KEY                       VALUE
   Strawberries              3.33
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Cranberries               5.98
   Grapes                    1.99
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Nectarine                 1.99

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY                       VALUE

*/
Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Public Class SamplesHybridDictionary   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
      Dim myCol As New HybridDictionary()
      myCol.Add("Braeburn Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Fuji Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Gala Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Granny Smith Apples", "0.89")
      myCol.Add("Red Delicious Apples", "0.99")
      myCol.Add("Plantain Bananas", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Yellow Bananas", "0.79")
      myCol.Add("Strawberries", "3.33")
      myCol.Add("Cranberries", "5.98")
      myCol.Add("Navel Oranges", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Grapes", "1.99")
      myCol.Add("Honeydew Melon", "0.59")
      myCol.Add("Seedless Watermelon", "0.49")
      myCol.Add("Pineapple", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Nectarine", "1.99")
      myCol.Add("Plums", "1.69")
      myCol.Add("Peaches", "1.99")

      ' Display the contents of the collection using For Each. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using For Each:")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:")
      PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:")
      PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol)

      ' Copies the HybridDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
      Dim myArr(myCol.Count) As DictionaryEntry
      myCol.CopyTo(myArr, 0)

      ' Displays the values in the array.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements in the array:")
      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myArr.Length - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", myArr(i).Key, myArr(i).Value)
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Searches for a key.
      If myCol.Contains("Kiwis") Then
         Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the key ""Kiwis"".")
      Else
         Console.WriteLine("The collection does not contain the key ""Kiwis"".")
      End If
      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Deletes a key.
      myCol.Remove("Plums")
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after removing ""Plums"":")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

      ' Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear()
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

   End Sub 'Main

   ' Uses the For Each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol As IDictionary)

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim de As DictionaryEntry
      For Each de In  myCol
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value)
      Next de
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub 'PrintKeysAndValues


   ' Uses the enumerator. 
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol As IDictionary)
      Dim myEnumerator As IDictionaryEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator()

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      While myEnumerator.MoveNext()
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator.Key, myEnumerator.Value)
      End While
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub 'PrintKeysAndValues2


   ' Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol As HybridDictionary)
      Dim myKeys(myCol.Count) As [String]
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo(myKeys, 0)

      Console.WriteLine("   INDEX KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myCol.Count - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys(i), myCol(myKeys(i)))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub 'PrintKeysAndValues3

End Class 'SamplesHybridDictionary 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Displays the elements using For Each:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'
'Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'
'Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
'   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
'   0     Strawberries              3.33
'   1     Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   2     Cranberries               5.98
'   3     Grapes                    1.99
'   4     Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   5     Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   6     Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   7     Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   8     Navel Oranges             1.29
'   9     Fuji Apples               1.29
'   10    Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   11    Gala Apples               1.49
'   12    Pineapple                 1.49
'   13    Plums                     1.69
'   14    Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   15    Peaches                   1.99
'   16    Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   17    Nectarine                 1.99
'
'Displays the elements in the array:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'
'The collection does not contain the key "Kiwis".
'
'The collection contains the following elements after removing "Plums":
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'
'The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
'   KEY                       VALUE

備註

在字典中的專案數不明的情況下, 建議使用這個類別。This class is recommended for cases where the number of elements in a dictionary is unknown. 它會利用的改善效能ListDictionary與小型集合, 並提供切換Hashtable至的彈性, 以比ListDictionary更好的方式處理較大的集合。It takes advantage of the improved performance of a ListDictionary with small collections, and offers the flexibility of switching to a Hashtable which handles larger collections better than ListDictionary.

如果集合的初始大小大於ListDictionary的最佳大小, 則集合會儲存Hashtable在中, 以避免將Hashtable元素從ListDictionary複製到的額外負荷。If the initial size of the collection is greater than the optimal size for a ListDictionary, the collection is stored in a Hashtable to avoid the overhead of copying elements from the ListDictionary to a Hashtable.

此函式會接受布林值參數, 讓使用者指定在比較字串時, 集合是否忽略大小寫。The constructor accepts a Boolean parameter that allows the user to specify whether the collection ignores the case when comparing strings. 如果集合區分大小寫, 則會使用Object.GetHashCode和的索引鍵和。 Object.EqualsIf the collection is case-sensitive, it uses the key's implementations of Object.GetHashCode and Object.Equals. 如果集合不區分大小寫, 則會執行簡單的序數不區分大小寫比較, 這只會遵守不因文化特性而異的大小寫規則。If the collection is case-insensitive, it performs a simple ordinal case-insensitive comparison, which obeys the casing rules of the invariant culture only. 根據預設, 集合會區分大小寫。By default, the collection is case-sensitive. 如需不因文化特性而異的System.Globalization.CultureInfo詳細資訊, 請參閱。For more information on the invariant culture, see System.Globalization.CultureInfo.

索引鍵不可為 null, 但值可以是。A key cannot be null, but a value can.

語言的foreach語句 (For Each在 Visual Basic 中) 會傳回集合中元素類型的物件。 C#The foreach statement of the C# language (For Each in Visual Basic) returns an object of the type of the elements in the collection. 因為的HybridDictionary每個元素都是索引鍵/值組, 所以元素類型不是索引鍵的類型或值的類型。Since each element of the HybridDictionary is a key/value pair, the element type is not the type of the key or the type of the value. 相反地, 元素類型是DictionaryEntryInstead, the element type is DictionaryEntry. 例如:For example:

for each (DictionaryEntry^ de in myHybridDictionary)
{
    //...
}
foreach (DictionaryEntry de in myHybridDictionary)
{
    //...
}
For Each de In myHybridDictionary
    '...
Next

foreach語句是列舉值的包裝函式, 只允許讀取和寫入集合。The foreach statement is a wrapper around the enumerator, which only allows reading from, not writing to, the collection.

建構函式

HybridDictionary() HybridDictionary() HybridDictionary() HybridDictionary()

建立空的、區分大小寫的 HybridDictionaryCreates an empty case-sensitive HybridDictionary.

HybridDictionary(Boolean) HybridDictionary(Boolean) HybridDictionary(Boolean) HybridDictionary(Boolean)

建立具有指定大小寫區分的空 HybridDictionaryCreates an empty HybridDictionary with the specified case sensitivity.

HybridDictionary(Int32) HybridDictionary(Int32) HybridDictionary(Int32) HybridDictionary(Int32)

建立具有指定初始大小的大小寫區分之 HybridDictionaryCreates a case-sensitive HybridDictionary with the specified initial size.

HybridDictionary(Int32, Boolean) HybridDictionary(Int32, Boolean) HybridDictionary(Int32, Boolean) HybridDictionary(Int32, Boolean)

建立具有指定初始大小和大小寫區分的 HybridDictionaryCreates a HybridDictionary with the specified initial size and case sensitivity.

屬性

Count Count Count Count

取得 HybridDictionary 中所包含的索引鍵/值組數目。Gets the number of key/value pairs contained in the HybridDictionary.

IsFixedSize IsFixedSize IsFixedSize IsFixedSize

取得值,指出 HybridDictionary 是否有固定的大小。Gets a value indicating whether the HybridDictionary has a fixed size.

IsReadOnly IsReadOnly IsReadOnly IsReadOnly

取得值,指出 HybridDictionary 是否唯讀。Gets a value indicating whether the HybridDictionary is read-only.

IsSynchronized IsSynchronized IsSynchronized IsSynchronized

取得值,指出 HybridDictionary 是否為同步 (安全執行緒)。Gets a value indicating whether the HybridDictionary is synchronized (thread safe).

Item[Object] Item[Object] Item[Object] Item[Object]

取得或設定與指定之索引鍵相關聯的值。Gets or sets the value associated with the specified key.

Keys Keys Keys Keys

取得含有 ICollection 中的索引鍵的 HybridDictionaryGets an ICollection containing the keys in the HybridDictionary.

SyncRoot SyncRoot SyncRoot SyncRoot

取得可用以同步存取 HybridDictionary 的物件。Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the HybridDictionary.

Values Values Values Values

取得 ICollection,包含 HybridDictionary 中的值。Gets an ICollection containing the values in the HybridDictionary.

方法

Add(Object, Object) Add(Object, Object) Add(Object, Object) Add(Object, Object)

將有指定索引鍵和數值項目加入 HybridDictionary 中。Adds an entry with the specified key and value into the HybridDictionary.

Clear() Clear() Clear() Clear()

移除 HybridDictionary 的所有項目。Removes all entries from the HybridDictionary.

Contains(Object) Contains(Object) Contains(Object) Contains(Object)

判斷 HybridDictionary 是否包含特定索引鍵。Determines whether the HybridDictionary contains a specific key.

CopyTo(Array, Int32) CopyTo(Array, Int32) CopyTo(Array, Int32) CopyTo(Array, Int32)

HybridDictionary 項目複製到一維 Array 執行個體的指定索引處。Copies the HybridDictionary entries to a one-dimensional Array instance at the specified index.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator()

傳回透過 IDictionaryEnumerator 重複的 HybridDictionaryReturns an IDictionaryEnumerator that iterates through the HybridDictionary.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

做為預設雜湊函式。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複本 (Shallow Copy)。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Remove(Object) Remove(Object) Remove(Object) Remove(Object)

將有指定索引鍵的項目從 HybridDictionary 移除。Removes the entry with the specified key from the HybridDictionary.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

明確介面實作

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

傳回透過 IEnumerator 重複的 HybridDictionaryReturns an IEnumerator that iterates through the HybridDictionary.

擴充方法

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的項目轉換成指定的型別。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根據指定的型別來篩選 IEnumerable 的項目。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable)

啟用查詢的平行化作業。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 轉換成 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

適用於

執行緒安全性

此類型的Shared公用靜態 (在 Visual Basic 中) 成員是安全線程。Public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. 不保證任何執行個體成員是安全執行緒。Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

這個執行並不提供的同步處理 (安全線程) 包裝HybridDictionary函式, 但衍生的類別可以使用SyncRoot屬性, 建立自己HybridDictionary的同步處理版本。This implementation does not provide a synchronized (thread safe) wrapper for a HybridDictionary, but derived classes can create their own synchronized versions of the HybridDictionary using the SyncRoot property.

透過集合進行列舉在本質上並非安全執行緒程序。Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. 即使集合經過同步化,其他的執行緒仍可修改該集合,使列舉值擲回例外狀況。Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. 若要保證列舉過程的執行緒安全,您可以在整個列舉過程中鎖定集合,或攔截由其他執行緒的變更所造成的例外狀況。To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

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